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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - May 11, 2001, New Braunfels, Texas Page 10A — Herald-Zeitung — Friday, May ll, 2001Rise in Mexican-Americans fuels Hispanic growth * - By GENARO C. ARMAS Associated Press Writer •WASHINGTON (AP) — Tile Mexican-American population jumped during the l&90s, a key reason for the dramatic growth among the country’s Hispanics in the past decade, new Census 2000 data shows. While their numbers were greatest in Texas and California, states in the Midwest and Southeast, also saw huge gains. More than 20.6 million people identified themselves as Mexican in the 2000 head count, a 53 percent increase from 1990. The next two biggest Hispanic groups, Puerto Ricans and Cubans, also grew, though to a lesser extent. The report released Thursday offered the first new details of the country’s Hispanic population, which at 35.3 million strong, rivaled noQ-Hispanic blacks as the nation’s largest minority giirup. Non-Hispanic blacks totaled about 35.4 minion. Most Latino advocacy gifiups were not surprised by th[e trends; there have long bqen high rates of immigration into America from Mexico, and Mexicans tend to have higher birth rates. Instead, the focus should be on strengthening bonds between different groups in the Hispanic community — whether from Mexico, Paraguay or El Salvador — to increase awareness of issues affecting them all, said Afigelo Amador, policy analyst with the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund. ‘He highlighted bilingual education and racial profiling as examples of common issues. When looking at the numbers, “it again reinforces the idea that we really need to be united to have more strength,” Amador said. ^Hispanics also tended to be Census2000 Hispanics in the heartland, West At 35.3 million, the Hispanic population is approaching non-Hispanic blacks as the nation’s largest minority group. There were 13 million more Hispanics in 2000 than 1990, with many newcomers moving past traditional immigrant gateways in Texas, California and Florida to settle in the Midwest. The Breakdown- By The Associated Press Honduran 217,569 A breakdown of the Mexican nation’s Hispanic popula 20,640,711 tion: Nicaraguan 177,684 Total 35,305,818 Panamian 91,723 Paraguyan 8,769 Peruvian 233,926 Number who identified Puerto Rican 3,406,178 themselves as: Salvadoran 655,165 Argentinean 100,864 Spaniard 100,135 Bolivian 4 2,068 Uruguayan 18,804 Chilean 68,849 Venezuelan 91,507 Colombian 470,684 Other Central American Costa Rican 68,588 103,721 Cuban 1,241,685 Other South American Dominican (Dominican 57,532 Republic) 764,945 All other Hispanic or Latino Ecuadorian 260,559 6,111,665 Guatemalan 372,487 Source: U.S. Census Bureau Spanish for the first time. Democrats also gave a bilingual radio response. Among Mexicans, growth rates surged in places that have not traditionally drawn immigrants as people flocked to small towns and cities for jobs at manufacturing and meatpacking plants. The Mexican population in North Carolina, for instance, rose 655 percent. Still, some of the largest Mexican populations lived in urban counties, including Los Angeles County, Calif., with 3 million, and Harris County, Texas, with 815,000. On the Net: Percent Hispanic, by county Less than 6%    6%    to    12.4%    12.5% to 24.9% 25% to 49.9%    50%    or    more SOURCES: ESR!; U.S. Census Bureau younger: the median age for Hispanics was 25.9 years, while the median age for the entire U.S. population was 35.3. Mexicans had a median age of 24.2, and Puerto Ricans a median age of 27.3. The report did not address how much of the Hispanic population increase resulted from illegal immigration — a question census and immigration officials said could be better answered when additional figures are released later this year. Among the findings: —There were nearly 13 million more Hispanics in the country in 2000 than 1990, of which more than half were Mexican. —Puerto Ricans were the next biggest Hispanic group, increasing 25 percent to 3.4 million. New York had the largest Puerto Rican population, at 1.1 million, but was also the only state to see a decline among that group (down 3 percent). —The Cuban population, the third largest group, was up 19 percent, with the high- AP est growth in the South and West. More than half the country’s 1.2 million Cubans lived in Miami-Dade County, Fla. The median age for Cubans was 40.7. Political leaders in Washington have begun to notice. This past week, President Bush gave his weekly radio address in both English and ftp IO States for Hispanic Populations MOTHER'S DAY SERENADES Mariachi Eros de America 609-0781 or 606-6614 present this ad for $5.00 off ! By The Associated Press « T6p 10 states for Mexican, Plierto Rican and Cuban populations: BY TOTAL POPULATION: MEXICAN: California    8,455,926 Texas    5,071,963 Illinois    1,144,390 Arizona    1,065,578 Colorado    450,760 Florida    363,925 New Mexico    330,049 Washington    329,934 Nevada    285,764 Georgia    275,288 Total U.S.    20,640,711 PUERTO New York Florida New Jersey Pennsylvania Massachusetts Connecticut Illinois California Texas Ohio Total U.S. RICAN: 1,050,293 482,027 366,788 228,557 199,207 194,443 157,851 140,570 69,504 66,269 3,406,178 BY PERCENTAGE GROWTH: MEXICAN: North Carolina    655 Georgia    460 Tennessee    457 Arkansas    390 South Carolina    379 Alabama    368 Delaware    321 Kentucky    261 New Jersey    258 Nevada    235 Total U.S.    53 PUERTO RICAN: Nevada    144 Tennessee    140 Idaho    127 Mississippi    121 Montana    113 Arizona    113 North Carolina    113 Iowa    112 Arkansas    110 Vermont    109 Total U.S.    25 CUBAN: North Dakota 297 South Dakota Kentucky Mississippi New Mexico Wyoming Arizona Idaho Oregon Montana Total U.S. Source: U.S. Census Bureau \S Texas' Oldest Friday RECKLESS KEllV Saturday Night COOSER CRAW Sunday Shake Russell & Pana Cooper 5:00-9:00 p.m. Live Texas Musk Every Saturday and Sunday Afternoon ★ ADVANCE TICKETS * DELBERT MCCLINTON.............6/1 WILLIE NELSON.................6/5 BR5-49.......................6/8 JERRY JEFF WALKER ............6/22 Order on line at Featuring vbsts played on 92J FM Radw New Braunfels For info call 606-1281 or visit our web ~    '    179RC5L site at i CUBAN: Florida 833,120 New Jersey 77,337 California 72,286 New York 62,590 Texas 25,705 Illinois 18,438 Georgia 12,536 Nevada 11,498 Pennsylvania 10,363 Massachusetts 8,867 Total U.S. 1.2 million Comal County 2000 CENSUS otal Population 78,021 lace Total 76,488 Mite (includes Hispanics) 69,501 lack/African American 741 merican Indian 414 sian 360 ative Hawaiian 23 ome other race 5,449 vo or more races 1,533 spanic or Latino 17,609 ^Restaurant nub Ptergarten Authentic German & American Food & Atmosphere “Entertainment for the Whole Family" Mother’s Day Buffet s795 11:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m. All You Can Eat Turkey & Dressing Roast Beef and alt the trimmings. Includes Soup or Salad and Dessert Limited Seating • Reservations Suggested 625-0815 Biergarten Entertainment MAY Sat. 5/12: Cloverleaf Orchestra (7:30 - 10:30) Sun. 5/13: Manfred Heymann (12:00 - 3:00) Sat. 5/19: Jubilee Polka Band (7:30 - 10:30) Sat. 5/26: Litt’l Fishermen Orchestra (7:30 - 10:30) Hours: Friday-Open 5:00 p.m. • Saturday (Si Sunday Open 12 Noon All sales final. Located next to Schlitterbahn Resort Office sui Sleepwell Furniture Warehouse 5670 IH 35 South • New Braunfels, TX 78132 EXIT 182 (next to Snake Farm) 830 629-5656 EH — P3 800 259-6598 J ;