New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - January 18, 1984, New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels HeraldZeitung Wednesday, January 18,1964 7AGromyko blasts U.S. military buildup
STOCKHOLM, Sweden (AP) — Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko denounced the U.S. military buildup as a “pathological obsession” in a bitter speech today shortly before his meeting with Secretary of State George P. Shultz.
Addressing the East-West conference on European security, Gromyko said it was up to the international community to stop U.S. militarism, which he likened to a drug addiction in which the addict needs greater and greater doses to survive.
Later in the day, Gromykovvas to meet Shultz at the Soviet Embassy in Stockholm — the first high-level contact between the superpowers in four months.
In his speech, Gromyko attacked the Reagan ad
ministration for its military budget increases.
“New missiles, bombers and aircraft carriers are being churned out in a kind of pathological obsession. New means of mass destruction are being experimented with,” Gromyko charged.
He called the U.S.-led invasion of the Caribbean island of Grenada in October “a piratical act of terrorism” and “a challenge to the entire world.”
Gromyko demanded: “The U.S. must withdraw its troops from Grenada.”
After scathing attacks on U.S. policies in Lebanon and Central America, Gromyko added: “The main threat to peace is the aggressive foreign policy of the United States.”
On Tuesday, Shultz said he would try to convince his Soviet colleague in their meeting that the United States wants better relations.
Gromyko gave no indication that the Soviets are ready to return to the nuclear arms negotiations in Geneva, which they abandoned on Nov. 23 after NATO began deployment of U.S.-built missiles in Western Europe.
“Should the United States and the other NATO countries display readiness to return to the situation that existed before the commencement of the deployment of nuclear missiles in Europe, then the Soviet Union will also be prepared to do likewise.”
On Tuesday, Reagan administration sources said Shultz would suggest to Gromyko that U.S.-Soviet arms control talks resume on some level even if formal negotiations
The last meeting between Shultz and Gromyko was Sept. 8 at the U.S. Embassy in Madrid, Spain. Shultz cut that stormy encounter short after Gromyko refused to admit Soviet wrongdoing in shooting down a South Korean jetliner with 269 people aboard.
Both men are in Stockholm for the conference on European security, which opened Tuesday.
“We ithe United States) approach the meeting in a constructive spirit,” Shultz said of today’s meeting. “Our agenda is a broad one ... and we hope for a constructive response.”
He said he would try to convince Gromyko that the United States wants better relations with the Soviet Union.
Reagan warned on radio station aimed at Cuba
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Reagan was advised today that the Voice of America’s credibility could be damaged by a “questionable” congressional decision to make it headquarters for a new U.S.-financed radio station beamed at Cuba.
The U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy also said that administration efforts to explain Project Democracy, a program aimed at promoting democratic institutions worldwide, created “public suspicion and misunderstanding.”
The bipartisan board told Reagan in a report that the new station, Radio Marti, should properly come under the Board for International Broadcasting which operates Radio Free Europe and Radio liberty.
Reporting to the president and Congress, the commission said it would keep close watch over Radio Marti to make sure its broadcasts of news about Cuba to Cuba do not violate VOA standards or “become the voice of any single element of American society.”
The VOA, which broadcasts in 42 languages worldwide, is intended to provide accurate and objective news about
the United States and world events and to interpret U.S. policy and institutions to the rest of the world.
The seven-member commission made public a Sept. 21 letter telling Secretary of State George P. Shultz it “strongly and unanimously” believed the decision to place Radio Marti within the Voice of America “is not sound public policy and ... sets a precedent of uncertain consequence.”
In its report the panel noted that the purposes of “surrogate broadcasting” such as conducted by Radio Marti and Radio Free Europe “differ a great deal from the radio voice of the U.S. government.”
Shultz replied that he hoped that the conflict of missions of the two organizations would not harm the operations of either. He pledged that Radio Marti's broadcasts “will maintain the same high standards for accuracy and reliability as the traditional Voice of America broadcasts.”
Project Democracy is a new multiagency Reagan administration initiative intended to promote democratic institutions in opposition to communist and Marxist-Iieninist forms of government.
The commission said it does not object to the goals of the new program. But it said it is concerned that the name suggests a new mandate for USIA when the intention was enhancement of proven information and educational and cultural exchange programs.
“It is a disservice to place (USIA) programs under a label that gives rise to public suspicion and misunderstanding — a label that also provides critical foreign observers with the opportunity to make damaging interpretations of the programs themselves,” the report said.
The report also called on the administration to continue efforts to reverse what it said has been a “pattern of neglect” of the VOA, to upgrade its broadcasting facilities and to assure that “the Voice of America can deliver a strong, reliable signal worldwide."
The report urged Reagan to give the director of the U.S. Information Agency, currently Charles Wick, a greater role in foreign policy by naming him to serve as an adviser to the National Security Agency. And it said USIA’s ability to assess foreign public opinion should be used in the making of every major foreign policy proposal.
Wrong man in jail for murder of relative
NEW YORK (AP) - A man jailed 28 months for his mother-in-law’s murder was freed after his accuser — his ex-wife — confessed to the crime, but she might not be charged because she got immunity from prosecution for her testimony, a prosecutor says.
Nathaniel Carter, 33, of Peekskill, was released Tuesday pending a hearing next week at which his murder conviction is expected to be set aside.
He was convicted in the Sept. 15,1981, slaying of his 60-year-old mother-in-law, Clarissa Herdon, who was stabbed 23 times in her home in the New York City borough of Queens.
The star prosecution witness was Delissa Carter, 25, who testified that her ex-husband was the assailant.
Ms. Carter confessed in Bristol, Conn., on Tuesday when investigators took her into custody as a material witness in the reopened case, according to Queens District Attorney John San-tucci.
The district attorney said the woman apparently thought she was being arrested for her mother’s slaying and decided to make “a full confession.”
She was granted immunity from murder charges in exchange for her grand jury testimony against her former husband, and investigators may have offered her immunity from perjury before she confessed, so she may escape prosecution entirely, Santucct says.
When the district attorney told Justice John Iieahy that Ms. Carter had confessed, Leahy released Carter, telling him to return Jan. 25, when the verdict is expected to be set aside Even without the confession, there were newly discovered alibi witnesses and other evidence to justify releasing Carter, Santucci said. He had been sentenced to 25 years to life.
Tuesday he left the courtroom with his second wife, Katherine. Carter told reporters he was glad to be able to go home. “I’ve kept the faith. ..
I put it in the hands of the Ix>rd and he took it from there," he said. “I’m not bitter at anyone, not even my ex-wife."
“He's just a fairly straightforward, unemotional fellow ,” said William E Hellerstein, the l^egal Aid Society attorney who handled Carter's appeal “I think that's w hat did him in at the trial. Jurors said it was unnatural for someone to be accused of something and not show more outrage.”
Carter's first wife is in custody in Connecticut. She could agree to return as a witness in her former husband’s hearing next week or she could refuse, forcing a hearing on the issue She would have to fie extradited should Santucci decide to file charges against her.
Ms Carter originally told detectives that a man wearing a stocking mask broke into the house and killed her mother. Santucci said. but later testified she made up that story
Pennzoil sues Texaco over Getty Oil bid
HOUSTON (AP) -Texaco Inc.’s bid to buy Getty Oil Co. is a display of “sheer financial power” which threatens to seriously limit discovery of new petroleum reserves, Pennzoil Co. contends in a suit to stop the merger.
The antitrust lawsuit, filed Tuesday in a Tulsa, Okla., federal court, says the 19 89 billion merger is likely to touch off a wave of purchases as large companies “scramble to acquire new reserves by acquiring their competitors rather than by exploration.”
Pennzoil released copies of its suit in Houston, its home base. The 32nd-largest petroleum company in the United States offered Getty
stockholders HIO a share rn an attempt to buy 43 percent of that firm.
Pennzoil announced it had reached an agreement with Getty for a $2.6 billion deal Jan 4 The purchase was to result in a private company owned by Pennzoil and Getty.
But Getty backed out three days later, announcing that Texaco had offered $125 a share to buy out the company. The deal would make Texaco the world’s second-largest energy corporation, behind only the Exxon Corp.
Pennzoil labeled Texaco’s merger tad a “ruthless and predatory use of sheer financial power.”
“If Getty goes to ToAcq, there would be odly a handful of fiMNlium-sized com-panies left to be Acquired by the big six :©r seven,” Pennzoil eaid. “This would lead •to increased con
centration in the OU and gas industry and,
equally important, create A major disincentive to the
flSTstsymr-* of new ndnlHP) reserves by exploration which is contrary to important
Officials at Texaco and Getty were confident the suit would not threaten the merger.
“Texaco feels that there is no substance to the Pennzoil claims,” spokesman Foster Morgan said, insisting the proposed merger meets antitrust guidelines. “The Pennzoil action appears to be no more than an additional tactic to delay Texaco’s implementation of its signed contracts to purchase Getty shares.”
At Getty, spokesman Jack lieone said the firm is confident of no major antitrust problems related to the proposed merger.
“Appropriate filings have been submitted to the Federal Trade Commission and Getty believes the federal procedures governing antitrust matters provide the proper forum for settling any
antitrust questions,” Leone said. “The company has not yet received the court papers so we cannot address the specifics of Pennzoil's charges.”
Tuesday’s action is the second lawsuit filed by Pennzoil in the Getty-Texaco deal. laist week, the Houston company filed suit in Delaware, where aU three firms are incorporated, asking a court there to force Getty to live up to terms of its deal with Pennzoil.
In the latest suit, Pennzoil said while its deal with Getty would have “procompetitive results,” the Texaco-Getty merger would eliminate any competition between the two, eliminate Getty as an independent competitor in the industry and, among other things, give Texaco an unfair advantage in competing for exploration rights.
According to the suit,
Texaco’s exploration efforts have been disappointing and its pursuit of Getty means Texaco “evidently decided that it can maintain and enhance its dominant competitive position more effectively and cheaply by purchasing reserves already found by others than by finding and developing new reserves itself.
“In this one awesome display of sheer financial muscle, it hopes to more than double its reserves, to eliminate a major competitor and to prevent the emergence of a new and stronger competitor which might prove a disturbing factor, even to a company of Texaco’s size.”
Pennzoil said that if its suit is successful, “one effect would be to encourage major oil companies to devote their virtually limitless resources to exploring for new reserve*.”
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