New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - August 29, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas
Most produce shows pesticide residue, but levels are low
WASHINGTON (AP) — Seven out of 10 produce samples tested by the Agriculture Department in 1993 had traces of pesticides, but the government says the amounts are too small to cause worry.
For apples the amount was even higher — 97 percent had pesticide residues.
The department gathers the data so regulators can figure out what really turns up in food and limit pesticide use accordingly. The figures will become more important as the government looks for a way to set levels that consider the eating habits and growing bodies of infants and children. The report noted that the residues in a dozen popular fresh fruits and vegetables were far below the legal limits set by the Environmental Protection. Agency. It also noted that illegal fesidues were found in only 1.5 percent of the 7,328 samples. Fifty-eight different pesticides were detected.
Many samples of other fruits and vegetables showed no pesticide traces at all. Three-quarters of the broccoli samples and nearly half the lettuce had no detectable residues.
“These data reinforce the fact that the nation’s food supply is one of the safest in the world,” said Lon Hatamiya, administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service, the USDA agency that did the study.
Critics, however, said it’s wrong to make safety judgments based on current tolerances — the level of pesticide residues determined by the EPA to be safe. And, they said, the gov
ernment’s approach of regulating each pesticide individually fails to recognize the combined effect of different chemical compounds on one piece of produce.
In 1993, the department tested fresh apples, bananas, broccoli, celery, carrots, green beans, grapefruit, grapes, lettuce, oranges, peaches and potatoes. The apples were washed and cored, the bananas were peeled and the other samples also were prepared as if ready to cook or serve.
The scientists, using equipment that can find even the tiniest amount of pesticide, discovered 10,329 residues, meaning some fruits and vegetables had more than one residue.
Apples, the most popular fruit, had the highest number of residue detections; 97 percent of the 654 samples had residues. Celery followed, at 93 percent, and peaches had residue in 91 percent of samples.
The percentages then dropped, to 79 percent for oranges and potatoes, 75 percent for grapes and 72 percent for grapefruit. They were followed by green beans, 66 percent; carrots, 65 percent; bananas, 61 percent; lettuce, 51 percent; and broccoli, 25 percent.
The amounts detected were extremely small, however. Thiabendazole, a fungicide, was found on 62 percent of the apples. The EPA allows a residue of 7.6 parts per million. Nearly all the thiabendazole residues were at 11 percent of that allowed level or lower.
Texans open their wallets to Gramm
WASHINGTON (AP) — Forty-five cents out of every dollar donated by individual contributors to the presidential campaign of Republican Phil Gramm has come from Texas.
While Texans are providing much of the financial muscle for their favorite son’s bid for the GOP nomination, the Texas senator’s base of support stretches well beyond the Lone Star state.
Of the $8.7 million raised by Gramm during the first six months of the year from individual contributors giving $200 or more, $3.9 million came from Texans, according to a computer-assist
ed analysis of Federal Election Commission records.
Florida, Georgia (where Gramm was raised and spent his early adulthood) and California also figure prominently on the conservative lawmaker’s bandwagon.
“We’ve gotten contributions from all 50 states,” campaign spokesman Gary (Coops said Monday. “Every day we continue to expand our grass-roots organization, both in terms of people who want to volunteer as well as people who want to contribute.”
Gramm’s reliance on his home state
for campaign dollars is shared by many other aspirants to the GOP nomination — with the notable exception of Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole of Kansas, who generated less than 7 percent of his $9.1 million in individual contributions through mid-year from Kansas. New York, California, Florida and Ohio all rank higher on Dole’s contributor totals.
Former Tennessee Gov. Lamar Alexander and California Gov. Pete Wilson tapped their home state donors’ pockets for 54 percent of the $7.1 million and $3.6 million they received
respectively in individual contributions between Jan. I and June 30. Wilson formally entered the presidential race on Monday.
Sens. Dick Lugar and Arlen Specter likewise have found their home states of Indiana and Pennsylvania, respectively, to be most receptive to their fund-raising requests.
Seventy-three percent of Lugar’s total $2.1 million in individual contributions and 56 percent of Specter’s $1.3 million came from their constituents.
Gunslinger’s remains at center of disputeTexas Today
Missing Woman Found In Her Trunk Three Days After Car Impounded
GALVESTON, Texas (AP) — IRS worker Dianne James was last heard from Aug. 20 when she spoke to her mother on the telephone. The next day, she didn’t show up at work and was reported missing to Austin police.
Last Friday, police in Galveston found a valuable piece of evidence regarding Ms. James’ disappearance when they discovered her car.
On Monday, a decomposing body believed to be Ms. James was finally discovered — in the trunk of her car, which was opened only when police tried figuring out what was causing a stench at a Sheriffs Department garage.
“All indications are that it’s her," an Austin police spokeswoman said.
An autopsy was to be conducted this morning at the Galveston County medical examiner’s office. The death is being investigated as a homicide, Police Capt. Leo Singleton said.
Stat* Review Ordered After Unsafe Drinking Water Found At State Park
GALVESTON, Texas (AP) — It’s going to be rougher than usual for those who chose to “rough it" at Galveston Island State Park over Labor Day weekend.
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There will be no water for drinking, showering or flushing toilets at the park following the discovery last weekend that the park’s water tested positive for the coliform bacteria, which is found in fecal matter.
The presence of coliform bacteria is a sign of the presence of E. coli, although that dangerous bacteria has yet to be found. The water has been turned off since Saturday as a precaution.
The bacteria can cause many diseases, including typhoid, hepatitis and dysentery. It can infect people through drinking or washing in contaminated water.
Although the water is off, the park will remain open for the holiday weekend. Park workers and signs in three
EL PASO, Texas (AP) — In death as in life, John Wesley Hardin is still embroiled in conflict.
The notorious gunslinger’s remains have become the center of a legal fight between descendants who want Hardin’s grave relocated and a local historic group that won’t give him up.
“We just hope that there aren’t many, if any, casualties in this,” Donald Hoffman, a spokesman for Hardin’s descendants, said Monday. “The family is very upset that (the dispute) is happening.”
The descendants want to relocate Hardin’s remains to Nixon, Texas, a small town east of San Antonio where he lived briefly and where his first wife, Jane, is buried.
Hardin’s kin already have lost one confrontation, balked by a judge's order prohibiting the removal of the remains from Concordia Cemetery.
Another judge issued a second
languages have warned people not to drink the park’s water for several weeks.
Judge Steps Down From Bench, Claims 'Political Harassment’
SAN ANTONIO (AP) — A county court-at-law judge who served jail time for ignoring a higher court and claimed she was the victim of “vicious political harassment" is resigning.
Judge Bonnie Reed, surrounded by dozens of supporters, announced her resignation Monday.
“I have been constantly under siege and on the defensive,” she said. “This continuous harassment has caused such a distraction that my productivity has been affected.”
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restraining order Monday to reinforce the first at the request of the Concordia Heritage Association, which also plans to seek a permanent injunction to keep Hardin in El Paso, where he was killed
Among other things, the group claims that family members never objected to Hardin’s burial in El Paso and that removing him would be detrimental to the historic cemetery and the city in general.
“He’s our biggest citizen,” said historian Leon Metz, an association member.
Bom in Bonham, Texas, on May 26,1853, Hardin killed his first man at 15, six more by the time he was 17, and eventually collected 30 notches on his gun.
But he always maintained that he never killed anyone who didn’t need killing. He spent a large part of his life as either a fugitive in Texas, Florida and Alabama, or in prison.
Ms. Reed denounced a state law that gives court case delays to attorneys who are legislators while the Texas Legislature is in session. It was Ms. Reed’s interpretation of that law that led to her legal trouble this summer.
In June, Ms. Reed was ordered jailed by the 4th Court of Appeals because she disobeyed one of the appellate court’s orders. She served 13 days of a 30-day sentence in the county jail.
Hardin apparently tried to reform after serving about 16 years in prison for the murder of a Brown County deputy sheriff. He studied law while incarcerated and opened a practice in
El Paso, said Metz.
But on Aug. 19,1895, he was shot in the head by Constable John Selman, with whom he’d had an argument earlier in the day.
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1995 PROPERTY TAX RATES IN COMAL INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT
This notice concerns 1995 property tax rates for the Comal Independent School District. It presents information about three tax rates. Last year's tax rate is the actual rate the school district used to determine property taxes last year. This year's elective tax rate would impose the samae total taxes as last year if you compare properties taxed in both years. This year's rolback tax rate is the highest tax rate the school district can set before it must hold a rollback election. In each case these rates are found by dividing the total amount of taxes and state funds by the tax base )the total value of taxable property) with adjustments as required by state law. The rates are given per $100 of property value.
SCHEDULE A: UNENCUMBERED FUND BALANCES
Last year’s tax rate:
Last year's operating taxes
Last year’s debt taxes
Last year's total taxes
Last year's tax base
Last year's total tax rate
This year's effective tax rate* Last year's adjusted taxes
(after subtracting taxes 0 lost property) This year's adjusted tax base
(after subtracting value of new property) This year's effective tax rate
1.03 = maximu rate unless the school district
publishes notices and holds hearings
This year's rollback tax rate:
Last year's adjusted operating taxes
This year's adjusted tax rate
This year’s local maintenance and operating rate
Student enrollemtn adjustment
This year's adjusted maintenance & operating rate
$0.08 cents * this year’s maximum operating rate
This ear's debt rate
Rate to recoup loss certified by commission of education
Additional rate for pollution control
This year's rollback rate
The following estimated balances will be left in the unit's property tax accounts at the end of the fiscal year. These balances are not encumbered by a corresponding debt obligation
Tvoe of Property Tax fund
General Fund Debt Service fund Capital projects fund
SCHEDULE B: 1995 DEBT SERVICE
The unit plans to pay the following amounts for long-term debts that are secured by property taxes. These amounts will be paid from property tax revenues (or additional sales tax revenues, if applicable).
Principal or Contract Payment Description of Debt
Interest to be Paid from to be paid from properly Taxes
Amounts to be Paid
1972 General Obligation
1974 General Obligation
1985 General Obligation
1989 General Obligation
1990 General Obligation
1991 General Obligation
1992 General Obligation
1994 Public Prop Finance Cont
1994 General Obligation
1995 Public Prop Finance Cont
Total required tor 1995 debt service
Amount (if any) paid from funds listed in
Excess collections last year
» Total to be paid from taxes in 1995
■ Amount added in anticipation that the unit will
collect only 100% of its taxes in 1995
■ Total Debt Levy
This notice contains a summary of actual effective and rollback tax rates calculations you can inspect a copy of the full calcu lations at the Comal Appraisal District or the Comal Independent School District Administrative Building
Name of person preparing this notice Title
Curtis Kodhler Deputy Chief Appraiser August 23. 1995