New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - October 28, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
Friday, October 28,1983 IDAReagan defends actions in Lebanon
WASHINGTON (AP) — President Reagan, declaring “we are a nation with global responsibilities,” says UJS. troops are in Lebanon and Grenada to protect America’s interests against a Soviet “network of surrogates and terrorists.”
The president went on nationwide television Thursday night to address the concerns of an American public shaken by the startling deaths of more than 200 Marines and sailors in Beirut and the invasion of the tiny island of Grenada.
In strong terms, he defended U.S. actions on both fronts and blamed the Soviets for encouraging the troubles in Lebanon and Grenada.
"The events in Lebanon and Grenada, though oceans apart, are closely related,” Reagan said. “Not only has Moscow assisted
and encouraged the violence in both countries, but it provides direct support through a network of surrogates and terrorists.
"It is no coincidence,” he said, "that when the thugs tried to wrest control over Grenada, there were SO Soviet advisers and hundreds of Cuban military and paramilitary forces on the island."
And he noted that 7,000 Soviet advisers and technicians are in Syria, which, he said, "makes no secret of its claim that Lebanon should be a part of a greater Syria.”
He opened his address with a reminder of another Soviet act: “Some two months ago, we were shocked by the brutal massacre of 269 men, women and children, more than 60 of them Americans, in the shooting down of a Korean airliner.
"Now,” he added, “in these past several
days, violence has erupted again.”
He vowed that those responsible for the bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut “must be dealt justice. They will be.”
The president said before U.S. and Caribbean forces invaded Grenada on Tuesday it "was a Soviet-Cuban colony being readied as a major military bastion to export terror and undermine democracy. We got there just in time.”
He said the foremost mission of American forces on Grenada was to guarantee the safety of U.S. citizens there. “The nightmare of our hostages in Iran must never be repeated,” he declared.
Reagan (nit American actions in a broader context when he said:
"We are a nation with global responsibilities. We are not somewhere else in the
world in the world protecting someone else’s interests. We are there protecting our own.
"The world has changed,” he added. “Today our national security can be threatened in faraway places. It is up to all of us to be aware of the strategic importance of such places and to be able to identify them.” Reloan said he ordered the invasion of Grenada because of an urgent request from that island’s neighbors “that we join them in a military operation to restore order and democracy in Grenada....
"These small, peaceful nations needed our help,” the president said, adding that three of the countries do not have any arms and the others have only limited forces.
"The legitimacy of their request, plus my own concern for our citizens, dictated my decision,” said Reagan.
About 3,000 American troops and 400 from six Caribbean nations have landed on the island since a pre-dawn invasion Tuesday. "It is our intention to get our men out as soon as possible,” the president said. But he gave no timetable.
Reagan said the number of Cubans on the island was larger than the invaders thought and that they were a military force.
"Six hundred have been taken prisoner and we have discovered a complete base with weapons and communications equipment which makes it clear a Cuban occupation of the island was planned,” he said.
"Regrettably,” he said, Cuban President Fidel Castro "ordered his men to fight to the death and some did. The others will be sent to their homeland.”
Critics, supporters discuss merits of Reagan speech
WASHINGTON (AP) -President Reagan won praise from congressional supporters for declaring that U.S. troops in Lebanon and Grenada are needed to protect America. But critics said he ignored questions of whether the risk is worthwhile.
"It was a powerful and moving speech, stating clearly a policy of resolve and concern,” said Senate Majority Leader Howard H. Baker Jr. "Undoubtedly, it will have a unifying effect on the American people.”
"I don’t think that invoking the death of brave young Americans is a reasoned justification for lack of a policy or, in the case of Grenada, an illegal or unlawful policy,” said Rep. Ted Weiss, D-N.Y., one the president’s toughest critics in the House.
There was continued doubt about the wisdom of keeping Marines in the midst of a civil war in Lebanon, but Reagan appeared to make a few potential congressional converts on Grenada.
"If Americans in Grenada were in danger and if a Cuban buildup threatening our security was imminent, I can understand our action,” said Sen. Joseph Biden, D-Del., a member of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
"But I don’t think enough facts are in yet,” Biden said.
Sen. Jeff Bingaman, R-N.M., said "there may be a good case” for evacuating Americans from Grenada, “but I’m not sure that we had to essentially invade the country.”
Assistant Senate Republican leader Ted Stevens said, "My wife and I couldn’t help but think about President Kennedy at the time of the missile crisis.”
And Sen. Charles Percy, R-IU, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, recalled another Democratic president, Franklin D. Roosevelt and his informal radio talks to the nation.
"I couldn't help but think of fireside chats,” said Percy. “The president took a highly complex situation and skillfully boiled it down to its essentials,” Percy said.
“The countries that were critical of us for our operation on Grenada, now realizing that Cuba and the Soviet Union had more massively prepared Grenada for their own ends, I think will probably think twice about their earlier criticism.” Percy said.
Reagan—invasion blocked Cubans
WASHINGTON (AP) — President Reagan says the U.S. combat force that invaded Grenada three days ago blocked Cuban plans to take over the Caribbean island for use as "a major military bastion to export terror and undermine democracy.”
Reagan made the charge in a nationally broadcast speech Thursday night, after Marines and Army paratroopers, who seized control of Grenada earlier in the day, discovered new caches of Cuban weapons and supplies. One warehouse contained munitions stacked to the ceiling.
The president praised the invasion as a “brilliant campaign,” which U.S. officials sky encountered stiffer-than-ezpected resistance from Cuban and Grenadian defenders. He said the attack was “now in the mopping-up phase” and "it is our intention to get our men out as soon as possible,” but he set no timetable.
Reagan argued that if the United States had not invaded Grenada and overthrown its leftist, military government, the Cubans would have seized control of the tiny island in the near future.
"Grenada, we were told, was a friendly island paradise for tourism. But it wasn’t. It was a Soviet-Cuban colony being readied as a major military bastion to export terror and undermine democracy. We got there just in time.” he said.
He said the U.S. force “discovered a complete base with weapons and communications equipment which makes it clear a Cuban occupation of the island had been planned.”
Earlier Thursday, the Defense Department partially lifted the veil of secrecy that has covered the U.S. operation and showed reporters an eight-minute videotape of a warehouse in Grenada that contained ceiling-high stacks of ammunition and
'Grenada, we were told, was a friendly island paradise for tourism. But it wasn’t. It was a Soviet-Cuban colony being readied as a major military bastion to export terror and undermine democracy. We got there just in time.’
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captured arms of Soviet and Cuban origin.
A senior administration official, briefing reporters only on condition that he not be identified, said the United States believes Cuba intended to exploit Grenada as a major base for operations in the southern Caribbean.
Another U.S. official said of the Cuban presence, "Grenada may have already lost its sovereignty" to the Cubans before the U.S. invasion.
An administration official said a Cuban ship, the “Heroic Vietnam,” had been stationed about 12 miles off Grenada, relaying radio messages between Havana and Cuban forces in Grenada.
When the attack began, administration officials had estimated the number of Cubans in Grenada at about 600, mostly involved in constructing a 9,000-foot runway which Reagan charged “looked suspiciously suitable for military aircraft including Soviet-built, long-range bombers.”
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Telling a battle story
Two Marines report on battle in Grenada, praise fellow soldiers
FORT BRAGG, N.C. (AP) - The first two wounded American soldiers to speak to reporters after being evacuated from Grenada say they landed at the island’s airstrip amid smoke and fighting and immediately faced disciplined, well-armed enemy troops.
"They were waiting for us,” said 1st LL Andre Menu of Portland, Maine, describing the initial firefight Tuesday when his unit landed during the UJS.-led invasion.
The 34-year-oid officer and Sgt. Gerald Barnum, 29, of Fayetteville, appeared before a roomful of reporters Thursday and for IO minutes described the action, praised their comrades and voiced approval for the policies that led to the military strike.
About 300 yards from the airstrip where they landed was “a lot of smoke, a lot of action,” Menu said.
“We were fighting against very highly armed people, with armored personnel carriers that were jammed fuU of ammunition,” he said. Asked if the resistance exceeded his expectations, he replied, “Yes, sir, they were waiting for us.”
But “the officers and the men of the 82nd performed like true professionals. They lived up to the reputation of the best in the world.”
The two expressed thanks for the praise UJ5. troops received from St. George’s University Medical School students rescued from the island. “We really appreciate the American students for
that we did
telling Americans something positive our job and we did it weU,” said Menu.
Menu, a member of the 1st Battalion, 325th Field Artillery of the 82nd Airborne Division, suffered shrapnel wounds to his right arm. Barnum, of the ted Battalion, 325th Infantry, was shot in the left arm.
Both were evacuated to Womack Army Hospital at Fort Bragg on Wednesday night.
"It’s just good to be back in one piece,” said Barnum. “I hope all the guys in my unit made it. My unit had a specific job to do. We went to the points we were supposed to and we set up. The men performed admirably.”Hew Braunfels national Bank
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Reporter remembers friendship of Marine who died in Beirut
By DEBBI! MANN Corpus Christi CaMor-Times
CORPUS CHRISTI (AP) - Tiro McMahon wu a lanky 14-year-old when we first moved into the bouse across the street in a typical suburban Austin neigh-
Sines bs wu tbs same age u my little Malar Jacquie, bs wu closest to I .sr. They ran around in tbs same crowd during tho summer and Tim wu always a welcome tight at our bottu.
Ha was the kind of boy who always had a iris sa Ms face and a twinkle in bis green •yes. He could comfortably carry on a conversation with my father, always starting. "Hey, Mr. Mann.”
Owing the few summers we lived there, near alntm Cindy wu a lifeguard at the pool and helped coach the swim team, of which Tim was ens tithe few older members. He was always sncouraging th# younger swhwnurs sad was there for the team picture when they finished in first place.
During thou hot days, Tim and Jacquie and the rest of their friends would spend their lives at the pool. The boys practiced diving off the high board, trying to create a wave big enough to douse the girls working on their tans.
Cindy remembers Tim as one of the best of the group. He would push the lifeguards so far but he knew when to get serious. He never went over the limits.
I remember Tim folding his already long body into our Olivette u we headed for the pizza restaurant or to a movie. We were all laughing and joking and feeling clou and happy.
Four years ago Wednesday, Tim gave Jacquie her first "real” kiss but it wu a short-lived affair. Their friendship wu more important. He wu 15, she wu IE then.
We moved out ti the house before Jacquie and Tim graduated from high school. My parents divorced and Jacquie leaned mHm’s friendship. Then she came to Corpus Christi to bv# with mo and we
lost touch with Tim.
But last February, Jacquie visited Tim in Austin. He had joined the Marines, buzz haircut and all. He told her he might be sent to Lebanon and he wu very excited about it. He told her he wu going to marry a neighborhood girl in December.
We thought he must have been doing well in the Marinu to be sent into action.
Last Sunday, when I beard about tbs explosion and deaths in Beirut, I thought ti Tim. But I didn’t know if bs wu still there and I thought chances wars slim that bs wu asleep in that building so far away.
Sunday night, Jacquie had a dream. She called his mother the next day and found out Tim wu missing. They wouldn’t tell his mother any more than that.
Tuesday, Cindy called from Austin. A television station there had a special report. They showed the flag at Anderson High School at half-mast and interviewed a teacher. They confirmed what we had feared. Tim didn’t make it.DTS^6BY'RESTAURANT °
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