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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 5, 1984, New Braunfels, Texas World /National Hwrald-Zeitting Sunday, February 5,1984    tA EPA issues ban on EDB under pressure from states TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — It was a national problem, and for months the states pleaded for a national response. It finally came Friday, when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency all but banned the agricultural use of EDB, a fumigant used to kill insects in the soil and in grain storage bins. But it took pushing and prodding from Florida and several other states — alarmed last year when highly toxic ethylene dibromide started showing up in ground water and food mixes — to get the federal agency to set national standards, state leaders complained. The federal action forbids use of EDB as a fumigant for fighting insects in stored grains and in grain milling machinery and suggests safety standards for food containing EDB residues. The government had previously suspended the use of EDB as a soil fumigant. The standards, which are only guidelines for the states, allow EDB residues of 30 parts per billion (ppb) in ready-to-eat foods, 150 parts for foods that require cooking before eating and 900 parts for raw grain intended for human consumption. State leaders said Friday they welcomed tighter national standards, but accused die Reagan administration of foot dragging. Some said the history of EDB regulation was an example of the tail (the worried states) wagging the dog (the slow-to-act federal government). “It has been IO years since the National Cancer Institute identified EDB as a carcinogen,” said Florida Gov. Bob Graham. “The Environmental Protection Agency should act promptly to avoid further delays in protecting American consumers.” Florida officials say the lack of federal regulations forced the state to take a tough regulatory posture that eventually prodded the federal government to act. “I think we’ve been slow in regulating EDB,” EPA boss William Ruckelshaus acknowledged said while visiting Dallas last month. “It is bad stuff and it is a very potent carcinogen, but we don’t have any evidence that it has harmed anyone — nor do we have any that it hasn’t.” Tests on laboratory animals, some seven years old, have shown that EDB produces cancer, mutations, sperm disorders and liver problems. EDB has drawn national attention less than a year, but has a long history in industry and agriculture. It has been registered as a pesticide since 1948. Most — perhaps 90 percent — was used as a fuel additive and the rest in agri-business. A key farming use was soil fumigation to fight destructive nematode rootworms. In Florida, EDB had been used since 1961 to control nematodes. But last summer, it was found in groundwater. When Florida agriculture officials learned of water contamination in California, they began testing drinking water samples. By the end of July, Florida had found EDB in wells and ordered a halt to its use in the nematode-control program. Hijack RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil (AP) - A band of hijackers, including a woman with a small child, commandeered a Brazilian airliner on a domestic flight Saturday and forced the pilot to fly to Cuba after releasing all 158 passengers at a refueling stop in Surinam. Passengers said some of the hijackers had pistols. Cuban authorities took the hijackers into custody when the plane landed at Camaguey, 300 miles southeast of Havana, and granted permission for the 14-member crew to take the Cruzeiro Airlines Airbus back to Brazil, according to government and airline officials. They said no one was hurt in the incident. The hijackers — at least two men and a woman carrying a small child — were believed to be Brazilians with no known connection to a political group. One passenger said there were at least seven Brazilian airliner makes detour to Cuba; 158 passengers released in Surinam hijackers. Flight 302 took off from Rio de Janeiro, headed for Manaus, on the Amazon River in Brazil, with several scheduled stops en route. The plane left one of those stops, the northern city of San Luis, late Friday and before it reached the Amazon port city of Belem Saturday morning, the hijackers entered the cockpit and diverted the flight, a Varig-Cruzeiro Airlines spokesman said. It flew first to Zanderij Airport at Paramaribo. Surinam, on South America’s northern coast, where the hijackers negotiated with Brazil’s Ambassador I .ms Felipe {.ambrein. They agreed to release the 158 passengers in return for maps and additional fuel, Brazil’s Foreign Ministry said. Officials in Surinam said Lambreia rejected the hijackers’ offer to release only women and children passengers. The airline had no breakdown on passengers’ nationalities. A passenger, Argemiro Figueiredo, said in a radio interview later that the passengers were never informed of the hijack and at first thought bad weather had caused cancellation of the Belem landing. “By the time we landed, we knew we had been hijacked,” he said, “but we didn't know where we were.” He said he and others on the flight counted “seven or eight hijackers, including several women,” one of whom was carrying a child about a year old. He said they boarded the plane during a stop at Fortaleza. Foreign Ministry spokesman Bemando Pericas said in Brasilia, the capital, “We believe the hijackers were a couple, a young child and another man.” Democrats soften stance on Marines WASHINGTON (AP) -Democrats on the House Foreign Affairs Committee have agreed to remove language directly critical of the Reagan adminstration from a draft resolution urging withdrawal of the Marines from Beirut, a key member of the panel said Saturday. Rep. Stephen J. Solarz, D-N.Y., said die Democratic committee members also had agreed to insert language endorsing the continued presence of the Sixth Fleet offshore and asserting that Syria bears main responsibility for the failure to reach an accord in Lebanon. The changes are intended to “broaden the base of support for the resolution,” which is set to go before the full committee for a vote next week, Solarz said. At the same time, the resolution would continue to call for “prompt and orderly withdrawal” of the Marines based at Beirut's airport as part of a multinational peacekeeping force. President Reagan, when asked about the Lebanon resolution, told reporters Wednesday: "I’m not going to pay any attention to it.” House Speaker Thomas P. O’Neill, D-Mass., contended that “we tried to build a bipartisan policy, but when it fails we have a responsibility to speak out against it.” Although the resolution would not carry the force of law, it would demonstrate a reversal of congressional sentiment from last fall, when both the Democrat-run House and the Republican-led Senate voted to allow Reagan to keep the Marines in Beirut through mid-April of 1965. As originally drafted, the PAULLAXALT .. .issues warning resolution described administration policy in Lebanon as a “failure” that has led to “widespread concern among the American people” and “failed to impress upon the government of Lebanon the urgent need for it to develop a viable reconciliation plan.” Such language drew fire from COP members of the Foreign Affairs Committee. Sen. Paul Laxalt, R-Nev., chairman of Reagan’s re-election campaign, said Saturday congressional Democrats were “playing a dangerous game” by pushing for prompt withdrawal of the Marines. In a Cable News Network interview, laxalt said there was “every indication” that Syrian President Hafez Assad would “sit tight as long as he thinks there’s a chance that there’s going to be indecision and we’U walk away from the president.” Confusion reigns on Reagan budget WASHINGTON (AP) — President Reagan unveiled his deficit-swollen ’ blueprint for the 1985 budget last week, but in no time at all some of his key advisers made it clear the Reagan team didn't have its heart in it. Even the president seemed to be shying away from the budget and its enormous deficits projected years into the future. He described the red ink as “totally unacceptable" but said he wouldn’t offer a solution until next year — after the election. And, a long-simmering feud between presidential economist Martin Feidatein and Treasury Secretary Donald Regan boiled over, with Regan contending. "I support this budget: apparently he doesn’t.” The result is a sense of confusion — within the administration and in Congress, on Wall Street and on Main Street — over the newly released budget and whether it is even meant to be taken seriously. The problem is seen as stemming from the administration’s growing frustration with the deficits and, perhaps more important, its distaste for politically risky steps to tackle the problem in an election year. “There is disarray in the administration,” said Thomas Thomson, chief economist for San Fran- AP news analysis Cisco’s Crocker National Bank. “No one — in the adnunistration or in Congress — can afford to make the tough decisions this year” to reduce the deficits, he added. Indeed, Reagan acknowledged in the White House’s economic report to Congress that political considerations played a part in the fresh budget plan for the fiscal year that starts on Oct. I. He noted Congress’ unwillingness to accept his previous fiscal guides and said it was “clear to me that we must wait until after this year's election to enact spending reductions coupled with tax simplification that will eventually eliminate our budget deficit.” Even before the unveiling of the budget plan, the president called on Congress to join the administration in bipartisan negotiations to try to fashion a HOO billion “downpayment” over three years to wash away some of the red ink. The deficit hit a record $195.4 billion in 1983 and it’s projected at $180.4 billion in the 1985 budget plan.Embryo transfer produces baby boy LONG BEACH, Calif. (AP) — The world’s first birth resulting from an embryo transfer could spawn a profitable “adopt-an-embryo” network for the company that developed the procedure and hopes to perform about 50,000 implants in infertile women. Buttons proclaiming “It’s a Boy!” adorned lab coats Friday as doctors at Memorial Hospital announced that an unidentified California woman had given birth to a “just beautiful” child in the previous five to IO days. “He’s a perfectly normal, healthy little guy,” said Dr. John E. Buster, head of the embryo-transfer research project at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, which was funded by $3 million from Fertility 4 Genetics Research Inc. of Chicago. The controversial and historic pregnancy ended 38 weeks and five days after the April 1983 embryo transfer at Harbor. All details and names, including that of the donor, were withheld at the parents’ request. Forty-six transfers have been attempted by the research team, but only two have been successful. Another baby is due in April, Buster said. In embryo transfer, a fertile woman is artificially inseminated with sperm from the husband of an infertile woman. After five or six days, the embryo is washed out of the donor's uterus and implanted in the infertile woman. The procedure is different from in-vitro or “test-tube” births, where a woman with blocked Fallopian tubes has her own egg removed and surgically implanted in her uterus after it is fertilized in a petri dish. And unlike the test-tube method, the embryo-transfer procedure requires no surgery, Buster said. Falling jobless rate spurs talk of full employment WASHINGTON (AP) - Steadily improving U.S. civilian unemployment is reviving talk of an America where jobs would be plentiful and only those with little education or work skills would be left behind. President Reagan, applauding the decline in the national jobless rate to 8 percent in January, vowed late last week that “I’m not going to be satisfied until everyone who wants a job can find one.” But in his economic message to Congress two days earlier, Reagan acknowledged that his administration’s forecast of jobless rates through 1989 would miss the 4 percent unemployment goal stated in the Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1978. Economists in and out of government differ on the definition of “full employment” or “natural unemployment” — the point in the American economy at which every person who can reasonably be expected to hold a job actually has one. The full-employment act, named for Rep Augustus Hawkins, D-Calif , and the late Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, committed the government to achieving a civilian unemployment level of 4 percent by the end of 1983. That legislation assumed that most joblessness is caused by cyclical swings in the business cycle and that some unemployment will always exist because of structural problems — meaning a certain number of people are destined to unemployment because of the lack of skills. Although America’s joblessness has plunged dramatically since the depths of the 1981-82 recession, when the rata peaked at 10.7 percent in November 1982, some 9 million people remain officially unemployed. Under the Humphrey-Hawkins “full employment” concept, the ranks of the unemployment would total about 4.5 million and those remaining out of work would be the hard-core unskilled job-hunters. Reagan said the 4 percent unemployment goal “is also a high priority for this administration.” but he noted administration forecasts joblessness to fall no lower than 5.7 percent by 1989. Paul Cadillo, dr. Attorney at Law 352 Lands St. New Braunfels, Tx 78130 Off. (512) 629-5877 Res. (512) 629-2920 TAX RETURN PREPARATION Coapatlllvs Ratsf625-8897 Coleman, Dalrymple, Schuler & Elley CPA 405 S. Seguin Lebanese official offers to resign BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) — Prime Minister Shafik Wazzan said Saturday he is prepared to resign to pave the way for a National Salvation Cabinet to end the fighting between Moslem militiamen and the Lebanese army. Shiite Moslem militiamen drove army troops back from a fiercely contested entrance to Beirut on Saturday, and a Shiite leader called on Moslem Cabinet members to resign. Police said 58 people have been killed end 154 wounded in three days of fighting at a southern highway entrance to Beirut. Wazzan, a Moslem, told reporters he met with three Moslem members of his nine-member Cabinet and also had discussed the resignation of his Cabinet with President Amin Gemayel. Wazzan said he agreed on the “necessity for change and resignation” with the minister of electricity, Bahaeddin a1-Bissat, a Sunni Moslem, and Minister of Health Adnan Mrouwa and Minister of Commerce Ibrahim Halawai, both Shiites. “This stemmed from our conviction that all factions should inevitably participate in shouldering the responsibilities in the current grave situation to prevent further deterioration and to work for salvation,” Wazzan said in a statement to reporters. Fighting broke out at the Galerie Semaan entrance to Beirut on Thursday, and Christian, Shiite and Druse areas have been shelled. Fires burned out of control in many areas Saturday and police said thousands of people hid in basements and bomb shelters. A few hours before Wazzan issued his statement, Lebanon’s top Shiite Moslem militia commander called on the Moslem Cabinet ministers to resign and urged Moslems in the Lebanese army to lay down their arms. 'Crazy' murder suspect saved from crowd AMITE, La. (AP) - An ex-convict apected of killing a deputy, raping a en-ager and robbing a bank in a six-day mpage was hustled out of town “for his rn safety” after an angry crowd thered following his capture, police id. A two-day manhunt by 300 officers using oodhounds ended Friday with the arrest (rf Thomas Sparks Jr., 33, who was discovered in heavy underbrush in a rural area about 60 miles north of New Orleans. New Orleans police Detective Romallis Stukes described Sparks as “crazy and dangerous.” Sparks, released last April after 12 years in a federal penitentiary for bank robbery, was shot and slightly wounded in the capture, said Chuck Read, a spokesman for the Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff- While Sparks was being treated for the gunshot wound at Lallie-Kemp Charity Hospital in Independence, an angry crowd gathered outside. “We had to get a large number of deputies out there to get him from the hospital to the jail,” Reed said.REAL ESTATE CAREER? Weekend pre-licensing class will begin Feb. 18IN KERRVILLE! COMPLETE PROGRAM •Principles of Real Estate •Real Estate Finance Real Estate Marketing 'Real Estate MathCALL TODAY (512) 349-4279 (SAN ANTONIO) for licensing requirements A registration information of (Rea/    3hc. Texas Real Estate Commission Accredited ;