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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - December 19, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas ll iitllMllllll im HUH THAT DREADFUL.' Christmas uilt I VOO TFN TO (SWORE IT, BUT IT KEEPS COMING BACK I F*RINSTANCE, LIKE WHEN YOU ARE... ...Going christmas SHOPPING ,AND ENDING UP BUYING STUFF FOR VOURSELF. UlXilJILLLl I ll MI I ll ll ll IHM ll I Kl i ll 111111 ll) 11111 fiTHfT ism® smi§ ...NOT GIVING ANV MONEY TO THE SALVATION ARW santa, because YOU ONLY HAVE *2.95 TO LAST THE NEXT TISO WEEKS I ...GETTING A CHRISTMAS CARP FROM YOUR MORTGAGE COMPANY, WHILE THEY PROBABLY WON’T BE GETTING A JANUARY MORTGAGE PAYMENT FROM YOU OW. WELL... HAVE A MERRY CHRISTMAS ANV WAY I €>Qn. U&ahs Mailbag policy The Herald-Zettung welcomes the opinions of its readers, and we're happy to publish letters to the editor. While readers’ opinions on local issues generally are of more interest to other readers, we welcome letters on any topic — local, state, national or international — that the writer chooses to address. Content will not prevent publication unless the letter is Judged to be potentially libelous. Send your letter to: Mailbag, New Braunfels Herald-Zeltung, P.O. Drawer 361, New Braunfels Texas, 78131. Letters may also be hand delivered to the newspaper offices at 186 S. Caste!!. |Washington Today Texas is now finding itself vulnerable (o loss, see Lloyd Bentsen below Herald-Zeltung ■mons Dave Kramer, Editor and General Manager Sasaa Hair#, Managing EditorJames Kilpatrick It all depends on whose ox is gored WASHINGTON All kinds of poo pie are having conniption fits those days at President Reagan's “shop Ing” or “revolutionizing” the federal judiciary. If Walter Mondale had been elected President. I might be having conniption fits too So goes the bali game. At the last count. Reagan had named 223 judges to the district and cir cuit benches. Eighty-five slots are vacant. Before he goes out of office in 1989. Reagan will have nominated more than half of the 761 judges now authorized. In recent years only Franklin Roosevelt and Dwight Eisenhower have passed the 50 percent. No question about it, Reagan has sought to select nominees who qualify as conservatives. Overwhelmingly his choices are white, male, Republican and well-to-do — and in the judgment of the American Bar Association, most of them are highly qualified. He deliberately has reached for young candidates. “We want them around after we’re gone,” says White House counsel Fred Fielding. Among the choices, at the time of their appointment: Richard Posner, 7th Circuit, 43; Frank Easterbrook, 7th Circuit. 36; J. Harvie Wilkinson, 4th Circuit, 39; Edith Jones, 5th Circuit, 36. The controversial Alex Kozinski, who just won his confirmation to the 9th Circuit, is 34. That prospect of longevity gives me great comfort; it gives Norman Lear great pain. Lear has found something called “People for the American Way,” the better to oppose judicial nominees who do not think the American way, i.e., who do not think the way Norman Lear thinks. There’s tolerance for you. Other critics are yelping. Harvard Professor Alan Dershowitz says Reagan’s judicial agenda is “to set back civil liberties.” Professor Pete Rowland of the University of Kansas says “the fix is on — these guys are very politicalized.” The liberals who run the Alliance for Justice and the American Civil Liberties Union are filled with gloom and consternation. Alas for Common Cause! Let us be honest about these things:    “Most presidents name justices who, they think, will vote the way they would vote,” Justice William O. Douglas once observed. “That is what I would do if I were I president.” Reagan is following precisely the same course pursued in other years and other administrations by George Washington, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, Lyndon Johnson and Jimmy Carter. Look at the record. In his first term, Reagan named 68 district judges of whom 97.1 percent were Republicans. Carter’s 202 judges were 94.1 percent Democrats, Jonhson's 122 choices were 94.3 percent Democrats. The percentages are not significantly different. Carter picked such reliable liberals as Abner Mikva and Patricia Wald for the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia; Reagan has chosen such staunch conservatives as Robert Bork and Antonin Scalia. This is the way the system is supposed to work. in greater or lesser degree, every president has sought to influence the ideological tilt of the federal courts. Some presidents have gravely disappointed: Eisenhower named Earl Warren and William Brennan to the Supreme Court, and lived to rue his nominations as the dumbest thing he ever did. Richard Nixon chose Harry Blackmun, and Blackmun wrote for the high court in the great pro-abortion case on 1973. You can’t win ’em all. Guest viewpoint Permanent Fund a boon ly IMM MAIM Tmh Land OtaaiiiiiMr When the authors of the Texas Con- Lloyd Bentsen Texas has found itself increasingly vulnerable to losses Texas The quintessential Sunbelt State Robust, booming, seemingly indifferent to the surges and whirlpools of world economies and commerce This larger-than-life image of Texas’ invincibility has inspired entrepreneurs and writers at least since oil was found at Spmdletop But as the nature of world commerce has changed from free trade to managed trade. Texas had found itself increasingly vulnerable to loss — of jobs, purchasing power and state revenues In the past four years or so, our image has taken some hard knocks, particularly in the export sensitive areas of energy, agriculture and high technology Texas has lost 120,UUU industrial jobs since April 1981, which has reduced the purchasing power of all Texans by $2 6 billion, according to a study two economists at Southern Methodist University did for a Congressional committee. Purchasing power has been diminished by close to $1 n billion more because of farm export losses The SMU study, which I recently as vice-chairman of the Joint Economic Subcommittee on Economic Goals, documents how declining oil prices, an overvalued dollar and unfair foreign trade practices are taking their toll on the Texas economy. For example, the sharp drop in oil prices in 1981, just as new countries were climbing onto the oil-production bandwagon, has a severe impact on Texas. The world oil glut in the years since has slammed the brakes on drilling activity. The demand for Texas oil field equipment has plummeted Some 26,000 jobs have disappeared in our oil country tubular goods industry alone. And as exports have dropped, im ports have increased. Foreign pipe had some IO percent of the U.S. market in 1975, but today some 70 percent of the drilling pipe used in the U.S. is imported. Between 1980 and 1984 , 23 Texas refineries closed as imports of cheaper foreign gasoline increased. In high technology, Texas semiconductor producers have suffered from the overvalued dollar and the predatory pricing tactics of Japanese competitors to the point that, in the Dallas area alone, 6,800 semiconductor workers have been laid off since the first of this year. The unfair trade practices of LISI EN, TONN, THE REASON I CALLEO IS THAT WE'RE rn/IMO OUT OE WALDEN NEK J WEEK ANO WE'VE PEEPED TO HAVE A FAREWBU-REUNION I ry ■*» SINCE TOUCAN AFFORD IT NOW, J. J. ANO I WERE HOPING WO BE ABLE TD FLT UP ANO JOIN US FOR THE FESTIVITIES1 I WOULDN'T MISFIT, MIRET TPS A LOMEO/ 5ESTURB TO ASK ME un, & ft FRIENDS    J foreign governments and the deficit-bloated dollar has affected farm export prices so greatly that between 1981 and 1983 there was a plunge in the real value of Texas farm exports of 48 percent for cotton, 32 percent for wheat and 45 percent for feed grains. These blows to three major Texas industries have not only reduced our individual purchasing power substantially, but they also have cut into our states’ treasury. Estimates are that for every $1 drop in the price of oil, for example, Texas loses HOO million in severance and sales taxes. But Texans are tough competitors in the world marketplace, and have been for decades. I agree with authors of this study that we can overcome these problems of we are allowed to compete on a level playing field. That is why I have introduced and worked hard for several measures to bring down unfair foreign trade barriers, and to relieve pressure on the dollar by reducing the federal budget deficit. The United States must establish an effective trade policy, a good energy policy and a workable farm policy. stitution turned to the issue of public education, Texas was a money-poor but land-rich state. So to pay for the schoolchildren's education, certain lands were to be set aside to provide a trust fund for Texas schoolchildren — the Permanent School Fund. Thanks to the foresight of the founding fathers of Texas the state distributed $417 million last year among Texas’ school districts, or $145 per pupil for basic education purposes. As a result of legislation in Congress, public education in Texas will once again be enriched by nearly a billion dollars. In 1978 Congress returned to Texas an interest in gulf lands by granting Texas a “fair and equitable” share of the revenues from Outer Continental Shelf lands Under legislation approved by Congress, Texas would receive a lump sum award of $456.37 million — Texas’ share of those incomes. Of that figure, $296,865,027 would go into the Permanent School Fund to swell the endowment fund for Texas schoolchildren to $5 billion. The Permanent School Fund currently stands at $4.7 billion. About $200 million would go to the Available School Fund during the 1986 87 state biennium. That means that there will be an additional $200 million available to run state government. In this manner, the General Land Office is looking after its constitutional duty of overseeing the growth of the Permanent School Fund, while providing a partial solution to the state's current fiscal crisis. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the New Braunfels Herald Zeitung