New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - October 26, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
tC New Braunfels Herald-Ze/funy Wednesday, October 26,1983
Frost can spur prussic poison
By W.L SCHUMANN County Agent
Frost will be hitting Comal County before long, and this could lead to prussic acdd poisoning in livestock grazing certain pasture grasses and forage.
Although many plants contain the toxic material that causes poisoning, those causing the highest mortality in livestock when grazing after they have bsen frozen and wilted are Johnson and Sudan grasses and sorghum or hybrids of these.
lbs most dangerous time as far as the grazing of these plants is concerned is following frost when the plant material begins to wilt, livestock should not be allowed access to the wilted material until it has dried completely. This usatty takes three to four days of good sunlight. New plant growth usually becomes nontoxic and can be grazed within IO days to two weeks following a rain.
As far as prussic add poisoning is concerned, the poison acts rapidly and can kill animals within minutes. In most acute cases, animals become affected within 18*15 minutes after eating toxic material and can die in two to three mintues. Symptoms may include a brief period of stimulatin followed by depression and paralysis. Signs of colic may be present. Stuper (loss of sensibility), difficult breathing and frequent convulsions may result. Death is caused by suffocation since oxygen remains in the blood and not exchanged to the tissues. This also causes the blood to appear bright red.
To prevent prussic add poisoning in livestock follow these steps:
1) Allow plaid material affected by frost to dry thoroughly before grazing. This may require a week or more of good sunlight.
2) Feed animals hay or a supplement before turning them in on plaids that may contain prussic acid. Animals that are not hungry will not be affected as seriously by toxic material since their intake will be limited.
3) Remove all animals from the pasture if one in the herd shows any sign of poisoning.
NBISD ICT chapter installs officers
lbs Wow Braunfels High School ICT Chapter of the Vocational Industrial Clubs of America held its officers’ installation and members’ initiation Ort. lf.
The ceremony, held in the First Federal Savings and Loan
the following officers: Gerald Lers, president; Cordis Lee, vicepresident; John Turner, treasurer; Angela Platt, secretary; Darrin Cook, reporter; and Reagan Ratahnrd, sergeant'of*
The club has 26 student members who are cooperative education students in the Industrial Cooperative Training class. The V1CA club is qxmaored by Cheryl Pink, I.C.T. coor-d I n a t o r .
Dr. Michael A. Doherty of New Braunfels attended a continuing education seminar for
veterinarians the weekend of Oct. 1-2 in
The program condoled af eight hours of tthrstfiff1 at aa “Equine
Reproduction Workshop” at Texas Tech University’s horse haras, sr three hours of education ta small
4) Call a veterinarian immediately lf an animal appears to be poisoned. An antidote to treat affected animals is highly efficient if given early. Ibis product is available from veterinarians.
5) Have suspect plant material checked by the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratories at College Station or Amarillo. Local veterinarians will be happy to submit samples for you.
The overall key to prevent prussic add poisoning in livestock is to be aware of plant materials that may cause poisoning and then to keep cattle from grazing such plants until a safe period has passed.
Reduce garden disease problems
Gardeners can help hold down future plant disease problems by practicing some simple preventive maintenance this fall.
Plant disease organisms usually hibernate over winter in infected plant parts such as leaves, stems, and rotted or dried up fruits. Remove this infested plant material from flower beds or garden to help reduce next year’s disease problem.
Remove infected leaves and fruits from plants and rake them up. Prune stems back below the infection site. When pruning, cut back branches six or more inches before the last sign of infection. Use a disinfectant dip for the pruning instrument such as a ten percent solution of household bleach to avoid mechanical spread of
Fall plowing can follow this cleanup-
Deep burial of plant residues is one method of disease control that has been used successfully by farmers for many years.
Diseases can’t be completely eliminated by clean-up practices, but a gardener who cleans up his garden in the fall will have fewer disease problems next year.
Take stock in America*
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