New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - December 11, 1996, New Braunfels, Texas
Herald-Zeitung g Wednesday, December 11,1996 g 9AClinton advisers split over leadership of economic council
By TOM RAUM
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON — As he turns to completing his second-term economic team, President Clinton faces a difficult decision on his prized National Economic Council: Should it be a one-headed or two-headed beast?
His advisers are deeply divided The outcome will have a strong bearing on how Ginton conducts economic policy in his second tom.
1 Clinton created the council as one of his
first acts in office in January 1993 to parallel the nearly 50-year-old National Security Council.
He said in his 1992 campaign it would be his principal instrument for fulfilling his promise to make the economy his top priority.
But the council, which got off to a good start under Robert Rubin — now Treasury secretary — has had some rocky times over its four-year history.
Now Clinton reportedly is weighing splitting its leadership into economic and
international spheres, according to aides who spoke on the condition of anonymity.
The notion has the support of Rubin, but is generally getting negative reviews elsewhere, both inside and outside the White House.
“Not speaking to the particular people, I think it’s very hard for any institution, any organization, to work effectively with divided leadership,” said economist Robert Shapiro of the Progressive Policy Institute, a moderate Democratic research group with close ties to Clinton.
The current chief, Laura Tyson, is
returning to California, where she was an economist at the University of California, Berkeley before joining the administration.
Specifically, Clinton is said to be considering splitting the job between deputies Gene Sperling and Daniel Turullo.
That would be driven, in large part, by a desire by Clinton to reward Sperling — one of his hardest working staffers and his top 1992 economic aide.
However, Sperling, 38, generally lacks the seasoning and experience of either Rubin or Tyson — and has had little practical
experience in either management or international relations.
Turullo was economic assistant secretary of state and has been dealing with international issues since taking the deputy's job last February.
“Ifs a bad idea,” said LM. Destler, director for the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland, and author of a book on the NEC.
“One of the key purposes for the council was to connect domestic and international economic policy.”
Federal government plans regulations to prevent repetitive stress injuries
By CASSANDRA BURRELL
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON — Labor officials on regular inspections will begin checking workplaces for conditions that lead to repetitive stress injuries — the fastest growing job-related impairments, Labor Secretary Robert Reich says.
The government also is moving ahead with new regulations to prevent the injuries now that it has been freed from congressional restraints, Reich said Tuesday.
uHere we have a great deal of evidence, mounting evidence, that a problem exists,” he told reporters. “It is not fair to the American worker, to the hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of people exposed to repetitive stress injuries every day at the work place, to deny them the opportunity for the full airing of the issues, the data and the possible range of solutions.”
Provisions that Congress included in the 1995 and 1996 spending bills prevented the Labor Department from developing the new standards. But pressure from the Clinton administration kept those provisions out of the current budget, Reich said.
Repetitive motion injuries comprise more than IOO different types of job-related injuries and illnesses that result from wear and tear on the body, with some so crippling they require surgery, the department says.
The most common causes of injury are assembly-line speedups,
repetitive and heavy lifting, and long hours spent typing at keyboards, Reich said.
The government has brought about 400 cases to court since 1985, and all but two have been settled out of court, said Joseph A. Dear, assistant labor secretary.
In a verdict made public Monday, a federal jury in New York City ordered Digital Equipment Co. to pay nearly $6 million to three women who blamed keyboards for disabling arm and wrist injuries. It was the first time a computer maker has been found liable in such a case.
Reich and Dear couldn’t say when die new regulations would be ready, but they said resistance from business groups could slow the process.
Until then, the government will continue to enforce a statute requiring employers to maintain workplaces free of recognized hazards, they said. Last year, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration performed about 24,000 inspections, either regularly scheduled or in response to complaints.
“It is in the interests of businesses to prevent these injuries,” Reich said.
The secretary added that work on die regulations will continue after he leaves the Ginton administration in January.
The National Coalition of Ergonomics, a coalition of business groups, said any new regulations would be based on “unsound” assumptions.
TODAY'S CROSSWORD PUZZLE
1 Group of actors 5 Expensive 10 One in the woods?
14 Reed instrument
15 Mellow fruits
19 Actress Deborah —
23 Old soldier
24 Be victorious
25 Left Bank city 28 Lennon s wife 31 Eats to lose
36 Geronimo was one
38 Motorist’s org
39 How people act on Oct. 31
42 Wing of building
47 St. Louis hrs
48 Artist’s plaster
49 Sweet potato
51 Cure hides
56 Lawn game
61 Any old way
63 Poker stake
64 Fencing swords
65 Actor — Perry
67 Put back to zero ’
1 ‘The Georgia Peach"
2 Busy as —
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6 Greenish blue
7 Water, in Quebec
8 Units of energy
9 Old-fashioned exclamation
10 Beach wear
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12 Actress Gertrude —
13 “I’m all —I"
designer St. Laurent 22 Home movie
25 Sits for an artist
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O 1996. United Feature Syndicate
concerns 30 Eight voices
36 Quiet — mouse
40 Ostriches' kin
41 Forks and spoons
46 Wildcats 48 Profit 50 Yard tool
51 Romantic appointment
54 Feeling ones —
55 Ready to eat
56 Go on the lam
58 Actress Sommer
59 Looks at
62 Guitarist Paul
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