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  • Publication Name: New Braunfels Herald Zeitung
  • Location: New Braunfels, Texas
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View Sample Pages : New Braunfels Herald Zeitung, February 25, 1987

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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 25, 1987, New Braunfels, Texas Page BA    Hecal&-Zeitung, New Braunfels, Texas    Wednesday,    February    25,1987 County AgentSome suggestions for weed control in pastures By BILL SCHUMANN County Extension Agent Producing top quality forage demands good management pratices. Attention must be paid to soil testing and fertility, proper harvesting equipment and dates or grazing rotations, forage analysis and weed control. Weeds compete with pasture plants for water, nutrients and space, while adding very little in the way of protein content. If your management objectives call for a high yield of high protein forage, proper weed control must not be left out, especially in dryland situations. Proper timing of applications is necessary to avoid contaminating the forage. Read the label! When the pasture grass is dormant, as in January and February paraquat is effective in controlling emerged annual broadleaf weeds and grasses. In our area, henbit is becoming a problem; paraquat or simazine can be effective on this weed. Dicamba and dicamba plus 2,4-D may also give control of annual and perennial broadleaf weeds in grass pastures. Diuron may be used on newly sprigged bermudagrass pastures to control bamyardgrass, Coloradograss. crabgrass, pigweed and ragweed. If you are going to spend good money on proper weed control, please spend good time on your equipment and calibration. Use the proper nozzle type. Calibrate your sprayer or make sure your applicator has equipment calibrated; improper calibration cost you money. 1. Read the label even if you have a custom applicator to apply the herbicide. 2. Pay particular attention to the rates, which may vary according to soil type. 3 Most herbicides have restrictions on the number of days from application to grazing or cutting; this may vary from 40 to 90 days. 4 Some herbides may restrict the planting of future crops. 5 Correctly identify the weed problem Apply what you need and enough of it at the proper time. 6 Keep good records of your inputs (costs) and production (income). You might even want to leave out an untreated check strip to determine just how effective your management practices are. Winter months are much too valuable to not use them in planning a preparation for weed control. A complete list of chemicals and application rates can be obtained from county Extension offices. Add organic matter to home gardens Adding plenty of organic matter to soil is one of the keys to a successful garden. Organic matter improves the drainage and aeration of clay soils and helps sandy soils hold water and nutrients Spread a 2- to 4-inch layer of peat moss. hay. compost, leaves, manure or even shredded newspapers over the garden surface and work it into a depth of 6 to 8 inches Before working in the compost, add the recommended rate of fertilizer so that it will become part of the soil mix. Many gardeners prefer using a shovel or spading fork when working up the ground, but others like using rototillers Here are some tips in tilling soil These tips make the tilling job easier: — Till when soil is fairly dry and friable Tilling wet soil leaves behind large clouds and causes mud to cling to tiller blades, thus upsetting the tiller's balance — Leave an untilled row between passes since wide turns are easier to make than an about face This also keeps the machine from pulling itself and you toward the next row. — Reduce engine speed when breaking new ground or when tilling heavy clay soils so the tiller will dig better and bounce leas. — Set the brake stake half the desired depth when tilling ground the find time around Then set it to full depth and go over the ground a second time Countinuous tilling at the same level each year may cause a hard pan to develop. Take a spade and dig below your tills depth to check for a hardpan. Check plant foliage for root problems A check of the foliage of container plants often uncovers some root-oriented problems. Foliage symptoms of root disorders usually Include a tip or marginal burn of leaves, twig and branch dieback, yellowing and early defoliation of older loaves, or needle drop on condor (cone bearing plants). Those symptoms signal water •mss due to improper watering. tewament soil moisture because of either loo much water or tee long toms may not appear in woody plants for several days after water stress occurs. These problems are common during winter months. Roots in water-saturated soil lack oxygen needed for proper water uptake, so foliage may show water stress when roots are standing in water. Overwatered soil also may emit a sour odor. This problem can be corrected by using a porous potting medium or less frequent waterings. To help correct this, use a layer of coarse gravel in the bottom of the container and open drainage holes. Salt toxicity, evidenced by a white crust on a dry soil surface or container rims, results from excessive or frequent use of fertilizer or using water high in salt. Salt problems are Increased by light, frequent watering or by using catch pans which allow salty drainage water to move back up into the root zone. Treating potting media with gypsum helps remove salt from the container, and occasional heavy watering helps correct salt toxicity by leaching out salt accumulations. Overwatering or poor drainage may often cause roots to rot. Plants with root rot may be reclaimed by pruning 1/3 to Vfe of existing foliage, removing damaged portions of root systems and repotting into clean, well-drained potting soil treated with a general purpose soil fungicide. A root-bound condition will develop if plants are held too long in undersized pots where roots cannot develop enough root system to support existing foliage. Root pruning, loosen ing of the “root ball" and repotting to j a larger container corrects this situation. Exposing plants to drastic environment changes, such as moving them from house to yard or vice-versa, from shade to direct sunlight, or placing them near air conditioner vents also may result in symptoms similar to those that develop from root disorders. 1-Year Zero Interest* 2 Big Trucks Full Of Bedding And Appliances Magic Chef APPLIANCES I Year Zero liefest * Englander BEDDING 1 Year Zpto interest I S.2 CU. FT. MANUAL DEFROST UPRIGHT FREEZER ' fell WSM®!® 'VMagic Chef ’ Dow loc* aith aul tty •Upfront <1*tf<ilt diam •Opt", flout s' • •Io«mm Dotage gate • Automat* Imjm Now only *398 30 GAS OR ELECTRIC RANGE WITH SPILL CATCHING COOKTOP Chat • I ti    . 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