New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - October 6, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
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Economy may be behind falling divorce rate, experts say
WASHINGTON (AP) - Jim and Jane have been married more than a decade. They've got a lovely home, a swimming pool and a hot tub. He collects antiques.
They are unhappily married.
But they have no interest in divorce.
The names are fictitious, but the case is real, and the experts say they illustrate one of several reasons why the divorce rate has fallen for the first time in two decades.
“I have no doubt in my mind that the divorce rate is down because of the economy," said Jean Arbuckle, a marriage and family counselor in Arlington, Va. "They (Jim and Jane) don’t want to go from a nice house to a $300 a month apartment. A
husband who used to be able to afford the swinging, playboy lifestyle is now faced with cockroaches."
The government reported this week that for the first time in 20 years, the number of divorces in the United States fell last year.
What do the figures mean? That marriages are more stable? That couples can’t afford to get divorced? Or is it simply that there are fewer married couples to get divorced? The experts say it was probably a little of each.
The new figures, compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics, show that 1.2 million couples ended their marriage in 1962,3 percent fewer than in 1961.
It was the first drop in the number of divorces since 1962 — and it was nationwide. Of the 49 states that reported 1962 divorce statistics, 36 showed a drop in the divorce rate from the previous year.
"For so many states to drop is impressive to me," said Barbara Wilson, a demographer in the health center’s marriage and divorce branch. "This is no fluke. The divorce rate really dropped."
Social scientists insist there is no easy answer to why the number of divorces dropped. Most say they are unsure whether it reflects a changing attitude about divorce or a statistical reflection of an aging population.
"One of the influences on the divorce rate is the size of the generation," said Richard Easter Un, a professor of economics at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. "When a generation is numerous as it was in recent years, it aggravates economic problems for young people There’s lots of competition in the labor market. We are starting to move into a period of decreasing generation size "
Other experts say the divorce rate declined because more young couples live together before making a decision about marriage and that their break-ups are not reflected in divorce statistics.
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Solms man charged$50,000bond set on sexual assault
An man accused of sexually assaulting a local woman was in custody Thursday at the Comal County Jail, with bond set at $50,000.
Abel Campos Gonzales, 28, of Solms, was arrested late Wednesday morning and brought before Justice of the Peace R.G. Blanchard, who charged him with sexual assault. The incident is said to have occurred at 5 p.m. Sunday, near a roadside cemetery two miles south of Solms.
The suspect and his alleged victim, a 26-year-old New Braunfels woman, had both been to a party in a nearby town, and he had offered ber a ride home, said Sheriff’s Investigator Rudy Rubio.
Two other party guests accepted rides as well, and were dropped off in the Solms area. The driver turned, and the victim thought he was heading back to IH 35 to take ber to New Braunfels, Rubio said. When the road turned out to be a dead end, the woman tried to jump out of the car, and the driver slammed the door on her leg, he said.
The investigator said the victim had some bruises on her, and scratches from a barbed-wire fence.
Vol. 92 - No. 199
THURSDAY October 6,1983 25 cents
18 Pages — 2 Sections
'ridiculous/ governor says
AUSTIN (AP* — Gov Mark White says it's "ridiculous" that the James David Autry case — which was the subject of 12 previous court rulings — kept the judicial system in doubt until the final hour.
"It seems regrettable we cannot handle the judicial appeals without waiting until the last 20 minutes before the execution was to be earned out," White said Wednesday, several hours after U-S Supreme Court Justice Byron White stayed Autry’s execution "I was sorry to see these matters have to be resolved at the last moment." said White "I think that certainly judicial wisdom has to be applied in these cases But it seems these matters could be brought to the attention of these courts in a more orderly fashion."
Autry was to die early Wednesday for the 1960 murder of a Port Arthur woman. Justice White, citing a pending decision in a California death case, decided Autry should not be killed until the other case is resolved Autry was in the death chamber
strapped to a gurney when the stay was issued Gov White said he would not have stopped the execution State law gives hun the right to issue a 30-day stay, but the governor said he had seen "no information" that would have justified a delay He said judicial appeals can be done more efficiently and effectively if we would be able to set some better timetable ’’
John Duncan, director of the Texas Civil Uberties Union said the stay blocks all Texas executions until at least January, when the Supreme Court probably will rule on the California case Duncan said the argument that brought Autry aff his death bed was ignored in the final hours before Charlie Broom Jr. was executer on Dec. 7.
"Both of the issues we raised in the Brooks case now have been accepted for review in subsequent cases." said Duncan, and Charlie Brooks is dead
See AUTRY. Page 12A
Taking itLay-ing down
St»ff photo bf John S Sent*
It doesn't look terribly relaxing, but Jesse Otgmnn hat pillow and newspaper mattress, dgumn
of the Ley Construction Company of Sen Antonio chose the parking lot of Krause s Cafe for his nap
seems to be relatively comfortable with his herd- time.Suit against Wurstfest security guard dropped
By DEBBIE DeLOACH Staff writer
A IMI civil suit filed against a guard at Wurstfest has been dropped after the plaintiff became ill on his way here from St. Croix, an island in the Caribbean.
Fred Clark, attorney for Harrison Oren Preston III, said his client was aet for appear
in court Monday. “I don’t know whether he caught the virus on his trip, or after he got here, but he erat to sick be couldn’t come to court," Clark said Wednesday.
"We had to decide whether to continue the esse or drop it, and since it cost quite a bit to get here. he decided to drop it. He 1 Preston t didn't want to make another trip," Clark added.
Preston was suing Ernest Lobello for $5,000 in actual damages and $15,000 in exemplary damages. Lobello, who luted his employment with the Balcones Heights Police Department, was serving as a security guard at Wurstfest on Nov. 5, IMI, when the incident occurred.
Preston's nut, which alleged assault and illegal arrest, maintained that he was placed
under arrest st Wurstfest, and taken inside a building where he was searched and made to remove his shoes and all items from his pockets When Lobello began to read from hu checkbook register. Preston grabbed it from the guard That’s when Preston's suit said Lobello hit him in the face.
The suit also alleged Preston received a swollen left cheek, a bruised eye and bruises to
both wrists rn the assault.
The case had been pending for some time, Clark said Former County Court-al-Law Judge D M Buchanan transferred the case to district court on Jan 7, 1962 207th District Court Judge Robert Pfeuffer, ut turn, moved the case back to the county court's jurisdiction on Sept 2.1963
Garden Ridge council to zone annexed land
Planning and Zoning chairman Bob Kolstad thinks Garden Ridge’s zoning ordinance needs to be updated. Until that’s done, his board recommends residential-agricultural zoning for all the territory annexed last fall.
After some discussion Wednesday night, the City Council agreed, and voted to proceed with zoning action na quickly aa possible.
C^ippj Imfmhor Neil Craig mile thought the commission's plan a Utile odd, at first "Obviously we have a business in the ice house area. Shouldn’t that be zoned business?" he
grandfather clause "To nail it down is the name of the game," vice-chairman Maynard Hamilton told the council. The 2252 corridor has been inside the dty limits for a year now, and hasn’t been toned st all. There’s nothing to prevent a company or developer from "walking in and putting up something completely unsuitable," Hamilton
There are, in fact, two businesses at FM 2252 and PM SOM: the Lone Star lea House, and tbs Garden Ridge Taco Company. Kolstad admitted he had thought of this as a "business district," too, bsf ore tbs planning commladon bald an informal public has ring un Sept. 27. la fact, ha had drawn up a proposed map, with Mnm aonlag along most of tbs FIIBM aftar hearing all the citiaena' tiottmmtis and Ming at the or-dlnanot, the mmminrion thought It wowM ba hast to sobs the suttee annexed area in oat council acttasL Requests for changes can ba coat-sidsred later; and existiiw businesses h«ii continue ta operate under the
Garden Ridge’s present ordinance provides for three types of zoning: single-family residential, residential-agricultural and husinese. Kolstad thinks tbs "business” codes are not specific enough, and need to bs tightened to reflect the type of bual nets Garden Ridge wants.
Many of tbs people who live on FM 2252 south of the Ice House objected to business yH"t there, Kolstad ^ Borne of that land la used for farming and ranching, and reel dents would Mke residential-agricultural soiling, to hasp It that way.
Kolstad also mentioned the poattbillty of adding more categorise to tho zoning ordinance. Den Decker, one number of the partnsrettp that's dunking buying I aitthiu Millar's undeveloped proportioo in Garden
Bee BONING, Page UAInside
Today'* HUMerComal County lament culls for partly dandy Md warm this affcnmu, tining madly cloudy tonight villi a M percent chance af Bum for—Mars. Cfonds wil Bap* Friday Minting, becoming portly cloudy ogoin Friday afternoon. Winds will bo from tho iiMBioM at Mil mph
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Sunset will ba at 7:11 pas., and Martin Friday Via ba at 7:27 amPiBtfict TumhaTho New Bnmfsh Ute Cougars, trying to rebound
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•oread District IPU Bl—IM Friday, attle the hMttwfoby Bmgorsepsa IMA play. The Cangan trawl ti Prattsricksha— lo play theMi homecoming game. Mb atta haareemting atSfeD&CkMMMh 'Vntipy 9M8 tihB In l>iifc Np I*.
Streets, law enforcement head Garden Ridge budget
Without rilling the property tax rite one cent, Garden Ridge expects to be get some $20,060 more revenue next year than it planned for last year
City Council ako expects to have some funds left over, come January Accordingly, the city budget jumped from $64,700 Ithe latest amended figure for IMS) to6112,145 for fiscal year 1664.
Council approved the budget Wednesday night, after a public hearing before IO or 12 citizens As noted above, the property tax rate won t increase. It will still be 15 cents per $100 assessed value
The city does foresee an increase in other fees Council will vote next month on an updated building ordinance, which will bring in an estimated $9,300 rn filing and inspection fees this coming year Revenues from permits, building and otherwise, were figured at only $1,500 in the 1903 budget.
Franchise taxes, collected from the various utility companies that serve Garden Ridge, are predicted to total $3,0M more in 1104 than they will in IMS. And Mayor Paul Davis unheated tbs $350 estimate on municipal court fines this year was way under the mark. He put down IMM in next year ’s budget.
"That’s basad rn aa average of one ticket a day," he said, noting that 46 tickets had been issued by city officials during tbs last—day psriod.
Ad valorem tax revenues are estimated at $41,000 Even at tbs same rate, tbs dty expects to collect some $1,000 more next year, barsom Garden Ridge hM taxable property it didn’t have a year ago.The big items on the expenditure aids of the IMI budget are streets and law enforcement “That's
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The big items on the expenditure side of the 1984 budget are streets and law enforcement “That’s where our values are/’ said Mayor Pan! Davis.
budgeted a total of $24,500 for streets, drainage and right-of-way tins year, then had to get some money out af saving* to finance repair and drainage projects tins summer The IOU budget bas 111.320 aet aside, with $50,220 of that budgeted far rued reconstruction "I don’t think $11,000 will quite do it. lf it doesn t, we’U just have to wait and do it next year," Davis said. "You can only do so much in one year."
The law enforcement budget has almost doubled. going from 04JMO in IIM to OUM in IOU.
However, $5,000 af the latter amount is coming from federal revenue sharing funds. Garden Ridge win bs getting IMM this year, and a hM MJH in revenue sharing left ever. The council hM allotted IMM to fuel, repair aud upkeep for the volunteer police farce's patrol care, and UAM for uniforms The dty dssMt require tis officers to ■Manna, hut “I bitted around and Btey wearing these. They were baying their ewe,’ Davis. “I think Bm dty cm afford Is bay their ■Manns, and their gm."
•es BUDGET, Fags UA