New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 10, 1987, New Braunfels, Texas
Prune trees while dormant
By BILL SCHUMANN Comal County Extension Agent
The major pruning of shade trees should be done during the winter months, also, while trees are dormant Before pruning any tree, make sure that you have a justifiable reason for performing the operation.
Think through what you are trying to accomplish by pruning and take the necessary steps to carry out your objectives
What are the purposes of pruning? First and foremost is to maintain a strong framework for the future development of the tree Other reasons are to reduce the sue or to keep them within specific bounds. To remove dead, diseased, <, weak
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growth as well as rubbing branche to improve the «. flowers and fro. to balance tile root system at Unless prui one of these i< place the shear and obtain the spading a flowerbe Some of the general principles that will apply when pruning shade trees include the removal of all dead or diseased wood, broken limbs, and weak growth Shorten, or remove entirely, long unsightly branches as they offer too much resistance to the wind and are frequently subject to storm damage Never stub back limbs or branches Bather, cut back to main branch or trunk so that there will be no stubs remaining. The so-called ' stubbing back” or topping large branches will result in a proliferation of sucker growth and leave a wound that is impossible to heal To protect pruning cuts and prevent the entry of disease and insect organisms, all cuts more than one inch in diameter should be painted with a special tree paint obtainable at all garden stores or nursery sales yards For temporary treatment of a
Farm plan might save family farm
AUSTIN (AP) — Farm legislation proposed by Democratic congressmen offers a sensible plan to save family farmers while avoiding a sharp increase in consumer costs. Agriculture Commissioner Jim Hightower says.
Hightower said the bill introduced last week by Sen. Tom Harkin. D-lowa. and Rep Richard Gephardt, D-Mo , would boost farmers’ prices for commodities to cover production costs
But because a farmer's share of the food dollar is so low, “even if General Mills chose to pass on to consumers the full cost of doubling the price it pays to wheat farmers, we are talking about a 14-cent increase per box of Wheaties,” he said.
In remarks to the Texas Com Growers Assocation Monday, Hightower said President Reagan’s farm policy has been a disaster.
“It no longer is alarmist to say that America’s system of independent, competitive family farms is on the brink of destruction. It is now a fact,” he said.
Since Reagan took office. Hightower said, the farm program has “deliberately busted U.S. farm prices” and "put an intolerable debt loan on the backs of our nation's independent producers ’'
Of the approximately 640,000 fulltime. commercial farmers still working nationwide, at least 280.000 are in serious financial trouble and 120,000 of those could be out of business in two years, he said Hightower has worked with Democratic lawmakers in Washington on farm policy and was a major author of the farm plank in the party’s 1984 presidential platform He said that since 1981, more than 500,000 farmers have been forced out of business, but the process wasn’t a natural shakeout of bad businessmen “Overwhelmingly, these were the fully modernized, full time commercial operators who have achieved economies of scale and efficiencies necessary to make it.”
Hightower said an analysis of farm policy proposals by Texas ABM University showed that the typical Texas family farmer would have a 90 percent to IOO percent chance of survival under the Harkin-Gephardt bill.
“Under President Reagan’s proposal to lower farm commodity prices even further, these typical farms in Texas would have zero chance of making it,” he said.
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wound, a coat of shellac will give four to six weeks of protection.
The homeowner can frequently handle the pruning operation himself if the work can be reached from a ladder. If your trees are quite large or need extensive work, it is best to hire a professional arborist or tree surgeon. He will have the necessary tools and training to do the job correctly and safely.
if there is evidence of disease in the tree or shrub being pruned, it is important that after each cut the pruning equipment be dipped in a disinfectant to kill the disease organisms to prevent their spread to other portions of the tree or even to other trees.
A IO percent household bleach solution makes a very satisfactory disinfectant. This can be prepared by mixing one part of bleach to nine parts of water. Dip the pruning equipment after each cut is made. CTean tools with soap and water after use and cover with a light coat of oil. Chlorine bleach is very corosive Your tools will be ruined if it is not removed
CR P sign-up underway
The next sign-up period for putting cropland into the government’s Conservation Reserve Program is underway.
The current sign-up period began Monday and runs through Feb 27 A new "wrinkle” in the program this year is that a bonus is being offered on a one-time basis for com land The bonus is $2 times the farm program payment yield for com times the number of acres of com base designated for enrollment in the CRP This bonus will be paid by generic commodity certificates.
Another new provision classifies land planted to alfalfa and other multi-year grasses and legumes in rotation during the years 1981-85 as cropland and thus makes it eligible for the CRP Also, there has been a slight revision in land eligibility classification That may allow additional land to qualify for the program, so landowners need to check with the local SCS office Almost nine million acres of highly erodible cropland across the nation were committeed to the program during three sign-up periods last year
So far, Texas (armers have put more than a million acres in the program. which is aimed at curbing soil erosion, while at the same time improving water quality and wildlife habitats
(USPS 377 800)
Published Sunday morning Tuesday. Wednesday, Thursday and Friday afternoons by New Braunfels Herald Publishing Co -, 186 S. Casted Ave., or PO Drawer 311328. New Braunfels. Texas 78131 1328 Second Class sostage paid bv New Braunfels Herald Publishing Co at New Braunfels, Texas
DAVID KRAMER Editor and Publisher
JIM WEBRE Managing Editor
DEBORAH LAWRENCE Office Manager
SANDI HUTTER Retail Advertising Manager
CHERYL MCCAMPBELL Classified Manager
CAROL AVERY Circulation Manager
MAGGIE LOMBARDO Composition Foreman
GUS ELBEL Pressroom Foreman
DANAOVERSTREET City Editor
WANDA LASATER Lifestyles Editor
TOM LABINSKI Sports Editor
Subscription Rates (Includes applicable sales tax) Carrier delivery in Comal, Guadalupe, Hays, Blanco and Kendall counties: three months, SIO.89; six months, 819.02; one year, 834. Senior Citizens Discount (carrier delivery only): six mon tbs, 815.83, one year, 828.69. Mail delivery outside Comal County, in Texas: three months, 819.13; six months, 834; one vtar, 86S.7&. Mail outside Texas: six months, 842; one yaar, STO.
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Postmaster: Send address changes to P O. Drawer 311328. New Braunfels, Texas 78131-1328
Land accepted into the CRP must be kept out of production for IO years and prescribed conservation practices must be followed. This includes planting the land to grass or trees to prevent wind and water erosion, with costs shared by the government.
Landowners must submit a bid on eligible land to their local Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service office during the sign-up period. Land eligibility is determined by the Soil Conservation Service. If the bid is accepted, landowners will be paid that price annually over the 10-uyear period pity vided they follow the prescribed con sensation plan. The average acceptable bid in Texas was just under 830 an acre during the last sign-up period.
Because several new phases of the CRP are being enacted this year, including sodbuster, swampbuster and conservation compliance, interest in the CRP should increase. Details on the total program are available at any local ASCS office.
The CRP is part of the 1985 Farm Bill and was initiated last spring as a five-year effort to take some 45 million acres of erodible cropland out of production across the United States
Roland Boenig helps 88-year-old Arthur Elbel prepare his taxes. At least 15 people showed up Saturday at the Senior Citizens Center to get help with the preparation of their taxes, while about 25 people went to Dit tlinger Memorial Library for assistance. American Association of Retired Persons is sponsoring the free assistance for the elder
LESLIE KR IE WALDT/Staff Photographer
ly, low income and handicapped until April 15. Counselors are at the library on Mondays from 1-5 p.m.; Wednesdays from 5-7 p.m.; and Fridays from IO a.m. to I p.m.; at the Senior Citizens Center on Saturdays from 8 a.m. to noon; Canyon Lake Civic Center Tuesdays from 1-5 p.m.; and Canyon Lake Action Center from 1-5 p.m. on Wednesdays.
— New Braunfels police responding to a disturbance call Sunday morning arrested Juan P Gonzalez Jr., 29, of 231 S. Lone Star for cnminal mischief to an automobile The theft of a blue Huffy Challenger BMX bicycle, valued at 840. was reported Saturday by Blanca Moreno of 694 Magazine
Mary Thayer, 424 S. Washington. Sunday reported the theft of a split-frame Western Flyer bicycle, valued at 8160
The theft between Jan 26 and Feb 5 of a white Royal jacuzzi bathtub, valued at 82.000, was reported over the weekend by
Gruene Mansion Ltd., located at 1275 Gruene Road. The seven-foot long jacuzzi was taken from one of the bathrooms at the mansion No signs of forced entry were evident
— Police responded to a disturbance call Saturday morning at the residence of Melinda Vargas in the 200 block of West End Street Approximately 8130 damage to a door was reported in connection to the incident
— B Davis Jackson. 393 Tolle St., reported returning home Saturday and discovered his garage door open and light turned on Nothing was reported taken
— A spare tire and four wire-spoked wheel covers were taken from two autos in the rear parking area of Prince Solms Inn, 295 E San Antonio over the weekend. The autos belong to Marge Crumbaker. of Houston, who owns the Inn. Value of the stolen items was not available
— Pamela Howard. 18. reported receiving verbal threats midday Sunday at the Wal-Mart Garden Center. 1135 Interstate 35 W
— An attempted burglary Friday evening of a residence was interrupted by the arrival of its owner. Tom Sanders. 59. at 1123 W. Coll Sanders told police he chased the
subject until losing him at U S 81 East Nothing was reported taken - No arrests were made in connection with a report of criminal mischief and threats made by Thomas Reyes. 56, of San Antonio, whose vehicle reportedly suffered $1,000 damage during a dispute in the IOO block of Glenbrook
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