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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 26, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas 4 New Braunfels HeraldZeitung Tuesday, July 26,1983OpinionsHvrald-Zritung Dave Kramer, Gctn'ntl Muwtgrr    Robert    Johnson,    EditorJames J. Kilpatrick It takes a lot to make up a judge WASHINGTON - A couple of thousand years ago Socrates set forth the qualifications of a good judge: to hear courteously, to answer wisely, to consider soberly and to decide impartially. The American Judicature Society, after an 18-month study of the' criteria for judicial office, is back where Socrates began. If the society’s report adds little to the literature of judicial qualifications, it is a useful report nonetheless. At both the state and federal levels, judges play an increasingly important role — often a dominant role — in our lives. Whether we elect our judges or appoint them, what should we look for in the men and women who will sit on the bench? Quite properly, the society distinguishes between trial judges and appellate judges. These are different breeds, and they call for different characteristics. A good trial judge is a ring master, a traffic cop and a baseball umpire. He has to have stamina, patience, kindness and humor. He must be able to communicate simply and decisively. He must be master of hte courtroom. By contrast, a good appellate judge is expected to have a deeper knowledge of the law. Here we want reflective and reasoning minds. Here we are dealing with a different and higher level of communication. The two classes of judges have much, of course, in common. The society's panel would like a beginning judge to have had at least IO years of private practice, and if he intends to serve in a trial court this experience should be largely in courtroom work. In the society’s view, 60 is too old to start on the bench. Younger men and women must have years to grow into the job. Good health is important. The day is long past when an infirm or easygoing lawyer could look upon the bench as a lif of ease. Crowded dockets now demand the physical and mental endurance of a high school teacher in an inner city classroom. Communicative skills are vital: “It is crucial that those selected for the appellate bench be good writers, capable of producing lucid and understandable opinions.” Professional skills are important, but the report acknowledges that “it is neither possible nor reasonable to expect a judge to be an expert in all areas of the law." A beginnig judge should have a good grasp of the key areas of substantive law, constitutional principles and the rules of evidence and procedure. After that, he is on his own. Underlying all the criteria is a characteristic more important than all the rest and much harder to define or qualify — integrity, the authors of the report confess that a sharp definition eludes them. Integrity is more than the absence of bias for or against different races, sexes, lawyers or issues. It is certainly much more than a mere absence of apparent conflicts of interest. Integrity manifestly wmbraces honesty and impartiality — these are the least we should expect — but integrity lies at the core of the ideal judicial character. The society’s purpose in drawing up its guidelines is to encourage the spread of state and local commissions on judicial qualifications. Judges ought to chosen with great care, because they exercise great power — power over our lives, our liberty and our property. In some judges, the power goes to their heads; they turn into mean-spirited and irascible tyrants Other judges become showoffs, preening themselves for the sycophantic laughter of the counsel before them. I have known drunken judges, lazy judges, ignorant judges, softhearted judges and hanging judges Life on the bench is in many ways a good life. A judge typically is a respected member of his community; he holds his title, if not his position, for life. His days are sometimes tedious, but no more tedious than days in other professions. There are drawbacks. The pay is better than it used to be, but most good judges could earn larger incomes in private practice the responsibilities, especially in criminal trials, weigh on a judges heart and sole. At the appellant level, a sense of isolation often affects family life. An ordered society cannot exist without judges. Withinthe ground rules of politics, which nevei can be expelled from the field, we should draft the best judges a selection process can find. Jack Anderson Proposed measure will only complicate jobless problems Andy Rooney Vacation clothes must be comfy WASHINGTON - Congress has been howling loudly about high unemployment, but is now conniving quietly to deny American workers even more jobs. In cahoots with agricultural industry, Congress is working to bring in more cheap foreign labor to take jobs that Americans might be willing to accept if they were given the breaks alien workers get. The Simpson-Mazzoli immigration bill would allow more than 300,000 foreign workers into the country- each year — a huge increase over the 20,000 to 40,000 currently admittedly on temporary work visas. The bill, which passed the Senate in May, would accomplish this by easing the requirements employers must meet in the payment and treatment of so-called “guest workers." Yet there is growirg evidence that existing requirements are regularly flouted by the employers — and that the tabor Department lacks the enforcement and the enthusiasm to handle even the relatively small number of workers now in the program. A House subcoiiumttee on labor standards investigated the situation last year and turned up some revealing .statistics. The committee found that only ll employers received so much as a field visit from federal or state workers in 1981. Of the few who were investigated, more than half “were found to have violated the statute or existing regulations" in 1980 The figure slipped to less than half in 1981. If the program is unenforceable now, it will get completely out of control under the relaxed rules. While it’s true that work in the fields is so hard that many Americans won't touch it, the law requires that no unfair encouragement be given to aliens in the form of incentives that aren’t offered to Americans But the growers frequently ignore this rule to obtain foreign workers — who can be deported at the pleasure of the grower and are thus unlikely to complain about being cheated or forced to lie in wretched conditions. In fact, my reporter taurie Siegel uncovered a flagrant abuse of the guest-worker law in southern Virginia. The Virginia Agricutural Growers Association, a group of 213 tobacco and cabbage farmers, offered to pay Mexican workers' transportation costs in advance — an obvious advantage over U.S. workers, whose transportation would be reimbursed only if they completed 50 percent of their contract. The apparently illegal inducement was contained in a letter sent to potential Mexican workers over the name of a former VAGA representative, Jorge Del Alamo. He denied writing the letter at first, but a few minutes later acknowledged authorship. VAGA’s executive director, M.C. Rowland said, “We don’t advance transportation coats." Alamo agreed that VAGA doesn’t advance the money but refused to say who was footing the bill. On April 26, approximately 14 Mexicans were loaded onto Greyhound buses after immigration processing at the Texas border, according to an affidavit signed by Ramon Ramos, a paralegal at Texas Rural tagal Aid. Approximately 84 foreign workers arrived at VAGA in late April. Texas Rural tagal Aid is considering a suit against the Virginia growers' group, and the tabor Department is conducting a preliminary investigation of VAGA's transportation setup. It is expected to be completed in mid-August.A woman scorned Congress and the U.S. Mint have been penny-wise and dollar-foolish: the new zinc penny has saved the taxpayers a bundle, while the four-year old Susan B. Anthony metal dollar has wasted millions. Despite warnings of rejection, Congress persisted in its tribute to the suffragette and authorized minting 857 million “Sue B” dollars, at a cost of $25.7 million. The public spurned the bulky tender, so in 1979 the mint spent another $300,000 promoting the coin. No dice. The government then tried dumping Susans on a captive clientele — providing American service personnel in Europe with them instead of dollar bills. European banks cut the exchange rate in half for the pesky coins, and Congress finally came to the GI’s rescue. Now there are approximately 361 million unloved Susans in Mint’s vaults and another 143 million in the federal reserves. Thanks to a quirk in the law, they can’t even be melted down without adding their face value to the national debt. Meanwhile, the little copper-coated zinc penny has been unnoticed — and thus accepted — by the public and has saved approximately $25 million in coinage costs.Managua memo The Nicaraguan government’s press office for the foreign media is located in Room 700, the “presidential’’ suite of the pyramid-shaped Intercontinental Hotel, the young women who work there had a famous predecessor in the suite. Howard Hughes, the late npiiti-millionaire recluse, lived there a while in the Samoza days. He left abruptly after the 1972 earthquake. Down in the lobby the newsstand offers journalists varied reading matter. Along with Newsweek and other standard fare, there are a wide range of pamphlets and magazines published by Marxist revolutionary movements around the world, including Polisario front in the Western Sahara, the Guatemalan “Guerrilla Army of the Poor’’ and the Salvadoran Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front. Insomnia is no problem in Managua.Inside th$ vatican Pope John Paul II’s Polish aides are furious at the Italian clergy on the permanent Vatican staff. The blame the Italians for cooking up the story that the Pope thinks Solidarity leader Lech Walesa is “finished.” they think the Italians want an accomodation with the Polish military regime even if it means scuttling Solidarity. You have to look for good in people wherever you can find it. A very nice thing about most people is that they wear their best underwear when they get dressed up to go to a party, even though it isn’t going to show. There’s something basically honest about that. One of the pleasures of a vacation is being able to wear your old underwear. I have a lot of it that’s too good to throw away but not good enough to wear out into the world. Chi a normal, non-vacation day, there’s always that thought that some emergency might arise that would cause to be revealed what you’re wearing underneath. Maybe you’ll be hit by a bicycle and taken to a doctor’s office where you’ll be told to undress. (It is quite possible that one of the reasons doctors charge so much is that they see the good underwear people are wearing and conclude they must be rich.) The pleasure of wearing old clothes on vacation isn’t limited to un- WASHINGTON (AP) - Mort Allin is leaving the White House. Again. Allin, known formally as Lyndon K. Allin although he’s never been known to answer to his formal name, has been the deputy White House press secretary specializing in foreign policy since President Reagan took office. He is a career foreign service officer who was hauled back to Washington from a post with the U.S. Information Agency in Lagos, Nigeria, shortly before Reagan’s inauguration and has worked at the derwear. Another good part of my vacation is being able to wear the shirts that I own that frayed at the collar after several years of regualr duty. At the beginning of my vacation, I go through my dresser drawers and remove the shirts that have had it. I get a pair of sissors and cut the sleeves off just below the elbow. I can’t tell you the satisfaction I get out of wearing these old friends on vacation. It gives me the feeling that I’m saving money, but I also like the idea of getting everything there is out of something. Wearing a comfortable old shirt with a frayed collar on vacation is conservation at its best. Some old clothes don’t adapt themselves to being worn on vacation. I own several grey business suits that are beginning to look a little seedy. The pants fit and they’re comfortable but I wouldn't think of wearing them to hang around in on vacation. They’re just wrong. Most dress shoes don’t take kindly to this type of retirement, either I White House ever since, with the exception of a brief stint at the USIA’s foreign press office in Washington Now, after 24 White House years, and an earlier tour in the press office when Richard M. Nixon was leaving the House in 1974, Allin is preparing for assignment to the Soviet Union. It just so happens that Mort Allin is not a great fan of Yuri V. Andropov. tarry Speakes, the chief deputy press secretary at the White House, took note of Allin’s overall skepticism about the Soviet Union when he announced to reporters that Allin’s have a few old pairs that I keep to hack around in, but shoes that were meant to bi* shined never look right without paint on them. I've bought myself a pair of work shoes for vacation and I alternate between them and old sneakers that were once tennis shoes. Vacation clothes have to be clothes that are loved It’s not a time for wearing rejects that don’t fit or clothes that you’ve hated since you got them home from tile store. Some tune last winter I bought a package of three undershirts. The label said they were IOO percent cotton. The undershirts were good rn all regards, except that I noticed that when I wore them, my shoulders itched. A writer can’t write if his shoulders itch, so I removed my outer shirt and looked for one of those scratchy labels they often put rn the neck. There was none I put the shirt back on but my shoulders still itched When I undressed for bed that night, I inspected the stiches in the top of departure was imminent. “He’s returning to US1A to prepare for assigiunent, of all places, to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. After a year of study, he’ll be posted to Leningrad. Or St. Petersburg, as he prefers to call it. That, I presume, is better than going back to tagoe, but not much," Speakes said, managing a crack at the expense of the Russians, the Nigerians, and Allin, all in one breath. Allin, tightlipped in a tightlipped White House, is not a household name for newspaper readers. He made no the shoulder straps of my new underwear. Ah ha! There were the offending threads, and I question whether or not they were cotton. Now, what do I do7 I can't take the underwear back to the store and demand my money back because they make my shoulders itch. This doesn't sound like a reasonable complaint, so I put the three undershirts in the bottom of my drawer until last week. Foolishly thinking that while the undershirts weren't good enough to wear to the city, I decided they would be just the thing to wear on vacation in the country. This was a mistake I don’t want my shoulders to itch on vacation anymore than I want them itch when I’m at work I’ve put those three shirts back in the bottom of a dresser drawer. Someday maybe 1 11 take them to a textile laboratory and find out whether or not they were really “IOO percent cotton," including those threads in the shoulders attempt to hide this Indeed, he often seemed to take satisfaction in the fact that his name rarely appeared in print. He began his farewell in the White Houe press brewing room by stating, “Unaccustomed as I am to speaking in this room or anywhere else where there are otters present ti "We don’t know what*! going to happen in the current brouhaha now. But nonetheless, that, I think, la the mesaage that we all have to maintain — whether we're in... the government or in the media aa you all are." Washington Today Quiet press secretary quits Washington ;