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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 14, 1982, New Braunfels, Texas World / National Hvrald-Ztitung Wednesday, July 14,1982 5A PLO will surrender for U.S. recognition By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Palestine Liberation Organization, its trapped forces outgunned by massive Israeli firepower and abandoned by Arab nations, wants U.S. recognition before agreeing to leave Lebanon, PLO and Lebanese sources say. The sources, who asked to remain anonymous, said Tuesday that PLO chairman Yasser Arafat would order his 8,000 fighters cornered in west Beirut to surrender their heavy weapons and evacuate by sea under U.S. 6th Fleet escort if Washington recognizes his guerrilla group. U.S. agreement to this demand would be a stunning setback for Israel and a triumph for the PLO, which has teetered on military defeat since Israel launched its massive invasion of Lebanon June 6 to crush the guerrillas. Washington has refused to recognize the PLO until the group acknowledges Israel’s right to exist and agrees to U.N. frameworks for a Middle East peace. The Jewish state has threatened to invade west Beirut unless the PLO leaves Lebanon, but no Arab governments have offered refuge to the guerrilla organization. An emergency Arab League meeting on the crisis was scrapped Tuesday because not enough members wanted to attend. Lebanese officials and war correspondents said Israel moved more tanks and troops Tuesday to positions outside the besieged PLO enclaves, but a cease-fire arranged two days earlier by U.S. presidential envoy Philip C. Habib appeared to be holding. The sources estimate between 35,000 and 40,000 Israeli troops backed by 300 tanks and up to 500 armored personnel carriers surround west Beirut, where the guerrillas have blended with the estimated 500,000 civilians. An attack would mean bloody fighting and heavy casualties on all sides. Publicly, PLO leaders said they would be more open to a political solution if they received U.S. recognition, but stopped short of offering to evacuate. “We are fighting for that, to force the United States to recognize us,” Arafat’s political adviser Hani al-Hassan said Tuesday. “I am sure that if there were direct talks between the PLO and America through Philip Habib, it would be a very important step for the PLO, and the PLO would be ready to be more flexible and rethink a lot of things,” he said. In Washington, Secretary of State-designate George Shultz said at his Senate confirmation hearings that the Reagan administration is following the policy that has banned negotiations between the PLO and the United States. But he said “representatives of the Palestinian people” should be represented in the Middle East peace process. The United States and Israel claim the PIX) has never explicitly recognized Israel’s right to exist. But the PLO says it formally recognized Israel’s right to exist in 1981, when it endorsed a Soviet Middle East peace plan that called for secure boundaries for the Jewish state. Safety board recommends new recorders for airliners WASHINGTON (AP) - Federal investigators, disturbed by the quality of information from recorders aboard Pan Am Flight 759, say the equipment used to monitor the final seconds of a doomed jetliner is often outdated and unreliable. The National Transportation Safety Board urged the Federal Aviation Administration on Tuesday to require that cockpit voice recorders used by most of the nation’s airlines be replaced over the next two years because the model has been proven unreliable. The safety board also said the so-called flight data recorders used by most of the industry dates back 30 years and monitors fewer aircraft functions than could be recorded if a more modern “digital” version were used. “What the safety board is seeking is to be sure that we don’t go into the 21st Century with technology for accident investigation that originated in the 1950s,” declared James Burnett, the board’s chairman. Burnett said the problems are hindering accident investigation and may prevent the discovery of information that could prevent future accidents. “If we do not move now to correct the problems with the cockpit voice recorders and improve the quality of the flight data recorders that we have many lives will be lost because of the failure to get the information from the accidents that happen,” Burnett said. The two recorders, encased in orange boxes able to protect against intense heat and great impact, are housed near the tail, section of commercial jets and almost always withstand a crash. They are the most vital instruments aboard an airplane for accident investigation. But in the case of the Pan American World Airways jetliner that crashed Friday at Kenner, La., outside New Orleans, the so-called “black boxes” have caused frustration for investigators. The death toll from the crash stands at 154, including some people killed on the ground. The cockpit voice recorder, which monitors conversations among crew members on a continuous 30-minute loop tape, is distorted, fluctuates in speed, and contains “background conversations which apparently came from the machine’s failure to erase previous conversation. ...” “We got an undamaged tape. The problem, we are convinced, was in the quality of the recording,” Burnett told reporters. At the same time, investigators said the flight data recorder used aboard most U.S. aircraft, including Flight 759, fails to provide some critical information that could be preserved by a more modem “digital” instrument. The safety board, which has only power to recommend, urged that the FAA require that the current recorders be replaced by the digital version. Six U.S. carriers already are using some digital recorders and a number of foreign aviation agencies already require them, the safety board said. Royal guard British reassessing palace security AP News Special By JEFF BRADLEY Associated Press Writer The British Parliament, alarmed at how easily an intruder slipped into the queen’s bedroom, is one of many governments concerned about protection for their leaders at home. France is considering tightening security, while the United States, Zimbabwe and the Vatican already have done so. A survey Tuesday by Associated Press bureaus around the world shows that President Reagan, with White House radar to warn of air attack and rooftop sniper teams, and Emperor Hirohito of Japan, with 1,000 imperial guards and a palace moat, are among the best defended world leaders. Soviet officials won’t even say where President Leonid Brezhnev lives. He is thought to have an apartment on Kutuzovsky Prospekt, a main thoroughfare in central Moscow, and to spend time at a secret dacha, or country home, outside the city. Governments in many other countries also declined to reveal what security precautions are taken for their leaders. Britain has launched an investigation into whether Buckingham Palace's 43 soldiers, 24 police, dog patrols, surveillance cameras and electronic listening devices are adequate to protect Queen Elizabeth II, who was startled last Friday to find 31-year-old Michael Fagan in her bedroom. Here is how some other world leaders are protected: United States — Reagan’s security was tightened after the attempt on his life last year. His motorcades frequently contain a decoy limousine, presidential aircraft are equipped with devices to ward off heat-seeking missiles, and Reagan often wears a bullet-proof vest in public. Japan — Emperor Hirohito’s palace in Tokyo is protected by 1,000 guards. The grounds are patrolled by about 200 pistol-bearing imperial policemen and are surrounded by a moat, preceded by eight gates with guarded bridges and a high wall. France — About 40 members of the national police guard the president's Elysee Palace in Paris. But last week, Commandant Christian Prouteau, head of the anti-terrorist Intervention Group of the National Gendarmerie, was appointed to reassess security.’ Vatican — Pope John Paul II’s living quarters are on the top, fourth floor of the palace overlooking St. Peter’s Square, and a visitor has to pass six or seven checkpoints. 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