New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - August 15, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas
4 Cl Herald-Zeitung □ Tuesday .August 15, 1995
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Z e i t u n g
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“Sit down and put down everything that conies into your head and then you’re a writer. But an author is one who can judge his own stuff’s worth, without pity, and destroy most of it.”
— Colette author. 1954
Saddam loses big ally as Jordan’s King Hussein embraces Iraqui defectors
Babylon is crumbling — once again.
The ancient civilization, once the greatest chi earth, disappeared in ruin. Where it once stood, Saddam Hussein’s Iraq now stands — feebly.
And maybe not for much longer.
A U.S.-led coalition of forces, which administered a humiliating military defeat on the Iraqi dictator several years ago, was unable to oust Saddam.
U.N. sanctions against the oil-rich country since then have hurt the country’s economy but not its leader.
But now, the combined effect of the sanctions and the animosity of the world community seem to be wearing down the Iraqis.
When Saddam’s son-in-law, Lt. Gen. Hussein Kamel al-Majid, fled with his brother and their wives (Saddam’s daughters) to Jordan last week, analysts said it was the greatest blow to Saddam since his military loss to the allies.
Al-Majid was believed to be the dictator’s second-in-command and in charge of Iraq s secret biological and chemical weapons programs.
Upon arriving in Jordan, he said Saddam seemed more interested in defying the West than in rebuilding the country and its economy.
Al-Majid also has been mobilizing resistance to Saddam outside of Iraq.
Whether or not he poses a real threat to the current Iraqi regime remains to be seen. However, the loss of Jordan as an ally is definitely a blow to Saddam.
King Hussein was one of the only world leaders to lend support to Saddam during the Persian Gulfwar. While many believe he did so out of fear that Iraq would turn its guns his direction, the King now seems confident enough in Western assurances to defy his stronger neighbor to the east.
After Jordan granted the Iraqi defectors asylum, the United States was quick to pledge support to Jordan in the face of Saddam’s threats.
Iraq now finds itself even more isolated than before, minus two top military officials. Reports indicate that dozens of Republican Guard troops and other officials who were close to al-Majid have been arrested since the defections.
Saddam’s scared — that’s obvious. And hopefully those closest to him, who are tired of his treachery, smell that fear and take action.
(Today’s editorial was written by Managing Editor Doug Loveday.)
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Editor and Publisher...........................................................David Sullens
General Manager............................................................Cheryl Duvall
Managing Editor...........................................................Doug Loveday
Advertising Director......................................................Tracy Stevens
Circulation Director....................................................Carol Ann Avery
Pressroom Foreman...................................................Douglas Brandt
Classified Manager...........................................................Kim Weitzel
City Editor.....................................................................Roger Croteau
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Divided Japan commemorates
TOKYO (AP) — Fifty years from the day astonished Japanese heard a living god tell them the war was over, Japan’s emperor and empress paid tribute to war dead and the nation’s prime minister carefully apologized for wartime suffering.
At a memorial ceremony held at a Tokyo martial arts hall. Emperor Aki-hito and Empress Michiko bowed deeply before a huge bank of yellow and white chrysanthemums topped with a rising-sun flag.
Akihito, in whose father’s name the war was fought, expressed hopes that “the tragedy of war will never be repeated.”
At noon — marking the hour on that muggy August day half a century ago when then-Emperor Hirohito went on the radio to announce Japan's surrender — the crowd of mourners fell silent.
For Japan, that was the day a divinity became suddenly, shatteringly human. The radio address was the first •time ordinary citizens had heard the voice of the emperor.
To mark the 50th anniversary. Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama — whose government spent much of the last year wrangling over war commemorations — issued a cautiously phrased statement of contrition.
“I ... express here once again my feelings of deep remorse and state my heartfelt apology,” said the prime minister, who tried unsuccessfully earlier this year lo push a strongly worded
Today In History
apology through Parliament. “Allow me also to express my feelings of profound mourning for all victims, both at home and abroad, of that (wartime) history.”
Some of the language in Muraya-ma’s statement was vague — for example, a reference to the war years as a “certain period in the not too distant past.” But other parts were forthright, including the prime minister’s description of the “mistaken national policy” that led to the war.
Murayama’s statement was not part of official government-sponsored memorial; it was delivered beforehand at a separate news conference. But it was approved by the Cabinet, which gave it more weight than previous statements by individual politicians.
The mixed signals summed up Japan’s ambivalent attitude toward the war half a century after the surrender. Some conservatives believe that Japan has nothing to apologize for; others believe the nation has not faced up to its responsibility for atonement.
Many Asians still harbor deep resentment over Japan’s failure to make a formal apology backed by lawmakers, or to pay direct compensation to those who suffered at Japan’s hands during the war, including women kidnapped to serve as sex slaves, or forced laborers who served in Japan’s wartime mines and factories.
By The Associated Press
Today is Tuesday, August 15, the 227th day of 1995. There are 138 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
Aug. 15, 1945, 50 years ago, was proclaimed V-J Day by the Allies, a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally. In a recorded radio message, Emperor Hirohito called upon the Japanese people to “bear the unbearable” and lay down their arms. In the United States, V-J Day coincided with the end of rationing of gasoline and canned goods.
On this date:
In 1057, Macbeth, the King of Scotland, was slain by the son of King Duncan.
In 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica.
In 1888, T.E. Lawrence, the British soldier who gained fame as “Lawrence of Arabia," was born in Tremadoc, Wales.
In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska.
In 1944, during World War U, Allied
KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON
forces landed in southern France.
In 1947, India became independent after some 200 years of British rule.
In 1948, the Republic of Korea was proclaimed.
In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.
In 1971, President Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.
In 1974, South Korean President Park Chung-hee escaped an assassination attempt in which his wife was killed.
In 1989, F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as acting president of South Africa, one day after P W. Botha resigned as the result of a power struggle within the National Party.
Ten years ago: South African President P.W. Botha delivered an internationally broadcast speech in which he rejected calls to dismantle apartheid, saying it would lead white South Africans “on a road to abdication and suicide.”
Five years ago: In an attempt to gain support against the U.S.-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ottered to make peace with longtime enemy Iran, saying he would pull troops out of territories seized from the Iranians.
Calling the Shots on Crucial Issues
I have promised not to send out mass mailings at taxpayer expense, using the so-called franking privilege, so I have not conducted any formal surveys of constituents through the mails.
But since this newspaper has made a commitment to inform its readers on issues affecting all of us, I am asking them to allow me to communicate with you on an informal basis by asking you to answer these questions and return this form.
1) Do you favor replacing the current income tax with a Hat tax (one rate for everyone, regardless of income with no mortgage or charitable deductions)? Or a national sales tax or a consumption tax, which wouldn’t tax you on money you save, but only what you spend?
Flat tax: Sales tax: Consumption tax:_
2) We are making difficult decisions to try to balance the federal budget. Would you support Congress balancing the budget by the year 2002 if this meant slowing the growth of Medicare spending? Medicaid spending? Social Security spending? Medicare: Medicaid: Social Security:_
3) Do you believe that agricultural policy should look for alternatives to its income support programs? Should there be a cap on subsidies or income testing to receive agricultural subsidies?
Alternatives: What kind:_______
Subsidy cap: Income testing:_
4) Congress has cut national defense spending by 40 percent in real terms since 1985. Do you believe that current levels of spending on defense are adequate, too low, or too high?
Adequate: __ Too low: Too high:_
5) Do you believe there should be a national commitment to
encouraging American culture through the arts?
Yes: _ No: _
Would you support federal arts funding if procedures were reformed so that federal funds would go only toward supporting legitimate arts groups, museums and arts education?
6) Do you think this Congress has taken significant steps toward making itself more accountable lo the American people?
Yes: No: _ In what areas would you like to see
Please send your responses to me at 2 SI Russell Senate Office Hu tiding, Washington, D C. 20510, and write "SURVEY" on the outside of the envelope. I It wk forward to hearing from you
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