New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 5, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
Naw Braunfels Herald Zeitung Tuesday, July 5,1963 IAmerica shows reds, whites and bluesBy THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Fireworks exploded over the Capitol and scores of U.S. cities, the Beach Boys and Wayne Newton played to separate but almost equal crowds, and millions flocked to beaches, parks and backyards In a bang-up Fourth of July party.
In the heartland, 3.7 million people attended the Veiled Prophet Fair, a Mississippi River extravaganza capped by the end of a 1,039-mile riverboat race from New Orleans to St. Louis. Capt. Harold DeMarrero won the “Golden Antlers" prize for guiding the Delta Queen to the finish line first on Monday,
America’s 207th birthday.
Along the Colorado River, thousands of tourists headed for Hoover Dam near Boulder Qty, Nev., to watch Lake Mead’s waters cascade over the spillway for the first unplanned spill in the dam’s 48 years.
The lake’s waters were pushed over the brink by record mountain snowmelt, which has prompted federal officials to open dams, causing controlled flooding in Arizona, California and Nevada.
Nevada Gov. Richard Bryan took a Fourth of July tour of flood-ravaged riverside areas, blasting Interior Secretary James Watt as “insensitive" to the needs of displaced
But Watt was back in Washington, watching from his office balcony as pop singer Newton gave a rainy concert around the Washington Monument for a crowd of 215,000, well below the 350,000 who attended the Beach Boys' concert there last year.
Later, 95,000 people sat through thunderstorms to hear the National Symphony Orchestra play before the traditional fireworks display.
In April, Watt banished rock groups such as the Beach Boys from the Mall concert, claiming they attracted the “wrong element.” Outcry from the group’s fans, including Nancy
Reagan, made him regret the decision.
The Beach Boys ended up taking their act to Atlantic City, N.J., where they played a Surfside concert for more than 200,000 fans, police said.
Five concert-goers were treated at a hospital, including one near-drowmng, three alcohol or drug related cases and one woman who suffered a miscarriage, police said. An additional 300 people were treated for sun exposure, heat exhaustion and other injuries.
In Provo, Utah, two men were injured, one critically, when a cannon discharged early during a Civil War re-enactment.
A fireworks canister toppled and shot into a crowd in Hutchinson, Kan., on Saturday night, slightly injuring 16 people. And in New York Qty, a man was "cut practically in half* and killed after he let off powerful fireworks in a metal drum. Another New York fireworks accident hurt six people.
Hollywood stuntman Rom Broyles, 29, and his friend Kenn Rick, 32 of Lake (Man, Mich., got up for the holiday — 73 stories up the Westin Hotel in Detroit. Police cited the climbers for criminal trespass.
More than 390 people were killed in traffic
accidents on the nation's highways.
Grocery prices fall 1 percent
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The first half of 1983 ended with supermarket prices almost I percent below what they were at the start of the year, an Associated Press marketbasket survey shows.
The sharpest decline of the year — and the biggest monthly drop in over two years — came in June, when grocery bills dipped by 1.2 percent, offsetting increases earlier in 1983.
The AP survey is based (rn a list of 14 food and non-food items, selected at random. The items were priced at one supermarket in each of 13 cities on March I, 1973 and have been repriced on or about the start of each succeeding month.
Among the latest findings:
—The marketbasket bill rose at the checklist store in six cities during June and decreased in seven cities. The overall change — a drop of 1.2 percent — was the biggest since a 2.7 percent decrease in May 1981.
—Comparing prices today with those at the start of the year, the AP found that the marketbasket at the start of July was higher in six cities and lower in seven cities. Overall, there was an average drop of nine-tenths of I percent in the marketbasket bills at the checklist stores in the first half of this year. The marketbasket bills increased by an average of 3.5 percent in the same period of 1982.
—More items decreased in price during June than increased. One-fourth of all the items sur
veyed were lower at the checklist stores at the start of July than they were a month earlier and only one-fifth were higher.
—Savings at the meat counter helped cut the bills during June. All-beef frankfurters declined last month at the checklist store in eight cities and center-cut pork chops went down in seven cities. The only meat item to show more increases than decreases was chopped chuck, which rose last month at the checklist store in eight cities.
No attempt was made to weight the AP survey results according to population density or in terms of what percent of a family's actual grocery outlay each item represents.
The day of the week on which the check was made vaned depending on the month. Standard brands and sizes or comparable substitutes were used.
The AP did not try to compare actual prices from city to city. The only comparisons were made in terms of percentages of increase or decrease.
The items on the AP checklist were: chopped chuck, center cut pork chops, frozen orange juice concentrate, coffee, paper towels, butter, Grade-A medium white eggs, creamy peanut butter, laundry detergent, fabric softener, tomato sauce, milk, frankfurters and granulated sugar. A 15th item, chocolate chip cookies, was removed from Ute list when the manufacturer discontinued the package size used in the survey.
F-plus for effort
Reagan wants more school discipline
LOS ANGELES (AP) — President Reagan, seeking support from the nation's second largest teachers’ union, called today for stricter school discipline and academic standards and decried “those who would divide, delay and drag us down."
Reagan set a goal of raising verbal and math scores in the College Board tests by 50 points to make up for the drop between 1963 and 1980
Reagan's comments were in a speeh prepared for delivery to the 67th annual convention of the American Federation of Teachers, second in size to the National Education Association.
Even though the federation has been less shrill in its criticism of Reagan than the larger union, AFT chief Albert Shanker said on Monday he would give Reagan no more than an “F-plus” on education.
Reagan made no attempt to hide his differences with the union, particularly over his support for “merit pay" for “master teachers.” The AFT has opposed specific merit pay plans, while remaining open to the concept itself.
“Of course we have differences,” Reagan said. “I am not here today as a salesman, trying to peddle a pre-packaged, all-purpose, off-the-rack education program. I am fully aware that there are some major areas where we disagree — matters like tuition tax credits and vouchers."
Reagan has called for tax breaks to parents of children in private schools, but has not mentioned that prominently in his recent emphasis on education.
He backed into mention of merit pay, calling attention to the recommendation of his National Commission on Excellence in Education form rewards for teachers who excel” and then adding: “Isay amen."
He said the union supports many aspects of his bilingual education legislation that would let local school districts decide the best way to teach children whose English-speaking ability is limited.
Calling for unity within the community of
educators and others, Reagan said: “Instead of worrying about whether we put together a Republican plan or a Democratic plan, cannot we join together on a course of common sense for an American plan? Ijet us stand together — parents, teachers, concerned citizens — and say no to all those who would divide, delay and drag us down ”
A White House official, speaking on the condition that he not be identified, said Reagan chose the federation rather than the much larger National Education Association because it is “less hostile."
The NEA, with 1.7 million members, has been adamant in opposition to the idea of merit pay for teachers. The AFT. with 580,000 members, has opposed specific merit pay proposals but says it remains open to the concept if it can be worked out to its satisfaction.
But neither group has had very much good to say about Reagan, and AFT chief Albert Shanker urged his delegates Monday not to boo the president during today's speech.
The talk was expected to avoid a combative approach, without ignoring the issues that separate Reagan from both teacher groups.
The future of public education may very well depend on whether the philosophy of the NEA or the AFT prevails," Shanker told his 3.000 delegates Monday.
He was especially critical of the NEA for its unyielding opposition to merit pay, saying it was giving Reagan an issue he needs.
Reagan has won applause for his merit pay proposal before several audiences, and a poll conducted by the l/>s Angeles Times showed 73 percent of the respondents favored paying teachers based on “ability, performance or peer review," whereas only 22 percent favored a compensation system based un training and experience.
But at a news conference after his convention remarks. Shanker gave Reagan only an “F-plus" for his education performance.
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Minister not angry at 'midnight arsonist'
GAUSE, Texas (AP) — The pastor of one of four small churches in or near this tiny agriculture town that were the target of a midnight arsonist armed with Molotov cocktail! says he feels no animosity toward the man described as “a nut with a flame in his hand."
One church serving a congregation of ll people was destroyed and another was damaged extensively in the late night and early morning attacks Monday in this east Central Texas town. No one was injured, authorities said.
The Zion Hill Missionary Baptist Church sustained several thousand dollars in smoke, fire and water damage and may be beyond repair, the Rev J.H. Chapman said.
“The building is just about gone. There s a lot to be done, from what I could just see,” Chapman said.
New LU LAC president pushes
for Hispanic voters
DETROIT (AP) — The newly elected president of the League of United I .atm American Citizens promises to push for greater Hispanic voter registration, improved relations with latin America and improved U S. immigration laws.
Mario Obledo, 51, was elected when three other candidates withdrew after the first round of voting Sunday, the final day of LU LAC s 55th annual convention in Detroit, spokesman Duke Rodriguez said.
“We are going to build LULAC into an even greater organize ton which will more effectively address the socioeconomic issues which face the Hispanic community in America," Obledo said in a telephone interview after his election.
“We will be giving priority to voter regia lr a ton, to relations with Latin American countries, to the issues of immigration,’' the 28-year LULAC member said.
Obledo, a Sacramento, Calif., attorney, was LULACs general counsel and national civil rights director for the past year He joined the IOO,000-member organization in 1955 and formerly served as •tate director in Texas.
He served as secretary of health and welfare in the administration of former California Gov. Edmund Brown Jr.
Obledo was a co-founder of Mexkan-Amertcan Legal Defense Fund and a co-founder af the Southwest Voter Registration and Education Project, Rodriguez said.
A native of San Antonio and a U.S. Navy veteran, Obledo obtained a pharmacy degree in 1957 from the University of Texas and earned a law degree from Bt. Mary’s University In San Antonio, he said. Obtsdo tatar served as member of the Harvard Law Schaol faculty, ha said.
Outgnfns LULAC President Tony Bonilla will continua with the organization aa an administrator.
“We certainly feel sorry for someone like that," Chapman said of the arsonist. “We have no feelings of animosity." The congregation's piano also was destroyed.
Fire leveled the Perry Memorial Church of God in Christ and damaged the Stevens Chapel A M E. Church and the Hoyte Church of Christ, which is just north of Gause, said Milam County She! iff's Deputy Bill Hams.
“We had just done about 95,000 in repairs," said the Rev. Cleophus Swain, pastor of the Perry Memorial Church. "There have been church services in that old building for more than 50 years. Now it's gone. There's nothing we can do about it. It's just God's will, I guess."
Milam County Judge Phil Smith called a special commissioner's court meeting today to discuss
offering a reward for information about the fires.
Harris said authorities had no suspects and no motive for the fire bombings, which sheriff’s deputies believe were hurled by the same person or group of people.
“It was definitely arson — no question about it," said Tommy Chamberlain, fire marshal in nearby Cameron. “All of the fires were caused by a nut with a flame in his hand."
Bottles were found at each fire, he said
The first fire was reported at 3 a m Monday. Volunteer fire fighters from Gause, aided by per-sonel from the Cameron and Hearne fire departments, extinguished the fires by about 6 a m.
“Nothing worthwhile was left It was a total loss. said the Rev. Cleophus Swain, pastor of the Perry Memorial Church.
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BANKING ON TEXAS
By Pet and Jack Maguire
Bitsy Smoke: A popular Texas-made i igar got its name because it was made originally for the ext lusive enjoyment of the members of a private San Antonio Club
H W. Finck began making cigars in 1893 In 1910, he joined other wealthy San Antonians in establishing a plush club where they could eat, drink and enjoy good cigars Since the all-male establishment overlooked Travis Park, they named it the Travis Club.
For sale only to members, I int k made up a fine t igar « ailed “Travis Club.” During World Vkar I, however, the club patriotically opened its doors to soldiers and these outsiders got a cham e to sample the splendid cigars When the war ended, they continued to order “Travis Club" smokes by mail
The old Travis Club is gone, but lls namesake cigar remains a best seller.
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While (vying to raise money. Santa Anna helped to invent chewing gum.
Exiled from Mexico in 1866. he went to New York hoping to sell bonds that would restore his dictatorship. He took along some chicle, a substance his soldiers chewed to relax He gave some to a young chemist, James Adams, who mixed it with flavoring and sugar. The result: chewing gum.
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McDonald, son cd a slave, was the first Black to head a Texas bank. For four dec ades, he was president of the Fraternal Bank it Trust Co. of Fort Worth, which he founded Although active in banking until his death in 1952. he liked politics and served on the Republican Party’s state executive committee. For many years he was the most powerful Republic an in Texas Hit friends called him “Gooseneck” because he was tail, slim and had an unusually long neck
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