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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 11, 1996, New Braunfels, Texas 4 A O Herald-Zeitung □ Sunday, February 11,1996 Opinion ■ To talk with Managing Editor Doug Loveday about the Opinion page, call 625-9144, ext. 21 H e Z e i t u n g Opinion Online contact ■ To submit letters and guest columns electronically by way of online services or Internet, or to simply contact staff members, the Herald-Zeitung’s address is [email protected] Q U O T A B “A journalist who has the personal agenda to change the world cannot write fairly. Her emotions and biases will manifest themselves in her work.” — Lea Goldman high school student, 1994 EDITORIAL War criminals Arrest of Serb officers by Muslim officials may lead to renewed unrest in the Balkans You can’t enforce peace if warring parties are not willing to cease hostilities. And your can’t erase from people’s minds the horrors inflicted upon them by others during times of conflict. Yet, American troops today find themselves in a region of the world — in Bosnia-Herzegovina — where ethnic hatreds and blood lust still rages. The latest threat to peace in the Balkan region — and therefore the latest threat to American soldiers on patrol there — is the arrest of several Bosnian Serb officers, who mistakenly strayed into Muslim-held Sarejevo and were detained by authorities. Officials with the Bosnian government have stated the men are suspected war criminafs, and the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands has supported the arrests until an investigation is completed. What’s troubling about the arrests is that they are in violation of the Dayton peace accords, which was to allow free movement of officers and officials from the warring parties. It may be that those arrested are war criminals, but the action has now given Serbs, long believed to be the “bad guys” in the disaster known as the Balkans War, a reason to break with the peace accords themselves. If the Muslims can do their own thing, so can we, the Serbs are saying. A major flaw in the entire peace agreement has centered around the issue of war crimes. Because the Bosnian government (rightly) demanded that the issue of war crimes be addressed and those responsible punished, a confrontation with the Serbs was inevitable. Following World War II, the West and the U.S.S.R. were in a position of total control in Europe. There was no argument or opposition from Nazi officials that could have stopped the Allies from carrying out their tvar crimes trials. Yet, this Balkan conflict has no real victor. No side wields the total control needed to take the other’s leaders to trial. And any attempt to do so is likely to trigger more hostilities. That leaves the Americans and other NATO troops in a very dangerous and perhaps desperate situation. (Today’s editorial was written by Managing Editor Doug Loveday.) Write us ... The New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung welcomes letters on any public issue. The editor reserves the right to correct spelling, style, punctuation and known factual errors. Letters should be kept to 250 words. We publish only original mail addressed to the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung bearing the writer’s signature. Also, an address and a telephone number, which are not for publication, must be included. Please cite the page number and date of any article that is mentioned. Preference is given to writers who have not been published in the previous 30 days. Mail letters to: Letters to the Editor do the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung P.O. Drawer 311328 New Braunfels, Texas 78131-1328 Fax: (210) 625-1224 New Braunfels Herald -Zeitwig Editor and Publisher............................................................David    Sultans General Manager/Advertising Director..............................Cheryl    Duvall Managing Editor...........................................................Doug Loveday Retail Advertising Director..................................................Jack    Osteen Accounting Manager........................................................Mary    Lee Hall Circulation Director......................  Carol    Ann    Avery City Editor.....................................................................Roger    Croteau Published on Sunday mornings and weekday mornings Tuesday through Friday by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (USPS 377-880) 707 banda St, or P.O. Drawer 3 ll 328, New Braunfels, Comal County, Tx. 78131 -1328. Second class postage paid by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung in New Braunfels, Texas. Carrier delivered in Comal and Guadalupe counties: three months, $19; six months, $34; one year, $60. Senior Citizen Discounts by carrier delivery only: six months, $30; one year, $56. Mail delivery outside Comal County in Texas: three months, $28.80; six months, $52; one year, $97.50. Mail outside Texas: six months, $75; one year, $112.25. Subscribers who have not received a newspaper by 5:30 p m. Tuesday through Friday or by 7:30 a m. on Sunday may call (210) 625-9144 or by 7 p m. weekdays or by 11 a m on Sunday. Postmaster: Send address changes to the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung, P.O. Drawer 311328, New Braunfels, Tx. 78131 -1328.Pre paid tuition program started Lyrics from a song featured in the musical “Annie” reflect the attitude of Texans eager to participate in the Texas Tomorrow Fund. Like Annie, they realize that “tomorrow is only a day away,” and flood the State Comptroller’s office with requests for information about the program that locks in tomorrow’s college tuition at today’s prices. Texas Prepaid Higher Education Tuition Program contracts went on sale Jan. 2. The response has been overwhelming, according to Texas Tomorrow Fund Administrator Wardaleen Belvin. “We received 10.000 inquiries even before the contracts were offered for sale,” she said. “Now we receive about 1.000 phone calls a day. ThaPnumber is expected to increase since television ads about the program began Feb. I.” This update is a follow-up to my September column about the Prepaid Tuition Program. State Comptroller John Sharp ceremonially opened the fund’s ini-tial-enrollment period at a Jan. 5 public drawing for the state’s first prepaid tuition contract. He drew Catherine Alysee Lee’s name from those of nearly 300 babies born in Texas on Jan. I. The Texas Bankers Association and the Independent Bankers Association of Texas joined Comptroller Sharp in funding the contract. Rep. Ted Kamel, R-Tyler, attended the drawing. He and Sen. Gonzalo Barrientos, D-Austin, co-sponsored House Bill 1214. The 74th Legislature passed the bill that created a program designed to help middle-class families afford college costs. First-period enrollment ends March 31, and the first payment under the contract is due by May I. Month ly payments must be completed by Aug. I following the student’s high school graduation. Contracts can be purchased with lump-sum payments, in monthly installments for 5-year or 10-year periods, or until beneficiaries are graduated from high school. Parents, grandparents, guardians or interested persons can purchase I- to 4-year contracts for any Texas resident younger than 18 years at the time the contract is purchased. Participants may change beneficiaries if they are younger than 18 years and are siblings, stepsi-blings, or half-siblings of original beneficiaries. A child’s age and/or school grade at time of purchase determines contract costs. For example, full senior college contracts for state-supported institutions of higher learning begin at $8,320 for children bom after Sept. I, 1995, but $8,875 for high school seniors. Monthly payments are $69.45 until graduation for a contract purchased for a newborn. A purchaser receives a refund if a student decides not to attend college, dies,, becomes disabled or receives a scholarship. If a beneficiary enrolls in an out-of-state college or university, benefits may be transferred. “No one is required to name a specific school at the time of enrollment in the plan,” Comptroller Sharp said. “If a student decides to enroll in a different type of school, the Tomorrow Fund will apply the money Judith Zaffirini to the new plan.” The program offers four plans. The Junior College Plan pays for up to 64 credit hours of tuition and required fees at any public junior or community college in the state. The Senior College Plan provides for up to 120 credit hours at any of the state’s senior colleges or universities. The Junior-Senior College Plan pays for up to 64 credit hours at a public community college, plus up to 60 credit hours at any public senior college or university. The Private College Plan pays the average cost for 120 hours of tuition and required fees at any of the state’s private colleges or universities and costs $34,000. Students will make up any difference between the contract’s value and the actual price of a private college. A two-year community/technical college contract’s purchase price is $2,334.64 for newborns and $2,375 for high school seniors. One-year community college contracts cost $1,167.32 for newborns and $1,187.50 for senior high school students. Texas Tomorrow Fund applications and brochures are available at participating financial institutions and comptroller field offices or via I-800-445-GRAD (4723). “The prepaid higher education tuition fund will provide an opportunity for thousands of Texans to attend Texas colleges and universities,” said Lt. Gov. Bob Bullock. “I cannot think of any other bill the 74th Legislature passed that can have a greater influence on the future of this state.” (Judith Zaffirini is a Texas state senator for New Braunfels.) What do you think? The TXI cement plant in Hunter will begin using shredded tires as a fuel supply later this month. A cement plan in Buda that also bums tires as fuel has received protests from angry residents there concerned about possible pollution from the tire-burning practice. The TXI plant has received the proper permits frorrl the Texas Natural Resource and Conservation Commission (TNRCC) to begin the tire burning in Hunter. We want to know if your are concerned about the practice and believe it will adversely affect the environment. Fill out the coupon (right), drop It by our office at 707 Landa St., New Braunfels, TX 78130 or fax survey to (210) 625-1224. Copied forms are acceptable. Deadline for this survey is Saturday, Feb. 17,1996. Are you concerned that tire burning at cement plants will cause air pollution? Yes No Comments: Name_ Address. City_ Age. Sex. Phone' "I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . I I I I I J Write ‘em VS. GOVERNMENT OFFICES: President of the U.S. Bill Clinton 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Washington, D.C. 20500 202-456-1414 Vice President of the U.S. Al Gore Old Executive Office Bldg. 17th St. and Pennsylvania NW Washington, D.C. 20501 202-456-2326 U.S. Senators for the state of Texas: Phil Gramm 402 E. Ramsey Rd. San Antonio, TX 78216 210-366-9494 Kay Bailey Hutchison 961 Federal Bldg. 300 E. 8th St. Austin, TX 78703 512-482-5834 The Survey Says.. Nine readers responded to last week's survey question, "Would you favor a flat tax system in place of our current tax system?" Six were in favor of such a system, and three were opposed. Their responses follow: ■ Yes, 100 percent, but not the Forbes flat tax as presented. In lieu of (the Forbes plan), I recommend Richard Armey (R-Texas) and Sen. Shelby (R-Alabama), who recently introduced (a plan) to replace our burdensome tax code. ■I Yes, but only if a maximum percentage of one taxable income — not just federal, but all taxes. ■ Yes. The Internal Revenue Service is getting too much power and the expenses to operate (it) is getting way out of line. A flat sales tax only would be even better. ■ Yes, our tax system needs (to be) revised in favor of the low income people. ■ Our present tax system is a disaster. All other taxes are flat: sales, county, city, licenses, so why not income taxes? ...Capital gains are now taxed twice — once at the origin and again to the recipient. I want a flat tax with no deductions. ■ A graduated flat tax would be better than a proposed fixed rate of 17 percent. No tax under $30,000; 15 percent on $30,000 to $100,000; percent increase above $100,000. Also; ■ Not just no. but hell no!. All this would do is make the few working people we have pay more or most of the tax. ■ There is no way that our self-serving Congress, with special interests lining their pockets, will permit a true flat tax on the full income of all. Any politician uttering the words “reform" or “fairness" is plotting deceit; they are not about to tat the right thing happen. Real tax justice is needed. ■ As a middle income person already burdened with city, county and school taxes, on home and business, plus state professional license fees, I certainly am not in favor of increasing my federal income tax while the rich pay even less. Today In History By The Associated Press Today is Sunday, Feb. 11, the 42nd day of 19%. There are 324 days left in the year. Today’s Highlight in History: On Feb. ll, 1812, Massachusetts Gov. Elbridge Gerry signed into law a re-districting law that favored his party — giving rise to the term “gerrymandering.” On this date: In 1847, inventor Thomas Alva Edison was bom in Milan, Ohio. In 1858, a French girl, Bernadette Soubirous, claimed for the first time to have seen a vision of the Virgin Mary near Lourdes. In 1861, President-elect Abraham Lincoln departed Springfield, IU., for Washington. In 1929, the Late ran Treaty was signed, with Italy recognizing the independence and sovereignty of Vatican City. In 1937, a sit-down strike against General Motors ended, with the company agreeing to rec ognize the United Automobile Workers Union. In 1945, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin signed the Yalta Agreement during World War II. In 1972, McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. and Life magazine canceled plans to publish what had turned out to be a fake autobiography of reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes. In 1979, followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini seized power in Iran, nine days after the religious leader returned to his home country following 15 years of exile. In 1989, the Rev. Barbara C. Harris became the first woman consecrated as a bishop in the Episcopal Church. In 1990, South African black activist Nelson Mandela was freed after 27 years in captivity, walking through the gate of Victor Verster prison outside Cape Town. Ten years ago: Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky was released by the Soviet Union after nine years of captivity as part of an East-West prisoner exchange. Five years ago: President Bush met with Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and Joint Chiefs Chairman Colin L. Powell, who had just returned from the Gulf region. Afterward, Bush said he would hold off on a ground war against Iraq for the time being, saying allied air strikes had been “very, very effective.” One year ago: The space shuttle Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., ending a historic rendezvous mission with Russia’s Mir space station. President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, threatened to veto any attempt by Republicans to scrap plans to put 100,000 additional police officers on the streets. Today’s Birthdays: Author Sidney Sheldon is 79. Former Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen is 75. Missouri Gov. Mel Carnahan is 62. Actor Burt Reynolds is 60. Musician Sergio Mendes is 55. Utah Governor Mike Leavitt is 45. Thought for Today: “We had better live as we think, otherwise we shall end up by thinking as we have lived." — Paul Bourget, French author ;