New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - October 3, 1980, New Braunfels, Texas
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Vol. 89 - No. 73 18 Pages — 2 Sections
(USPS 377-880) New Braunfels, TexasIraq, Iran both claim control of port city
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) — Iraq and Iran both claimed they were in control of Iran’s major port of Khorramshahr today as the war between the Persian Gulf oil giants ground into its 12th day.
Iraq said its forces took over the port and were digging in after achieving their main objectives along an invasion front stretching 300 miles to the north. “There is no trace of any Iranian soldier left in Khorramshahr,” Baghdad radio said. “The town is under Iraq’s firm control.”
It labeled as “hallucination” Iran’s claims it was crushing Iraqi troops in Khorramshahr and said: “What few so-called revolutionary guards are left in hiding are being flushed out and mopped up in Khorramshahr. That’s all that’s happening now.1’
Iran’s official Pars news agency said the Iraqi troops withdrew from Khorramshahr as late as midnight Thursday after abandoning tanks and other equipment, that water and electricity were cut off and that “the customs building and some other parts of the city set on fire by the Iraqis were burning out of control.”
Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr said Iranian paratroopers were dropped into Khorramshahr on Thursday, that Iranian warplanes launched attacks to support them and that “enemy-crushing” operations were under way in the port, near the refinery city of Abadan at the head of the Persian Gulf.
The Baghdad command dismissed those claims and said “unless the scale
of fighting warranted, there will be only one military communique daily since Iraqi forces have achieved their main objectives and will concentrate on consolidation of their achievements.” So far there has been no independent confirmation of any of the claims or any reliable information on the size and disposition of the opposing forces.
The Iraqi command said Thursday its naval units “inflicted serious damage” on Iranian military positions at Abadan, several miles from Khorramshahr, and that Iraqi MiGs attacked the Dezful area, 150 miles north of Abadan. However, it also said Iranian jets hit five Iraqi provinces, that five Iraqi civilians were wounded in air strikes on the southern Iraqi city
of Amara and that two Iranian jets were shot down over Amara and Basra.
The radio station in Ahwaz, capital of Khuzestan province 70 miles north of Abadan, claimed Thursday that “the enemy has been defeated and is making dastardly efforts in only a few places.” But the broadcast conceded “a number of feudalists are giving shelter to atheist forces,” meaning some ethnic Arabs in Khuzestan were aiding Iraq’s Arab soldiers. Another broadcast warned Iranian Arab tribesmen they would be “condemned to death” if they helped Iraqi soldiers.
Tehran radio urged Iraq’s Kurds to revolt against the Baghdad regime.
The appeal was a counter to Iraq’s call on “brother” Arabs in Khuzestan to
rise up against the Tehran government. The appeal was novel since the Khomeini regime has been battling the Kurdish independence movement within its own borders for a month.
Although Iraq and Iran are Moslem nations, the Iraqis are Arabs and the Iranians are predominantly non-Arab Persians. However, Arabs form the main ethnic group in Khuzestan and they have been battling for more autonomy from the central government in Tehran ever since Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini’s revolution ousted the shah 20 months ago. Iraq has seized on this restiveness and repeatedly called on its “Arab brothers” in the province to aid invading Iraqi forces.
But the call apparently hasn’t been
too successful, and Tehran Radio on Thursday repeated Khomeini’s rejection of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s call for a four-day cease-fire beginning Sunday. “The war continues,” the broadcast said. “Its objectives have been defined by Imam Khomeini. Does Saddam mean to say that he can declare war and then end it whenever he thinks fit?”
The Iranian news agency also reported that Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Rajai met with Cuban Foreign Minister Isidoro Malmierca to discuss an attempt by President Fidel Castro to mediate the conflict. The agency reported that Rajai expressed surprise at Castro “advising us, in the face of the enemy’s tanks and guns, to sit with the aggressor Saddam.”
Labor figures show economy improves
WASHINGTON (AP)- The nation’s unemployment rate declined for the second straight month and wholesale prices fell for the first time in 4^ years, the government said today in two reports that reflected an overall improvement in the nation’s economy.
The Labor Department said the unemployment rate declined to 7.5 percent in September, down from 7.6 percent in August and the lowest since April, when it was 7 percent.
It reported separately that the wholesale prices were down 0.2 percent in September, a sharp turnaround from a 1.5 percent increase in August and the first decline since wholesale prices fell 0.3 percent in February 1976.
The Producer Price Index, which measures prices at the wholesale level, rose in July and August by a whopping 1.5 percent and 1.7 percent, respectively, due in large part to a midwestern drought and heat wave that destroyed crops and thinned livestock herds.
The two reports could help President Carter’s re-election hopes as they reflect an improving economy. They also are the last employment and wholesale price statistics before the Nov. 4 election.
Republican candidate Ronald Reagan and independent contender John B. Anderson have both criticized President Carter’s handling of the economy, while the president has defended his actions as the best way to
bring the nation out of the recession it has been mired in.
In August, the unemployment rate was 7.6 percent of the labor force. It has hovered between 7.6 percent and 7.8 percent since May — the highest levels since President Carter took office.
The I^abor Department said an additional 200,000 workers found jobs in September, mostly in the construction industry and on the nation’s farms. Total employment was 97.2 million. Unemployment totaled 7.8 million workers.
Deborah Klein, a l^abor Department analyst, said the drop in unemployment for the second consecutive month “might be indicating a turn" in the economy. Although unemployment had declined in August from 7.8 percent to 7.6 percent, she said a one-month drop was insufficient to establish a trend in the minds of economists but a two-month decline is more convincing.
The biggest job gains were among women, whose jobless rate dropped to 6.1 percent from 6.5 percent in August, and teen-agers, whose jobless rate dropped from 17.5 percent from 19.1 percent in August.
The unemployment rate for adult men increased slightly to 6.7 percent, up from 6.6 percent in August, while unemployment among blacks and Hispanics also rose, going to 14.2
percent and 11.3 percent, respectively.
However, even as statistics show the economy improving, the president on Thursday criticized the Federal Reserve Board for pushing up interest rates, an action that many economists fear could choke off the recovery from the recession.
The prime lending rate for some banks was increased Thursday to 14 percent, which raises borrowing costs to business and consumers and could discourage business activity.
The board, which is independent of the executive branch, raised the discount rate — the interest on Federal Reserve loans to member banks — from IO to ll percent in a move to force up interest rates and fight inflation by cutting the supply of money and credit.
Carter’s criticism came only hours after New York’s Citibank, one of the nation’s largest, raised its prime lending rate one-half point, to 14 percent. The prime rate, which is what blue-chip corporate customers must pay to borrow, had risen only a day earlier to 13.5 percent.
Another interest indicator — mortgage rates — is on the way up, too, the Federal Home Ixian Bank Board said. A board report said conventional 25-year mortgages were closed at an average rate of 12.39 percent in the first week of September, up from 12.27 a month earlier.
This 30-by-80-foot building took three days to make the round-about 135-mile trip from Lackland Air Force Base to the site for St. Francis By-the Lake
Episcopal Church at Canyon Lake. Rev. A. Russel Matthews, vicar, inspects the truck carrying the new sanctuary. Dedication service will be Nov. 18.
Races reset this weekend
Since the rain has gone away and the race track has dried up, the Comal County Fair activities which were postponed from last weekend have been rescheduled for this weekend.
Post time for the horse races will be 1:30 p.m. on both Saturday and Sunday. Races will be from IO p.m. to midnight.
On Saturday there will be a “bull buck-off” at 8 p.m., which will not involve calf-roping. Danny Scheel, president of the fair association said there will be around 40 bulls available.
Following at 9 p.rn, a country-western dance will be held in the Comal Corral.
Scheel said that from all indications he has had there will be “a bunch of people coming” to the races as he’s received calls from all over the state and Oklahoma inquiring about them. The race-track is in “good shape” now, Scheel added.
Expelled congressman to fight to regain seat
Graphic lines divide the Comal River into planes of space
Staff photo by John Santa/
WASHINGTON (AP) - Ousted Rep. Michael J. Myers, the first congressman ever expelled from the House for corruption, is fighting his expulsion in court and asking his constituents to send him back to Congress anyway.
The House voted 376-30 Thursday to remove Myers, who was convicted Aug. 30 of taking a $50,000 bribe a year ago from undercover FBI agents posing as representatives of an Arab sheik seeking legislation favors.
It was the first time a congressman had been expelled since three border-state members were removed in 1861 for supporting the Confederacy in the Civil War.
Myers, 37, a gruff former
longshoreman, admitted taking the money but said he was being kicked out of Congress for behavior that may be acceptable to his blue-collar constituents in South Philadelphia.
“There may be a question of ethics, but ifs not illegal,” he said. “In this neighborhood, it may not be even
Myers won’t have tile support of the Philadelphia Democratic organization as he tries to convince the voters of that.
“I have continuously told him it was an embarrassment to the district, to the city and to the party for him to seek re-election,” said city Democratic chairman David Glancy. “We are not going to support him, that’s for sure.” Reaction from the voters was mixed.
“He was framed, set up,” said Pat Russo. “But I don’t think he’ll get reelected because he was caught.”
Another constituent, Joe Bucci, said “He let the people down.. .That’s not t say that I wouldn’t have done the sam thing if I had been there. But when th* economy’s in the shape it’s in, and you’ve got guys who are hurting seein him getting this money, they’re not going to like it.”
In the meantime, the Pennsylvania Democrat filed suit Thursday in U.S. District Court asking that he be reinstated for the rest of his term, which ends Jan. 5. The suit charged that the expulsion violated Myers’ constitutional bights and denied his constituents representation in Congress.