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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - November 13, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas W. L. SchumannExtension service plans farmers' market program By W.L. SCHUMANN County afont Ernesto Villalobos, marketing specialist with the Texas Department of Agriculture, will discuss procedures to have a farmers’ market in New Braunfels. The presentation will be at 7:30 p.m. Thursday at the Men’s Garden Club meeting in the Comal County Extension Service office. The public is invited to attend. Gardeners interested in selling their surplus produce should attend this meeting and learn how they may take advantage of the market. Interest has increased in recent years in a local market of fresh home grown vegetables. Everyone can benefit but there must be enough gardeners who wish to participate to make the market work. Ammoniating hay boosts quality Any hay that might be of poor qaulity this year can be improved by treating bales with anhydrous ammonia. And with the winter feeding season just around the corner, the time is right to ammoniate hay. Hay ammoniation involves covering hay bales with black plastic and treating them with anhydrous ammonia. Hay ammoniation has a number of benefits. It increases crude protein, digestibility and animal intake, all of which lead to increased animal performance. Crude protein in hay can be increased 3 to 8 percent by ammoniation while digestibility can be increased from 3 to 23 percent. Feeding trials have shown an increase in animal intake of 20 to 27 percent. In feeding studies, steers fed ammoniated hay gained one-half pound more a day than those on the same type of hay but untreated. Cost varies from $8 to $14 a ton — about $3 65 for the plastic and $4 40 to $7 50 for 60 pounds of anyhydrous ammonia <or about 3 percent of the weight of the hay). And the payoff is an increase in the hay’s feeding value of $22 to $25 per ton. So, it’s a good investment. Low quality hay is a prime candidate for ammoniation. If hay has a crude protein of less than 8 percent, ammoniation will pay. A check of hay samples along the upper Texas coast last year showed that about 75 percent of the hay baled would have benefitted from ammoniation. However, guard against ammoniating sorghum-type hays because of a potential problem in cattle fed such hay. Studies have found that the ammonia reacts with sugars in sorghum hays to sometimes cause wild behavior in cattle. Treated hay should remain covered for at least three weeks before feeding. Since ammoniated hay becomes fairly loose because of breakdown in the fiber content, it will not shed water well and should be protected from rain. Keeping the plastic on or moving the hay into a barn after the three-week waiting period is a good practice. Late calving cows cost money Cattlemen should have little respect for late-calving cows because they are income robbers and should Lions induct members be culled. Studies have shown that late-calving cows those that give birth after the majority of the herd has calves on the ground are a detriment to a cattle operation They wean lighter calves and have lower rebreeding rates than early-calving cows, and that means money down the drain. A recent demonstration on the LaSalle Ranch in Calhoun County attests to the impact of lower rebreeding rates. The demonstration was conducted by Dr L R Sprott, beef cattle specialist with the Texas Agricultural Extension Service, in cooperation Witt) Calhoun County extension agents. Gilbert Heideman (now retired) and Bryan Weiss The effort was part of the extension ser vice’s Integrated Livestock Manage ment Program. Some 200 crossbred cows were monitored over a 160-day calving period. Almost 84 percent of the cows were considered early ( aivers 'calv ing in the* first 80 days) while the re mainder were late calvers. Among early calvers, 93 percent rebred while late calvers had an 84 percent conception rate What does this mean economical ly? Had pregnancy rates between the two groups been equal, the late calving cows would have contributed three additional calves to the total calf crop for that year Assuming a 450 pound weaning weight per calf and a market price of 65 cents a pound that would mean an additional Four new members were inducted into the Canyon Lake Noon Lions Club at a Ladies Night dinner at the Startz Cafe last Friday. Orland “Pappy” Harger presided and past president Terry Comisky served as induction officer. Tony Marburger joined by transfer from the Gulfgate Lions Club of Houston Jim McGee, Bill Nitschke and John Wells were welcomed as new members Bill George, another new member, was unable to attend the dinner Lions International is the largest service organization in the world with more than 1.3 million members. It is represented by clubs in 157 countries and political areas Canyon Lake has a Noon, an Evening and a Lioness Club. Moving? Need to lighten r-\\your load Call the $877 50 in gross income Many herds with long calving seasons have an even greater propor tion of late-calving cows often 25 to 30 percent In these cases, lost revenue is even more pronounced Cattlemen can’t afford to operate with such losses, partcularly with the current economic situation There s only one choice, cull these late calving cows along with any that are open Also, never keep a heifer from a late-calving cow because she will likely be a late-calver as well LAST WEEK! Hurry, only 4 days left for big savings during our Anniversary Sale celebration Classifieds 625-9144 rrw,/Tirrrrrrfffrfrrf/rr/    -    v.    ............. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the New Braunfels Herald Zeitung