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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - March 22, 2003, New Braunfels, Texas New Braunfels SATURDAY March 22, 2003 16 pages in 2 sections •mmmm mmmmm    16    pages    in    2    sectkHerald-Z eitung —    ----- ...         p.. Vol 152, No. IllServing New Braunfels and Comal County since 1852 50 centsBaghdad bomb blitz begins RAMZI HAIDAR/AFP PhotoSmoke covers the presidential palace compound in Baghdad Friday during a massive U.S.-led air raid on the Iraqi capital. Smoke billowed from a number of targeted sites, including one of President Saddam Hussein’s palaces. U.S. launches aerial assault; takes port city By David Espo AP Special Correspondent The United States launched a ferocious, around-the-clock aerial assault on military targets in Baghdad and other cities Friday, and invading ground troops penetrated IOO miles into Iraq. The ancient capital’s skyline exploded in balls of flame. After an overnight reprieve, the bombing of Baghdad — televised worldwide — resumed at first light Saturday local time. Fires raged inside Saddam Hussein’s Old Palace compound. A halo of smoke hung in the sky. Coalition commanders accepted the surrender of the 8,000-member 51st Iraqi Infantry Division near the southern city of Basra, officials said, and U.S. and British troops encountered little resistance as they seized Iraq’s only port city and moved to secure key oil fields. Other units moved into western airfield complexes where Iraq was believed JOE RAEDLE/Getty Images A U.S. Marine of Task Force Tarawa takes up a defensive position in the Iraqi countryside Friday during a pause in their advance to an objective in Iraq. to have Scud missiles capable of reaching Israel, and possibly weapons of mass destruction as well. “We’re going at it hammer and tongs,” said Capt. Mark Fox, back aboard the See ASSAULT/10A ■ Squeeze is on for Saddam loyalists. Page 5A ■ War fodder for classroom discussions. Page 5A ■ Serving with honor: H-Z publishes thoughts from home, Page 5A I Homeowners, businesses show patriotism by flying country's colors, Page 5A ■ Pastors say during troubled times, turn to Lord, Page 9A fl Briefs from the warfront, Page 5A ■ Follow late developments on the Herald-Zeitung Web Site, *w»hwaM*a*ungcam Relief groups separate from military campaign By Mark Fritz Associated Press Writer Big charities ready to roll into Iraq with food, blankets and medicine plan to refuse the protection of U.S.-led military forces, fearing that being spotted with an invading superpower is more dangerous than going it alone. This unprecedented decision to shun visible connection with the military is prompted largely by anti-American sentiments in parts of the Muslim world where many groups operate, aid agencies say. “God help us if we become identified as one of the belligerents,” CARE security chief Bob McPherson, a former U.S. Marine colonel in Somalia, said by telephone from Jordan. Th a guerrilla with a gun, the brutally random nature of modern warfare has blurred the line between helpful humanitarian and enemy interloper. The rocky marriage of private relief groups and multinational armies in Bosnia, Kosovo and Somalia may have ended in divorce in Afghanistan, when armed U.S. soldiers in civilian clothes were distributing aid. “That increased our security risk considerably,” said Mark Bartolini, Middle East director for the International Rescue Committee. “You will see the vast majority of (relief groups) keeping their distance from the military. This is a highly controversial war.” Aid agencies have become mort1 security conscious since the end of Communism created power vacuums that left mosaics of militias to compete for control in places like Afghanistan, Somalia and the Balkans. Humanitarian groups now are more likely to pull their workers out of volatile places or avoid them altogether, and rely more heavily than ever on staffs comprised of local nationals. Bartolini said the Iraqi war prompted his group to pull four of its six expatriate workers out of Pakistan. “One thing to avoid are places that See RELIEF/10A Experts: Citizens also bear responsibility to avert terror By DYLAN JIMENEZ Staff Writer Texas security experts urged the public to become more active in the fight against terrorism on U.S. soil. Panelists at the 37th Annual Texas Legislative Conference said as America is on high alert because of the war in Iraq, everyone should be more cautious and aware of his or her surroundings. “Everyone must be a first responder,” said Colleen McHugh, former Texas Bar Association president and member of the Texas Homeland Security Taskforce. She said it is the responsibility of average citizens, as well as law enforcement authorities, to catch terrorism before it happens. William Sessions, former director of the FBI, said the public should not point fingers at Middle Eastern-looking people. ‘Tou are not going to be able to identify (terrorists) beforehand,” he said, ‘There’s no way to do it.” Tammy Davis, director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, said instead to look for anything out of the ordinary in day-to-day life.See EXPERTS/10AInside Abby....................................7    A Classifieds...........................3-6B Comics................................2B Crossword..........................7A Forum.................................6A Movies................................7A Obituaries........................,..3A Sports..............................1,3B Today .................................2A Key Code 76 t City CFO agrees to ‘part ways’ By Dylan Jimenez Staff Writer New Braunfels City Manager Chuck Pinto said he and Chet Lewis, city chief financial officer, “mutually agreed” that Lewis would leave his position. Pint said Lewis was not fired. “There’s a difference between fired and parting ways,” Pinto said and repeated that the staff change was a “mutual agreement” and not a firing. “You can’t look at it that way in management,” Pinto said. Sometimes there are differences in approach, he said., It was a difference in phi losophy, Pinto said. “When these things happen, it’s not just one thing,” Pinto said. “It’s just the way I run and operate.” Pinto became city manager about 14 months ago and has made changes in a number of positions, including fire chief, police chief, planning director and main street director. Pinto, who has 25 years of experience as a city manager in five communities, said staff changes usually follow changes in management, but he tries not to make several changes immediately or all at once. “I try to come in and let everybody get used to me,” Pinto said. “You try not to destabilize the government, if you don’t have to. These things raise havoc. You don’t come in with the idea to replace things.” He said managers are “facilitators” and should not intend to impose their will on staff. “It’s my job to take the city where it wants to go,” he said. He said the decision was strictly between him and Lewis and that he did not consult other staff members. “This is not an unfriendly thing,” Pinto said as he praised Lewis’ abilities as an accountant. “Wherever he goes from here, he’s going to do well,” he said. Pinto said he slowlySee CFO/10A ;