New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 13, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas
can offer greater
By SANDY COLTON AP Newsfeetures
Once you’ve decided on the camera body that suits you it's time to decide on what lens or lenses you want to go with it.
If It’s your first leap into 35mm interchangeable lens photography, it's best to start with Just one and then add on later as your need develops.
Most 35mm SLR cameras are sold with what they call a standard lens, usually around 50mm. You can, in most cases, substitute this normal lens for something wider or longer or for a zoom lens, usually at some additional cost over the camera with standard lens.
What lens you choose should depend upon what kind of pictures you want to take. The so- called normal lens should suffice for 90 percent of your immediate needs. It is wide enough to have a relatively good depth of field. It’s long enough for portraiture. It should open up toCamera Angles
at least f2 or larger for shooting in dimly lit situations. An fl.4 lens is even better but costs more.
But suppose you’re interested in nature photography? Then this normal lens just won’t be long enough. Interested in shooting scenics? A wide-angle lens might be better. Want to shoot closeups of flowers? You’ll need macro capability that lets you focus down close enough so that your subject appears life size on the film.
An average news photographer today usually carries a very wide-angle lens like a 15mm, 16mm, 18mm or 20mm, a more or less normal wide- angle like a 24mm, 28mm or 35mm, a normal lens like a 50mm, or a 55mm macro, a medium telephoto like an 85mm, 100mm or 105mm, and a longer telephoto lens like a 180mm
or 300mm or longer lens.
Zoom lenses are becoming increasingly popular and come in a variety of zoom ranges. Two of the most popular are the 35mm to 70mm zoom and the 70mm to 210mm zoom. A small doubler is available which can increase the range of the Litter lens to 420mm but at the cost of two f stops.
The largest f stop on most zoom lenses is f4. That’s a three-stop loss over a standard lens with an fl.4 opening. If you’re planning on shooting a lot of pictures in poor light, like a basketball game for example, the zoom is not for you. You can compensate some by using very fast films but only at the cost of increased grain in your pictures.
Zoom lenses cost more titan normal lenses but take the place of many lenses (lf you really don’t need those additional f stops). There are two types of zooms on the market. The single action where focusing and zooming are both performed at the same time by twisting the lens barrel
to focus and pushing the collar in or out to zoom. It’s best to focus when in the longest position and then zoom back to compose the picture.
The second type of zoom is double action. You focus the lens with one collar and then zoom with another. Too many things to play with for me. I prefer the single-action zoom. It’s faster and easier.
Many of today’s zoom lenses have one other handy feature, too — macro capability, meaning you can focus down close enough for a 1:1 picture of a bee on a flower petal, for example.
Whatever lens or lenses you buy for your camera, invest in a UV or Skylight screw-on filter for each lens and keep it on the lens. It will help cut haze on distant color shots but, more important, it will help protect the coated outer element from accidental damage. It’s a lot cheaper to buy a new filter when it has been cracked or scratched than to have the front element of the lens replaced.
SC New Braunfels HeraldZeitung Wednesday, February 13,1985Different lensesZoom lenses like this 70 to 21 Omm f4 are rapidly gaining popularity and are good for portraiture and outdoor sports photography
Postal Service tries to match new stamps with new prices
By BYD KRONISH AP Newsfeatures
Printing new stamps with new denominations to meet the new increased postal rates has become a tedious task for the U.S. Postal Service. The first big Job is the issuance of non- commemorative and postage stationery items.
Number one rate change is the nondenominated stamps which bear the designation “d.” These include green stamps in sheet, coil and booklet formats and embossed envelopes bearing only “d” as a rate indicator — now 22 cents for the basic first-class domestic letter rate.
Here are some of the new items to be issued during the coming year: 22-cent Flag Over Capitol (sheet and coil), 22-cent Flag Over Capitol (booklet for vending machines), 22-cent Seashells (booklet), 22-cent Bison Envelope, 310.75 eagle stamp in booklet form, 6-cent Old Ironsides Envelope, 44-cent Transpacific Airmail, 33-cent China Clipper Postal Card, 38-cent landsat Satellite Aerogramme, 25-cent Flying Cloud Postal Card.-
At the end of 1984 many nations issued new sets of .stamps honoring the 150th birthday of the great French painter and sculptor Edgar (Degas. These stamps are now available at your local dealer.
One of these philatelic salutes comes from the Republic of Maldives
Relations improve between town's residents, refugees
PALACIOS (AP) - City officials who once worried that Vietnamese immigrants would monopolize this coastal town’s shrimping industry say relations are improving between longtime residents and the refugees.
Six years ago, they were not so optimistic.
“There was a lot of resentment. They thought the Vietnamese would take away all the shrimping,” said Mayor Leonard l^inar. “But we held a bunch of meetings, and we’ve tried to work things out.”
I amar was a council member when the conflicts began, and Public Works Director Bob Brewer said some of Palacios’ 5,000 residents “are bad-mouthing him because of it ”
“But those are the same people who want the Vietnamese out,” Brewer said in a Houston Chronicle article published Monday. “The fact is that they’re here "
The Vietnamese now constitute about IO percent of the residents of this coastal town about 75 miles southeast of Houston.
Most of the refugees in the city are shrimpers, which some Palacios residents thought posed a threat to the American fishermen
At first, the city’s local fish houses, which handle some 4 million pounds of shrimp annually, wouldn’t buy from the refugees. One plant, however, decided to accept the immigrants’ catch and found more than 50 boats lined up outside its doors.
“They found out that the Vietnamese caught more shrimp and changed their minds,” said Tran Dinh, a SB-year-old refugee.
Vietnamese now own half of the 200 boats in the town’s harbor, and some shrimpers made as much as $50,000 during the last season.
And city officials say the refugees are fitting into other aspects of American life just as well.
tSUth ANNIVERSARY of thr I BIRTH of EDGAR DEGAS
j REPUBLIC Of MALDIVES
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colored and famous work entitled “Girls Taking A Dancing Lesson.”
tuus jus. a .aguaji.
Stamps in the news
in the Indian Ocean. There are four stamps in the set illustrating the unique skill of Degas in portraiture.
One stamp depicts the “Portrait of Edmond Duranty.” Another stamp features “Portrait of James Tissot.” The third shows “Portrait of Achille De Gas In Uniform.” The last in the set pictures “I.ady With Chrysanthemums.” A souvenir sheet has in the stamp portion a self portrait of the French Impressionist. In the border is a portion of his brightly
Interested in acquiring stamps from various countries featuring animals? The International Stamp Collectors Society has available a selection of 50 monkeys and elephants on stamps for $12.95, and a grouping of IOO different worldwide “Big Jungle Cats” (lions, tigers, leopards) also for $12.95. The ISCS address is PO Box 854, Van Nuys, CA 91408.-
Did you know that the U.S. Postal Service once deliberately printed stamps with errors — but not intended for general use? Take the case of the 1901 Pan American 4-cent stamp with inverted center. Unlike most inverts, two sheets of these stamps (400) were especially printed as “errors" by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and distributed as a “courtesy” to those in the Post Office Department. None were sold as actual stamps.
Ironically, there were two genuine errors in the Pan American series — not planned by the printers. The most valuable is the 2-center with an inverted railway train (20th Century Limited). Fewer than 200 of these are known to exist and each is worth thouands of dollars. The second unintentional error was the one-cent with inverted lake steamer. There were about 1,000 of these printed.
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