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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung Newspaper Archives

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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - November 6, 1987, New Braunfels, Texas Herald-Zeitung New Braunfels T^»ds    I ' lay November 6 -187    Pafle    5AGorbachev’s revolution is one without bullets MOSCOW (AP Seventy years after the Bolshevik Revolution, the Soviet Union is again a crucible for vast change as Communist Party leader Mikhail S Cor bachev pursues his own revolution without bullets ' His canvas is one fifth of the world's land mass whose 284 million people have boon told they need to work harder and faster to realize the socialist dream that drove Vladimir I Lenin and the Bolshov iks in PHT I he Revolution Continues Through Restructuring proclaims a poster that has sprouted on many Moscow street corners and in shop windows Gorbachev has called his blueprint for swooping economic and social change the logical continuation of the seizure of jM>w*»r staged bv the Communists on a cold evening in Petrograd now Leningrad To years ago A provisional government took over from the czar in March 1917 and tho Bolshevik*' overthrew the government in Novemtier rho revolution now continue'- at a qualitatively new stage iiorhachev told an audience in Murmansk recent Iv During a stroll through the arctic city the **» year old Soviet leader described his goal in more dramatic terms It IS a revolution without the bullets but a deep and serious one On Nov 7 the Communist Party general secretary and other menders of the Soviet elite will mount the russet tined Lenin mausoleum on Red Square to mark the an niversary \ military p trade and gala meetings will celebrate the "UCke^sos of the past the founding of the world > first socialist state the industrialization that gave it great power status and the victory over Nazi Germany in World XX ar 11 won at the pro e of Jo million bv es But this year s festivities also are Keyed to the task' •orbat hex has tefined since he assumed power in Mar* h and w ll i*»un! the w ay tow ard the Sox ie* future I-or st is stilt tew. s4<on to tell whether Kremlin intentions fo msslemur the >*k '.alist state proclaimed To years ago an tx translated into a* tton Xmong the most i ok la! '•sues It is urn lear whether glasnost the policy of greater openness ail! t*e extended to det ates *hat occur it *op levels of the soviet leadership and who wit! dis nil* when the uh reused freedom of rxpn'S'inn should tie IfT'i IltMI Xii ' her unknown is how rn us h perestroika the tnve for e* *»m*mu renewal tan cut into th** stagnation is! t.q* and ai k of initiative» aused by more than a half enturv of State planning »w ar. •44- Par1 which Mat “Doesn’t our restructuring drive mean a departure from the foundations of socialism or at least their weakening ‘ Gorbachev asked in June "No. it doesn t On the contrary , what we already are doing planning and proposing should strengthen socialism I he superpower that Gorbachev leads into its eighth decade of soc ialism finds itself beset with contradictions that show the progress made hut also the scale of the tasks facing the Sov let leader and his entourage I- or instance the Soviets took the lead in space follow mg the im I S shuttle disaster and have scored impressive achievements, including record-setting manned endurance missions and the launch of the world s onl\ functioning space station X et on the outskirts of Moscow , a lack of a much humbler type of technology, indoor plumbing forces villagers to tote buckets of w ater on their shoulders much as their great grandparents did I he Soviets have mustered vast resources to throw a railroad line across 2 Ton miles of frozen Siberian taiga But they cannot produce nearly enough 'hoes to meet consumer demand X state trade agency imports canned beer from the XX est and sells it in Moscow for dollars and other hard Western currencies However many Soviets cannot count on regular supple of noodles milk and eggs XX hat lias the Soviet I mon accomplished under To years of socialism and what problems remain to be- sur mounted by Gorbachev s revolution Here is a brief scorec ard the viviet t mon s 5 I million men under arms and its nuclear arsenal are an indisputable claim to superpower status Gorbachev however say' he wants to curb the arms race .»nd staunch its drain on the economy in order to shift limited resources to the civilian sec tor I he superpowers are reported near agreement on a treaty to scrap intermediate range missiles But disputes over the I n star xx ars anti tnt" lie shield have stymied progress on cutting strategic weapons In December the Soviets will begin their ninth year in Xfghanistan The Xfghan civil war has tied up ar. estimated Ila *• "m»v u- troops, cost billions of rubles and undermined Kremlin prestige iii the Third World Gorbachev has called the conflict a bleeding wound and Western sources estimate it has cost the li\**s of up to •a .ic Svoc let >oi<liers Nationality relations lh*- soviet national anthem celebrates the country as an unbreakable union of free republics bu? To years of socialism have- left th*- Bus ss ans and e* fH s..t s ,? *a *r. • r* Xithn nib th** ''■uva-* re I ha Mini' .eof gun on the I d X shev ardrudze nemher Politburo the rui Dissatisfaction over russifi* at ion national feelings and historical grievances continue to complicate th*- soli cd ruling this vast human mosaic This year alone t nmean I atar' massed at Red square ic tem and th* return of 'nett an* est tai lands and Latvians Lithuanians and h donnm* took to th* sire.-, in the Baltic republics to protest their wartime absorption into the Soviet Union Jewish activists say hundreds of thousands »f soviet Jews want to emigrate but are prevented from doing so The Communist Party however is well-implanted among local elites and boasts of having brough* many of the country's nationalities into the 20th c en! ary Women Despite the Bolshevik Revolution pledge of equal opportunities for both sexes onlv one woman neve has responsibilities in the high reaches of the party Xiex andra P Biry ukova, a member of the party secretariat Many Soviet women w ork in low-prestige low salary jobs in such traditional areas as sales and medical ( are The sight of women shoveling gravel into dump trucks r chopping ic** from sidewalks is common The ->ov lets pot Xalentina Tereshkova into orbit in lf* as the world > first female cosmonaut bu? the country > bes* knowr woman today is probably Raisa Gorbachev wife of the Communist Party leader Economy The breakneck industrialization cham pinned by dictator Josef X stalin in th*- is s gave h» world its stereotypes of the Soviet economy sprawling factories and mills huge dams and industrial cities hewn from tracts of virgin land A powerful economic network ruled from Moscow marshaled the soviets industrial might to help defeat Germany in World XX ar II I rider socialism the soviet Union has surpassed the United States in production of steel and oil However the command economy embraced by Stalin has proved poorly suited to the country s rte fern needs spurring the Kremlin leadership to de* cee ;*s restructuring campaign and loosen centralized < on management The Soviets lag tar behind the West ?, computer technology electronics md other cons .mer goods Poor quality is rife Defective television se's .ars ♦*d ie percent of Moscow s 28 *■ >* tires veal In state enterprise's where production s checked by g .err merit inspectors 20 percent of the output flunked Living Standards iaugmg th* soviet people > well being is the most controversia m*-asure • >• six-ai sn, ' accomplishments A Communis’ regime eliminate'! th* grinding poverty and starvation that helped spark vie IH17 revolution hut few sox lets today «>wr the amenities common to the XX extern middle c as' lh*- type al farm! devotes only 2 7 per* en? of its budget to housing ex pense' a minuscule proportion by Western st anda r > bu? 2o percent of the population lives in comm in * apod ments or dormitories w uh other families du* •    *    *    hr*    - housing shortage Salane' are low averaging 21*- rata*-' a month about KW at the official exchange rate for.must r a an workers hut government sub'idu**** oread costs ors. • about 20 c ent s a loaf <iortiachex however has sa 1 pr e hikes will tx-necessary to wipe out 'tate subsidies that totaled >h> ’ billion .ast year for meat and milk alone Medical care is free but horror stories^abuu? squab t h< •spital'* an I sta*r tages of drugs are legion das ac know Ridged that the failures of the Abel cj Aganbegy an says improving citizens lives is the final criterion of perestroika s success and that much remains to be done We cannot tie reconciled lo what we have at present or what we had in the past he said recently < ulturt After decades of a sterile official literary style epitomize by the girl meets trac tor romances of socialist realism glasnost has breathed some new life into Soviet media which now are engaged in a prof) mg expose of long 'aixx> subjects from drug addiction prostitution and AIDS to high level corruption Writers long scorned as anti Soviet including the late Bons Pasternak author of Doctor Zhivago have ap peared in recent editions X et restrictions remain The country still has one publisher the Mate The works of 19?<* Noted literature laureate Alexander Solzhenitsyn remain banned and the*re is no telling how Gorbachev ; Kremlin might react to a contemporary Pasternak oi Solzhenitsyn The gran ting of this year s literary Nobel to a former labor < amp inmate emigre poet Joseph Brodsky 47 went unreported by the Soviet press and an official told reporters The tastes of the Nobel committee are somewhat strange sometimes Xs one facet of the new openness historians have been cautious)’, reevaluating Soviet history which has been rewr der. with cat h ma or change o' leadership since the revolution Of particular interest in the Soviet intellectual com triunity ;s die historic al role of stalin and his purges of millions rn th** is - a* enemies of the people Hist or .ms new say then- wen- no grounds to the charges that Nikolai Bukharin who *was 'hot in 1948, was a foreign agon? However Stalin s are* foe .a*on Trotsky who was murdered it exile in I G* st a has not ?**en giver ti is doe place' in official histories Although he played a .e.idmg rob a. organizing end carrying out the revolution Trotsky s name will certainly tx* absent from I ll I s* VT ill* x ftfSt I % It ti on hit fw tati* run tn Liinofm arket New Braunfels Courtyard Center 10am to9pm Mon Sat 12 30 p m to 5 OO p m.. Sunday Sequin Five Courts Mall 10 am to 9 p m Mon Sat 12 30 p m to 6 30 p rn., Sunday •I vA About .-I Bealls Chartae Card.SATURDAY ONLY ;