New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 14, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas
4 0 Herald-Zeltung □ Friday, July 14,1995
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“What one reads becomes part of what one sees and feels.”
— Ralph Ellison author, 1986
EDITORIALUnited Nations debacle
Arms embargo cruel hoax played on Bosnian government by world body
The United Nations is proving — again, and on a world stage — how completely inept its policies are and how impotent its threats can be.
After years of bloody conflict in the Balkans, the United Nations continues to hold to its failed agenda as if its leaders were all suffering from 4 mass delusion.
I When will they get it?
J The Bosnian Serbs have laughed in the face of United Nations-Jponsored peace treaties, humanitarian operations and big-stick waiving-
J In return, they’ve shelled the capital city of Sarajevo for years, continued their practice of ethnic cleansing and generally been a real pain in the side of world leaders.
! What has been the U.N.’s response? To place an arms embargo on the Bosnian Muslim government and to declare “U.N. safe zones” (there’s im oxymoron for you) in besieged cities.
I The definition of a U.N. safe zone is a gathering of about 50,000 unarmed, hungry Muslims, defended by a few hundred lightly-armed fpeace keepers.”
\ Recently, the “safe zone” of Srebrenica became anything but safe as Serb tanks and about 1,500 infantry blasted their way past the U.N. troops and other defenders (NATO air strikes were too indecisive, too little, and too late).
! Now, analysts believe the Serb rebels are hungrily eyeing other •‘safe zones” as easy targets.
Amidst all of this gloomy news is the equally frightening idea of a mass withdrawal of U.N. troops from Bosnia, with the United States playing the key role in the extraction.
There would almost certainly he a loss of life to Americans (either through enemy fire or through aircraft or equipment mishap). And back iii Bosnia, the government and its people would be left to face the Serb army by themselves.
But given the means and the opportunity to fight for their land, they would rather that come about then continue to be shackled by U.N. mandates and U.N. broken promises.
The U.N. should get out, and get out fast. That may be the Bosnian Muslim^ only chance.
(Today’s editorial was written by Managing Editor Doug Loveday.)
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, Published on Sunday mornings and weekday mornings Tuesday through Friday by the Sew Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (LISPS 377-880) 707 luanda St., or P O Drawer 311328, New Braunfels, Comal County. Tx. 78131 -1328 Second class postage paid by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung in New Braunfels. Texas
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Postmaster: Send address changes to the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung, P.O. Drawer 311328. New Braunfels, Tx. 78131 -1328Independence day — French-style
The month of July provides such a wonderful opportunity for patriotism that it would be a shame not to mention what today is. It is July 14, Bastille Day in France, the French Independence Day which took place in 1789. French independence is important to Americans because the French people supported our revolution for democracy (1776) and later presented our country with our beloved Statue of Liberty.
In the 1780s, King Louis XVI was the absolute monarch of France. His 26 million subjects were from different classes: the nobles; the bourgeoisie, or middle class, made up of business people and professionals; and the peasants. The classes were
not treated equally. The nobles paid no taxes and had many special privileges. The other classes paid the taxes to support the government. Only nobles could get high positions in government, the army, and the church, and the other classes greatly resented the situation. Most of the taxes went to provide the nobles with the grand life. In fact, almost everyone is familiar with the infamous remark of Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI—’’Let them eat cake”—her response when told of the starving peasants of France who didn’t even have bread to eat. These were only a few of the intolerable conditions suffered by the people at that time.
A severe and disastrous harvest in 1788 led to starvation in the countryside. The king was almost bankrupt and decided to raise more taxes. By that time, the peasants rebelled and stormed the prison fortress, the Bastille, on July 14,1789. To them the Bastille represented the king’s power. It was totally destroyed after the attack.
The storming of the Bastille led to similar attacks all over France. Peasants attacked noble’s castles. The recently formed National Assembly, made up of the middle class, backed up these actions. It declared that all men were free and equal and that everyone should pay taxes. Supporters of the revolution formed the famous cry: “Liberty, Fraternity and Equality.”
The French Revolution was a decisive moment in history. That revolutionary cry was heard all over Europe and kings and dukes were afraid they would lose everything. Many European cities rose up by 1848 in Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bohemia. The French Revolution inspired the struggle for independence, and the Bench people had been inspired by the colonists’ revolution for liberty and freedom. The old rulers—the Hapsburg emperor, the pope, the kings of France and Prussia—fled from their palaces. In that same year, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published the Communist Manifesto. This pamphlet was to have worldwide impact. Marx had studied the French Revolution and his ideas influ
enced the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Our history has been entwined with France since before the American Revolution, and because of this, the famous French sculptor, Auguste Bartholdi, created the Statue of Liberty and presented it to the U.S. to symbolize the liberty of all mankind. In 1871, he often talked with his friend, Professor Edouard Rene Lefebvre de Laboulaye, and the conversations were often about America. Over and over, Bartholdi heard the same theme: France and the U.S. were bound in friendship and had been for almost a century since they were allies during the American Revolution. The conversations touched on the recent Civil War in the States, and the conclusion was reached by these intellectuals that Americans had made and would continue to make tremendous sacrifices for the advancement of freedom. Laboulaye usually turned to the U.S. as a model. It was suggested to Bartholdi that a monument to commemorate American independence would testify to the friendship of a century. Bartholdi became inspired and visited the U.S. in order to understand the people and the country and to gain insight into the American national character so that he could formulate his own grand idea. In the fall of 1871, the sculptor took back to Paris a clear image of Liberty Enlightening the World.
The intellectuals and politicians around Laboulaye, who had originally planted the idea in Bartholdi’s imagination, remained the backbone of the organization to raise the resources for Bartholdi’s monument to liberty. Liberty was important to them, and the U.S. was the model of the constitutional regime they hoped France would develop—free, yet operating within the restraints of law. America had proved that the middle way was feasible.
It was not until July 7, 1881—a full decade since Bartholdi’s visit—that enough money (equivalent to $400,000) was raised to inform the Americans that the money for cost of construction was in hand.
Meanwhile, Bartholdi had worked endlessly on the creative task of an image to reflect the spirit of the New World and its people. The statue that evolved from his imagination was a woman on whom to model the figure of Liberty. Bartholdi turned to his mother—a tall, powerful, and sheltering presence ever offering a refuge to those who needed comfort. The statue that finally would rise in New York harbor was to be 151 feet high, the face alone IO feet wide. In one hand was a tablet (law book) inscribed “July 4, 1776," and in the other, a lighted torch.
Needless to say, the engineering problems were formidable. The great structure would have to bear its own weight and resist the force of any wind or tide that might sweep across the bay. It would also have to contain a mode of access to the flaming torch and rest firmly on a base that would keep it upnght through passing decades. For the calculations and structural advice, Bartholdi called upon the engi
neer Alexandre Eiffel, who had not yet gained fame for the tower he would later erect on the Seine.
Early in 1884, after numerous complications of construction and delays, Liberty finally raised her head high over the roofs of Paris, ready for her move to a site in the New World. In a moving presentation ceremony on July 4, 1884, France formally handed over the completed statue to the U.S. Delivery was made in 1885 and assembly begun. Neither task was easy, but on Oct. 28, 1886, President Grover Cleveland presided over the formal unveiling of the statue in an impressive ceremony with dignitaries from both sides of the ocean.
The New World had always been a place of refuge for the victims of religious persecution, for the rebels against oppressive government, and for the depressed populations of lands without opportunity. For such people, liberty was not an abstraction; it was the life-giving shelter that gave them air to breathe. In 1903, a bronze plaque affixed to the statue carried a simple poem, “The New Colossus,” by Emma Lazarus. Her words breathed passion. The message was direct. With silent lips, Liberty cries:
“Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
On Bastille Day, give thanks to two great nations who fought for and won their independence and to France who provided this nation with such a glorious symbol illuminating a way to freedom and liberty for all men.
Seniors: With funding from the Texas Department on Aging, the Alamo Area Council of Governments (AACOG) will sponsor mammograms performed at McKenna Memorial Hospital at no cost to the first 35 senior women (ages 60-64) who qualify in Comal County on Tuesday, July 25, and Wednesday, July 26.
Beginning at age 65, Medicare will cover the expense of a routine screening mammogram every two years. It is recommended by the American Cancer Society and National Cancer Institute that women in this age group receive a mammogram yearly.
Women who are 65 or older, for whom Medicare covered the cost of a mammogram last year, are eligible for a free mammogram this year upon verification.
For appointments, please call the Comal County Senior Center, 629-4547; Canyon Lake Action Center, 964-2324; or New Braunfels Housing Authority, 629-1751.
Prostate screening (PSA’s) will be offered to the first 29 men age 60 or over who preregister at the Senior Center. A staff member from McKenna Memorial Hospital will be on site. Call the center, 629-4547, for an appointment.
(Marie Dawson is a New Braunfels resident who writes exclusively about senior citizen issues.)
After 39 years, Judge Rich still going strong
WASHINGTON (AP) — If he wanted, 91-year-old federal appeals Judge Giles S. Rich could retire and spend his days reflecting on a career in patent law that dates to the early days of that amazing invention .— talking movies.
But the nation’s oldest and longest-tenured federal judge still on active service is loo busy refereeing a dispute over a newer innovation: VCR-plus technology for programming home video recorders.
Rich can perhaps be excused for his devotion to the federal law giving inventors exclusive rights to their creations, because he co-authored the last major revision enacted by Congress in 1952.
“The patent system was 200 years old in 1990, and I’ve been part of it for nearly one-third of its life," Rich noted in a recent interview.
As a young lawyer in 1929, “one of the first jobs I had was to take a stack of patents on talking moving pictures and study them and give advice to clients.”
The “gimmicks and gadgets” in Rich’s office give testimony to his lifelong interest in figuring out how things work.
He has an old sewing machine, the kind operated by pedal power. He has tinkered with car engines and grandfather clocks and once put together a model engine for a prop jet that still works. There’s a model of the Apollo lunar module.
“I thought that was just about mankind’s greatest achievement — to fly to the moon and come back,” he said.
As a boy in Rochester, N.Y., Rich worked for a man who put together human skeletons. His father, Giles Willard Rich, became a patent lawyer afterToday In History
By The Associated Press
Today is Thursday, July 13, the 194th day of 1995. TTiere are 171 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 13, 1793, French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday. The assassination inspired the famous painting by Jacques Louis David; Corday was executed four days after slaying Marat.
On this date:
In 1787, Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.
In 1821, Confederate cavalry commander Nathan Bedford Forrest was bom in Bedford County, Tenn.Analysis
drafting patent applications for some of George Eastman’s tum-of-the-century inventions in photography.
Rich first aimed for a career in commercial aviation, but flunked the eye test. So he turned to patent law, which he basically taught himself because the Columbia University School of Law offered no courses in that legal specialty.
The Constitution authorizes Congress to temporarily give "inventors the exclusive right to their... discoveries.” The idea is to encourage innovation through financial incentive. Who would spend the money to develop and market new inventions if someone else could immediately copy them?
During 27 years in private legal practice. Rich helped inventors get patents on “the greatest variety of stuff you can imagine” — a dump truck, an electrical switching device, even an air-raid shelter.
But the federal law was confusing. It said only true inventions could be awarded patents, but didn’t give a definition.
Folks in Washington decided it was time to rewrite the law, and Rich was one of several experts chosen for the task. He suggested the standard that still prevails: Something can be patented if it would not have been obvious to a person of ordinary skill in that area.
It took years of lectures, articles and court rulings by Rich before the new standard took hold.
But what a world it opened up: A 1980 opinion drafted by Rich got the biotechnology industry going
In 1863, rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City; the violence resulted in the deaths of about 1,000 people over three days.
In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
In 1960, Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party’s convention in Los Angeles.
In 1967, race-related noting broke out in Newark, N J.; by the time the violence ended July 17, 27 people had been killed.
In 1972, George McGovern was nominated for president on the first ballot at the Democratic national convention in Miami Beach, Fla.
In 1974, the Senate Watergate Committee pro-
by allowing patents to be awarded to newly devel oped living things.
President Eisenhower had named him in 1956 a the first patent lawyer on the U.S. Court of Cus toms and Patent Appeals. That court was merged wit! another in 1982 to become the U.S. Court of Appeal for the Federal Circuit.
After 39 years. Rich has been on active statu with a full caseload longer than any other curren judge. And he is older than almost every other activi judge in U.S. history — even Oliver Wendell Holme retired from the Supreme Court before he turne< 91.
But don’t think that his age makes Rich a pushovei One lawyer who argued before him this week got a earful.
“You’ve just dragged this defendant through all thi expensive litigation. To what purpose? You haven’ presented a case,” the judge said sternly but withou raising his voice.
What keeps him going? An even temperamen and a moderate lifestyle, say his former law clerks but also an active interest in young people and mod em things.
“He has survived so long and kept his mind intac largely by staying in discourse with bright young peo pie,” said Paul M. Janicke, a University of Houstoi law professor who clerked for another judge bu lunched regularly with Rich.
"He feels just as comfortable with the forefront o technology as the old technology,” said lawyer Johi Witherspoon, who clerked for Rich during the mid 1960s. “He is still very much a modem man.”
posed sweeping reforms in campaign procedur and other statutes in an effort to prevent anoth Watergate scandal.
In 1977, a 25-hour blackout hit the New Yo City area after lightning struck upstate power lint
In 1978, Lee Iacocca was fired as president Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.
Ten years ago: “Live Aid,” an internation rock concert in London, Philadelphia, Moscc and Sydney, took place to raise money for Africi starving people.
Five years ago: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev closed the Communist Party’s 28 congress by saying he would welcome Weste aid without political strings.