New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - August 14, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas
Flight recorder recoveredSurvivor describes crash moments
FUJIOKA, Japan (AP) — An off-duty stewardess told airline officials today that the crash of a Japan Air Lines jetliner with 524 people aboard was preceded by a “big noise,” a sudden drop in cabin pressure and a wild yawing, the airline said.
Yumi Ochiai, 26, told two airline directors from her hospital bed that she saw damage to a ceiling above a rear lavatory, but did not know whether a fuselage door blew out prior to the crash.
Mrs. Ochiai was sitting in the rear of the jetliner, and is one of only four people known to have survived Monday’s crash. JAL officials made her comments public.
Police said searchers today found the
flight recorders from the jet that crashed into a mountainous ridge in what apparently was the world’s worst air disaster involving a single aircraft.
The Japan Maritime Safety Agency reported one of its patrol boats found two more pieces of what appears to be debris from the plane in Sagami Bay south of Tokyo, where a large chunk of metal tail section was found Tuesday.
Yoshinubu Shi baka wa, a spokesman for the Gunma prefecture (state) police, said the two recording devices were found shortly after 2 p.m. (midnight CDT) in a valley below the site where most of the wreckage is scattered.
Helicopters today began transporting the * mutilated dead from the site to a gymnasium in Fujioka, where more than 1,700 relatives and friends waited to identify them.
The two recording devices, painted bright orange for visibility, keep track of cockpit conversations and flight data. They could help determine why the Boeing 747SR jetliner plowed into a mountaintop while on a flight from Tokyo to Osaka on Monday.
The recorders were impounded by officials of a Transport Ministry investigating team at the crash site.
A police spokesman at Uenomura, command post for the recovery operation, said there was onlv the “remotest chance” of
finding any more survivors at the mountaintop crash site. Four survivors were found Tuesday.
If no more are found, the death toll from Monday’s crash of the Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 would be 520, far higher than the 346 who died in the 1974 crash of a Turkish DC-10 near Paris.
A Maritime Safety Agency spokesman in Yokohama said the debris found today included an air-conditioning duct and a small plastic-and-metal fitting, evidently from the tail section.
JAL spokesman Geoffrey Tudor said the vertical tailfin fished out of the ocean was positively confirmed as having come from
the JAL jumbo jet. The find was about 90 miles southeast of the crash site but along the plane’s intended Tokyo-Osaka flight path before it swerved off course to the north.
The trapezoid-shaped piece was the top and leading edge of the vertical stabilizer that holds the plane’s rudder.
Investigators said loss of the tail section might explain why the pilot reported losing control of the plane before it crashed.
Spokesmen at the operations center near 5,408-foot Mount Osutaka said 109 bodies had been recovered, but only eight had been identified. Most were severely burned or mutilated.
Future holds uncertainty for South African whites
Police accused of burning symbol
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) — The wife of jailed black leader Nelson Mandela accused security police of burning down her house in an effort to destroy “a symbol of resistance.”
Winnie Mandela, 51, returned to her home in the black township of Brandfort Tuesday and walked
among the charred remains of her possessions at the gutted home and adjoining clinic.
“It is the local security (police) branch sent by their bosses,” Mrs. Mandela told reporters. She said the white-minority government
has "declared war on the op
pressed people of this country."
Amnesty said it had begun
receiving “disturbing reports of torture of political detainees. ... Prisoners are reported to have have been hooded, beaten and given electric shocks. Others have been threatened with execution, with pishe black townshainst their temples.”
According to figures compiled by the South African Institute of Race Relations, at least 607 people have been killed in a year of riots over apartheid.
Police said “unknown arsonists” were responsible for the blaze at Mrs. Mandela’s house She was in Johannesburg, about 220 miles away, when the fire started.
Her husband, Nelson Mandela, is the leader of the outlawed African
National Congress and was imprisoned for life in 1964by the government-
The government has offered to release Mandela, 66, if he renounced violence, but has he refused.
“What they are trying to destroy is a symbol of resistance,” Mrs. Mandela said. “I will come back. They (the government) will have to reconstruct my prison.”
Mrs. Mandela, herself a prominent national figure, had lived in the three-room house in Brandfort since 1977 under a state order, which also says she may not be quoted in the news media.
Lebanese bomb kills 12, injures 75
WASHINGTON (AP) - The fundamental question in the anguish over the future of South Africa is what happens to the white population if and when the black majority gains full political power It is a foregone conclusion that the 24 million blacks would vote themselves into government and the 5 million whites out.
But would the whites who now control the economy continue to hold their privileged position that gives them the best jobs. best homes, best pay, best government services, best schools, best police protection7 A related question is whether there should be accountability, and punishment, for leaders of the white government, those who have enforced apartheid for nearly 40 years.
They are questions without easy answers. But there are people on both sides of the Atlantic thinking about them Bishop Desmond Tutu, the black South African cleric who was
awarded the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize, says there can and would be cooperation between blacks and whites, although he warns the transition must be made soon to avoid a catastrophe.
Blacks are "not aiming to drive all whites into the sea,” Tutu said in a recent interview. “South Africa belongs to all who live in it."
But he appears to see no role for the current government. He said there can't be cooperation “with a government that has no legitimacy.”
Some lessons may be drawn from the experience with black rule in nearby Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, where 250,000 whites ruled 7.2 million blacks until blacks gained control in 1980 following a 10-year black rebellion.
There have been some instances of violence against whites, and a few murders, but whites generally have not had to fear for their safety, said a State Department expert on southern Africa.
Whites still have influence, but blacks are now running the economy. The government has nationalized the railroads and airline and threatened to take over the milling companies.
White farmers have kept their land holdings, essential to Zimbabwe's food production.
There are significant differences between Zimbabwe and South Africa, which makes any comparison difficult. Zimbabwe was technically still a colony of Great Britain, while South Africa has been independent since 1931 and self-governing since 1910.
There was a lengthy black guerrilla war in Zimbabwe, which created a black power structure that was ready to take over.
South African blacks lack a cohesive power structure, in part because the government has sought to prevent one from emerging. The main black leader. Nelson Mandela, has been in prison for more than 20 years.
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) — A car bomb exploded today outside an apartment block rn a densely populated suburb of Beirut, killing at least 12 people and injuring 75 others. police said.
The Christian radio station, The
Voice of Lebanon, said three children were among the dead, but said rescuers had found a 9-month-old girl alive in the debris of a devastated eight-story building.
The fate of the baby’s parents was
The bombing occured at midmorning in the poor neighborhood of Sadd El-Boushrieh, setting off fires in a cluster of industrial compounds, the radio said. Pillars of black smoke loomed over the area east of Beirut.
Mexican police get guns back from Army
CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico iAPi — City police had their guns back today after spending a nervous, but apparently quiet night on patrol without them after they were confiscated by the Mexican army.
The confiscation Tuesday was part of a routine inspection that left angered city officials vow ing they would set up citizen patrols if the army continued to take away police pistols
In Mexico, the army is rn charge of issuing permits for weapons and enforcing arms regulations The army returned the 139 service revolvers about 9 p m Tuesday But Horiberto Lachica, Juarez police sub-director, said 80 patrol officers continued their patrol until the midnight shift change because they were not called back in to get their guns At a meeting of city officials, city manager Sergio Conde Varela had threatened, “We will invite citizens of Juarez lo help us to patrol" if
the army continued its confiscation of police guns Wednesday.
"This is a naked city now for city police protection. The captains are sending their men out unarmed,” Conde said after policemen turned over the pistols to soldiers of the 26th Infantry Balallion.
l^achica said police were contacted Monday night by army officials, who said they wanted to review and categorize weapons used by the city police.
At 8 a m. Tuesday, over 200 city policemen lined up for what they believed would be a routine inspection of their pistols by the soldiers.
Instead, the police weapons, mostly .38-caliber pistols, were confiscated, the El Paso Times reported
"We’re going to go out and throw rocks at the criminals,” said patrolman Sergio Cardenas as he prepared to begin his first afternoon shift as an unarmed policeman.
Col. Jose Luis Ennquez Andrade, commander of the 26th Infantry Batallion, said the confiscation was a routine matter for checking the makes and serial numbers of the guns.
Enriquez said there would be “no problem" about the safety of unarmed city police, since soldiers would also be on duty to preserve the peace.
The Mexican army, by law the highest law enforcement authority in any Mexican city, answers to the federal government, which is controlled by Mexico's long-ruling PRI, or Institutional Revolutionary Party.
The Juarez city police, however, answer to the city government, which is controlled by the PAN, National Action Party of Mayor Francisco Barrio Terrazas
PAN is awaiting final confirmation this month from the Mexican Electoral College on the PAN sweep of three federal and one state representative seats in the July 7 elections here.
Vietnam MIA remains returned
Soviets try PR
for November summit
SANTA BARBARA. Calif ( AP) — The Reagan administration, bracing for a Soviet propaganda blitz designed to get the upper hand at the U.S.-Soviet summit, says such tactics will hinder progress during the November talks.
White House Press Secretary l,arry Speakes noted that "an increasing number of Soviet officials” have become "regulars” on U.S. television shows in recent months and liave used tile opportunity to make policy statements. But Speakes said that the statements “don’t hold water.” •
Another senior administration official, reacting to a Soviet sponsored newspaper advertisement and other such moves, said a public relations battle could hurt the talks.
“It’s obvious it s going to impede and impinge on open and frank discussions because everybody will be playing to the media,” said the official, who accompanied Reagan to the West Coast at the start of his three-week California vacation.
The Soviet advertisement in Tuesday’s New York Times accused the United State of stalling at the Geneva arms control negotiations.
The administration, speaking only on the condition of anonymity, asserted that the Russians want to see Reagan “with egg on his face,” and are following a pattern set in previous summits with Presidents John F. Kennedy and Jimmy Carter.
Earlier Tuesday, Speakes accused the Soviets of launching a pre-summit propaganda campaign. He noted the New York Times ad and said Soviet officials are becoming virtual “regulars” on American TV shows. The three-quarter page ad was paid for by the Soviet Embassy in Washington, according to a _ notation at the bottom.
“I think between now and November, you’re going to see a very sophisticated Soviet public relations strategy,” Speakes said.
He added that the United States is prepared to take steps to counter any propaganda barrage, but refused to detail what the steps might be
President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev are scheduled to ineut Nov. 19-20 in Geneva.
Asked whether the United States planned to mount its own public relations counter-offensive, Speakes said, "I think if we stick by the president’s policy and spell it out in terms as we have, we don’t have anything to fear.”
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HANOI, Vietnam (AP) — Officials of the communist government met American experts at a simple airport ceremony today, and turned over the remains of 26 people believed to be missing American servicemen.
U.S. sailors. Marines and airmen saluted as the remains, packed in separate flag-draped crates, were carried aboard a U.S. Air Force C-130 transport plane for a flight to Manila and on to Hawaii, where experts will analyze them and try To identify them.
Vietnamese specialists said tests indicated at least IT of the sets of
remains almost certainly belonged to Americans missing in action in the Vietnam War.
If all the remains are positively-identified as those of MIAs, it would be the largest single return of remains and equal the total number returned by Vietnam in the past three years.
Twenty-two sets of remains were returned in 1977.
The United States lists 2,464 military personnel and civilians as missing in Southeast Asia, 1,375 of them in Vietnam.
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