New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 18, 1997, New Braunfels, Texas
Doctors must bridge comprehension gip
When doctors give patients health instructions after a serious illness, are they, in effect, talking to the wall?
That seems to be happening in many cases, according to a study of 99 patients and their doctors, which found that physicians overestimate patients’ understanding of the postdischarge treatment plan.
Fifty-seven percent of the patients, who had heart attacks or pneumonia, said they understood the potential side effects of their medications while 89% of the physicians said they thought patients understood, Dr. David R. Calkins, of the University of Kansas School of Medicine, reported in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Bad dict; bad health fait bv low Incoma arouoa
Bad diets may significantly affect the health of lower socioeconomic groups, according to a study of 7,000 British households.
The survey found that low-income groups consumed more high-fat foods and fewer fresh fruits and vegetables than higher-income people, Dr. Ann Ralph of the Rowctt Research Institute in Aberdeen, Scotland, reported in the British Medical Journal.
Lower income groups took in lesser amounts of calcium, iron, magnesium, B vitamins, and vitamin C.
Milk may halp pravant canc ar
ROSEMONT, 111. — A research review published in the June issue of Journal of Nutrition concludes that components found naturally in milkfat may be anti-carcinogenic.
The author emphasized that diet often plays an important role in the prevention or development of cancer and that looking at the cancer-preventive attributes of natural components in foods is now a key research area.
In the case of milk products, research indicates that certain components in milkfat may have such cancer-preventive effects.
Milkfat is the richest natural dietary source of conjugated linoleic acid — a potential anti-carcinogen. The growing amount of research on GLA includes animal studies (in which CLA prevented growth of skin and mammary tumors) and other research (in which CLA inhibited the growth of human skin, breast and colon cancer cells.)
Most kids maks grads with breakfast
Most students, age 8 to 13, are starting the day off right by eating breakfast, according to a survey on children’s eating habits conducted by the National Dairy Council.
Yet, as many as 30 percent of students do not eat breakfast. Of the 600 students polled, 8- to 9-year-olds are more likely to eat breakfast every day (79 percent) than 12- to 13-year-olds (59 percent).
The survey demonstrates that as kids get older, they are less likely to eat a morning meal, which can result in snacking on less nutritious foods throughout the day.
In addition to missing out on essential vitamins and minerals, studies show that skipping breakfast also may affect performance at school.
The survey also found that while 50 percent of children fix their own breakfast, only half of the older ones choose milk as their morning beverage.
Respiratory virus may indicate repeat heart attacks
Study finds antibiotic might help patients
DALLAS (AP) — Treatment of a virus that commonly causes lung inflammation may head off repeat heart attacks, a study has concluded.
Presence of the virus may be a predictor that a heart patient will suffer a second heart attack, according to findings published in Monday’s edition of the American Heart Association journal Circulation.
The study by British researchers found that treatment with a common antibiotic seems to reduce risk of another attack.
As part of their study, Dr. Sandeep Gupta and his colleagues at St. George’s Hospital Medical School in
London measured levels of antibodies to an organism called Chlamydia pneumoniae in patients with a history of heart attacks.
Some patients with the highest antibody levels were given antibiotics.
Gupta and his colleagues then documented which patients went on to experience other heart disease problems that required treatments such as bypass surgeries, angioplasties or heart drugs. Some patients died or had second heart attacks.
The researchers found that the patients who had received antibiotics had no greater risk of developing further heart problems than did patients who never had been infected with the organism.
The findings might have important
implications for preventing the onset of heart problems, but a bigger study is needed to confirm that, Gupta said His study involved 213 men who had had heart attacks.
Gupta said he did not know if the presence of antibody meant the patients had an ongoing infection or if the infection had occurred in the past Inflammation caused by a variety of germs has been implicated in the development of heart disease. Scientists believe that such infections somehow play a part in damage to arteries, leading to complete blockage of the blood flow and a heart attack.
Gupta said the association between high levels of Chlamydia antibodies and coronary artery disease is unclear at present. He said he does not yet know the exact connection between
the bacteria and development of heart problems.
In a report in Circulation last December, researchers from the University of Washington found evidence of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in fatty tissues taken from
the carotid arteries that supply blood to the head.
The tissues were removed because they were blocking the arteries and impeding blood flow to the head — a indication that there was a disease process in effect.
FIO MINUTE I
Alliance launches pressure campaign
The Alliance for Aging Research and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, an arm of the National Institutes of Health, has launched a new educational campaign against high blood pressure called “You Have What it Takes to Control High Blood Pressure.”
The public health collaboration targets health care professionals and older people, especially women.
“Three of every four women with high blood pressure are aware that they have it, yet fewer than one in three keep it under control,” says NHLBI director Dr. Claude Lenfant.
“Unfortunately, people may think they are doing all the right things to control their blood pressure, but for many reasons, it may still be high.” Nearly 50 million Americans
suffer from high blood pressure, including more than half of women and men between ages 60 and 74.
Blood pressure is die force of the blood flow against the vessel walls. The higher the pressure, the harder the heart is working.
Left uncontrolled, high blood pressure, or hypertension, can lead to heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, stroke and other complications.
To boost consumer awareness, campaign coordinators are distributing a free brochure, Controlling High Blood Pressure: A Woman’s Guide.
It explains high blood pressure, as well as diet, exercise and other lifestyle changes women can make to prevent or control hypertension, and key questions to ask your doctor.
Free classes available
Sessions conducted Wednesday evenings
Herbal Hour offers free classes being taught each Wednesday at 6:30 p.m. at the Comal County Senior Citizens Center.
The schedule include:
Aug. 6 —Shirley Kirkpatrick will tell you everything you wanted to know about “Hypotherapy” but didn’t know who to ask. Kirkpatrick is recovering from multiple strokes.
Aug. 13 — Meriene Weir will g
talk and demonstrate Reild. Weir is a Reiki master.
Aug. 20 — “National Solutions to Common Health Complaints” by Mary McFadden will cover doing a personal health inventory where body strengths and weaknesses are identified.
Aug. 27 — Heidi LeBore Smith will give a talk on acupuncture. This will be Smith’s second time to talk to the herb group.
For more information please contact Mary McFadden at 625-5935 or 625-6446.
Give your feet loving care
While exercise is great for the heart, it can take a toll on the soles — of your feet that is.
“Feet arc one of the most neglected parts of the body when it comes to fitness,” said David Brennan, an exercise physiologist at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. “Most people don’t think about taking care of their feet until they hurt. By that time, damage may have already occurred.”
Using proper shoes for your exercise is the most important “step” you can take to avoid foot problems.
“lf you’re participating in several activities, you need more than one pair of shoes,” cautioned Brennan. “Sport-specific shoes can help prevent injuries.”
In addition, Brennan recommends: ■ Always wearing socks to help absorb the shock of exercise and keep feet dry.
■ Clipping toenails. Pressure from shoes can irritate nails, causing them to fall off.
■ Rubbing or soaking feet after workouts. This helps to increase circulation and relax foot muscles.
“Your feet might be sore after a workout, but they should not hurt,” said Brennan.
The booklet lists the nine principle types of high blood pressure medication, generic names for each, and how they work.
“Older people, especially women, need to take action and communicate with their doctors about high blood pressure,” says Daniel Perry, executive director of the Alliance for Aging Research, in Washington, DC.
“That’s why we’re launching this program to provide health care professionals and patients with up-to-date information.”
For a free copy of the campaign booklet, call the NHLBI at 1-800-575-WELL, or write the Alliance for Aging Research, 2021 K St. NW, Suite 305, Washington D.C. 20006-1003.
- Tribune Media Services
Spin for your health
Spinning is the latest craze sweeping America’s health clubs. While it might sound innovative, it is nothing more than a new workout on an old piece of equipment — the stationary bike.
“Spinning is like an aerobics class on a bike,” said Dr. John Cl anc a, a sports medicine specialist at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.
Many fitness clubs have instructors who conduct spinning classes that work on cycling techniques.
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