New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - March 26, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung Tuesday, March 26,1985
Reagan dangles arms talks in front of House MX vote
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Reagan waged a last-minute lobbying blitz to persuade House members that success at the Geneva arms talks hinges on today’s vote on producing more MX missiles.
Reagan and chief negotiator Max Kampelman, a Democrat, repeatedly exhorted House members Monday with the message that the MX system is needed as a bargaining tool in the arms talks now under way in Geneva, Switzerland.
Kampelman went further, saying a congressional decision to kill the MX would represent a serious intrusion in the negotiating process and “would inevitably delay the negotiations.”
But an MX opponent. Rep. Edward Markey, D-Mass., said Kampelman’s mission to Washington on vote’s eve was an attempt to give the MX ‘‘a sugar coating of arms control, to bathe it in the glow of Geneva.” He and other MX foes argue the weapon is too expensive, destabilizing and too vulnerable to a Soviet first-strike attack.
Reagan told an invited group of more than IOO House and Senate members gathered under the
gleaming chandeliers of the East Room of the White House that, “If we don’t want to see our hopes evaporate, we must continue to demonstrate the resolve to carry the negotiations to a successful conclusion on a sound basis.”
“If we fail, we’ll be signaling to the world that on this issue we are irresolute and divided,” Reagan said. “And the Soviet Union will see that, in dealing with the United States, propaganda and stonewalling are much more profitable than good faith negotiations.”
Kampelman was ordered home from Geneva to try to persuade a cluster of some 20 uncommitted House members to support the release of $1.5 billion in impounded funds to build a second installment of 21 MX missiles. He returned to the talks immediately after his emotional speech.
“Because as they enjoy the apple that falls from the tree that they did not have to pay for, they quite understandably wonder what other fruit will fall from the tree that they do not have to pay for,” Kampelman said of the Soviets.
Reagan, who wants to build and deploy IOO MXs in all, said an MX defeat would erode the confidence of U.S. allies in Europe, who faced down
vocal peace movements to proceed last year with deployment of medium-range U.S. Pershing 2 and cruise missiles.
“We asked them to walk through fire and brave a storm of Soviet propaganda and not-so-veiled threats, and they did,” Reagan said. “For us to back down now on Peacekeeper (MX) deployment will deliver a telling blow to our allies’ confidence in us.”
Several Democratic members emerged from the session saying they remained unconvinced. Both sides predicted a close vote.
“I’m sure the White House appreciates that it’s close or they wouldn’t be turning out all of the stops they are,” said House Speaker Thomas P. O’Neill, D-Mass.
The MX battle in the House is the result of a congressional decision last fall to postpone the final decision on the missile. Today’s House vote is on authorizing MX spending, with a second vote on Wednesday or Thursday on appropriating the money.
In identical 55-45 votes last week, the Senate voted to approve money to build the 21 MXs.
Hairline cracks plague black granite panels
of Vietnam memorial
WASHINGTON (AP) - Hairline cracks have been spotted in several of the 140 black granite panels of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, but the monument’s architects say they are barely visible and pose no threat to the structure.
“You could walk by the Memorial for eight years and look at every name and not see them,” architect Kent Cooper said Monday, referring to the eight tiny cracks in the V-shaped memorial bearing .the names of 58,000 war dead.
The cracks, ranging in length from one inch to six inches, appear of little consequence, but “because it’s an important structure we have had very good people looking into it," said Cooper, whose firm,
the Cooper Lecky Partnership, is the monument’s architect of record.
The cause of the cracks, which begin at the edges of the granite panels at waist-high level, is unknown, he said.
The $8.8 million monument, designed by Yale University student Maya Ying Iin, was built by the Vietnam Veterans emorial Fund Inc. It was turned over to the federal government on its second anniversary last Nov. ll, Veterans Day.
The architects have ruled out a sinking foundation, external stresses or “anybody hitting the memorial," Cooper said. It’s possible, however, that the cracks resulted from stress inside the granite, he said.United States warns Iran about terrorist activities
WASHINGTON (AP) — National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane, asserting that America must be prepared to take military action against pro-terrorist states, says Iran could become a U.S. target for supporting Shiite militants in Lebanon.
Speaking Monday night to a gathering of the National Strategy Information Center, a private research group, McFarlane said the U.S. response to anti-American terrorism should not be limited to targeting terrorists but to the nations which sponsor them as well.
“We should be prepared to direct a proportional military response against bona fide military targets in a state which directs terrorist actions against us,” he said.
McFarlane did not link his speech to the latest wave of terrorist violence in Lebanon, where gunmen kidnapped a British journalist on Monday. In addition, a Frenchman who directs a cultural center in Tripoli has been missing since last Saturday, an apparent kidnap victim.
But in what appeared to be a reference to anti-U.S. terrorism in lebanon, McFarlane
said there is “sufficient evidence that radical Shiite terrorists are responsive to Iranian guidance for us to hold Tehran responsible for such attacks against U.S. citizens, property and interests.”
The statement reflects the U.S. belief that a Shiite group operating in Lebanon — reportedly with Iranian backing — was responsible for the car bomb attacks on American Embassy installations in Beirut and the bombing of the Marine garrison at Beirut airport in October 1983.
He also said nothing has occurred in recent
years to modify the U.S. view, outlined during the early months of the Reagan administration, that the Soviet Union sponsors terrorist activities as well.
Under questioning, however, he said the United States has no independent evidence that Moscow had a role in the 1981 attempt on the life of Pope John Paul II.
McFarlane’s speech represented the strongest U.S. statement on the terrorism issue in recent mortis.
“We must be free to consider an armed strike against terrorists and those who
support them where elimination or moderation of the threat does not appear to be feasible by any other means,” he said.
“Many countries, including the United States, have the specific forces we need to carry out operations against terrorist groups. If we do not use those forces where they are clearly justified, we get neither the direct benefits nor the deterrent value of having such forces in the first place,” he said.
McFarlane said use of force must be an option even if it threatens innocent bystanders who are being used as a shield
GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) — U.S. and Soviet negotiators met for talks on space weapons today, two hours after the chief U.S. delegate returned from a trip to Washington where he lobbied for the MX missile.
A U.S. spokesman said the talks were not expected to be affected by the shooting death Sunday of a U.S. military officer by a Soviet soldier in East Germany. The official spoke only on condition he not be identified.
A six-car caravan, with chief American delegate Max M. Kampelman in the lead sedan, drove through the gates of the Soviet mission on schedule at ll .00 a.m.
Kampelman looked rested, and he snuled and nodded at reporters in front of the Soviet compound.
The spokesman said each side would send a delegation of about a dozen people to the meeting at the Soviet mission. The Soviet delegation was headed by Yuli A. Kvitsinsky.
Highlights of strategic arms talks
1959—US.. Soviet Union and 10 other nations agree to prohibit nuclear testing in Antarctica
1963—U S.. Britain, Soviet Union
ban nuclear tests in oceans
1967—US. Soviets ban nuclear
weapons from space
1969— Strategic Arms Limitation
Talks (SALT) begin
1971—US, Soviets agree to a UN-sponsored treaty banning storage or deployment of nuclear arms on the ocean floor
1972—SALT I limits each side to IOO antiballistic missiles at each of two sites and puts interim ceiling on superpowers long-range nuclear weapons
1974—U S -Soviet agreement to ban all underground nuclear tests above 150 kilotons is signed but never ratified
1976—U S -Soviet agreement to limit nuclear explosions used tor peaceful purposes and begin talks on banning chemical weapons is signed but never ratified 1975 SALT ll setting ceiling on strategic arms and planning for
reductions, is signed but never ratified
1981—US, Soviets open talks on limiting medium-range missiles, but Soviets suspend negotiations in November, 1983
1982—US, Soviets begin Strategic Arms Reduction Talks [START] but are interrupted by Moscow in December 1983
1984—U S President Reagan and Andrei Gromyko. Soviet foreign minister, meet and agree on
process of followup exchanges on a wide range of issues
1985-In January, Gromyko U S Secretary of State George Shultz
meet in Geneva and arrange new arms talks on strategic and mtermediate-range nuclear missiles and space weapons in March the 15-month hiatus in arms talks ends when U S negotiator Max Kampelman meets with Viktor Karpov of the Soviet Union in Geneva
Chicago Tribune Graphic Source Chicago Tnbune news reports and Peter N Kirstem associate j prolessor ol history St Xavier College Chicago
Chemical industry begins hearing on safety procedures
WASHINGTON (AP) - Prompted y the poison gas leak that killed lore than 2,000 people in Bhopal, idia, a House subcommittee is lunching a survey of safety rocedures in U.S. chemical plants. The House Energy health sub-ammittee summoned chemical ampany executives to Capitol Hill >r a joint hearing today with the ;nergy commerce subcommittee. Heading the list is Warren An-erson, chairman of Union Carbide orp., which last week announced ie findings of its internal in-estigation of the methyl isocyanate »ak from an affiliate plant in Bhopal ast December.
Also scheduled to testify were fficials from Monsanto, Du Pont, jnerican Cyanainid and Borg-Varner Chemicals, some of the 87 J.S. chemical firms being surveyed iy the subcommittee headed by Rep. lenry Waxman, D-Calif.
Anderson said the massive release it Bhopal resulted from a runaway eaction after water “inadvertently r deliberately” got into a chemical torage tank He said procedures at
the plant “were not in compliance with standard operating procedures.”
Jackson Browning, Carbide’s vice president for environmental affairs, has said that a Bhopal-type disaster “is inconceivable" at the firm’s Institute, W. Va., pesticide plant, where production of methyl isocyanate was halted following the leak in India.
But Waxman says an independent investigation should be conducted before Union Carbide resumes MIC production at Institute. Company spokesman Ed Van Den Ameele said resumption of MIC production is now scheduled for the second week in April — “if all goes well.”
“I’ve gotten to the point where I don’t think we can take Union Carbide’s word on what happened in Bhopal or whether it could happen again in Institute,” Waxman said in an interview.He said the Environmental Protection Agency and health officials in West Virginia should hold a public hearing on the question before the plant resumes MIC production.
The toxic-waste “Superfund” law requires companies to report large, unexpected releases to federal regulators, but environmental statutes generally do not require companies to monitor or report many routine emissions.
An aide to Waxman, who spoke only on condition he not be identified, said responses to the survey vary in scope and quality, with some firms providing detailed information about leaks and others saying they didn’t have enough data to reply.
“At some plants, we have routine leaks at levels that other plants would consider a serious accident,” the aide said.
General Dynamics cuts some bills
WASHINGTON (AP) - General Dynamics has withdrawn $23 million in bills it submitted to the Pentagon for items such as cookbooks and beds, but the nation’s biggest defense contractor is still under fire from members of Congress angry about a wide range of business practices.
“I have serious questions as to whether you should remain as chairman,” Rep. Jim Slattery, D-Kan., told General Dynamics board chairman David Lewis on Monday.
Slattery’s comment, to which l^ewis did not respond, capped a daylong session of the House Commerce investigations subcommittee at which Lewis was repeatedly criticized for company actions.
General Dynamics, the Pentagon’s largest contractor, builds F-16 jets for the Air Force. M-l tanks for the Army, most of the Navy’s submarines and a wide range of other equipment and weaponry.
In the wake of problems at the firm’s Electric Boat submarine-building division, General Dynamics is now being investigated by three congressional subcommittees and various federal agencies looking into allegations of stock manipulation, false billing, illegal gratuities and security violations.
Three weeks ago, Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger suspended overhead, or administrative, payments to the company for 30 days because of revelations that the Pentagon has been billed for items such as country club memberships and boarding an executive’s dog.
Lewis, admitting the billing practices “left much to be desired,” told the subcommittee that the firm is withdrawing $23 million of the $170 million in claims it billed the Pentagon from 1979 to 1982.
Those claims include $546 for a bed in 1980 and a December 1982 bill of $120 for IO cookbooks, according to documents released Monday by the panel.
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Information ahunt your changing telephone smice fn>m Doyle Better. Manager-Communtty Relations
Contest set for Texas directory cover
How would you like to see your painting on nine million telephone books in Texas?
Nows your chance Southwestern Hell Telephone is sponsoring a statewide contest to select a painting for use on its directory covers during 1986
The painting should depict in some w’ay the Tbxas Sesquicentennial It might portray significant events or sites In the state's history It may even include faces o! Texas heroes You are only limited by your Imagination.
In announcing the contest, our Texas Division president.
Jim Adams, summed it up this way "Southwestern Bell has played an active role in the states history' and lls growth It just seemed like a natural for us to tx* involved in celebrating the Sesquicentennial
Texas roots go back to 1880s
We re a texas company with roots going back to the 188t)s,
You might sav we have grow n up together. That partnership continues today Our 34.(KXI employees are involved on-and-off-the-job in serving4‘ z million Texans in more than 450communities."
A pure base award of 85,000 will l>e paid to the artist whose painting is selected In addition, the artist will !>e idem died in every phone lxx>k which carries the covers. Thats about 160 directories with a distribution ol almost nine million copies
Deadline for contest entries Is July I. 1985. No actual paintings are to be submitted. All initial judging will be done (rom color slides of the artwork
The contest Is open to all lexas residents with the exception of employees and families of Southwestern Bell Corporation and Its subsidiaries. School children, college-age students, professional artists and amateurs alike are encouraged to enter.
No restrictions on artist's medium
Theres no restriction on the medium the artists uses — It can Ik* oils, acrylics, water colors, tempera, even crayon. That should make it easy for anyone to enter.
An entry form and contest rules may be obtained by writing to: Art Contest One Bell Plaza Post Office Box 225521 Dallas. Texas 75265
Send today for all the information And remember, the contest ends July I. Good luck!
Ltx>k for information In your local newspaper about our Tele-Help booklets. There are five new' Ixxiklets available at no charge by calling this toll tree number: 800-325 2686. extension 86.
Topics for the new booklets were suggested by customers and employees They include information on: establishing local telephone service ... using the telephone to make your home more secure .. handling annoying phone calls ... choosing among local service options ... and. installing home telephone wiring
The company's Ible-Help program was launched last year to help customers cope with the changes caused by divestiture. 1b date, almost 2 million booklets have been distributed to TVxas customers.
Mostly we've heard positive comments about the program. Customers tell us they want as much Information as possible about the changes, especially those which touch their service. That's the reason we're extending the program through the end of this year.
If you’re confused about our services or some of the Industry changes, chances are we have a booklet that will help. Call today and find out.
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Texans providing telecommunications for a growing state
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