New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 6, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas
What is the |MX missile?
Height: 71 feet
192.000 pounds Diameter: 92 inches Range: 5,000 miles Maximum speed:
10 individually targeted nuclear warheads Accuracy:
Within 300 feet of target Racing: Silos in Nebraska and Wyoming Deployment: First 5 due late 1966 or early 1987 1968 propoaal:
Chicago Tribun* newt reportsAustralia surprises Reagan with rejection
WASHINGTON CAP) - Australian Prime Minister Robert Hawke apparently caught Reagan administration officials by surprise with his government’s reported decision to withdraw an offer of support facilities for MX missile tests.
Reports of the last-minute reversal surfaced Tuesday night on the eve of Hawke’s scheduled talks with Secretary of State George Shultz to coordinate strategy for dealing with New Zealand’s decision to deny a U.S. request for a visit by a Navy destroyer.
Reacting to the New Zealand announcement, U.S. officials said
Tuesday the administration was reviewing its ties with that country and also disclosed it will not participate in planned naval exercises set for next month with the two South Pacific nations.
- After being informed of the U.S. plan to withdraw from the military exercise, known as Sea Eagle, Australia announced it was cancelling the manuevers, normally held annually. Australia was to host them this year.
That announcement gave no hint, however, that elements within Hawke’s government would succeed in forcing withdrawal of a four-day-old offer to let U.S. monitoring air
craft use Australian facilities during MX missile tests.
News reports in Sydney, Australia, said Hawke — who arrived in Washington late Tuesday for three days of talks with President Reagan and others — made the decision without advance consultation with U.S. officials.
Hawke’s government announced Friday that it would allow U.S. planes to use Australian bases while monitoring tests of the missiles fired from California and aimed at the Tasman Sea off Australia’s east coast.
The prime minister left Saturday for Belgium to meet with Western
European leaders before continuing on to Washington. Australian newspapers said Tuesday that Hawke dramatically reversed course on the issue after several frantic telephone conversations with advisers at home from his hotel in Brussels.
He told reporters traveling with him of the change, saying powerful leftist elements of his party had seized on the MX issue as a weapon against him. Hawke is seen as a conservative supporter of the Australia-New Zealand-United States alliance, known informally as ANZUS.
Before word of the Australian
reversal on MX tests, White House and State Department spokesmen raised the possibility of a reduction in U.S. ties with New Zealand because
of its refusal to let the UJ3.S.
Buchanan, a conventionally-powered destoyer, make a port call next month after the joint military exercises were to have concluded.
New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange has said his government will deny access to U.S. warships so long as the United States refuses to say whether they are equipped with nuclear weapons. The United States traditionally has declined to provide such information.
Texas sodomy law meets court dispute
NEW ORLEANS (AP) - The long legal fight over whether homosexual sex is illegal in Texas, whether practiced in public or private, is not yet ended.
The 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has granted a rehearing. It will be before the full, or en banc, court of 15 judges instead of the usual three-judge panel.
No date has been set.
Amarillo District Attorney Danny Hill, who won the rehearing, included a sharp attack on state Attorney General Jim Mattox in his plea.
This fight started back in 1979 when Donald F. Baker of Dallas said the law forbidding “deviant sexual intercourse" threatened his job and was discriminatory.
His suit against the state was a
class action applying to every district, county or city attorney in Texas.
On Sept. 30, 1982, U.S. District Judge Jerry Buchmeyer of Dallas ruled the anti-sodomy law was illegal and issued an injunction forbidding enforcement.
Buchmeyer said citizens have a right to privacy and to be free of undue interference from the state in important and intimate personal matters.
Furthermore, he ruled, the law does discriminate against homosexuals because it does not prohibit sodomy between consenting adults of the opposite sex.
When Attorney General Mattox dropped the appeal on March 18,
1983, Hill jumped in to carry on the fight, contending the constitutional right to privacy does not extend to homosexual conduct.
Hill’s plea was dismissed by the 5th circuit’s three-judge panel last Sept. 21. It said he had no authority to carry on an appeal.
The Texas attorney general was the proper party to appeal and “his decision to drop the state’s appeal filed by his predecessor was made in the best interest of the state," the panel said.
In his bid for rehearing, Hill’s lawyer, W. C. Bundren of Dallas, said it was unrealistic for the panel to presume that Attorney General Mattox’s “official decisions were always made with the good of the state at heart.”
Bundren pointed out that Mattox is “under felony indictment in Texas state criminal court for misprision of his office through commercial bribery."
Furthermore, said Bundren, Mattox, while a legislator, introduced in 1975 a bill to repeal the 100-year-old sodomy law. It was defeated.
The legal argument for rehearing was that the state’s decision to drop the appeal deprived all other members of the class of the right to due process of law.
“Never before in the history of this court’s jurisdiction has a decision so clearly denied a party and class members due process,” Bundren said.
Scientist—Mars good site for colony
COLLEGE STATION (AP) - A Texas A&M University scientist says the abundance of water on Mars makes the prospect of establishing a colony on the planet more than science fiction.
The Mariner and Viking spacecrafts have provided detailed information on Mars and show it to be much more hospitable than the moon, said Duwayne Anderson, associate provost for research at AAM and a longtime researcher for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
“Water can be used to supply fuel
needs of a colony because it can be decomposed with electricity made from solar energy and converted into hydrogen and oxygen. In this way sunlight can be used to manufacture a clean burning, pollutant-free fuel,’’ Anderson said Tuesday.
Mars’ soil is volcanic like some of the most fertile soil on Earth. Anderson said an atmosphere and shelter for agriculture could be created with construction of a dome or other suitable structure.
In addition, the gravity on Mars is greater than that of the moon.
meaning life could be easier and more like that on Earth.
Besides satellite photographs, scientists have gained knowledge about Mars by comparing its icy conditions with those of Antarctica, he said.
Anderson is familiar with Earth’s southernmost continent from his days as chief scientist with the National Science Foundation division of polar programs, where he served from 1976 to 1978.
The martian terrain is similar to Antarctica, while red. rocky areas on the planet look like Texas, he said.
"We have had enough experience in the Antarctic on hard frozen ground to predict reliably the behavior of the ground on Mars and to learn how to build on it," he said. "We have sufficient information now to plan for a safe colony there."
Anderson said, however, that such a colony is "too big" an undertaking for just the federal government.
"But it isn’t too big for a consortium of industrial partners and the governments of several nations." he said. “Such a consortium could match the Soviet capability ”
Economists predict national recovery
WASHINGTON (AP) - Despite record deficits, congressional economists today predicted continued economic recovery for the next two years, with unemployment falling below 7 percent and inflation remaining under 5 percent.
“Budget deficits, even of the size recently experienced and projected for the next several years, are unlikely to have a sudden destructive impact on the economy," the Congressional Budget Office said in its annual economic report to the House and Senate.
However, the report cautioned that if large deficits persist without congressional action, “runaway debt" would eventually stifle the economy.
The end result could be "stagnating or perhaps even declining standards of living, deteriorating public services, or reduced defense capabilities," the report said.
“Even though the damage may be initially difficult to detect, it would become progressively more difficult to undo,” it added.
Release of the report by the nonpartisan agency came as the Senate Budget Committee prepared for its second day of hearings on President Reagan’s
record $974 billon budget.
Rudolph Penner, the budget office director, was scheduled to testify both on the report and on the president’s budget.
In the absence of deficit-cutting action, the federal deficit — now hovering at just over $200 billion — will rise to $296 billion by 1990. the report said.
Reagan’s budget, which recommends $39 billion in domestic spending cuts, would reduce the deficit to $180 billion by 1986 and — administration officials claim — further declining amounts each year thereafter.
The budget office forecasts “generally favorable economic performance through 1985-1986."
It predicted that the unemployment rate would drop from its 7.2 percent level of last December to an average of 7.1 percent through 1985 and to 6.9 percent in 1986
Inflation was forecast at 4.2 percent this year, up from 3.5 percent last year,and rising slightly to 4.6 percent next year.
Overall economic growth will average more than 3 percent over the next two years, although interest rates will remain near their current high levels through the period, the forecast said.Terrorists bomb Iranian building
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Two terrorists riding a motorcycle hurled grenades at a government building in Tehran today, killing one man and wounding two as Iran celebrated the anniversary of the Islamic revolution, Iran’s news agency reported.
The agency said police shot and killed one attacker, wounded the second and arrested a third man.
The Islamic Republic News Agency said only one of the grenades exploded in front of the accounting office of the Mostafazin (oppressed) foundation in Khorramshahr avenue in north Tehran at 8:45 a.m.
The agency, monitored in Cyprus, identified the attackers as “U.S.
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There was no claim of responsibility for today’s attack.
But it coincided with a warning by a spokesman of the Iranian Mujahedeen Khalq (People’s
Warriors) resistance group in New York that the underground
movement would be launching a fresh anti-government offensive in Iran beginning today.
The news agency said the explosion was the work of enemies of the Islamic Republic who sought to overshadow IO days of ceremonies marking the sixth anniversary of the revolution that overthrew the monarchy and the established Islamic rule under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Khomeini returned to Iran from exile on Feb. 1,1979.
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DRAW THE WEATHER SUBMITTED BY:
Jamie Sheridan, Third Grade, Seele Elementary Texas forecasts
North Tokas Decreasing cloudiness and cold tonight with mostly sunny skies on Thursday Lows tonight from the tow teens northwest to the middle 20s southeast Highs on Thursday from the middle 30s northeast to near 50 southwest
West Tekas- Sunny Thursday, fair tonight Lows tonight 15 Panhandle to 29 south and mid 30s Big Bend Highs Thursday 41 Panhandle to 57 south and near 70 Big Bend valleys
South T#ka$ Mostly cloudy tonight and Thursday with a chance of drizzle or light rain mainly east and south A little cooler west and north tonight and Thursday Lows tonight 20$ northwest to the low 40s south Highs Thursday 40s north to the 50s south
Port Arthur to Port O’Connor North to
northwest winds near 20 knots tonight and Thursday Seas 4 to 6 feet neat shore and 6 to 8 feet offshore Cloudy witn occasional light ra n or drizzle Small craft should asarota
Port O'Connor to Brownsville North winds near 20 knots tonight and Thursday Seas 4 to 6 feet near shore and 5 to 8 feet off shore Cloudy with occasional light ram or drizzle Smet craft should e sense caution
Dual storms hammered the easst*rn thud of the nation today piling 4 inches of snow on the Northeast while a frigid funnel of air kept die mercury below zero in the Plains and Mississippi Valley, where ic* floes 2.000 feet long snarled river traffic
Violent ratnshowers washed across Virginia and the Carolinas today after ram and ice forced schools to clote in Georgia and left thousands without power in Tennessee for a
"ft's like a demolition derby out there said State police Cpl Stephen Rh.,rid in Maryland where two people died Tuesday in traffic accidents on icy roads Storm warnings were posted today for parts of New Jersey and New York where more than 4 inches fell overnight .md sfer»> prompted travelers' advisories in Delaware Maryland West Virginia and Pennsylvania where 3 inches was recorded In Alabama and Mississippi. National Guardsmen are helping dispose of millions of decaying chickens that could pose a health hazard after ic* laden coops collapsed, causing damage estimated at 412 million Bitter arctic an kept the mercury in the basement today across the Plains and Mississippi Valley In Fayetteville Ark it was 2 degrees today, tying a record set on Fab 8, 1982 the National Weather Sin vice said It wee minus 6 rn McAlester Ok la minus I in both Wichita Kan,, and Joplin Mo and minus 4 in Kansas City, Mo
New York City had four etches ut snow early today and Pete Reynolds of the Severe Storms Forecast Center .n kansas. City Mo said of the storm, We ie still monitoring the situation in cate it takes a mote northerly route ”
A similar weather pattern snow to be scattered from M Graal lakes region and th*
Nothing more than an inch or peeled in ttiat tow," Reynolds sa*d
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