New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 1, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
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Leftists capture El
MERCEDES UMANA, El Salvador (AP) - Leftist guerrillas have claimed their biggest prize of the 39-month-old war, seizing the city of Berlin after two days of heavy fighting and bombing that witnesses said left the town in flaming ruins.
Forty civilians were killed in the battle for the coffee and sugar cane center, Red Cross spokesman Humberto Castellanos said late Monday.
Journalists coming out of Berlin reported seeing the corpses of two soldiers and said they saw at least three policemen taken prisoner. The Berlin garrison numbered about IOO government troops and police.
The guerrillas’ clandestine Radio Venceremos said 22 prisoners had been taken. The military offered no immediate comment on the fighting, the claims of prisoners or casualties.
Journalists who witnessed the attack gave this account:
Just before dusk Monday, government troops made what appeared to be their last stand in the
national police headquarters in downtown Berlin.
The rebels fired potshots at the building for an hour, and repeatedly ordered the garrison to surrender.
When no one left the barracks, rebels fired a powerful bazooka blast followed by a salvo of rocket-propelled grenades that set the building ablaze.
They seized several boxes of ammunition and new rifles that had been stored inside and declared total control over the city. Berlin, whose population normally is about 30,000, was largely in flames by that time and the journalists said the claim of control appeared justified at least temporarily.
They said the guerrillas vowed to stand and fight if the government tried to recapture Berlin.
Late Monday, about 500 of the 2,000 residents who were unable to flee the city when the fighting broke out were huddled into temporary structures set up by the Red and Green Cross.
Large white crosses were stretched out on the
street to prevent air force bombers from accidentally bombing civilian targets.
Until this week Berlin, about 70 miles east of the capital of San Salvador and seven miles south of here, was untouched by guerrillas in their war against the government.
In the attack that began at midnight Saturday, about 500 rebels overpowered less than IOO government forces, including national guardsmen, policemen and local members of the civil defense force.
The U.S.-supported government fought the guerrillas’ attack on Berlin with bombing runs that began before dawn Sunday and ended at about 3 p.m. EST Monday.
Many residents of Berlin fled to Mercedes Umana, where about 500 of them gathered in groups to talk over their ordeal. Some said at least six people were
See EL SALVADOR, Page 12Today's Weather
Comal County skies will be partly cloudy today, with cooler temperatures and winds out of the northwest at 10-20 miles per hour. Tonight will be mostly cloudy with wind shifting to the north, blowing colder at 15-20 mph. Wednesday will be partly cloudy and cooler than Tuesday.
President Reagan’s proposed 1984 budget had been on Capitol Hill less than 24 hours before legislators from both parties and both houses were proposing major revisions. The most popular theme so far: cut the major defense increases and delay or eliminate the tax cut. See Page 9.
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New Braunfels, Texas
Vol. 92 - No. 22 12 Pages
February 1,1983 25 cents
(USPS 377-880)Getting to the bottomChannel dredging popular attraction
By DEBBIE DeLOACH Staff writer
Some stop in cars and watch the clam bucket drop a few times. Others stand along the opposite channel bank and observe the methodical rhythm of the crane operator.
The bucket looks like a monster’s mouth, as it plunges into the channel, and grabs mud and silt between its teeth. The crane swings the bucket over to an awaiting dump truck, the bucket opens, the mud and silt drop, and the bucket plunges in for another bite.
Empty and loaded dump trucks, streaked on the side with drying mud and silt, come and go. Spectators watch the crane fill a truck or two, then go home. And with each load, there’s a little less muck in the channel between the main l,anda Park area and the peninsula w ith the circular drive.
Dredging was an unfamiliar subject to those in high places, before the present project. But not anymore...
“It’s incredible how much we’ve learned from just the little bit we’re doing,” Parks Director Court Thieleman said Monday. “Before we started this, we didn’t know what to expect. Now we know what equipment can and can’t go in that channel. We know how to get the muck out, how much support time the crane needs, etc. It was something we were going to learn about only by doing it.”
All that knowledge will come in handy later on, Thieleman said. “We still have a lake that will need dredging someday, not that it doesn’t already. Hopefully, we’ll be able to put some of our mistakes on this project to good use then. ”
More than 2,000 cubic yards of mud and silt have been removed from the main channel. Any improvement is hardly visible during the day, though, because the channel stays muddy from the dredging work.
“Some people have commented, Hey, we can’t tell any difference. Ya’U aren’t accomplishing a thing.’ But that’s not so,’’Thieleman said. “From the first drop of that clam bucket in the morning, to
See DREDGING, Page 12
shot to death as nationwide strike beginsT rucker
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
One truck driver was shot and killed as he drove along a North Carolina highway and another was wounded in the chest by a Utah sniper as violence and acts of sabotage in IO states marked the first day of a nationwide strike by independent truckers.
But the initial success of the protest against higher fuel taxes and user fees appeared limited Monday. Officials in many states reported nearnormal truck traffic, some drivers expressed more fear of militant strikers than any desire to stop work
themselves, and shippers reported no major problems moving their goods.
George Franklin Capps, 33, was shot and killed by a single rifle shot about 11:30 p.m. Monday just outside Newton, N.C., as he was driving a truck along U S. 701, said Sampson County sheriff’s deputy Gerald Tadlock.
Officers said bullets from a high-powered rifle struck two other trucks on U.S. 701 about nine miles away, knocking out the windshield on one vehicle. Their drivers were not hurt.
In Utah, truck driver Howard N. Adams, 45, of Riverside, Calif., was
listed in critical but stable condition today after he was shot in the chest as he unloaded his rig in Brigham City. Authorities said they were uncertain if the shooting was strike-related.
“We don’t even know where the shot came from or anything as yet,” said Police Chief J.N. Herbert. “In talking to the driver, he gave us no information that anyone was looking for him.”
State police in Pennsylvania and Michigan said two truckers suffered minor facial cuts when rocks or bricks were tossed through their windshields while they were rolling down in
terstates. Nails were spread on an Oregon highway.
Reports of violence came from Pennsylvania, Illinois, Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina, Utah, Oregon, West Virginia, Michigan and Tennessee. In Maryland, state police said an early report of a gunshot proved to be a tire blowout.
Although traffic was reported normal at some truck stops and weigh stations, others said activity had slowed to a crawl.
“It’s desolate around here,” said Jerry Thrailkill, shift manager at Music City Truck Stop in Nashville.
In Missouri, Highway Patrol spokesman Lt. Ralph Biele said highway traffic was down from IO percent to 60 percent.
But in Nebraska, night supervisor Ron Christiensen at Bosselinan Truck Plaza near Grand Island said, “We’ve done good business today. Every tiling seems to be rolling just fine.”
Mike Parkhurst, president of the Independent Truckers Association, which claims to represent about 30,000 of the nation’s 100,000 owner-operators, estimated that up to 70 percent of the independents were participating in the strike, based on a
sampling of trucker sentiment
But Transportation Secretary Drew l,ewis said the impact of the shutdown had not been as severe as was anticipated and estimated that only about 20 percent of the independent truckers were taking part.
The federal truck-use tax that has angered drivers doesn’t take effect until July 1985 The truckers also want a lid on state highway taxes, arollback of the new federal levies and a reconsideration of the 55 mph speed limit. A 5 cent-a-gallon boost in the federal gasoline tax takes effect in April.
Pfeuffer approves CISD plan to set up seven-member board
District Judge Robert Pfeuffer ruled Monday in favor of an April 1983 election, which will shrink the Comal Independent School District Board of Trustees.
“He (Pfeuffer) ruled favorably on our Quo Warranto petition, calling for an election in April, based on the structure we were shooting for,” CISD Supt. Edgar Willhelm said Tuesday.
The too-many-trustees dilemma started back in July of 1982, when CISD policies were reviewed by a staff attorney for the Texas Association of School Boards (TASB). The board presently has nine members, because
the original election process called for the consolidation of eight rural school districts and one at-large person. However, TASB “asked” CISD to reduce its board to seven members, in compliance with the Texas Education Code.
The board has pursued two avenues toward reducing its membership. Pfeuffer’s ruling represents the Quo Warranto proceeding, and sets up an April election on the following structure:
“The school district shall elect one trustee in
See CISD, Page 12
Bucks from bingo
County renews two percent tax after 'trial period'
From March through September of 1982, Comal County collected almost $5,000 in taxes from bingo games.
When fourth quarter receipts come in, however, it’s estimated that figure may jump to as much as $9,000, County Auditor Bate Bond noted Monday.
Hearing this, Commissioners Court reapproved a two percent tax on gross receipts from those organizations collecting more than $2,500 a month from bingo games. As allowed by law, the first $2,500 collected is tax exempt.
In January, 1982 the court first approved this two percent tax on a trial basis following a local election which legalized bingo in Comal County.
The state statute, which allows any political entity the authority to endorse a two percent tax on bingo receipts, was heartily approved by Texas voters in 1981.
County voters overwheimimngly approved the legalization of bingo in Comal County in the 1982 election which was made possible by the 1981 constitutional amendment.
Had the court not reinstated the tax, (which it did for an indefinite period of time), County Judge Fred Clark said the tax would have expired.
Commissioner J.L. “Jumbo” Evans made a special point of noting that the revenue generated by the bingo tax was a “tremendous amount smaller” than the money spent by the county each year on social services.
“Comnussioner Evans point is well
See BINGO, Page 12
Solms residents don't want jail
By JACQUELINE SMITH Staff writer
Comal County is in the beginning stages of looking for a place to build a new county jail.
But already opposition has arisen from citizens in Solms who don’t want it built in their area.
Officially the county has not discussed building a criminal justice facility, which would include a new jail, in that area, although the Sheriff’s Posse has offered the county an eight-acre tract east of IH 35 between the Rueckle and Solms Road overpasses.
Kenneth Fey, outgoing president of the posse, made the proposal to County Commissioner J.L. "Jumbo” Evans, who is the bason in jail negotiations for Commissioners Court and Sheriff Walter Fellers.
The eight acres being offered is part of a 25-acre tract on which the posse already has a building and practice arena, also used for the Comal County Youth Rodeo.
Approximately 40 Solms area residents, who oppose the posse’s recommendation, signed a
petition that was presented to Commissioners Court Monday.
Residents’ objections ranged from “fear for the safety of our wives and children,” to concern over the Solms water system.
“This being a residential area, we feel it is not a sutiable place for a correctional institution,” the petition reads.
They also expressed concern about future expansion of the jail facility if it were built in their area.
“The site being only eight acres, we are concerned about future expansion and possible eminent domain proceedings.’’ The petition went on to say that “already an electrical substation and several 100-foot wide, 138,000 volt lattice-work-tower easement have come through this area. ”
Residents also feared that the jail i if built on the eight acres) would be too close to “existing houses, right in the back yards of at least four V
They were also concerned that the “proposed jail
See JAIL, Page 12
Group wants jail kept downtown
County Judge Fred Clark has recommended to the county's 11-member jail site selection that it look for a tract of land between five and IO acres to allow for expansion of the facility.
“We might ultimately move our criminal justice system in part” to the new facility, Clark told the citizens committee, which is led by Elliot Knox.
This proposal would involve moving the district court, county court-at-law, and offices of the county attorney, district attorney and district clerk, Clark noted at the committee’s organizational meeting last week.
It is this proposal — moving most of the criminal justice offices out of the Courthouse, (in addition to the jail itself), which concerns the Downtown
See DOWNTOWNERS, Page 12
Stuff photo by John Sentet
Clad in scuba gear, New Braunfels Utilities employees Jimmy Williams (bottom) and David Hilton guide a new grate into place at the hydroelectric plant in Landa Park. The original grates, installed in 1926, had weakened and could have damaged the generator had they collapsed. Scuba gear was necessary to fasten the bottom of the grates, used to filter water going into the generator.
That's just grate
The New Braunfels Downtown Merchants Association is on the verge of getting involved in the county’s plans to construct a new criminal justice facility.
At their monthly breakfast meeting Tuesday, members of this organization expressed opposition to the county’s consideration of moving the current jail and administrative offices out of the downtown area.
Currently the county is looking for land on which to build a new criminal justice facility, which initially will include the county jail, Sheriff’s Office and Justice of the Peace Court.
Commissioners Court has also discussed the possibility of moving other Courthouse offices to the new facility — which is why they are referring to it as a criminal justice faciUty.