New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - November 15, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels Herald-Ze/fun^ Tuesday, November 15,1983 5Missiles in Britain prompt demonstrations
LONDON (AP) — Student demonstrators sprayed Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine’s face and hair with red paint today, a day after Britain received the first of Europe’s new cruise nuclear missiles.
Heseltine, arriving to address a Conservative students’ meeting at Manchester Uhiversity, was greeted by some 200 demonstrators. As police tried to escort him into the student union offices, someone in the crowd sprayed him with red paint.
Reporters on the scene said Heseltine was shaken by the incident but did not appear to be hurt. He was taken into an anteroom by
detectives who cleaned him up.
Other protesters chained themselves to the perimeter fence at Greenham Common air base, 50 miles west of London, where the missiles arrived Monday, and sat down in front of its gates. Police said 72 were arrested.
At Faslane Bay, Scotland, three demonstrators invaded the naval base where Britain’s nuclear-armed submarines dock. They climbed a 150-foot radio antenna and were refusing to come down, police said.
In central Australia, about 250 women gathered today outside the U.S.-Australia Joint Intelligence Facility at Pine Gap,
demanding that the base be closed.
Missile opponents in Britain have vowed to intensify their protests against the cruise rockets, charging Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher with handing Britain’s destiny to the United States and turning the nation into a “saturation bombing” target by accepting the American weapons.
Mrs. Thatcher, addressing a financiers’ meeting Monday night in London, countered: “The United States is our ultimate defensive shield, the guarantor of Western freedom and the best hope for the world’s oppressed.” Avoiding hardline anti-Soviet rhetoric, she
said the missiles could be withdrawn quickly if the superpowers reached an arms control agreement. She vowed Britain was ready to pursue “sensible dialogue” with East bloc nations and “in that spirit” would visit Hungary early next year.
Police said they arrested eight demonstrators outside Parliament Monday and another 30 who later blocked the road near the London Lord Mayor’s official residence where Mrs. Thatcher spoke in defense of the rockets.
The weapons were the first of 572 cruise and Pershing 2 missiles to be deployed in five West European nations through 1988 in response to
the Soviet buildup of SS-20 missiles.
The first cruises in Italy and Pershings in West Germany were scheduled to follow imminently.
The Soviets have threatened to leave the talks in Geneva, Switzerland, if the NATO deployment proceeds and say they will install more missiles in response.
“Mr. Heseltine and the British government have handed the destiny of the British people to President Ronald Reagan,” Joan Ruddock, chairman of Britain’s Campaign for Nuclear Disarament, declared.
Arafat claims attacks against him failed
TRIPOLI, Lebanon (AP) — Syrian-backed guerrilla mutineers mounted a tank assault today to dislodge PIX) chief Yasser Arafat from his stronghold in northern lebanon, but he claimed the attack was crushed.
With shells falling around his quarters in Tripoli, Arafat’s office said in a communique that the attackers were driven back after seven hours of fierce combat on the outskirts of the Baddawi refugee camp.
The communique from the Palestine Liberation
Organization said 13 Syrian army tanks were destroyed and 50 PIX) rebels and Syrian commandos captured in the fighting that collapsed a four-day-old Ceasefire
Another PIX) communique, issued in Tunis, claimed Col. Salah Maam, military commander of the Syrian-supported Saiqa guerrilla group, was killed in the attack on Baddawi and that his body was brought to Tripoli.
It also claimed Capt. Ahmed Jtbnl, leader of the libyan-backed Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, suffered a head wound in the fighting and was
hospitalized in Zagorta, seven miles east of Tripoli.
But Jibril's official spokesman in Damascus, Fadl Shrouro, denied the PIX) claim, saying, “Capt. Jibril is quite safe and exercising his normal functions.”
The tank assault, backed by infantry an artillery, initially concentrated on Baddawi, but later spilled into Tripoli, including the main commercial thoroughfare. Shops closed and streets were empty.
A few shells struck Tripoli’s oil refinery on Baddawi’s edge, setting oil storage tanks on fire. The Lebanese government says it lost HOO million from burning crude and refined oil in the past two weeks of PIX) warfare. of PIX) warfare.
Tripoli is 50 miles north of Beirut, which was shaken this morning by the sound of rapid explosions as shells and rockest crashed into predominately Christian east Beirut. Police said the intense barrage, which lasted 30 minutes, injured five motorists and forced schools in most of east Beirut to close for the day.
Christian-controlled radio stations blamed the attack on Syrian-backed Druse militiamen.
Billie Sol Estes released from prison
BIG SPRING (AP) — Billie Sol Estes, once known as a financial wizard and a confidant of Lyndon Johnson, was released from prison today after vowing that his wheeling and dealing days are over.
“I’m ready to go, ready to get out,” Estes said in an interview in prison. “I’m just going to live a day at a time and not worry about tomorrow.”
“My values have completely changed.”
Upon release from the minimum security Big Spring Federal Prison Camp, Estes was hugged and kissed by his wife Patsy, eldest daughter Pam, and five grandchildren.
"It just feels fantastic,’’ said Pam Estes, 35, whose book, “Billie Sol,” is due for publication in early December.
Estes was picked up in a chaffered black limousine and taken to a Mexican restaurant for coffee in Big Spring before heading for Abilene 110 miles to the east.
He was wearing a loud sport coat, slacks and sport shirt, and wife Patsy quipped, “You can see I didn’t dress him today.”
Estes told about a dozen reporters at the restaurant, “You may not believe me but when I left prison I left a part of me behind.
"I leave with no bitterness or malice toward anyone.”
Referring to his daughter, he said, “I would have never have talked to the press if Pam hadn't wrote a book and stirred this all up. I would just walk off into the western sky . ”
He said a TV show or movie “definitely” will be made.
"I intend to return to Callahan County, near Abilene, to be with my neighbors and my friends.
“I’m going home.”
Speaking of his prison stint, Estes said, “This is
just a bend in the road of my life. Not the end of my life.”
“We have to find out in life who we are. If I take one drink I'm a total drunk.” If someone offered him a business deal, he’d go for it, he said.
“It’s a compulsive thing. I’m just one bad deal away from spending my life in prison.”
“When I was out of prison before, I was an empire builder. Money, money, money.”
“God being my helper I’m just going home and help Pam sell her book.”
Estes will spend his first 30 days out of prison at a Salvation Army halfway house in Abilene, a city in which several members of his family now live.
The charismatic, flamboyant con-man, 58, has spent almost ll years behind prison walls since his first conviction in 1962 for federal mail fraud and conspiracy to defraud and subsequent 1979 convictions for fraud and concealing assets.
“I seen myself as a Robin Hood back then,” he said in a prison interview last week. “I’d take from the rich and give to the poor.
“I heard the cry of the poor and I answered the cry of the poor.”
A lifelong financial contributor to Democratic politicians, including Johnson, Estes said his personal fortune once totaled as much as $400 million.
Estes contends he now is broke.
While admitting no specific wrongdoing, Estes said it was his compulsiveness that got him in trouble and it is that same character flaw that concerns him even now.
Before his empire crumbled, Estes said, his personal fortune totaled between $150 million and $400 million and included mineral rights to a vast but deep reservoir of natural gas around his palatial home in Pecos.
Korean children prepare for special heart surgery in the United States
ROSLYN, N Y IAP» - Two Korean children awaiting lifesaving heart surgery were resting in a hospital today after hitching a plane ride with President and Nancy Reagan and becoming celebrities in their home country.
Lee KU Woo. a 4-year*old boy from Seoul, and Ahn Gi Sook, a 7-year-old girl from Kyongnam, in southern South Korea, arrived at St Francis Hospital late Monday after a stopover in Washington.
In South Korea, newspapers, radio and television have given widespread publicity
to the adventure, which came as the president ended his visit to South Korea.
State-run television interviewed families and friends of both children, and newspapers gave extensive display to pictures showing them waving with the Reagans from the door of Au- Force One before the flight to Washington.
Doctors met the children at LaGuardta Airport in New York on Monday. Although the youngsters, who suffer from congenital heart defects, ended their long journey sleepy, shy and at times fretful, they ap
parently suffered no ill effects from all the attention, the hospital reported.
The children, clutching miniature American flags, were also met at La Guardia by a horde of reporters and cameramen.
“I don’t feel well. It’s too hot, too many people.” Gi Sook said through an interpreter as she clutched a box of popcorn and her flag.
Hospital spokesmen said the chance of successful surgery, scheduled for early next week, was about 90 percent.
Both children have holes in their hearts, and the little girl also has a displaced aorta and other problems.
“Without the operations, the strain on their hearts would become too great and they would die of heart attacks by the time they’re IO or 12,” said Dr. Filippo Balbonio, the pediatrics director.
The surgery and ensuing four- to six-week hospital stay would cost about $20,000. KU Woo and Gi Sook are in a program for poor children in developing countries that provides for their operations.
OAS—Grenada offers Nicaragua a lesson
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Keagan administration, in a fresh appeal to Nicaraguan officials to establish democracy, is suggesting the alternative for them could be the kind of political upheaval that led to the imprisonment and death of the Grenadian leadership a month ago.
That thesis was set forth in a speech Monday night to Organization of American States foreign ministers by Deputy Secretary of State Kenneth Dam, who said the lesson of Grenada is that * political differences tend to degenerate into violence” without democratic safeguards.
Calling Nicaragua an obstacle to peace in Central America, Dam accused the San-dimstas of failing to negotiate rn good faith. He challenged Nicaragua to accept proposals by Central American mediators caUing for an end to subversion in the region, disarmament and the withdrawal of all foreign security forces.
These are among 21 proposals formulated rn September by the so-caUed Contadora group, composed of Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and Panama The foreign Hamsters of the four countries hope to use this week’s OAS meeting to sound out their
Central American counterparts on verification procedures.
Dam spoke several hours after the surprise announcement by OAS Secretary General Alejandro Orfila that he is stepping down early next year, more than a year prior to the scheduled end of his second five-year term.
In an unusually candid speech, Orfila said he found during his eight-year tenure that the organization too often has been an irrelevant bystander when major hemispheric issues arise.
“It must be acknowledged that the OAS
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has been detached from, or only tangentially involved rn many of the major issues that affect the present and determine the future of America,” the Argentine diplomat said.
“In some cases it was conspicuously absent; in others, worse still, it was ignored.”
The failure of the OAS to assume a central role in the turmoil in Central America and the Caribbean “clearly has marred its public image,” Orfila said.
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Sal I Sun 2:15 4:15 7:15 9 15 Tues.. Wed Thurs 7:15Turkish part of Cyprus declares freedom
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — The Turkish-occupied northern part of war-divided Cyprus declared its independence today and named itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
The Cypriot government, based in the Greek sector of the Mediterranean island, immediately called for an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council and protested the unilateral move by Turkish Cypriots.
In Greece, the government said Premier Andreas Papandreou was meeting in emergency irisilnn with his armed forces commanders following the announcement from Nicoma.
The action was expected to sharpen the conflict between Greece and Turkey over the future of the island that was partitioned into Greek and Turkish sectors after Turkish forces invaded the Cyprus in 1974.
The official Turkish Cypriot Bayrak radio
said the independence decision was reached during a special session of the legislative assembly of the self-proclaimed Turkish Cypriot Federated State and was announced to thousands of people waiting outside.
Cyprus has been divided between Greek
and Turkish sectors since 1975, a year after Turkey invaded and occupied the northern part of the Mediterranean island following a coup that toppled the government of the late Archbishop Makarios.
The two communities have been deadlocked in
intermittent talks under U N. auspices for the past nine years to try to work out a settlement through a new constitution.
An estimated 120,000 Turkish Cypriots live in the northern sector under the protection of 25,000 Turkish troops.
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