New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - December 10, 1996, New Braunfels, Texas
Herald-Zeitung □ Tuesday, December 10, 1996 Q 3
Iraq exports oil for first time since war
KIRKUK, Iraq (AP) — Saddam Hussein switched on the pipeline today to carry oil from this northern Iraqi city to Turkey’s Mediterranean coast, signaling Iraq’s freedom to resume limited oil exports for the first time since 1990.
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali gave the go-ahead Monday that would allow Iraq to sell $2 billion worth of oil for six months to buy food and medicine for its people suffering from more than six years of crippling international sanctions.
The official Iraqi News Agency, in a four-line report from Kirkuk, said Saddam switched on the pipeline at 11:25 a.m. local time (3:25 a.m. EST), “declaring the return of Iraqi oil to world markets.”
Saddam’s plans to travel to Kirkuk, about 150 miles north of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, had not been announced in advance.
Earlier today, Iraqi Oil Minister Gen. Amir Mohammed Rashid arrived in Kirkuk for a ceremony marking the occasion.
He declared that Iraq will favor Turkey in oil contracts, but gave no details. Exports from Iraq’s Mina al Bakr on the Gulf were expected to start on Friday or Saturday, he said.
In Baghdad, the Iraqi capital, newspapers devoted most of their front pages to news of the oil-for-food deal, saying it constituted the first crack in the crippling U.N. sanctions imposed on the country following its 1990 invasion of Kuwait.
World, National Briefs
We know him. We know him well. Every other time that he’s entered into any agreement he’s tried to find a way out.’— Deputy U N. Ambassador Edward Gnehm
“Yes to Saddam Hussein, who broke the sanctions and set Iraq’s oil free,” declared the government daily al-Jumhjjriya.
Iraqis poured into the streets Monday night on hearing news of the U.N. green light for the oil-for-food deal, dancing, singing and firing shots into the air in jubilation.
In New York, U.N. officials said about 260 companies from 25 countries officially have expressed interest in bidding for Iraqi contacts.
Rashid, the Iraqi oil minister, said today he had submitted two oil contracts Monday night to the United Nations for approval. He gave no details.
U.S. analysts have said world demand is believed to be strong enough to support the extra
580,000 or so barrels that Iraq would ship per day. The amount is a fraction of the 72 million barrels the world uses daily or the 17.5 million barrels that U.S. consumers demand.
Before the invasion of Kuwait that triggered the
1991 Persian Gulfwar, Iraq exported more than 3 million barrels per day. At current world prices, Baghdad would be allowed to export about
580,000 barrels a day.
Iraq cannot resume unlimited exports until the U.N. Security Council is satisfied that Iraq has dismantled programs to develop long-range missiles and weapons of mass destruction.
Deputy U.N. Ambassador Edward Gnehm said Monday that the U.N. oil-for-food resolution was designed “for a cheater.”
“We know him. We know him well,” Gnehm said, referring to Saddam. “Every other time that he’s entered into any agreement he's tried to find a way out.”
About 150 U.N. inspectors will make sure humanitarian supplies are distributed equitably. In addition, 14 U.N. inspectors will monitor the flow of Iraqi oil through a pipeline metering station on the Iraq-Turkey border and at seaports in Turkey and the Iraqi gulf port of Mina al-Bakr.
Iraq long had refused to accept the oil-for-food plan, saying it infringed on national sovereignty. It finally accepted the offer in May.
Implementation had been delayed by technical issues, debate over interpretation of the plan, and Iraq’s military moves in the north in support of one Kurdish faction against an Iranian-backed rival group.
Christ ophf MMI Russian concerns about NATO
BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) — Secretary of State Warren Christopher today assured a nervous Russia that nuclear weapons would not be deployed in Eastern and Central Europe if NATO proceeds with an eastward expansion.
He offered the assurance in his 10th and final speech to the North Atlantic Council. Christopher is retiring next month.
“We are declaring that in today's Europe, NATO has no intention, no plan and no need to station nuclear weapons on the territory of any new members,” Christopher said.
And, he added, “We are affirming that no NATO nuclear forces are presently on alert.”
He offered the assurances as the 16 NATO foreign ministers got set to announce a summit meeting in July to expand the alliance with at least three Central and East European countries, probably in 1999.
F|U offers $500,000 reward
in funt I or Oivmoic hnnihar
ATLANTA (AP) — Concertgoers may have prevented more deaths in the Olympic Park bombing when they accidentally knocked over the knapsack that contained the pipe bomb, sending the brunt of the blast upward.
The 40-pound bomb was designed to kill more than the one person slain in the July 27 explosion, FBI Deputy Director Weldon Kennedy said Monday as the agency asked the public for help in the investigation.
The FBI offered a $500,000 reward for information, photos or videos Unit help identify the bomber. And for the first time the agency played a tape of the 911 warning call, hoping someone might recognize the deep, slow voice of a man who said: “There is a bomb in Centennial Park. You have 30 minutes.” A transcript of the call had been released previously.
Meanwhile, Richard Jewell, the former security guard cleared as a suspect, reached an undisclosed cash settlement Monday with NBC over his claim that news anchor Tom Brokaw had implied Jewell was guilty. NBC said it agreed to the settlement to protect confidential sources.
The explosion during an early morning concert killed one woman and injured more than IOO other people. A TV cameraman died of a heart attack rushing to the scene.
A group of young conccrt-gocrs apparently knocked over the military-style knapsack that was under a bench, preventing a deadlier explosion, Kennedy said at a news conference. He declined to identify them or say how long before the blast they accidentally knocked over the bag.
Teen-age couple indicted In elavina of eon
WILMINGTON, Del. (AP) — The indictment of a teen-age couple in the slaying of their newborn son gives a jury the option of convicting them on a charge that does not carry a death sentence.
A grand jury handed down an indictment Monday that charges Brian C. Peterson Jr. and Amy Grossberg, both 18, with first-degree murder or intentional homicide, a death penalty offense.
But the grand jury also returned a lesser charge of first-degree murder by abuse or neglect, which carries a maximum sentence of life without parole.
Even before the teens were arrested last month, prosecutors said they would seek the death penalty, a
remark that prompted critics to say the state was rushing to judgment.
Ms. Grossberg gave birth to the 6-pound, 2-ounce baby in a Newark motel last month.
Police later discovered the baby in the motel’s trash bin, wrapped in plastic.
Gulf War illness needs more study, researcher says
NEW YORK (AP) — A 1994 government study discounting links between chemical weapons and illnesses reported by some Gulf War veterans might have to be revised in light of new evidence, its author told The New York Times.
The government announced earlier this year that in March 1991, shortly after the war’s end, Army engineers blew up an Iraqi ammunition depot containing chemical weapons, possibly exposing thousands of soldiers to nerve gas.
Joshua Lederberg, the Nobel Prizewinning geneticist and former Rockefeller University president who , led the Pentagon study, said the Defense Department had not told him about the explosion.
In an interview published today in the Times, Lederberg called for an intensified effort to determine whether low doses of nerve gas could cause long-term illnesses.
His remarks raise questions about a study the Pentagon had cited for more than two years in insisting there was no evidence U.S. troops had been sickened by or even exposed to Iraqi nerve gas or other chemical weapons during the war.
Since the war, many veterans have reported serious ailments, including chronic digestive problems, joint pain And fatigue.
Gridlock tams title for Los Angeles for eighth year
COLLEGE STATION, Texas (AP) — Los Angeles has been named the nation’s most gridlocked city for the eighth straight year.
In its annual report, the Texas Transportation Institute at Texas A&M University uses a statistic called the Roadway Congestion Index, based on the number of miles drivers travel on freeways and principal streets.
Computations using the formula show Los Angeles with a congestion index of 1.54, followed by Washington, D.C. (1.41), San Francisco (1.33), Miami (1.32) and Chicago (1.26).
The latest ranking uses data gathered in 1993.
In the 50 urban areas studied, researchers put the cost of travel delay and excess fuel consumption at $51 billion, up 6 percent from the last study.
U.S., China to maintain high-level defense contacts
WASHINGTON (AP) — High-level defense contacts between the United States and China will continue and American warships will keep visiting Hong Kong after China regains sovereignty over the British colony, Pentagon officials say.
Defense Secretary William Perry and Chinese Defense Minister Chi Haotian made progress on a range of such military contacts during sessions at the Pentagon on Monday, officials said.
But Perry warned China that continued weapons sales to Iran could backfire if conflict erupts in the region, which China is relying on more and more for oil, said a senior defense official.
The official said Gen. Chi Haotian replied he would “consider the point” but maintained reports of the sales had been exaggerated.
Drought takes its toll on state’s Christmas trees
By STEFANI Q. KOPENEC
Associated Press Writer
DALLAS — Otto Schroeder closed the doors at his choose-and-cut Christmas tree farm early this year when all he had left were drought-stunted 4 1/2- to 5-foot-tall trees.
“We have to save these trees for next year in hopes that we’ll have the (tall) trees we’re looking for,” he said, explaining that 7 feet is the usual top height for his Virginia pines dotting 20 acres southwest of Dallas.
While a sizable crop of trees planted several years before the drought is available this year, many, like Schroeder’s, are shorter than expected, said Lanny Dreesen, a forester with the Texas Agricultural Extension Service in Conroe.
And officials say the drought could cause more dirp effects three to five years down the road, when the seedlings th&t were planted in January should be ready for harvest.
“If we put seedlings out, and we
do not have rain, and we don’t have irrigation, the roots are very shallow on the young tree and a drought can cost a grower all of those seedlings.” said Jim Wilson, executive director the Fort Worth-based Texas Christmas Tree Growers Association.
Schroeder says he’ll look for some help from on high for a better grow ing season next year
“We’ll do a whole lot of praying in hopes the spring rains come, and we get the growth we're looking for," he said.
Dreesen predicts Texas growers will sell between 250,000 and 300,000 trees this year, roughly IO percent of all the Christmas trees sold in the state.
That’s down slightly from last season.
"This year we’re hedging it a little bit, maybe due to the drought." he said.
Ninety-five percent of the tree farms in Texas are ehoose-and-cut operations in which people select their favorite live tree, cut it down and haul it home.
TODAY'S CROSSWORD PUZZLE
1 Ballroom dance 6 Big party 10 Fine steed
14 Hunter constellation
15 Mine, to mademoiselle
17 Anwar —
18 Alps and Rockies
20 Vale grad
21 Crime-show initials
23 J.R.’s town
24 “The Switch- —" Hank Ballard song
30 Uses a beeper
35 Singer James
37 Attorney’s field
39 Go in
41 Ruler of Venice
42 Pressure unit abbr
43 Alberta tribe
44 In good repair 46 Real bargain 48 Athletic contest 50 — and robbers
53 Undertake 56 Exam
57 Vote in favor
60 Get strict
62 Wed secretly
64 Tmy insect
65 Song in an opera
66 Bright star in 14-Across
67 Eve s garden
1 Many-petaled flower
2 Russian river
3 Longish skirt
5 Giant red star
6 Furniture material
7 “Famous’’ cookie makor
8 Old French coin
9 Certain Indian native
10 Flowering shrub
11 Muddy the waters
12 Visitor to Siam
13 Mrs Truman
19 — Bay
22 More luxurious
24 What George couldn't tell
25 Give a party for
26 Encloses in
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© 1996 United Feature Syndicate
27 Bank job
28 Rock 'n' roll classic
29 — maid
31 The earth
32 Bird of prey
33 Like sugar 36 Cease-fires
43 Walk noisily 45 Ice Capades members 47 Shrewdness
49 Sports complexes
53 Highest point
57 Baseballs Berra
58 Fencer s weapon
61 Type of natural resource
First witness in Simpson defense says he did it
SANTA MONICA, Calif. (AP) — The first witness for O.J. Simpson thinks he did it.
“I believe your client is guilty of murder,” retired Detective Philip Vannatter told Simpson lawyer Robert Baker on Monday.
Called to kick off the defense case in the wrongful death trial, Vannatter startled the court with his outburst after being asked if he was spending his time “denouncing” Simpson on TV news shows.
“That’s as much of a denouncement as you can get. isn’t it?” Baker asked snidely.
“That’s what the evidence indicates to me,” said Vannatter, who returns today for cross-examination by the plaintiffs.
He was to be followed by criminalists Andrea Mazzola and Greg Matheson, police nurse
Thane Peratis and Vannatter’s former partner Tom Lange.
In a surprise move, the defense tentatively eliminated from its list one of Simpson’s favorite targets, criminalist Dennis Fung. During the criminal trial, the defense accused him of sloppiness while he collected evidence.
Vannatter’s pronouncement was the only new' wrinkle to his testimony. The rest of his nearly daylong testimony was dedicated to a third-time telling of his actions at the crime scene and at Simpson’s house, and defending his decision to enter Simpson’s property without a search warrant.
Vannatter, who the defense has suggested w as part of a w ideranging conspiracy to frame Simpson, faced the same questions at a preliminary hearing and the criminal trial
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