New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 30, 2000, New Braunfels, Texas
Sunday, July 30 , 2000 — Herald-ZeitiJNC — Page 3A:Civil War blockade runner’s ship excavated
By Mary Lee Grant
Associated Press Writer
GALVESTON, (AP) — On a hot night in May 1865, a ship slipped into Galveston Bay from the Gulf of Mexico. It was loaded with smuggled goods from Cuba — boots, uniforms, lead, the latest in Paris fashions.
Only a quarter-mile from shore, the Denbigh scraped against a sandbar and stuck. Its mostly British crew escaped on a smaller boat before Union soldiers blockading the Confederate port began to shell and burn the unarmed steamer.
It was a month after Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox. The Civil War raged on in
MOSCOW (AP) — Over the past six years, Dr. Irina Budnikova has examined thousands of Russian women who want to give birth but cannot — women who have had six miscarriages, women whose ovaries atrophied before they turned 30, women so anemic that pregnancy made them faint daily.
These problems, she said, combined with Russia’s still staggering abortion rate, are helping drive Russia’s demographic decline.
“The population keeps getting sicker. That’s one reason the birth
Texas, where rebels did not stop fighting until June.
Earlier this week, researchers and students with the Texas A&M Institute of Nautical Archaeology dug six feet beneath the Gulf of Mexico’s floor to pull out parts of the Denbigh’s engine pieces of history, which they located by studying a map from the 1880s.
Little remains of the cargo, and the primary value of the wreck is what it can show about how ships were built in the 1850s and 1860s.
But the Denbigh is special: It is the only blockade runner ever excavated and is one of the most successful in the nation’s history, said project director Barto Arnold.
Blockade runners’ owners gambled to
make enormous profits during the Civil War by slipping past a tight noose of Northern warships to smuggle goods into the South.
“We are learning about an extinct breed of ship,” Arnold said. “This vessel represents the pinnacle of British shipbuilding technology in the mid-19th century. When she was new in 1860, the engineering journals praised her as opening a new age in ship design.
“In 1860 she was the hottest thing around,” he said. “She was the Ferrari of ships.”
The Denbigh was designed as a tourist boat to take visitors from Liverpool, England, to the Welsh coastal town of Rhyl. The crew may have come partly
from the English industrial towns of Manchester and Liverpool, where cotton mills and strong trade relations with the American South made many sympathetic to the Confederacy.
There are no crew lists for the Denbigh, Arnold said. Her captain is unknown.
“It wasn’t the kind of thing they kept track of, for obvious reasons,” he said. “But they preferred British crew members because they couldn’t be put in prison by Union soldiers if they were captured.”
British researchers have found documents that show the Denbigh reached 14 knots, or about 16 mph, on her trial run in 1860.
In 1864 and 1865, she made 13 suc
cessful round trips between Havana and Mobile, Ala., and Havana and Galveston.
On Monday, divers recovered the engine’s 8-foot iron connection rod, which weighs about 1,200 pounds. The rod transferred the power of the engine to tile ship’s port-side paddlewheel.
The engine parts will be cleaned and treated for preservation at the university’s Conservation Research Laboratory.
The A&M research team will need at least another year to complete its investigation. Its goal, Arnold said is to recover one of the engines and drive trains, including the paddlewheel, which is 18 feet in diameter.
The team members plan to place reconstructed artifacts in a museum.
low birth rate decreasing population
rate is going down,” she said blaming widespread poverty, disintegrating health care, environmental hazards and poor nutrition.
Fertility problems are just one facet of a trend that deeply disturbs this bedraggled nation: Russia’s population, currently around 145 million, is shriveling at a tempo unheard of in the modem era. At the current rate of decrease, demographers predict the world’s largest country will have a population smaller than Japan’s — 125 million — within 20 years.
President Vladimir Putin warned in his first state of the nation address last month, “If this continues, the survival of the nation will be in jeopardy.”
Half of Russian men die before they can retire at age 60, as heart disease, alcoholism and smoking escalate unchecked.
And Russian women are not having children, or at least not enough. The country’s birth rate has halved since 1988 to 1.3 children per woman, according to the Statistics Committee.
Most avoid childbirth by choice
— either by not having children or by ending their pregnancies. Russia has the world’s highest abortion rate, with two of three pregnancies ending in abortion.
Some women do not have that choice. Russia’s Health Ministry and other experts estimate that IO percent to 25 percent of Russian couples are infertile, and that many of them never turn to professionals for help.
And infant mortality is on the rise, a phenomenon extremely rare for an industrialized nation.
Some obstetricians say one-
tenth of Russian newborns die of infections.
“We have sick women, and they’re having sick pregnancies,” Budnikova said in her office at the city-funded Center for Family Planning and Reproduction in southern Moscow.
She said the maternity ward used to handle 36 births a day when she started working there in 1994; now it handles just IO daily.
In another wing of the clinic, Anya Morozova waited for an examination. Morozova, 18, is four months pregnant and jug
gling medications to protect her fetus from the herpes virus that she contracted last year.
“I didn’t know much about women’s health issues before I got pregnant,” she said quietly, twirling her woven purse strap nervously.
Doctors at the clinic suggested one reason for increasing reproductive problems is that Russian women are having sex earlier, in their mid-teens.
That gives a woman more chances to contract infections that could affect childbearing.
News BriefsState legislative luncheon
The San Marcos Area Chamber and the Texas Association of Business and Chambers of Commerce are collaborating on a program to preview issues of importance to business in the next session of the State Legislature.
Guaranteed reservations are now available for the luncheon planned Tuesday, Aug. 15, at the San Marcos Activity Center.
TABCC President Bill Hammond w ill present an overview of issues that have been identified for action by TABCC.
These 2001 legislative priorities fall under broad categories of education/workforce economic development, employment rela
tions, environmental quality, health care, international trade, taxes and spending, tort reform, and workers’ compensation, among others.
District #46 State Representative Rick Green and District 45 State Representative Edmund Kuempel will be on hand to field questions following Hammond’s presentation.
The $12 price includes a lunch and the program. Call 512/393-5900 for your guaranteed reservation.Radio program schedule update
The Chamber’s weekly radio program on KGNB at 11:06 a.m. to 11:43 a.m. each Tuesday w ill feature the 12th Annual Business
Trade Show on Tuesday, Aug. I. Bonnie Tetrault, Chamber Vice President, will host the program and guests will be Chair of the Show Lynn Limmer and Chair of Sponsorships Donna Scheele.
Upcoming programs will feature such topics as “Business Services,” “Economic Development,” “Higher Education,” “Youth Leadership New Braunfels’” “Tourism” and others.
Chamber President Michael Meek hosts the program alternately w itll Tetrault.CCI DA meeting scheduled
The Comal County Industrial Development Authority annual meeting w ill be held at 8 a.m.
E. Burke Huber passed away on Sunday, April 23, 2000, in New Braunfels, Texas at the age of 78 years. Mrs. Helen M. Huber passed away on Sunday, July 23, 2000, also in New Braunfels, at the age of 76 years. They are survived by one son, E. Burke Huber Jr. and wife, Mary Ray, of New' Braunfels; one daughter, Vicki Few el and husband. John, of
Duncanville, Texas; grandchildren Burke III, Matt, Mary Beth and Jay Huber, all of New Braunfels, and Julie and Tony Timpa of Rockwall, Texas. The family has requested that memorial contributions be given to the Sts. Peter & Paul Catholic Church building
fund, clo Msgr. Eugene O’Callaghan, 386 N. Castell St.
Niw i i s
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J&R GYMNASTICS J&R BLACK BELT ACADEMY
Mon. & Tues. - August 7 & 8 From 1:00 to 7:30pm
One STOP SHOP FOR FUN and fitness GYMNASTICS * CHEERLEADING * TUMBLING * KARATE
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Monday, July 31, in Honors Hall.
Chuck Knibbe. President said the Coma! County Industrial Development Authority will review financials and approve last year’s minutes.
The CCI DA is organized to act on behalf of Comal County for the purpose of issuing bonds for the promotion and development of industrial and manufacturing enterprises to promote and encourage employment and the public welfare.
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Would like to thank everyone who was with us during our time of need. For the telephone calls, cards, meals & flowers.
A special thank you to Dr. Carlos Campos, Rev. Thomas Martinez, Mara get Wallace, The First Presbyterian Church. McKenna Memorial FMS., & Zoeller Funeral Home.
The family is very grateful for all things that were dane during our time of sorrow.Take a Vacation! Take a Camera!
Take a Copy of the Hi-rald-Zeitung!
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