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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - December 4, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas Herald Zeftung, New Braunfels,Texas Wednesday, December 4,1985 Page BALendon Gilpin The rains that we have experienced this past week should be a reminder to all of us of the effect that soils have on our lives and also how that effect can be Influenced by the way in which we treat the soil. The majority of the soils in Comal County are slowly, or moderately slowly permeable to rainfall . In fact, 87 percent of the land area of the county of made up of soils that have intake rate of 6 of an inch of water per hour or less. Included are 9 percent of soils inThe way soil is handled is important the county which take in less than .06 of an inch per hour, and ll percent classed as rock outcroppings which are lmprevious to water. Only I percent of all soils In Comal County will absorb more than 2 inches of rainfall in an hour. Land slope has a profound effect on runoff. Studies have shown that while slopes do not have much effect on the total amount of runoff produced by a storm, they do have a major effect on the rate at which the water is discharged froma watershed. Consider a 24 hour rainfall total of 4 inches falling on a 50 acre watershed which is composed of a slowly permeable soil having a good grass cover. A slope of 3 percent would generate 82 cubic feet per second of runoff, whereas a slope of 8 percent would generate 130 cubic feet per second runoff .23 percent of Comal County is classified as having steep slopes that is greater than 8 percent. Another 57 percent is considered to have moderate slopes Moderate slopes range between 3 and 8 percent Ground cover can influence the rate of runoff even more than slope by slowing down the movement of water and increasing its time of concentration in the watershed A 4-inch. 24 hour rain falling on a moderately sloping 50 acre watershed would generate 134 cubic feet per second of runoff with a poor grass cover as opposed to 82 cfs of runoff if the grass cover was good Ground cover influences the SVHS gets new VOE program A new Vocational Office Education Program is now in full swing at Smithson Valley High School. Designed to allow students to work in area offices and receive training in all forms of office occupations, the program is for students who are interested in working a minimum of 15 hours per week. It’s the first program of its kind at Smithson Valley, and is identical to the one that has been in place at Canyon High School Both schools are in the Comal ISI) Students in the VOE class are trained in all basic entry-level office procedures, including proper use of the telephone, typing, word process ing and filing Some students are also taking classes in record-keeping, accounting and shorthand. "We have a wide range of skills to offer employers,” said Karen Garland, who teaches the new class “I think it s going to be a good pro gram ” Garland taught a VOE class in Hays County for seven years before coming to Smithson Valley. /‘I want to build up a pool of employees.” she said, explaining that more students will be coming into the program at mid-term. She has a lot of students who are interested in going to business college who are us ing the new program as an avenue to decide which area they like best, ‘‘I’m real sold on the program,” Garland said She added the community has been very receptive to the new program, but more quality training stations are needed for student employment. Any business person interested in hiring a VOE student to work parttime may contact Garland at 885-7273 Top ten. amount of runoff as well as the rate of runoff Roots and litter maintain the infiltration capacity of the soil, thereby allowing more moisture to enter the ground Some of the moisture is retained on vegetation and is not included in initial runoff Through the process of transpire tion, vegetation reduces the amount of water held in the soil from previous rains This allows greater initial moisture infiltration during subsequent rains Conservation practices have a definite impact on the rate and amount of runoff produced on a watershed Such practices as proper grazing use. regular grazing deferments, brush control, and range seeding will increase the amount of ground cover and the composition of mid and tall grasses in the plant community. Plowing on the contour and con- .© structing terraces effectively reduces slope These practices also create small reservoirs which trap water and withhold it from the initial runoff ; event. Grassed waterways constructed in natural drainage courses of fields reduce the amount and rate of runoff. Erosion is also reduced by reducing runoff velocity The Comal and Hays County Soil Survey and the Guadalupe County Soil Survey contain valuable information on soil characteristics that influence runoff They can be obtained from any of the local Soil Conservation Service field offices. Soil Conservation Service personnel arelso available to help you plan conservation practices that will reduce runoff and erosion In New Braunfels, we are located at 358-C Landa Street and can be reached by phone at 625-5611 .o New logo A new logo has been created for Smithson Valley High School. Darrell Lehmann, left, drew the design and Lily Gonzales painted the sign, which will be placed in the gymnasium. The project was initiated by the Athletic Booster Club. * NOW OPEN* TAMRIC Sales and Service 273 S. Seguin Installation of Central Vacuums Sell and repair Floor Buffers and all brands of vacuums Phone 625-2844 * it i? I i i? if if I Best selling records of the week based on Cashbox magazine's nationwide survey: I. "Separate Lives,” Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin 2 “We Built This City,” Starship 3 "You Belong To the City,” Glenn Prey 4 ‘ Broken Wings ” Mr Mister 5. "Miami Vice,” Theme, Jan Hammer 6. "Head Over Heels," Tears For Fears 7. "Never,” Heart 8. “Who's Zoomin’ Who," Aretha Franklin 9. "Lay Your Hands On Me." The Thompson Twins IO “Be Near Me,” ABC Country-western 1. "Too Much On My Heart,” The Slatier Brothers 2. "I Don't Mind the Thorns (If Vou’re the Rose)," Lee Greenwood 3. "Lie To You For Your Love," rhe Bellamy Brothers 4. “Nobody Falls Like A Fool," Karl Thomas Conley 5. “I’ll Never Stop Loving You,” Glary Morris 6 “The Chair," George Strait 7. 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