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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - October 11, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas Let us have faith that right makes might, aud in that faith let us to the end dare to do our duty as we understand it. Abraham Lincoln There is no constitutional right for any race to have preference, see James Kilpatrick, below inions Dave Kramer, Editor and General Manager Hurald-Zeitung Susan Haire, Managing Editor Washington TodayWest Germans want their share of commercial technology WASHINGTON (AP) Arthur F. Burns, at 81. has the perspective of ane and rich experience, much of it at the highest levels of government. His four years in Bonn as the U.S. ambassador saw a closing of ranks between the United States and West Germany. Looking back to 1981, when he took up Hie post. Burns recalls the tense debate over installing new U.S. missiles, the fast-growing Green Party calling for unilateral disarmament and a hard swerve to the left by the major opposition Socialists. All this spelled trouble for the United States, which considers West Germany the bedrock of the NATO alliance. It’s not said too often publicly, but U.S. officials have always worried that in its eagerness for reunification, the Germans might be seduced by Moscow into a deal or to abandon the alliance for neutralism. All that has changed, Burns said during a retirement celebration with some American and German friends IS James Kilpatrick There is no right for any race to be preferred WASHINGTON Question Why was Wendy Wygant lait! off? Answer : Because she is white. The case of Wyant v. Board of Education is one of two important cases in the field of racial discrimination scheduled for argument before the U S Supreme Court incoming months The other is Firefighters Local 93 v. City of Cleveland In each instance the Department of Justice is urging the high court to take steps toward a color-blind Constitution. First the facts: Thirteen years ago the school board of Jackson, Mich., established a new policy on layoffs. Prior to 1972, layoffs had !x*en governed by strict seniority, now a racial and ethnic facto! would be added. "At no time will there bt* a greatei percentage of nunority personnel employed at the time of the layoff The goal was to maintain a certain percentage of minority teachhers. The consequence was that when reduced enrollments forced layoffs, Wendy Wygant and nine other w hite teachers were discharged while blacks will less seniority were retained. In Cleveland, an association of black and Hispanic firemen iii 1980 brought a class action against the city. Almost half the city ’s population 146.5 percent) was composed of minorities, but only 4.3 percent of firemen who had attained the rank of lieutenant were minorities. Over thhe strong protest of the u 3 X a V a o 0 Int al firefighters union, the District Court unposed what it called a "consent decree” giving preference iii promotions, for four years, to blacks and Hispanics. Iii challenging the two plans of racial discrimination, the Justice Department is asking that the word equal” in tin 14th Amendment be given a literal interpretation. The amendment says that no state may deny hi any person within its jurisdiction the equal” protection of the laws. In the department’s view, the amendment ‘forbids all legal distinctions based on race or color.” Over the past 30 years, the high court has refused to accept this colorblind view of the Constitution. It has approved racial-balance busing iii public schools; it luis disapproved employment tests that were found to be culturally biased. The court has reversed verdicts returned by all-white juries. It has sanctioned set-asides of federal construction funds for the benefit of minority contractors. I .ately, however, the court has appeared to lie having second thoughts. In June 1984, in a case involving seniority rules within the Memphis fire department, the court held that judicial relief should be confined ‘only to those who have been actual victims of illegal discrimination.” We may be approaching a turning point at which broadly based plans of “affirmative action” no longer will win the court’s approval. In any event, that is the aim of the Justice Department. Iii its brief in the case of the Jackson teachers, tile department observes that “there was no finding by the school board, the courts below. or anyone else” that the retained black teachers had themselves been victims of discrimination. There was only a finding of “societal discrimination" against blacks in the past. Such a finding, the department urges, no longer should suffice. There should be some link between wrongdoers and their victims, but iii the Jackson case there is none. It violates not only the Constitution but also our basic moral vision “to allow a person, say of Asian descent whose ancestors suffered discrimination iii the early history of California, to attain for that reason a concrete advantage over petitioners in Jackson, Mtchhh., iii 1982 ” In asking the high court to put an end to any form of racial preference, the government is going back to a position that ironically was taken 30 years ago by black schoolchildren in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education. The petitioners then contended that “the 14th Amendment prohibits a state from making racial distinctions in the exercise of governmental power.” With the two cases pending for argument in the coming term, we may go full circle. After three decades in which the courts have held that some are equal more equal than others, it is conceivable that the moment is at hand when equal will mean equal, period. “There is no constitutional right for any race to be preferred,” Jusitce William O. Douglas once declared. He had it exactly right. Mailbag policy The Herald Zeitung welcomes the opinions of its readers, and we’re happy to publish letters to the editor. While readers’ opinions on local issues generally are of more interest to other readers, we welcome letters on any topic — local, state, national or international — that the writer chooses to address. Content will not prevent publication unless the letter is judged to be potentially libelous. All letters to tile editor should be signed and authorship must be verifiable by telephone. Anonymous letters will not be published. Send your letter to: Mailbag, New Braunfels Herald Zeitung, P.O. Drawer 361, New Braunfels Texas, 78131. letters may also be hand delivered to the newspaper offices at 186 S. Caste!!. as he reflected on the past and tried to predict the future. A polite man, he made no mention of the uproar over President Reagan’s visit last spring to the Bitburg military cemetery, with its Waffen SS graves. Emotions ran high. American Jews and veterans made impassioned pleas to shun Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s invitation to visit the cemetery. The West Germans insisted, as a matter of national pride, that Reagan keep to his schedule. The president went ahead. The furor quickly died down. As Burns looks ahead, he sees a few potential causes for concern in the Gerinan-American relationship. But the forecast by the onetime Columbia economics professor and presidential adviser is overwhelmingly optimistic. The anti-nuclear protests have virtually disappeared. The new U.S. missiles are being accepted in West Germany even though they are aimed at the Soviet Union and could make the country even more of a nuclear tripwire. The Greens are losing members and influence. Editorial Rap Here is a sampling of editorial opinion from around the state: The final flight of Delta 191 The conversations that took place between crew members and air traffic controllers during the final minutes of Delta F light 191 on Aug. 2 are as alarming as they are revealing. And they raise a number of troubling questions that the National Transportation Safety Board will need to answer in its final report on the terrifying accident at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. Why, for example, wasn t the crew of Flight 191 warned of a thunderstorm that radar showed had been forming for as long as 15 minutes north of the airport? Federal officials say two of the weather observers responsible for passing on up-to-date weather reports to pilots were at dinner while the storm intensified and moved over the runway. Is one to conclude that such a critically important system is at the mercy of meal schedules? Even more unnerving, why wasn’t the crew of Flight 191 told of the tornado-like disturbance that the pilot and co-pilot of another Delta jet had noticed while landing several minutes earlier? Airline officials say they don’t know whether the crew of Flight 191 could have been warned in tune to avoid the severe weather. But shouldn’t an attempt have been made to relay that date to Flight 191 ? Ifs hard to believe Hie crew would The party’s founders are almost as critical these days of Moscow as of Washington. There is still anti-American rhetoric in West Germany, but it is less strident. To Burns, though, the most important change since he was named ambassador, is a “revival of hope” among the majority of West German students. “They are hopeful about the future,” he dud, and they will be the politicians, businesmen and government leaders of tomorrow. The blips on Burns’s radar screen: the West German economy and tensions over ‘‘Star Wars” technology. Inflation is way down in West Germany, to about 2 percent from a range of 5 percent to 6 percent. But unemployment is still high, around 8.5 percent. Star Wars, the U.S. search for an anti-missile shield, probably will spir off rich commercial technology. The West Germans want to be assured of ther share before they fully commit kiemselves to par ticipating in the program’s military side. have flown through the tornado-like croud if they had known about it. Dallas Times Herald. School not for AIDS children Children with AIDS are the most tragic victims of the disease. Not only are they condemned to virtually certain death but they musf also bear tile stigma of being 20th century pariahs. These innocents are the subject of a hot and often hurtful controversy between parents and school boards in many communities throughout the country. The agony these protests must cause to the already grief-stricken families of the victims can only be imagined. It would be far kinder to welcome these children into the classroom and allow them to spend their last days among friends, but this can’t be done. Children with AIDS should be kept at home. ...Children have a right to get an education, but -the parents of AIDS infected children must realize they have no right to risk the lives of other children in an attempt to make their children’s lives more normal. This is not to say the wholesale AIIXS hysteria sweeping the country is justified. We may live with this new plague fora longtime. We must learn to treat the victims as human beings with a disease and not pathetic outcasts. Meanwhile, however, better safe than tragically sorry. Odessa American Your representatives Rep. Tom Loeffler U.S. House of Representatives 1212 Long worth House Office Bldg Washington, D.C. 20515 Rep. Edmund Kuempel Texas House of Representatives P.O. Box 2910 Austin, Texas 78769 Sen. Lloyd Bentsen United States Senate Room 240 Russell Bldg Washington, D.C. 20510 Gov. Mark White Governor's Office Room 200 State Capitol Austin, Texas 78701 Rep. Mac Sweeney (Guadalupe County) U.S. House of Representatives Washington, D C, 20515 Sen. Phil Gramm United States Senate Washington D.C., 20510 Sen. John Traeger Texas Senate Capitol Station Austin, Texas 78711 *USER~ pevotep SOOK OKAY, BUT just ms ONCE f III take care ' OF EVERYTHING OO HAVE SOME COFFEE ANE KICKBACK, j SOME PROGRAMS ARE SC FRJENPLY, IHE COMPUTER HAS AMNESIA ITS AU A QUESTION OF HOLN MUCH OF TOUR 512Ks OF MEMORY YOU SAC' RJF ICE FOR SERVICE CLICK POSITION ONE ANC ASK IT TO PRINTOUT YOUR FILE YOU SEE. MUE. THERE ARE H Pit FEREK ! PEERCE? OF OPT JtATKINAL EASE BUILT INTO “EVE " BUT THE i MORE “FRJENPLY" THC PROGRAM YOU SELECT, THE LESS MEMORY ' /SLEET OVER FOR YOUR. USE THATS CALLEO “USER-TOLERANT.'' THE PROGRAM ONLY USES IO K NOLO CLICK POSITION 12 ANO TRT AGAIN- ;

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