New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 24, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
Thursday, February 24, 1983 3
Holding the line
OPEC ministers try to avoid oil price war
RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (AP) — Saudi Arabia and four other Persian Gulf oil producers are urging their OPEC partners to avoid potential chaos in the marketplace by joining them in a uniform oil price cut.
Saudi Oil Minister Sheik Ahmed Zaki Yamani said Wednesday that the decision to reduce prices was made by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar and Iraq.
The amount of the price cut was not disclosed and would be the likely focus of discussions if all 13 members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries agree to a proposed meeting next week. One OPEC member — Nigeria — broke ranks with the cartel last weekend by lowering its crude oil price to match cuts announced by Britain and Norway.
Yamini said price cut envisioned by the five Persian Gulf producers has been endorsed by Indonesia, another OPEC member, and by the gulf sheikdoms of Oman and Bahrain, which do not belong to the cartel.
If the other seven OPEC members do not agree to a collective price cut and a new market-sharing formula, Yamani
said, the Persian Gulf producers would “interfere with all their weight,” possibly unleashing a price war.
According to some reports, the gulf nations are considering a slash of up to $7 in the $34-a-barrel base price if no OPEC-wide agreement is reached. Well-informed sources said Saudi Arabia would prefer a unified $4 cut — which would bring the price into line with new prices posted by Britain, Norway and Nigeria.
As part of the Persian Gulf nations’ efforts to keep the price cuts under control, Yamani and Kuwaiti Oil Minister Sheik Ali Khalifa met late Wednesday with Libyan Oil Minister Kamel Hassan Maghur in Riyadh.
Libya has been in contact with Iran, Algeria and Nigeria, which countered price cuts by Norway and Britain by slashing its crude oil price by $5.50 to $30 per 42-gallon barrel.
Venezuela, another OPEC member, said its oil minister, Humberto Calderon Berti, would arrive in Riyadh today to join the discussions.
Mana Saeed Oteiba, oil minister of the United Arab Emirartes, said ministers of OPEC memebrs would meet “in Geneva or Vienna next week.”
If that projected meeting reaches no agreement, he said, “the five gulf states would reduce unilaterally the prices of their crudes, at larger rates than they would have accepted within OPEC.”
Oteiba said contacts were being made with non-OPEC nations Britain, Norway and Mexico. The North Sea producers made the first major reduction Feb. 18, after a series of smaller cuts by other producers, and Mexico has said it will announce a cut Friday.
Each $1 drop in the price per barrel could mean a 2‘2-cent-a-gallon saving at the gasoline pump, and a cut of $5 per barrel would mean an extra $85 spending money for the typical American family.
A major price cut could help the United States Japan and many Western European nations lower oil import bills and reduce inflation. But analysts fear that steep price cuts produced by a price war would threaten economically troubled oil producers like Nigeria and Mexico, preventing them from repaying money they have borrowed from Western banks.
Rock group Toto cleans up at 25th Grammy awards
Report calls WVVI I holding of Japanese 'injustice'
WASHINGTON (API — A government commission said today that there was no military necessity for the internment of 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry during World War II and called their uprooting “a grave injustice” fueled by war hysteria and racism.
The commission faulted government leaders from Franklin IL Roosevelt on down and said a failure of political leadership also lay behind the episode, now widely considered a blot on America’s record.
The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians made no recommendation on whether to compensate the survivors and their heirs, but the panel is widely expected to call for payments when it frames its recommendations to Congress this spring.
No decisions along those lines have been reached yet, said chairman Joan Z. Bernstein, a prominent Washington lawyer. But the panel’s report called the compensation for loss of property that had been paid after the war inadequate.
The commission spent two years reviewing the forced removal of all people of Japanese descent from the West Coast
three months after Japan’s devastating attack on Pearl Harbor.
The commission said those who ordered the mass internment could offer no rational justification “except political pressure and fear" for putting people behind barbed wire solely on the basis of their ethnic background.
The panel called “unfounded” the justifications on military grounds that were put forth by the late Lt. Gen. John L. Dewitt, who was in charge of West Coast defense.
“The Japanese race is an enemy race and while many second and third generation Japanese born on United States soil, possessed of United States citizenship, have become Americanized’ the racial strains are undiluted,” Dewitt argued to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson.
DeWitt’s racial opinions ‘‘are remarkable even for the racially divided America of 1940,” the commission said.
The panel condemned President Franklin Roosevelt, who signed the internment order IO weeks after Pearl Harbor on Stimson’s advice. Roosevelt acted without requiring “any careful or
thorough review ot the situation," the commission said, and the president did nothing to calm hysteria over the possibility of sabotage on the West Coast.
Nor did FDR tr> to counter the erroneous public belief, supported by a statement by Navy Secretary Frank Knox, that Japanese espionage had led to the massive American defeat at Pearl Harbor, the report said.
And in the spring of 1944, when even the War Department decided it could no longer justify the detention program, Roosevelt allowed the 120,313 evacuees to be held for six more months so as not to jeopardize his re-election that fall, the commission said.
“The president would not do anything precipitous to upset the West Coast,” the report noted with sarcasm. "There would be an election in November."
The 467-page report. "Personal Justice Denied,” was based on testimony from 750 witnesses and a study of documents.
Congress created the nine-member commission after several years of agitation for an investigation bs the Japanese-American Citizens League.
LOS ANGELES (AP) — Members of Toto, who rose from a high school band to soft-rock stardom, led the pack with seven awards — including album of the year — in a glittering 25th anniversary Grammy show filled with nostalgic glimpses of past ceremonies.
Another big winner Wednesday night was composer John Williams, who won three Grammys for his music to the box-office smash movie “E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial.”
Willie Nelson’s wistful "Always on My Mind" also garnered three awards, and Marvin Gaye picked up two gramophone-shaped trophies for his comeback hit, “Sexual Healing."
Also taking home awards from the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences extravaganza at the Shrine Auditorium were the Australian new wave group Men at Work, Melissa Manchester, Lionel Richie. Joe Cocker and Jennifer W'arnes, Pat Benatar, John Cougar, Jennifer Holliday and Alabama.
Toto's Grammy haul included album of the year for “Toto IV” and record of the year for their mellow hit, "Rosanna," which also won two arranging awards.
The band was also named producer of the year. “Toto IV" earned best engineered recording honors and Toto guitarist Steve Lukather shared the best rhythm & blues song award with Jay Gravdon and Bill Champlin for writing the George Benson hit, "Turn Your Love Around.”
Toto’s Grammys were the first for the 4-year-old Los Angeles band, marking a triumph over sometimes uncomplimentary reviews.
“If it were up to the critics, we wouldn't have w on," Lukather said.
The nationally televised awards show ran more than three hours. Although the record industry has fallen on hard times lately, the academy pulled out all the stops for its 25th ceremony.
There were a few unexpected touches to the evening: chanteuse Grace Jones presented an award in new wave garb that featured a hat resembling a stripped umbrella, and comedian Eddie Murphy made a mad dash from the wings to snatch away Lionel Richie’s best male pop vocal Grammy for "Truly."
"Who was that masked man?” Richie joked before Murphy came back with the trophy.
Gave performed "Sexual Healing” before winning the best r&b male vocal Grammy. Earlier he had collected the best r&b instrumental award for the instrumental version of the same song.
Cocker and Miss Warnes performed and then won the best group pop vocal Grammy for "Up Where We Belong,” the Oscar-nominated theme to the movie "An Officer and a Gentleman."
Nelson, who performed via satellite from Texas, won best country male vocal honors for "Always on My Mind,” which won song of the year and best country song awards.
Men at Work walked off with the best new artist LF after singing their reggae-tmged hit "Down Under."
Alabama, a country quartet that has amassed numerous awards from country groups, picked up its first Grammy for "Mountain Music." Miles Davis picked up his third career Grammy in the best jazz solo instrumental category for the LF "We Want Miles.”
WASHINGTON (AF) - A $165 billion rescue package for Social Security lias won approval from a House panel, but the plan that includes reducing benefits and increasing taxes is already drawing fire from all sides.
"This is the first step of a long process,” said Rep. J.J. Fickle, D-Texas, chairman of the House Ways and Means subcommittee on Social Security.
There is significant support for other approaches, but we have tried to reach an agreement on something that will move this process along,” he said Wednesday evening after the Democratically-controlled panel approved the measure in a 7-4 vote along party lines.
The package now goes to the full Ways and Means Committee, which will consider the measure next week.
Meanwhile, the Senate Finance Com
mittee was continuing hearings today on recommendations from the National Commission on Social Security Reform.
The House panel’s bill includes a provision, also approved by a 7-4 margin, to ensure Social Security’s long-term solvency by reducing initial benefits for new retirees by about 5 percent over eight years starting in the year 2000 and to increase the payroll tax by 0.24 percentage points in the year 2015.
The subcommittee also decided to make the retirement system “fail-safe” by allowing it to borrow from the Treasury with congressional approval if there are economic emergencies in this decade. Any loans would have to be repaid with interest within two years.
The package generally embraces the bipartisan recommendations of the reform commission, which suggested increased
payroll taxes, a freeze on cost-of-living increases, a levy on retirees’ benefits and mandatory coverage for new federal employees.
Although President Reagan and House Speaker Thomas F. O’Neill Jr., D-Mass., supported the commission’s package, bipartisanship cracked during the two days of subcommittee w ork.
Democrats used their majority strength to muscle the package through in a form they favored and scuttle repeated GOF efforts to raise the retirement age, make deeper benefit cuts and eliminate tax increases.
Pickle tried to play down the problems, saying, "The minority was simply expressing preferences, some of which I could agree with.”
But there was no denying the difficulties ahead.
House set to approve recession relief program
1INGTON (AP) — A $4.5 ecession relief bill, sponsored locrats and containing more for the poor and elderly than d by President Reagan, is I for almost certain House ii.
►erotic leaders of the House nations Committee agreed sday on the quick-fix tion providing jobs and ncy help for victims of hard ic times.
The committee is expected to formally approve the proposal Friday and send it to the House floor by next Thursday.
"We’ve tried to get jobs that are necessary and things we can do,” said Rep. Jamie Whitten, D-Miss.
Whitten declined to disclose specifics, but other sources said House Democrats made a numtx r of significant changes to a $4.3 billion jobs measure drafted by senior aides to Reagan earlier this month.
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Melissa Manchester was a first-time winner as best female pop vocalist for her up-tempo hit, “You Should Hear How She Talks About You,"
Jennifer Holliday, whose first solo album will be released shortly, won the r&b female vocal award for “And I Am Telling You I’m Not Going," a song from the Broadway musical, "Dreamgirls."
Pat Benatar took her third female rock vocal award in as many years for "Shadows of the Night."
Ernie Watts’ performance of the "Chariots of Fire” theme was named best pop instrumental.
John Cougar won the male rock vocal Grammy for “Hurt So Good,” his No. I hit from the album "American Fool.” Survivor’s "Eye of the Tiger," the theme to "Rocky III," picked up the rock group vocal award, and “D.N.A.” by A Flock of Seagulls got the nod for best rock instrumental.
In a rare Grammy tie, the Dazz Band’s "Let It Whip" and Earth, Wind & Fire’s "Wanna Be With You" split the r&b group vocal award.
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