New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - January 7, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
Fruit tree spacing important
By W L. BILL" SCHUMANN County Extension Agent
Space is the first and most important consideration in planning where to plant trees for home fruit production.
Stand on the proposed planting location, look around and think IO years ahead. The mature spread (width) of a pecan tree is at least 40 feet and can be twice that. Roots extend even futher than the branches.
Adequate space between trees is just as important as adequate space betwen trees and existing structures. Recommended planting space bet
ween peach and plum trees is 18 feet; between Japanese persimmons, standard pears and standard apples, 25 feet; dwarf apples, 6 to 12 feet; pecans 50 feet; and figs 12 to 14 feet; and between blackberries, 3 feet with rows 12 feet apart.
If you don’t think you have enough space for large trees, you may consider miniatures. Horticultural advances in developing miniatures have been dramatic. Fruit which is normally produced on 30-foot trees can now be harvested from dwarf trees 6 feet high. Fruit from these dwarf trees is the same quality and size as that produced by larger trees. In fact, fruit size and quality usually are
better on dwarfs because dwarf trees are easier to spray, prune and manage than larger, standard sized trees. Of course, total yield per tree is less since the bearing surface area of the smaller tree is not as great.
In addition to minimal pruning and ease of pruning, dwarf trees produce rapidly, produce better where growth requiements such as light, water and soil are limited, harvest easier, and require smaller amounts of pesticides that can be applied more accurately.
Many types of dwarf fruit trees can be purchased and grown in containers. In fact, the Romans grew orange trees in tubs and large containers for decorative purposes.
Later, this custom spread to other parts of Europe, and today it is a popular custom. In England, in particular, where hazards of late spring frost are especially acute, potted fruit trees are common not only for the value of ornamentals but also for profitable commercial interest.
Although not yet a popular practice in America, growing fruit trees in containers does have geat potential, especially in southern areas of the United States. The abundance of fruit in America at relatively low prices precludes commercial production using this technique.4-H roundup
Stock show scheduled Saturday
By MIKE BARBOUR
Comal County Extension Agent
The 2nd Annual Comal County 4-H Stock Show will be held next Saturday at the County Fairgrounds in New Braunfels. Members of the eleven 4-H Clubs in the County will display their livestock, and participate in a variety of contests. The 4-H Exchange Club will be offering refreshments and hot food for all spectators.
Beginning at 9:00 a.m. Saturday morning, the show will be kicked off with Showmanship Demonstrations. Experienced showmen will present to younger members and spectators, the
best techniques of showing livestock. Ronny Johnson as Superintendent, will direct these steer, hog and lamb demonstrations.
Following this will be the Judging Contests. There will be separate events for judging livestock and for judging Rabbits. Ralph Haecker is the Livestock Judging Superintendent and Carol Storms is the Rabbit Judging Superintendent. Those in the rabbit contest will judge live animals and answer written questions. In the livestock contest, separate classes of steers, hogs and lambs will be judged.
Next on the program is the Livestock Show. Over 150 head of large animals are entered in this
event. These are show animals which local 4-H’ers feed and care for by themselves. The judge will be Mark Werst of Uvalde.
Superintendents of the Livestock Show ar Hubert Eckhardt for Lambs, Harold Voges for the Hogs and Hal Herbelin for Steers. They will weigh and classify the stock Saturday morning.
The final activity will be the Showmanship Contest. Separate classes will be offered for junior members, ages 9 to 13, and Senior Service serve people of all ages regardless of socio-economic level, race, color, sex, religion or national origin.
members, ages 14 to 19. In this and the other contest, 4-H’ers will earn ribbons, trophies and belt buckles for the champions.
The 4-H Exchange Club will have food and drink at very reasonable prices during the show. For example, hot dogs for 60 cents, chili dogs for 75 cents and coffee and doughnuts for 25 cents will be sold throughout the day. This club is working to earn money for a club trip next summer.
The public is invited to come out and enjoy the show. Admission is free, and good seats and parking will be available at the County Fairgrounds.
Educational programs conducted by the Texas Agricultural Extension
New partners staff photo bv jack* smith
County Judge Fred Clark (left) and State Rep. Edmund Kuempel will be working closely together if Commissioners Court agrees with the preliminary recommendations of the Comal County Growth and Development Committee that legislation is needed to meet county problems. Clark and Kuempel both attended Thursday's growth committee meeting.
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NewsmakersA tale of two mayors
LACKAWANNA, N.Y. (AP) - First this town had one mayor. Then it had none. Now it has two and residents don’t know who’s in charge
Former \ta>or Edward Kuwik resigned Thursday to take a legislative post to which he was elected last November. Hours later, City Council President Thomas Radich was sworn in as mayor as provided by state law, according to city attorney Chester Niscora.
Not so, said Anthony Mingarelli, chairman of the city’s Democratic party and a fireman. Mingarelli said local law specifies that the council must vote on an interim mayor.
So, at about 3:30 p.m., three of the council’s five members elected Mingarelli as mayor. However, City Clerk Gerald IX* Pasqualle, who swore in Radich, refused to swear in Mingarelli.
“I’m not going to make a fool of myself or anyone else by swearing in two mayors on the same day,’’ De Pasqualle said.
“As far as I’m concerned, I’m the mayor of the city of Lackawanna,” Radich said, after taking over the mayor’s office.
Mingarelli said he doesn’t plan to confront Radich over who will sit behind the mayor’s desk, but he plans to act as mayor.
“The council directed all department heads to report to me,”
Radich said the dispute may have to be settled in court.Francis stumps against crime
LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) - Singer Connie Francis, making a state-by-state anti-crime campaign, has challenged lawmakers to pass legislation to aid victims of violent crimes.
The 44-year-old performer, who was raped in a New York motel in 1974, called for mandatory sentences for people convicted of violent crimes and the removal of insanity and diminished capacity defenses.
“I’m doing it on my own when I should be out singing and making a living,” she told legislators Thursday. “The people are fed up with rhetoric.’’Reddy, Wald to try conciliation
I JJS ANGELES (AP) - Singer Helen Reddy and her estranged husband Jeff Wald have been sent to a conciliation service to try to settle their custody dispute over their 9-year-old son, Jordan.
The two were granted a preliminary divorce decree last September but still had to settle the custody issue and other matters before the 14-year marriage would be dissolved permanently.
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in the United States, working with a Houston law firm. The incident was a replay of the drowning of a 41-year-old Conroe man in August of 1981. Both men jumped off the same bluff above the Guadalupe River, and never came up.
Despite life-saving efforts of a nearby camper and the Canyon I .ake Emergency Medical Service, George Rentera, 20, of San Antonio, drowned in Canyon Lake just offshore at Potter’s Creek Park on July IO.
Then, on July 24, John Henry Gonzales, 20, of San Antonio, was pulled out of about seven feet of water, about 15 yards from the north beach of Canyon Park.
Fire claimed the life of four-year-old New Braunfels boy on Aug. 5. Marty Alan Brandt II, was found dead in the bathtub of his home on Camp Willow Road, destroyed by fire. The child’s mother, Christine Brandt and his sister Trina Machell, managed to escape the burning duplex.
A family tragedy struck on Aug. 17, beginning with the death of William PL Caldwell, 21, in a two-car accident, about 1.5 miles west of Sattler on FM 2673. Caldwell was out celebrating the birth of his son, born at McKenna Memorial Hospital the day before.
Then local authorities discovered the bodies of Ronald Charles Caldwell, 52, and his 19-year-old daughter Tammy Jo Caldwell. Said to be despondent over his son’s death, Caldwell had shot and killed his daughter, then turned the gun on himself, as ruled by Peace Justice Precinct I, Harold Krueger.
Harold Marshall Michelson, 31, of New Braunfels was thrown 48 feet from his rolling pickup on Interstate 35 on Sept. 16. Twelve hours later and two miles away, 18-year-old Philip Palmer of San Antonio was killed, after being throw n 127 feet from his own vehicle.
On Oct. 3, an 18-year-old Universal City woman died in a one-car rollover on Highway 46. Susan Ann Weaver was on her way home from Bandera, when her ’82 Mercury went off the road, .skidded 150 feet, and flipped three times, throw ing her 40 feet.
The second manslaughter case of 1982 also darkened the month of October. Ruben Sauceda, his expectant wife, and their two small children, were walking on Highway 81 West, when all four were struck from behind by a 1970 Volkswagen, driven by William Savage, 22, of San Antonio.
The father was dead at the scene, the two children died at McKenna Memorial Hospital in the night hours of Oct. 30, and Mrs. Sauceda died early Oct. 31 at a San Antonio hospital. Savage has since been indicted on four counts of manslaughter by a Comal County Grand Jury.
November brought the 1982 s last drowning, 18-year-old Angie Marie Kowalik of Seguin. Accompanying a diving class from Dive World in San Antonio, she went down offshore at Comal Park on Nov. 21. Her body was found six days later, under 85 feet of water at Comal Park, with the assistance of a metal detector. Her air mouthpiece was still iii
On Dec. 13, 21-year-old Lindsay Allen I .a Bay died in a one-car rollover on Interstate 35, about 3.5 miles north of New Braunfels. The small car he was a passenger in slid sideways in the median, then filliped six or seven times. I .a Bay was thrown 40 feet from the vehicle, and died from a broken neck. The driver of the car was wearing his seatbelt and shoulder harness; I a Bay was not.
The year ended on a bizarre death of a Brownsville attorney, ruled a suicide when traces of cyanide were found in his body. Peter Watts Dean was found on Dec. 21, in the back of a Chevrolet Blazer parked off Smithsons Valley Road. A tumbler of cyanide-laced Coca-Cola was found in the vehicle, along with a note contained phone numbers for his wife and father-in-law.
A hose was hooked to the Blazer’s exhaust pipe, leading to the interior of the vehicle. The autopsy showed some carbon monoxide in the attorney's body, but not in lethal amounts.
A bankruptcy suit, filed by Dean against Tierra del Sol Broadcasting of Brownsville, was scheduled for a hearing in Houston on Dec. 23. Upon Dean’s death, it was postponed until Jan. ll.
lX*an had also been scheduled to appear in court Jan. 3, this tune as a defendant in a suit filed by Sunset Broadcasting Corp. The attorney was also linked to the Nov. 19 collapse and closing of Ran-chland National Bank in Melvin, Tex.★ Jobless.
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record 2.6 million. The average duration of unemployment for such workers reached 18 weeks, up from 17.2 weeks in November.
Total employment was virtually unchanged last month at 99.1 million. While non-farm employment, measured by a survey of business payrolls, fell by 165,000, the bureau noted that the decline was “the smallest in more than a year.”
The report said that an increase in retail-sales employment during the holiday shopping season “was less than expected,” producing a net 65,000 decline in retail-trade jobs from November.
The bureau noted that without its end-of-the-year revisions in the data, the unemployment rate for December would have been ll percent. The annual recalculation of monthly rates is based in part on a
re-computation of the effect of seasonal variations, such as weather, the school year and buying and manufacturing trends.
Within the various population categories, post-war records were set for adult men, adult women, teenagers, whites and blacks, although bureau analyst Deborah Klein described the fractional rises for those categories as “non-significant.”★ JPS★ T exas
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marriage ceremony for an interracial couple,” he
Sheffield said he always asks two questions of couples who want to be married.
“I ask them, Are you the same race?’ and I ask them if they believe in Jesus Christ or, if they’re Jewish, God. If they aren’t I tell them I’m not going to marry them. I haven’t seen one (interracial marriage) that’s worked.”
Newly elected Peace Justice Sandy Brindle has been on the job less than a week, but said he will not perform interracial marriages.
“It’s not a racial issue,” he said. “It’s a people issue. Those people are going to have problems from here on (if they get married), and I’m not going to be a part of it.
“I don’t see Judge Forbes as a racist under any circumstances, nor do I see myself as a racist. As I see it, a parallel to this would be something like two people cutting their arms severely to be blood brothers; they can do it, I’m not going to stop them, but I’m not going to do it for them.”
Dallas County Peace Justice George Allen, who said he has married more than 20 black and white couples, disagreed.
“You’ve got to have some sense of bigotry about
you to be that strong against interracial marriages,” Allen said.
Allen, who knows Forbes because both serve on the board of the peace justice training seminars at Southwest Texas State University, said he was surprised by his colleague’s action.
“It tells me a hell of a lot about the man,” Allen said. “It makes you wonder what kind of justice you can have in his court if two people of different races come before him.”
Dallas peace justice George Patzig says he personally objects to interracial marriages but believes it is his duty to perform them.
“I have some feelings about it, but my feelings are not important as far as the issues are concerned,” he said. “I can understand why many judges would not want to perform these weddings. But I’m a lawyer and whatever’s legal is what I’m going to do and not worry about it.”
Ted Watkins, president of the Dallas chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said he believes any justice who refuses to perform any marriage should resign.
“I thought it was pretty wild,” he said of Forbes’ refusal. “I think he should resign ... Maybe he can get a full-time job with the (Ku Klux) Klan.”
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just fiat being fired.”
He said that 190,000 adult women were unemployed in Texas last month, compared to 161,000 in November, an increase of about 29,000. Retailers usually hire adult women as temporary workers to handle Christmas sales.
“These were your new entrants and reentrants who went out to add to the family income, and either didn’t find a job, or if they did find it, they didn’t keep it very long,” said Santangelo. “The sales didn’t come through, so there was an early layoff.”
But he said that “statistically, the .4 percent increase is not significant, and tile flat rate we’ve been having for the last four months — ifs been hovering right around 8 percent — is in itself a good sign.
“We haven’t seen a deterioration, so maybe we’re getting squared away for some kind of
Texas is still doing well compared to other states. Only Massachusetts, with a 7.7 percent jobless rate in December, has lower unemployment, he said.
The figures are compiled from monthly interviews with 3,000 households in Texas, he said. About 60,000 families are interviewed nationally.