New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - January 27, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas
Pesticides are used for good reasons
By RACHEL WILLIAMS
County Extension Agent
Because of misguided media reports and certain anti-pesticide groups, consumers are worried about the safety of pesticides used on our foods. A Food Marketing Institute Survey indicates that 75% of American consumers consider pesticides a serious health hazard. This bulletin is designed to help consumers better understand: why pesticides are used; how they are tested; monitored; and their role in reducing residues.
Why Arc Pesticides Used?
Pesticides improve food quality, safety and availability by reducing damage caused buy insects, discases and weeds. Products damaged by insects are more prone to bacterial or fungal infection. Certain molds produce toxins that may be toxic and/or carcinogenic in small quantities. There are an estimated 10,000 types of insects, 1800 types of weeds, 250 species of viruses and 8000 species of fungi that destroy crops. Even with the use of pesticides about one-third of the world’s crops are destroyed by pests each year. This is at a cost of $20 billion in the U.S. alone.
How Are Pesticides Tested for Safety9
The registration process for pesticides typically takes 8-10 years and
costs range from $35-60 million. Some of the major tests include: residues on food; environmental fate; acute studies of human hazards; subchronic studies; chronic studies; carcinogenicity; teratogenicity reproduction and mutagenicity studies.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for setting tolerances for any approved pesticide. The NOEL (No Observable Effect Level) test is commonly used. NOEL is the highest dose level of a pesticide at which no adverse effect was observed in test rodents. To further guarantee safety the NOELis divided by 100-1,000 to determine the acceptable daily intake (ADI). Nothing is 100% safe but after all of this testing there is usually less than I in I million chance that an adverse effect will occur using an approved pesticide as instructed.
How Are Pesticide Residues Monitored?
Testing for pesticide residues in our food products is the responsibility of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and certain state health and agriculture departments. Data from FDA and the 42 state programs show the following:
1. 70-80% No detectable residues
2. 20-30% Residues under recommended tolerance
3. 2-3% Contain residues of a pesticide which is not cleared for that crop
4. Less than 1% Over recommended tolerance
What Can You Do To Ensure Safe Produce?
Besides eating a wide variety of healthful foods in moderation, there are several things individual consumers can do to ensure food safety:
1. Wash all fruits and vegetables in water (no soap) before eating, using a scrub brush on produce that can stand it (example, potatoes).
2. Pull off the outer leaves of vegetables such as lettuce and cabbage. For the same reason, trim the leaves and tops of celery and peel fruits.
3. Store fruits and vegetables at correct temperatures and cat them while they arc fresh.
4. When using pesticides on homegrown produce, be sure to follow all manufacturers’ instructions carefully. Pesticides are a useful tool that growers need to help insure quality produce at an economical price.
(Reprinted from Vegetable Production & Marketing NE WS, December 1994, written by Dr Al Wagner, Extension Food Technologist and Dr. Charles Hall, Extension Economist-Horticultural Marketing, Texas Agricultural Extension Service, The Texas AAM University System, College Station. TX 77S43.)
Test soil before fertilizing
By JOE G. TAYLOR
County Extension Agent
“Stop! Don’t buy fertilizer for your lawn until you get a soil test.” says Texas A&M Turfgrass Specialist Dr. Bill Knoop. “Homeowners apply hundreds of tons of fertilizer on Texas lawns every year without knowing if it’s needed," said Knoop The Texas Agricultural Extension Service has launched a soil test program that helps homeowners determine the best fertilizer and the correct amount for their lawns based on individual soil tests, rather than general recommendations for geographic areas.
"Just as too much water creates problems for a lawn, too much fertilizer also can be damaging,” said Kmxip. "lf a lawn receives more nutrients (fertilizer) than it can use, the excess may mn off and contaminate groundwater. We’re more and more concerned about the environmental effects of using too much fertilizer.”
“Soil test now st) you’ll be ready for growing season,” said Soil Chemist Dr Michael Hickey who directs the Plains Soil Testing Laboratory in Lubbock. "Your lawn may still be brown right now, but it’s not too early to ensure a healthy lawn this spring by having your soil tested," he said. "Odds are that it will need some fertilizer, but probably less than you think. Find out for sure with a soil test.”
The Extension Service is encouraging homeowners to pick up a soil test kit at retail stores where fertilizers are sold, or from county Extension offices. The kit contains simple directions, a plastic bag for the soil sample, an information card and prepaid mailer.
The $ 13 cost covers the soil analysis, prepaiation of the report and postage. "For about the cost of one bag of fertilizer, you can get information that could reduce what you spend on fertilizer,” said Krxx>p Allow ten working days to receive your personal soil test
"The report tells you w hat nutrients are already in your soil and which formula of fertilizer, if any, to use and how much you need to put on your lawn,” said Knoop. "The report recommends both how much fertilizer to apply at first, as well as the rest of the
year. It takes all the guesswork out of fertilizing your lawn.” he said. "No more confusion about the numbers on the bag. Instead, use your soil test report when you buy fertilizer It’s one more way you can protect the environment while giving your lawn the best start.”
YEAR ROUND ALLERGY SYMPTOMS
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Hot Shots • Frazar's
Lakeview Camp McQueeney
Is Now Open Under OLD Ownership!
Eileen Silvia, Michael & Kerry Frazar are back. Boat Launching • Picnic Grounds • Fishing Restaurant Open Wed-Thur 5-9 pm Friday - Fish & Chicken Fry 5-10 pm Sat - noon to IO Sun - noon to 9 pm
Take 725 South to 78, I^cft at light. First left after bridge at Hot Shot Lane, 2 country block*.
The Herald-Zeitung provides more local news than any other source. The Friday, Jan. 6,1995 Herald-Zeitung contained 52 local stories and 259 local residents had their name in the paper that day. Twenty-six of your neighbors had their picture in the paper that one day.
1465 IH 35 E. New Braunfels
Join us Sunday and ‘Enjoy
Bruce has delighted audiences all over the world with his rich vocal range and musical style. He has had the pleasure of working with many artists including Bob Hope and Pat Boone.
Sunday, January 29th 10:45 am
CAuu'A f>/(At cAatau/u
Is it summer?
Herald-Zeitung photo by Michael Darnall
Nicole Cecil, Lauren Svoboda and Shley Michael took advantage of some unseasonably warm January weather recently by setting rn a lemonade stand on the 400 block of Walnut Street.
Spring Fashion Guide
This is a very special broadsheet which will be published in the Herald-Zeitung, Advisor and Canyon Lake Times-Guardian. This is a guide to upcoming fashion trends as perceived by local fashion merchandisers. By advertising in the special section you will reach over 27,000 readers, which means traffic in your business to show off the latest fashions yo offer. Your sales representative will contact yo soon!
"Let Your Fashion Show
Deadline: February 20th Published: Herald-Zeitung February 26th, Canyon Lake Times-Guardian & The Advisor February 28th.
Comal County Judge Carter Casteel does the honors of cutting the ribbon at the grand opening of Liberty Street BBQ recently. Assisting the judge are: Helgard Suhr, New Braunfels Chamber of Commerce; Paula Wolf, Mary Ann Thompson, Hank Thompson, Julie Wolf, Missy Wolf, Glbby Wolf and John Wolf. Other members of the Chamber of Commerce and friends were on had to with Liberty Street Barbecue well.