New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - August 16, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung
Friday, August 16,1985
Dave Kramer, Editor and General Manager Susan Haire, Managing Editor
Don't overload it if you want to keep it
August marks an important bilestone for a federal program that [las endured for many decades: fifty years ago this month, the Social Security Act was signed into law.
In an era when government programs for every obscure purpose under the sun swallow up taxpayer dollars, Social Security is one program that has proven its value to Americans. During its existence, Social Security has paid more than $1.54 trillion in retirement and survivor benefits to hundreds of millions of recipients, and it has delivered these benefits at an administrative cost of only 1.3 percent. That shows there is no costly bureaucratic machinery to siphon off funds coming into the program, unlike many boondoggles created in Washington.
Social Security has evolved greatly from its original scope and purpose.
In 1953 when Congress enacted Social Security, America was in the midst of the Depression, and the nation’s elderly were entirely dependent upon their savings, on their families or on charity. Even the fortunate few who had some sort of pension to fall back on faced an uncertain future. This situation prompted Congress to enact the three original components of Social Security: old-age insurance, umemployment insurance and public assistance. A statement from the report accompanying the 1953 legislation reveals clearly what Congress had in mind when it enacted Social Security:
“This bill is not to be considered a cure-all, nor a complete measure for economic security. It will doubtless have to be supplemented...But it makes a beginning toward economic security which has been long overdue.”
From these beginnings, Social Security has grow n to keep pace with a changing nation. In 1940, monthly benefits began, and Social Security became a family program as benefits for certain dependents and survivors were added by Congress. In 1950, Social Security coverage expanded to include most farm and domestic workers, most self-employed city-dwellers, and state and local government employees. Disability insurance was added in 1954. and by the end of the Fifties, nine of ten employees were covered by Social Security.
Medicare was added to the program in 1965. providing affordable hospital and medical care for many people over 65 and older Since seniors are hit hardest by inflation, Congress provided periodic cost-of-living adjustments to benefits beginning in 1972.
This steady expansion of benefits and a growing senior citizen
population caused Social Security to pay out billions more in benefits than it received in payroll taxes, and the system faced bankruptcy in 1977 and again in 1983 In 1983, Congress
enacted an emergency package of adjustments to rescue Social
Security temporarily, putting the system back on solid financial
The recent Social Security crisis showed that the Social Security trust fund is not limitless; it depends on worker payroll taxes and the books have to balance or tile whole system goes under lf Social Security is to remain for our children and our grandchildren, Congress must not overload the system with benefits for numerous other purposes It is a valuable lesson to keep in mind as Social Security enters the next half-century.Lloyd Bentsen
Senate workingfor fair foreign trade practices
We know the United States has huge trade deficits. We do not, though, know enough about potentially unfair foreign trade practices that may be adding to those deficits.
Our trade deficit is predicted to grow from a record $123.3 billion last year to $160 billion this year.
In one area of trade, manufactured goods, our $12 billion trade surplus in 1980 is predicted to erode by the end of 1985 to a $100 billion deficit.
There are several factors that contribute to our weakening trade position. Not least among them is unfair competition from our trading partners.
Korea, for example, reportedly has side-stepped anti-dumping duties the U.S. levied last yearon Korean color television sets by using many of the same components to manufacture
and export computer monitors.
As ranking Democrat on the Senate International Trade Subcommittee, I have been looking for steps our government can take immediately to combat these unfair practices.
A little-known provision, Section 305 of the 1974 Trade Act, is one of those steps. Under section 305, information on foreign trade activities may be requested. The U.S. Trade Representative has 30 days to respond by either asking the foreign governments involved for requested information not already available, or by explaining in writing why he will not do so.
The Senate Democratic Working Group on Trade Policy, of which I am chairman, wrote last month to Trade Representative Clayton Yeutter asking him to investigate specific
trade practices by Korea and seven other countries. We suspect the practices may be unfair and liarmful to U.S. exporters.
Among these are a requirement by the West German telephone service that U.S. firms process some computer data in that country before it can be transmitted for further processing in the United States. This inhibits American firms from competing in data transmission and processing services.
The European Community pays export subsidies on beet sugar, which depresses world prices, increases the cost of U.S. sugar support programs and destroys the effectiveness of the International Sugar Organization.
Brazil not only imposes a 60 percent duty on general aviation aircraft made in the United States, but also
Ins and outs of English usage
Joe Bryan III, the last of the Algonquins, has a charming book coming out in October. “Merry Gentlemen (andOne I^dy)."
It is a collection of profiles of some of the best wits of the century, among them Robert Benehley, S. J.
Perelamn and Dorothy Parker. At 81, Bryan writes with the smooth elegance of a Fred Astaire on the ballroom floor, and his anecdotes go down w ith the pleasant tang of a good gin fizz.
In his piece on Franklin Sullivan. Bryan recalls that Sullivan developed a severe antipathy toward the city of New York. A contributing factor “was a horripilating incident” that happened in a bookstore late in 1932.
Well, Ixird, l/>rd, here we go. I have fallen in love again. Horripilating! Is it not a magnificent word0 Is it not a nugget of purest gold? It is the most beautiful word I have met since Bill Buckley introduced me to “anfractuousity" two years ago. but "anfractuousity” is not the easiest word to slip into a dinner table conversation. < It means tile quality of being tortuous, or w mding, or intricate.»
IX) you know what "horripilating” means0 I w ill relieve the suspense It means “raising gooseflesh.” When a kiss on the nape of one s neck I pick a delicate example) makes ti short hairs rise and every thing goes tmgle-tangte that is horripilation.
But, alas, this love affair cannot be. Westbrook Pegless admonition was to avoid “out-of-town words.” and the advice is sound Whenever you feel tempted to insert one of these exotic words, cut it t*it. Everybody knows goosebumps Nobody but Jot' Bryan, and me. and now thee, know horripilation Farewell, my love!
The mails brings a bagful of pet peeves. A gentleman in Skokie. IU.. lists a dozen of them, including * I could care less" and “old cliches.” What is meant, lie notes, is that “I couldn't care less," and has anyone seen a cliche > or a maxim, an adage.
a proverb, or a saw i that isn’t old?....Several readers plea for preservation of the distinction between ‘ persuade” and “persuasive” and “convince" and “convincing.” Another plea is for the distinction between “eager” and “anxious." These are not the same ...
This has been a summer of high-flown homophones The Northern Virginia Daily reported a drug bust in which "a black vile was found on the back floor of the van.” The suspect admitted “the vile was his.”...A wire service reported that Tony Bennet, iii an appearance in Washington, sang
Whose Got the I,ast I^iugh Now The AP radio wire noted that “wildfires continue to ravish the West.”.. From Wimbeldon, a Washington Post correspondent let us know that Jimmy Connors “dilated cheers from the crowd."
In the Indianapolis Star, readers learned that the state legislature was awaiting a high court decision “with baited breath ".. The UPI had an item on the burial of a wrecker operator beneath a grave marker “that boro a picture of a tow truck but no epitt". In the Mobile (Alai Register an attorney asserted tliat his client’s injuries “were commiserate with the verdict ”. The Miami Herald kept us posted on “a 40-year-old Soviet ex-patnot actor in his first starring role ". The Parker shi.rgiw Va News serving the mid-Ohio valley, reported $250 damage "after a window was broken when a large rock was thrown threw it.”
Some splendid headlines: From the Playground Daily News of Fort Walton Beach, Fla., “Yul Brynner Abdicates Thrown “.. From The Stuart iFla I Newry "I^egal Squirmish Inlays Opening of Oil Merger Trail.”...From the Northwest Signal in Napolean, O bio. “Tempers Flair Over Rates "...and this week s winner of the cut glass flyswatter, from the Independent, Killion, Ohio.
Women s Movement Called More Broad-based " Ho-ho. but then again, t s k - t s k
What's Your Beef?
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has prohibitively restrictive licensing requirements.
We also asked questions about technology transfer policies in Mexico about telecommunications policies in Canada and Japan.
In addition to answering our questions, tile Trade Representative must also explain wliat United States rights are in these cases under current laws and trade agreements.
We already know enough to be suspicious about these practices and policies, but we need more detail if we are to improve the effectiveness of our countermeasures.
We are invoking Section 305 — which until now has been virtually unused — to pry loose information we need to combat this unfair competition and give U.S. exporters a fighting chance in these markets.
Gov. Mark White Governor's Office Room 200 State Capitol Austin, Texas 78701
Sen. Phil Gramm United States Senate Washington D C., 20510
Sen. John Traeger Texas Senate Capitol Station Austin, Texas 78711
U.S. House of Representatives Washington, D C., 20515
Sen. Lloyd Bentsen United States Senate Room 240 Russell Bldg Washington, D C. 20510
Rep. Edmund Kuempel Texas House of Representatives P.O. Box 2910 Austin, Texas 78769
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Rep. Tom Loeffler U.S. House of Representatives 1212 Longworth House Office Bldg Washington, D.C. 20515
GREAT KEYNOTE SPEECH, pre*pent puke all of us ARB LOOKING FORWARD TO
J a vert illuminating
WB AL- HOLY SMOKES1 REW Bm LOOFA! THE MO-
SNACKING, LECULAR STRUC-
HAVEN'T YOU, TURE ON THIS
USTEX, AFTER THE PANEL TONIGHT, I WANT YOU TO TRT A LITTLE SOMETHING VYE BEEN
THANKS'DOC YOU KNOW, I FEEL AS IF I 'VE KNOWN YOU MOST OF MY ADULT LIFE SURE, ITS A CRAZY FEELING, BLTI I