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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung Newspaper Archives

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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 31, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas Attempts to revive instrument fail CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) -Challenger’s scientists, using a new computer program, failed again today to restore life to their most important science tool, a $60 million instrument to precisely point four telescopes at the sun. Earlier, the shuttle’s robot arm waved a small satellite above the spaceship, and engineers reported that faulty heat sensors caused Challenger’s engine cutoff during launch on Monday. The telescope pointing device seemed to be working better than on previous tries and briefly locked on the sun, but Karl Henize, an astronomer-astronaut, reported, “We lost the track on the boresight and also on the right tracker... Evidently the centering has not succeeded.” However, one of the four solar telescopes, using its own independent tracking system, was able for a while to zero in on the sun, prompting Mission Control to remark, “Experiment ll is seeing the sun for the first time and is getting good data.” “Hot dog, good to hear it,” exclaimed astronaut Loren Acton, a solar physicist. The German-made tracking instrument had been stowed overnight while specialists developed a new computer program they hoped would solve its problems. Henize used the Controllers' quick thinking saved space shuttle SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP) — Split-second decisions by controllers acting on reflex saved the space shuttle Challenger when an engine automatically shut down, leaving it in an orbit lower at one point than the altitude of most jet airplanes, an engineer said. A spacecraft at such a low orbit quickly would have been dragged to Earth, Bob Yackovetsky, a guidance and navigation officer in Mission Control at the Johnson Space Center, said Tuesday. He said the quick-thinking mission controllers ordered the firing of an orbital rocket engine that sent the spacecraft to a safe altitude. One of three launch engines shut down on Challenger as it was climbing toward orbit on Monday, and the astronauts had to inhibit a computer instruction to prevent a second engine from stalling. The two working engines burned for 96 extra seconds, giving the spacecraft orbital velocity, but Challenger was still in trouble. “We were still in a critical situation because the orbit was something like 150 miles by 3 miles,” said Yackovetsky. This would have put Challenger lower than the 30,000-foot altitude commonly used by commercial airlines. Mission Control engineers quickly calculated an Orbital Manuevering System rocket burn that would raise the spacecraft to a safe orbit. That burn came 33 minutes after launch and put Challenger into a stable orbit of 124 miles by 165 miles. “If we had not executed that OMS burn, we were looking at an abort    once around,”    said Yackovetsky. This means that Challenger would have been forced to return to Earth by landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California or at Northup Strip near White Sands, N.M. The OMS burn was performed, “and only then did we know we would be in orbit for the mission," he said. “During the first engine shutdown, it was pretty much straightforward,” he said. “No one was fazed by it. We all felt pretty confident.” But when the second engine threatened to stall, the engineer admitted, “I was apprehensive. We were in a failure case for going down over Africa.” During the emergency, said Yackovetsky, the Mission Control team acted on reflex, performing jobs they had practiced in hundreds of hours of simulated spaceflight. But he admitted, “The adrenaline really flowed. That keeps you at a peak, keeps you sharp.” Afterward, there was a “sense of relief,” he said. program to elevate the system, and reported it exhibited no jerky motions as it had on earlier attempts. After the brief lockon, ground controllers said they would continue to work on a solution. If the pointing device doesn’t work, much of the solar data Challenger’s five scientists had sought would be lost. The satellite, plucked out of the cargo bay Tuesday night by an astronaut operating the 50-foot arm, studied a mysterious glow that envelops the shuttle as it speeds through invisible waves of outer space plasma. Scientists want to know more about how this glow might affect shuttle communications and the ability of sensitive instruments in the cargo bay to collect information. The satellite, called PDP, for plasma diagnostics package, was scheduled to be released tonight to fly free for several hours to make other readings. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced late Tuesday that bad sensors and not a broken part caused the engine shutdown Monday. The problem, in which two 5-mch-long sensors indicated fuel pumps were overpating, is not expected to delay the next shuttle launch, of Discovery on Aug. 24. An agency statement said a study of radio data indicated that fuel pumps on the engines performed normally. Computers, receiving the false information from the sensors, ordered one of the three main engines to shut down 5 minutes, 45 seconds after launch while Challenger was still firing toward orbit A sensor on a second engine also indicated an extreme temperature rise and threatened to shut that off. Mission Control felt the reading was wrong and told shuttle commander Gordon Fullerton to disable the sensors so the remaining engines could continue to burn. Flight director Cleon I^acefield said that if a second engine had been lost Challenger and its seven-member crew would have fallen to Earth, probably on the Greek island of Crete or in the Mediterranean. Another flight director, John Cox said heat sensors had occasionally failed in the past, but never three on one flight. He said improved detectors have been built and will fly on Discovery next month. The spacecraft computer instructed the two remaining engines to fire for an extra 86 seconds and Challenger achieved orbit, though at a lower altitude than the 241 miles expected. NASA said the 195-nule orbit is high enough to permit a full weeklong flight, with only a small loss of science data. The PDP satellite was examining the glow observed gleaming off spaceship surfaces by most shuttle crews. It apparently is caused by a strong interaction between the ship and surrounding plasma — an environment of gases, radiation and magnetic fields.Drugs... Laredo shootings may be drug related LAREDO (AP) — The bullet-riddled bodies of two men have been discovered in this South Texas city in what police believe could have resulted from a drug deal that soured. Police said a 28-year-old man was arrested late Tuesday and held in Webb County Jail in lieu of $100,000 bond in connection with at least one of the slayings. The victims, aged 38 and 37, were pronounced dead by Justice of the Peace Danny Valdez. “Someone had it in for them. It looked like they were each shot seven or eight times, but it was hard to tell which were the entering wounds and which were the exiting wounds,” police officer Irma Sanchez told the Laredo News. The victims’ bodies were discovered near the Chacon Creek bridge in South Laredo, Valdez said. The body of one man, identified as a Mexican citizen, had two bullet holes in the face, one in the chest and another in the head, authorities said. Police said the other victim, a resident alien, was shot in each eye, once in the left temple and four times in the back. Officers said that more than one large-caliber weapon was used, possibly including a 38-caliber pistol. Police said two weapons, which were not linked to the killings, were found on the victims’ bodies. The men had been dead about two to four hours before police got the call shortly before 8 a m. Tuesday, officers said. War on Drugs needs czar WASHINGTON (AP) - A much-heralded “War on Drugs” needs a czar, someone to act as a force to make the battle effective, according to a congressman whose committee oversees the war. “We haven’t been beaten in the War on Drugs. Quite frankly we haven’t had a War on Drugs,” Rep. Glenn English, D-Okla. told the congressional Border Caucus on Tuesday. English, who is chairman of the House Government Operations Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice and Agriculture, suggested the naming of a “drug czar” to coordinate the various federal efforts aimed at illegal drugs. He said the National Narcotics Border Interdiction System, which is headed by Vice President George Bush, has done little. A Government Accounting Office report found that NNBIS had “no mission, no staff, no budget and no authority,” he said. "We desperately need, and this is nothing new in the War on Drugs, a leader, a general, a drug czar — the vice president, whoever,” English said. English said the cornerstone of the War on Drugs was to be a 1981 amendment to the Posse Comitatus Act to allow military support for civilian drug interception efforts. But the few military surveillance planes used in the effort by 1984 could not fly where Customs needed them, such as a “choke point” on the South American route to the United States near Cuba. The military planes “had to have a fighter escort to fly down there.” said English. Therefore, the cost of military flights on behalf of Customs didn’t pay, he said, giving as an example 233 hours at $7,500 per hour flown by AWACS radar aircraft in 1984 that resulted in no drug cases for Customs. Customs estimates that 62 percent of illegal drugs entering the country come in by air.BrieflyFather acquitted in rape of 2-year old FORT WORTH i AP) - A Tarrant County jury has acquitted a man charged with the sexual assault of his 2-year-old daughter. But Bennie Harold Boyd, 34, still faces a murder charge in the Oct. 31, 1984 beating death of his daughter, Una Yvette Boyd Her case was considered one of the city’s worst instances of child abuse, officials said. Boyd had earlier confessed to raping and beating his daughter, but he recanted his statement in trial testimony last week Boyd was separated from his wife and    was rearing the 2-year-old himself in an apartment he shared with Michael Doyle Gray    and Gray’s wife. One of Boyd’s lawyers argued that the “bulk of medical testimony” showed the assault of the child occurred when Boyd was at work. Prosecutors said they had investigated Gray but found no evidence he was responsible for the child’s injuries. Gray is currently serving a prison sentence for burglary.Senator nets $40,000 AUSTIN (AP) — State Sen. Carl Parker, who is facing a third grand jury investigation into allegations of promoting pornography , prostitution and drugs, says lobbyists and his Texas Senate colleagues raised more than $40,000 for his legal fees at an Austin fund-raiser "I thank my colleagues in the Senate. Ifs not easy to put your name on an invitation for a guy under attack.” Parker told the Austin American Statesman. “The money will help keep me from financial ruin and help me combat this gross injustice," Parker said.Four women abducted from restaurant GREENVILLE (AP) - Four women abducted from a restaurant have been released by two men who led authorities on a 20-nule chase along an interstate highway , police said. The women, employees and the owner of the Western Sizzler, escaped early today, said a police spokesman. But the two assailants were last seen fleeing east along U S Highway 175, said Ii Jim Fortenberry A dispatcher said Dallas police reported the fourth woman was found in the trunk of her car shortly before 6 p.m. The woman sustained a leg injury. said dispatcher Dora Gasway. Fortenberry said an undetermined amount of money was taken in the abductions, which occurred about ll p.m. Tuesday when the women were walking from the restaurant to their vehicles. At least one of the men was armed with a pistol, Fortenberry saidHouston is shrinking WASHINGTON (AP) Houston remains Texas' largest city, but it also was the biggest city in the state to lose population from 1982 to 1984, according to U S Census Bureau data The nation’s fourth largest city, Houston fell from from 1.725,617 residents to 1.705,697 The only other cities in the nation's top IO to lose population were in the North and Midwest -- Chicago, Detroit and Philadelphia, the Census Bureau reported Tuesday Of the 176 cities rn America with populations of more than 100,000 as of July I, 1984. 18 are in Texas, according to the government figures. One of three new additions to the 100.000 club was Laredo, which added nearly 9.000 people between 1982 and 1984 Man chargedin one of two slayings CONROE (AP) - An ex-convict who works in a convalescent home w as arrested in the grisly slay mg of one of two women found dead in the Conroe apartment they shared, police said. Police had been questioning the 24-year-old man, who was charged with murder, for several days in connection with tile July 16 slayings, said Conroe police spokesman Rodney Meadows The suspect was being held in lieu of $75,00 bond in the murder of 30-year-old Marietta Bryant, Meadows said. MONEY SAVINO COUPON The Sunflower Group IS481 West 110th Lenexa KS 662 19 (91 Ti 492 2021 Don’t make wasps mad, kill'em dead* Instantly. Raid Wasp & Hornet kills em dead faster. On contact. From 12 feet away. Kills instantly, so they don’t get mad. And you don’t get stung. KILLS WASPS & HORNETS DEAD. INSTANTLY. c> HIH'. S I lnltHMMl A S*m, ll'* GRANZIN S MEAT MARKET ■    .    1644    McQueeney Rd. . If",    625-3510    I I MaaHNarknt MKI MADI BLEI JLUKEY, DRY SAUSAGE, IU AI) C HEESE BLOOD SAUSAGE, ii HOURS Mon Sat 8 6 Custom Slaughtering Tues & Tburs v IO* Hush Chuck Cr. % IO* Beef (hop Lge E sd # IO* Sirloin Center Cnt » IO* 7-(*th. 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