New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - August 21, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas
Carl EnglerthTerraces may need maintenance after spring rains
Terraces in the Comal-Guadalupe Soil and Water Conservation District may need maintenance this fall more than the usual due to heavy rainfalls last spring.
Most terraces will withstand 7 inch rainfall in 24 hours. However, die heavy rainfall we received last spring may have damaged your terrace system.
Once terraces are damaged and not repaired, the amount of Soil erosion can easily double the second year if terraces are not maintained.
Cropland on erosive slopes in the district is being conserved by the use of parallel terraces. Several years ago, farmers applied the conservation practice of terracing to reduce erosion and pollution and to conserve moisture.
The older terraces were designed and laid out by the Soil Conservation Service technicians in cooperation with the landowner as a member of the conservation district.
Today, the old gradient terrace systems which were limited to definite types of farm equipment and resulted in rows ending in the middle of the field have given way to the parallel terrace systems.
The parallel terrace is the modern concept in conservation farming which provides for more farmable terrace system besides saving fuel. The modern parallel terrace system can be designed to adapt to the topography of the land.
Many farmers in the district are making the change from the conventional terrace system to the parallel terrace system. Therefore, if
your old terrace system needs major repair, this may be the time to convert your old terrace system to parallel terraces.
Farmers realize the need for improved conservation techniques and are making changes in their farming operation to meet the demands for more food. The SCS will provide technical engineering assistance to the landowners in the design, layout and construction of the parallel terrace system.
The planning and application of the terracing practice is planned in advance to take into consideration any needed improvement of the waterway and its design. The grass waterway is necessary for the removal of excess water from the terrace system without creating an erosion problem.
Farmers considering making the change to the parallel terrace system should first consult with the SCS to determine if their old grassed waterway will be adequate to carry the increase water flow from the terrace system. A solid grassed waterway should first be established and is essential to any terrace system provided crop land.
Some cropland has been converted to improve pastures. Where landowners are considering converting cropland to pastureland, old terrace .systems are not needed and should be removed by grading the terrace level w ith existing slope.
The improved grass plant will be sufficient to prevent erosion provided proper management of the grassland is maintained. In some cases, old
terrace systems allowed to remain in pastureland have often caused erosion and added cost of maintenance.
Once a terrace system is installed, annual maintenance is necessary to insure the system will function properly. One way to reduce maintenance cost is to make all
necessary cultivations parallel to the terrace.
Plowing up and down hill and across existing terraces reduces the effectiveness of the terrace system as well as the life span of a terrace.
A typical terrace system may need a little maintenance each year. Some terrace systems have been known to
last over 20 years because the farmer performed timely maintenance on the system. There are terrace systems in the county that are over 35 years old and are as good or better than the day they were built.
Following this years’ crop harvest is a good time for fanners to make an inventory of their terrace system and
make the needed adjustments.
Those needing assistance on terrace maintenance or installing new terraces can call their local Soil Conservation Service for technical assistance. In New Braunfels the SCS is located at 358 luanda Street, Room C of the Park Mall Building or you may call 625-5611.
Area student participates in special program
LUBBOCK (lifted and talented youth from throughout the nation, including the New Braunfels area, participated in the fifth annual “Shake Hands With Your Future” at Texas Tech University this summer.
"Shake Hands With Your Future,” a summer enrichment program, exposes participants to advanced learning opportunities and to living in a university setting. The three 1985 sessions involved 450 students in the fifth through 12th grades.
The participant from New Braunfels was Adrienne E. Isley, 12. daughter of Fred and Mary Frances Isley, 8 Royal Crest.
Participants select courses such as biochemistry, leadership, physics, math, engineering, fine arts, agriculture, law, musical comedy performance, time and money management and experimental music.
Classes are taught primarily by faculty of the University and die Texas Tech Health Sciences Center.
Supplementary activities include field trips, lectures, counseling-communication sessions, mentor session, recreation and social activities suited to each age group.
“Shake Hand With Your Future” is an integral part of the Division of Continuing Education's Institute for the Gifted.
To participate in the program, students must be* nominated by a parent, teacher, school administrator. counselor or themselves.
If accepted by the selection committee, they are invited to attend.
Selection is based on high achievement test scores, high IQ and creative or exceptional skills.
For more information about the Institute for the Gifted and its programs, contact Dr. Mary Tallent, Division of Continuing Education's Institute for the Gifted, Box 4110, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Tx. 79409-4110.806-742-2353.
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