New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - November 2, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
8A New Braunfels HeraldZe/hy/?^ Wednesday, November 2,1983
House vote due on funds for Marines
WASHINGTON (AP) — After a narrow victory for his plans to build the MX “Peacekeeper” missile, President Reagan is expected to survive a determined House challenge to his authority to keep the U.S. Marine peacekeeping force in Lebanon.
Despite rising concern over the safety of the Marines, a head count by the Democratic House leadership showed “a lot of votes to spare” to defeat a move to cut off funds for the troops after March I, a Democratic congressman said.
Although it was expected the Lebanon measure would be rejected, lawmakers said the Marines’ presence in Lebanon might not be endorsed as strongly as in September. Then the House passed by a 253-156 margin a resolution authorizing the Marines to stay at their posts for up to 18 months. The mood of Congress has stiffened since the Oct. 23 terrorist bombing which killed at least 230 U.S. servicemen.
The vote scheduled today came as the House completed action on a $247 billion defense spending bill with $2.1 billion for production of the first 21 MX intercontinental ballistic missiles still intact.
An effort to cut funds for the MX was rejected Tuesday by a vote of 217-208, almost the same margin by which it was rejected three months ago.
In July, on a spending authorization vote, the MX survived on a count of 220-207.
In Tuesday’s vote, 190 Democrats and 18 Republicans voted to cut the MX funds, but were defeated by a combination of 145 Republicans and 72 Democrats.
MX advocates said the Reagan administration had made sincere efforts in arms control but opponents voiced deep skepticism.
In another major gain for the administration’s strategic modernization program, the House turned aside, 247-175, an effort by Rep. Joseph Addabbo, D-N.Y., chairman of the defense appropriations subcommittee, to bar long-range Air Force contracts to buy B-1B bombers. The vote signaled that the once-canceled and long-controversial program will continue.
In the measure, there is nearly $6.2 billion for the B-1B program in the fiscal year that began Oct. I, including $3.76 billion to build IO planes, which would replace aging B-52s that were last produced in 1962. The rest of the funds are to buy parts.
Congress bought one plane in 1981 and seven last year after the administration revived the B-l program that had been killed by President Carter in 1977.
TI move to hurt Lubbock
LUBBOCK (AP) — Consumers looking for bargains scrambled today to snatch up the remaining Texas Instruments home computers on store shelves, as company employees worried about TI’s move to eliminate 1,000 jobs at its plant here.
“Everyone in the financial community is concerned whenever a portion of our work force is put on furlough or laid off,” said Jim Cummings, executive vice president of the First National Bank of Lubbock.
“Every payroll dollar turns seven times rn the community so that definitely will have an impact," he said.
Beginning today, workers fired from the home computer assembly plant have three days of scheduled sessions with the Texas Employment Commission, said TEC office manager Velma Burkhain.
The workers will receive interviews in alphabetical order, she said.
The employment official said the job market rn this West Texas city of 174,000 was tight before the firings were announced Monday.
“There is not anything available in manufacturing that I know of,” Ms. Burkham said. it's going to be very competitive.”
'Cheating' can help marriages, expert says
LOS ANGELES AP) -What Cynthia Silverman teaches some women to enjoy earned author Nathaniel Hawthorne’s heroine Hester Prynne a scarlet letter.
The 43-year-old psychologist conducts a workshop for married women who are having, or thinking of having, extramarital affairs.
' This is not advice on free love,” Ms. Silverman says. “Men and women both have affairs and the frequency of women having affairs is now almost as great as the men. The goal is to educate women to make a meaningful decision. Let’s see they don’t do it moronically or hurt themselves or their families.”
To that end. workshop participants are given practical advice such as remembering to cover absences with excuses a husband cannot check, and to resist the temptation to confess because “a white lie is better than a black truth "
There are also hints on discretion (don't clutch his hand or look longingly into his eyes at the neighborhood restaurant) and partner selection I married men are
better because they, too, must be discreet).
“I think the No. I reason for women (having affairs) is romantic adventure, the Cary Grant type of romance that doesn't exist in marriage,” says Ms. Silverman, who admits gaining some of her expertise outside her first two marriages.
“A normal, happy comfortable marriage doesn’t have that excitement ... the feeling that you're alive, the tingling, the anxiety.”
The workshops — which cost $7.50 for a I hour, 45 minute session each week — stress enjoyment without guilt.
“I was a basket case when I went in there.” says one wife who was involved with another man for about two years when she began attending the workshop last summer.
I sUli feel a little bit (guilty), but not to the same degree.” says the woman.
The workshop, she added, “helped me set my prioriUes differently I always made sure that my family came first, especially my children, but now I realize I have a right to happiness also.”
Pemex's cost-cutting shows strength, official says
HOUSTON (AP) — Mexico’s national oil company expects revenues of $16 billion on exports this year and is insUtuUng cost-cutting measures, all of wtuch means it is in a very strong posiuon financially, a company official says.
Jose Villarreal, general manager of the finn s Houston office, told the I .atm American Energy Conference Tuesday that Petroleos Mexicanos will probably spend no more than $600 million outside of Mexico this year for supplies and services.
“I can guarantee you that we are very creditworthy,” he said.
Villarreal said Pemex is altering some of its purchasing policies to save money. He estimated the company will save 5 to 30 percent on each item it buys by purchasing supplies directly rather than through intermedianes.
“In addition to the savings, it will allow us to communicate with manufacturers a great deal more than we presently do,” he said
“I feel that it will be educaUonal as well, since manufacturers will have the opportunity to become more familiar with our present and future needs and we can find out from your research and development people what new types of technology lie ahead,” he said.
HOUSTON (AP) - Between 40 and 50 newly hired pilots will begin training classes next week designed to let Continental Airlines expand its schedule in December, a company spokesman says.
Continental began hiring pilots this week to replace those who are on strike, Bruce Hicks said Tuesday.
“These guys will take one to two weeks of training” before they start flying, said Hicks. “These guys have thousands of hours of flying tune on the type of aircraft we fly.”
Continental will start additional training classes weekly with an average of 20 new pilots in each class to meet plans “for our continuing expansion starting in December and beyond,” said Hicks.
Continental filed Sept. 24 for reorganization under federal bankruptcy laws. The airline stopped flying for two days and then returned to the air with its domestic routes slashed by two-thirds and the salaries of employees cut as much as 50 percent. It •fart laid off about two-thirds of its employees. A week later, on Oct. I, the pilots and flight attendants J walked off their jobs, joining the mechanics who
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Villarreal told those attending the two-day conference that Pemex will not pay bills from companies which paid bribes in an effort to win contracts.
Pemex is honoring 90 percent of its invoices from suppliers, Villarreal said. But he said Pemex will honor no more bills from those who committed bribery or who have violated terms of purchase orders
"These are the only reasons why a supplier has not been paid," Jose Villarreal said.
U.S. courts have fined at least one Houston company for bribing Pemex officials. Applied Processed Products Overseas Inc., a Houston oil equipment firm, was fined $5,000 in February for paying a Mexican official $342,000 in return for IS Mullion in contracts.
That firm’s owner, Gary D. Bateman, was also given three years’ probation
In addition, Houston-based Crawford Enterprises Inc., two of its top officers and seven other businessmen were indicted ut October 1982 on charges they funneled nearly $10 million rn bribes to Pemex officials between December 1977 and May I960.
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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung Wednesday, November 2,1983 BA
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Per dozen large
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Continental replacing striking pilots
already were un strike.
Since then, the airline has slowly beefed up Us schedule, using pilots, flight attendants and mechanics who crossed the picket lines. The pilots who sun training next week will be the first group hired to replace the striking piloU.
“We expect by this spring to be at 80 to IO percent of the seat capacity we had before” filing for bankruptcy, said Hicks. The airline will need OOO to 900 pilots to meet the planned schedule, he said, and currently has 400 to 500.
By Nov. 15, said Hicks, Continental expects to have 54 aircraft flying and will be scheduling about 35 percent (rf the number of flights the airline aer-viced before bankruptcy.
Hicks said the airline is not hiring new flight attendants. He said the earner has a preferential hiring list and “will pull on that list” as naedad.
Under new work rules Continental put into place last month, senior pilots are being paid about 843,000 a year for 83 flying hours a month. Under the union contract, senior pilots’ annual salaries war* paid $83,000 for 55 flying hour* a month.
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