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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - October 5, 1997, New Braunfels, Texas 4A □ Herald-Zeitung □ Sunday, October 5,1997 Opinion ■ To talk with Managing Editor Margaret Edmonson about the Opinion page, call 625-9144, Ext. 220 Opinion Online contect ■To submit letters and guest columns electronically by way of online services or Internet, or to simply contact staff members, toe newspaper’s address is . QUOTABLE “I dislike the term media. It's not in the First Amendment to the UJS. Constitution, and I especially dislike it from the mouths of politi-cans wanting lo restrict freedom of the press.” Dan Rather TV news anchor EDITORIAL NB’s economy product of cooperation New Braunfels’ economic report card is all A’s, with healthy growth in sales taxes and building permits and a fall in the unemployment rates. As the city rounds the turn into the last quarter of 1997, the prospects for a good 1998 look promising. Small businesses are popping up around town, and large stores such as Home Depot and Albertsons are ready to put up their signs on the economic landscape of New Braunfels. This kind of growth can happen only when the city, county and businesses work together for everyone’s benefit. More money being spent in local businesses means more sales tax, which means more money in city and county coffers. That is more money available for improvements to our streets, water and wastewater systems and parks, to name a few, that everyone in town uses. Recently, the Texas Economic Development Council named New Braunfels’ economic development program the best in the state for cities between 15,(XX) and 40,(XX) population. The programs were judged based on innovativeness, transferability, community commitment and leverage and measured objectives and secondary’ benefits. “When the community was going atter Wal-Mart distribution center in the 1980s, it was highly competitive. We learned then that the only way we would be able to compete was to create a strong public-private partnership,” said Michael Meek, president of the Greater New Braunfels Chamber of Commerce. New Braunfels residents and businesses also are fortunate to have the U>cal women s chamber and Hispanic chamber to serve their needs and improve their chances for success. Great things are happening in New Braunfels, and as the city forges ahead with the master plan, a map for the city’s future, we encourage our leaders and decision makers to continue to work in the spirit of cooperation and w illingness to build on our successes. (Todays editorial was written hv Hemld-Zeitung Managing Editor Margaret Edmonson ) Write us ... The New Braunfels Herald ZeUuntf welcomes letters on any public issue 1116 editor reserves the right to correct spelling, style, punctuation and known factual errors, letters should be kept to 230 words. We publish only original mail addressed to the New Braunfels Her-ald-Zeitunti bearing the writer’s signature Also, an address and a telephone number, which are not for publication, must be included. Please ate tile |w«ge number and date of any article that is mentioned. Preference* is given to writers who have not been published in the previous 30 days Mail letters to: Letters to the Editor cia the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung P O Drawer 311328 New Braunfels, Texas 78131-1328 New Braunfels Herald-Zeitimg Editor and Publisher, Ext 301 Managing Editor, Ext 220 ............. Marketing Director, Ext 208 Classified Advertising Manager, Ext 214 Business Manager, Ext 202 Circulation Director Ext 228 Pressroom Foreman, Ext 205    ............ Doug Toney Margaret Edmonson Jason Borchardt  Karen Reinmger  Mary Lee Hall Carol Ann Avery Published on Sunday morning* and weekday mornings Tuesday through Knik) by the Neh Braun/th Herald-/em** (USPS 377-880) 707 l^nda St, or P O Drawer 311328, New Braunfels, Comal County, TX 78131-1328. Periodical pottage paid by the V* Braunfels Herald /strung in New Braunicls, Texas. Camer delivered in Comal and Guadalupe counties three months, $20 50; six months, $37, one year, $66 Senior Crti/eri Discounts by camer delivery only: six months, $33; one year, $62 Mail delivery outside Comal County in Texas three months, $30.30; su months, $55, one year, $103 50. Mail outside Texas six months, $78, one year, $118.25 Subscribers who have not received a newspaper by 5:30 p.m. Tuesday through Friday or by 7:30 a.m on Sunday may call (830) 625-9144 or by 7 p m weekdays or by 11 a rn on Sunday. PuSTMAS im Send address changes to the New Braunfels Herald /ettung, P.O. Drawer 311328, New Braunfels, Tx 78131-1328America’s children under seige by drugs I wish I could report that the scourge of illegal drug use among teenagers is declining. But the latest survey of teen substance abuse says just the opposite. Between 1992 and 1996, the percentage of eighth-graders who said they had smoked tobacco by die fifth-grade increased by about a third. The percentage who said they’d smoked marijuana by the seventh grade has nearly doubled during that time. And the percentage of children between the ages of 12 and 17 who have a classmate who uses heroin, cocaine or LSD jumped from 39 to 56 percent in the last year. America’s children are under siege. Perhaps the most disturbing news from the new study, conducted by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, is the link between the use of tobacco, alcohol and illegal drugs. Twelve-to-17-years-olds who drank alcohol and smoked cigarettes in the month before being surveyed were 30 times more likely to smoke marijuana than were their tobacco - and alcohol-free peers. The rate of marijuana use for boys in a sim- Lamar Smith ilar group was almost identical to that few girls. In contrast, a person who reaches age 21 without smoking, drinking or using illegal drugs is virtually certain never to do so. The Chairman of the Center that conducted the study, former Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Joseph Califano, said parents are the best defense against substance abuse. ’The battle,” Califano said, “will be won across the kitchen table, in the pews and in die school yards.” He is right. But there are two additional battlefields where America cannot fail to fight drug abuse; international and local drug dealers and any media that glorify substance abuse. Drug smugglers who used to fly and ship their contraband through south Florida are now carrying it across die Southwest border into Texas and other border states. We must continue to increase border enforcement resources to confront them. Any avenue on which we fail to confront drug dealers will become a highway that carries illegal drags to our children in schools and in neighborhoods. And if we stand by and allow the media to portray substance abuse as glamorous, we will have teddy surrendered America’s children to the debilitation of drug abuse. (Lamar Smith represents the 21 st dis-trict in the US Housl af Representatives.) '•‘tV-i .. ’*    m\*\i - /.* _ . V incredibly it Kaeps on ruining I Don’t reform IRS; eliminate the income tax Following the horror stones told by average Americans about the sometimes outrageous behavior of the Internal Revenue Service, the worst mistake Congress could make is to reform the agency A reexamination of the ongin of the 16th Amendment makes a powerful case for finding other ways to raise money to run the government than an income tax The Founders rejected income taxes and all other direct taxes unless they were apportioned to each state according to population (Article I, section 2, clause 3) As late as 1893, the Supreme Court found income taxes unconstitutional, though it upheld a direct tax on incomes during the Civil War on thin grounds. As the court changed, cries were heard among liberals in both parties to “soak the neb,” starting a class wart are that continues. When Democrats introduced bdls to tax higher incomes, conservatives in the Republican Party derailed it in the Senate, leading [>emocrats to brand Republicans the “party of the rich.’’ In 1909, Sen. Joseph Bailey, a conservative Southern Democrat opposed to income taxes, introduced an income tax bill hoping to further embarrass Republicans He was astonished when Teddy Roosevelt and liberal Republicans supported the measure. Senate Republican leaders met to devise a strategy to have it both ways. They would demonstrate they were not the party of the rich by favoring an income tax, but they would introduce it as a constitutional amendment, believing it would fail to win approval by three-fourths of the states. Democrats were caught by surprise when President Taft sent a message to Congress on June 16, 1909, recom mending passage of a constitutional amendment to legalize federal income taxes. Democrats like Rep. Cordell Hull denounced Republican leaders and questioned their motives. But the “soak the rich” campaign propelled the amendment to unanimous Senate approval It passed the House 318-14 When Rep. S.E. Payne of New York saw the amendment strategy he supported failing, he said, “As to the general policy of an income tax, I am utterly opposed to it. I believed with Gladstone that it tends to make a nation of liars .... I hope that if the Constitution is amended in this way the tune will not come when the American people will ever want to enact an income tax except in time of war.” The “soak the rich’’ amendment was added on Feb. 12, 1913. The rich simply created charitable foundations in which to hide their money, exposing the middle class to the ultimate burden of paying income taxes. Not at first, of course. The first tax was only I percent on the first $20,000 of taxable income to only 7 percent on income above $500,000. Most people didn’t have to file. Even in 1939, only 5 percent of the population filed returns. The collection process was greatly accelerated in 1943 when President Roosevelt devised withholding taxes to help fund World War II. The tax would be collected at the payroll window before the taxpayer got his paycheck. The income tax had moved from “soaking the rich” to a bath for nearly every worker. Former IRS Commissioner T. Coleman Andrews said, “Congress (in implementing the 16th Amendment) went beyond merely enacting an income tax law and repealed Article IV of the Bill of Rights, by empowering the tax collector to do the very dungs from which that Article says we were to be secure. It opened up our homes, our papers and our effects to the prying eyes of government agents and set the stage for searches of our books and vaults and for inquiries into our private affairs whenever the tax men might decide, even though there ought not be any justification beyond mere cynical suspicion." The Senate Finance Committee heard just such stories last week. The solution? Pass a balanced budget amendment, outlawing deficit spending in peacetime. Pass a “sunset law” eliminating every government agency and federal expenditure that exist outside the ConMitution and cannot survive an amendment to justify their existence. Pass a fiscal reform amendment that would raise needed revenue through a federal consumer sales tax and simultaneously repeal die 16th Amendment. Now is the time to »~t while public outrage is white hot. The debate ought not focus on the behavior of the IRS. It should focus on the income tax, something the Founders didn’t warn and that was pushed through as dishonestly as a congressional pay raise. (Cal Thomas is a syndicated columnist. He will speak at the New Braunfels Civic Center on Nov. II.)Today in HistoryBy Th# Associated Presa Today is Sunday, Oct. 5, the 278th day of 1997 There are 87 days left in the year Todays Highlight in History: Fifty years ago, on Oct 5, 1947, in the first televised White House address. President Troman asked Amencans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain tor starving people in Europe. On this date: In 1830, the 21st president of the United States, Chester Arthur, was bom in Fairfield, Vt. In 1892, the Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robbenes, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kin. In 1921, the World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time. Is 1937, saying, “the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading.’’ President Roosevelt called for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations. Is 1953, Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson Is 1955, a stage adaptation of “The Diary of Anne Frank" opened at the Coit Theatre in New York. Is 1962, the Beatles’ first hit, “Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom. Is 1986, American Eugene Hascn-fus was captured by Sandinista soldiers after the weapons plane he was flying in was shot down over southern Nicaragua. Is 1990, a jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe Ten years ago: Supreme Corm nominee Robert H. Boric suffered new setbacks as Senate Democratic Leader Robert Byrri md Republican Sens. Lowell P. Weicker Jr. of Connecticut and John H. Chafee of Rhode Island declared they were opposed to his confirmation. Five years ago: Both houses of Congress voted to override President Bush’s veto of a measure to re-regulate cable television companies. Oat year ago: Already under fire for his chug policies, President Clinton revealed that a secret FBI memorandum said die government’s anti-drug strategy “had never been properly organized." Clinton argued that the problems predated his administration. Today*• Birthdays: “Family Circus" cartoonist Bil Keane is 75. Actress Glynis Johns is 74. Comedian Bill Dana is 73. Actress Diane Cilcolo is 64. The president of the Czech Republic, Vaclav Havel, is 61. Country singer Johnny Duncan it 59. Rhythm-and-blues singer Aliene Smith (the Charnels) is 56. Singer Richard Street (formerly of the Temptations) is 55. Singer-musician Steve Miller is 54. Actor Jeff Conaway is 47. Actress Karen Allen is 46. Wnter-producer-director Cbve Barker is 45. Rock anger and famine-reiief organizer Bob Gdd-of is 43. Rock singer-musician Dave Dederer (Presidents of the United States of America) is 33. Thought far Today: "I have always noticed th* deeply and truly religious persons are fond of a joke, Mid I am suspicious of those who aren’t" — Alfred North Whitehead, English philosopher and mathematician (1861-1947). ;