New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - November 18, 1984, New Braunfels, Texas
Debate begins on Baby Fae case
New Braunfels Hexa\6-Zeitung Sunday, November 18,1984 7 A
n/)MA LINDA, Calif. (AP) - Baby Fae’s struggle for life with a transplanted baboon’s heart is over, but her death opens a period of analysis by scientists who ask whether the knowledge gained from her 21 extra days of life was worth the cost and whether the operation should be done again.
Does the likelihood of accomplishing good justify the suffering involved in this kind of situation — suffering by the baby and suffering by the parents?” asked Dr. Antonio Gotto, who last week ended his term as president of the American Heart Association.
“The thing to do at this time is to very carefully analyze what took place with this case.” Gotto said.
Dr. Leonard Bailey, the surgeon who performed the transplant Oct. 26 at Loma Linda University Medical Center, said Friday that it “opened new vistas” of hope for the one in every 12,000 children born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the fatal underdevelopment suffered by Baby Fae. Most of those children die because infant human heart donors are rare.
Despite Baby Fae’s death Thursday night, Bailey said he learned much about combating the body's efforts to reject foreign tissue and
hopes to perform more baboon-to-human transplants after other scientists review his data.
‘‘I still think the (transplant) method may have some viability. I don’t think one can determine that yet,” said Gotto, chairman of internal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and Methodist Hospital in Houston. “There should be a review of what we’ve learned with Baby Fae and then a decision made whether to do more of these.”
Critics point out that Bailey had previously done only animal-to-animal transplants and that the longest-surviving recipient — a goat with a lamb’s heart — lived less than six months.
Bioethicist Ronald Bayer, a critic of Baby Fae’s transplant from the outset, said that because of society’s desire to aid “desperately ill children, we are often swept up in the excitement of new experimental procedures.”
“We have to take a step back and look at the conditions under which the research was done and be very-clear that the advance of science and knowledge is not the only value,” said Bayer, who works at The Hastings Center in Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y. “The preservation of human dignity and the avoidance of
Carries fresh blood to head, upper body
Aortic arch arteries v
Baboon has 2 arteries branching off the aortic arch Humans have 3 such arteries, although some people are born with only 2
Aorta Pulmonary artery
oxygen-rich blood to head, arms
\ Aortic arch arteries
Right atrium Left atrium Right ventricle Left ventricle
Chicago Tribune Graphic. Sources Handbook of Pnmatology  The Human Body The Heart Chicago Tribune news reports
Stepdaughter receives photo of Sakharov
NEWTON, Mass. (AP) - The stepdaughter of Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov said Saturday she has received a photo of her mother and the Nobel Prize winner along with a note saying it was sent “to convince you at last that we are alive.”
“I think it is a real picture of them,” Tatiana Yankelevich said. “It doesn’t seem to be retouched.” Mrs. Yankelevich said the photo was the first she has received from her mother, Yelena Bonner, since March, and offers proof that she has been reunited with Sakharov.
“It’s a relief to see them together, but the picture doesn’t tell us much and the note doesn’t tell us about what their state of health is and what their living
conditions are,” she said.
Mrs. Yankelevich said there was a penciled note on the back of the picture reading, “This is for all of you and first of all for you, Mother, to convince you at last that we are alive. The picture was taken on Sept. 13.”
Mrs. Bonner’s mother. Ruth, lives with the Yankelevich family in Newton, a suburb of Boston.
In a separate note, Mrs. Bonner she and her husband were leading a quiet life and that “Dr. Sakharov spends a little bit of time at his desk.”
Sakharov, who led the Soviet Union’s development of the hydrogen bomb, was exiled to the city of Gorky in 1980 for his criticism of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
unnecessary suffering also are important values.”
Baby Fae, whose real name was not made public at her parents’ request, died after her kidneys and then the walnut-sized baboon heart failed following a weeklong battle in which her immune system tried to reject the animal organ. The baby.
born Oct. 14 in Barstow, lived 24 weeks longer than any of the previous three human recipients of animal heart transplants.
Gotto and other doctors called the transplant a reasonable step, given new knowledge about the immune system and the advent of cyclosporine, a potent anti-rejection drug.
2 killed in Mexico fire
THE BUZZARD RENTS!
MEXICO CITY i AP) - Two people were killed and 40 injured in a fire that destroyed a grain storage facility of the national foodstuffs company, the police department said.
Another person was missing after the blaze in Tecamachalco, a sector
of the Mexico City metropolitan area in the state of Mexico, a police statement said.
The fire, started by a spark from oxygen-acetylene soldering equipment, burned an undetermined quantity of corn, wheat and barley, the statement said. There was no immediate estimate of damage.
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