New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - April 19, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
T uesday, April 19,1983 5Walesa called back for more questioning
WARSAW, Poland (AP) — An exhausted Lech Walesa went to police headquarters today for the third interrogation in a week about his contacts with underground leaders of the banned Solidarity trade union.
Walesa's spokesman, Adam Kinaszewski, said the 39-year-old labor leader showed up at police headquarters in his hometown of Gdansk as ordered at ll a.m. (3 a.m. CST).
Walesa’s wife, Danuta told The Associated Press in a telephone interview from Gdansk that her husband was interrogated for seven hours Monday after being stopped by authorities en route to Warsaw. She declined to discuss his detention or interrogation and said shortly after he returned home Monday that her husband was “too tired and too hungry” to come to the phone.
Walesa was first interrogated on April 13
after announcing he had met with fugitive Solidarity leaders for the first time since his release from internment last November.
Meanwhile, the government newspaper said today that in calling for nationwide demonstrations May I, the Solidarity underground movement is raising the possibility of a confrontation over Pope John Paul II’s planned visit to Poland in June.
"Publication of such an appeal just two months before the pope’s visit cannot be described as anything other than striving for confrontation,” said the government daily Rzeczpospolita in a front page editorial.
The Solidarity underground made no mention of the pope's visit when it called for the protests.
The commentary by the government was the first official mention of the planned May I
protest and also the first report by the state-run media on the clandestine meeting which Walesa said he had with the Solidarity underground April 9-11.
"Does that mean he took responsibility for forcing a confrontation?” the newspaper asked.
(In Washington, State Department spokesman Alan Romberg said die Polish government should "end its harassment” of Walesa.)
Poland’s Interior Ministry, which runs the security police, has refused to comment on any of Walesa’s detentions. On Monday the duty officer at Olsztyn police headquarters told The Associated Press by telephone that Walesa "has not been detained. He has not been arrested either.”
The officer's comments were reminiscent of official statements last Dec. 16, when authorities drove Walesa around Gdansk for nine hours to keep him from a rally outside the shipyard, but denied that he was detained.
Walesa, his wife and driver were questioned by police last Wednesday about the labor leader's clandestine April 9-11 meetings with the five members of Solidarity’s fugitive, five-man "Temporary Coordinating Commission,” known by its Polish initials TKK.
The committee issued a statement after the meeting calling for nationwide demonstrations on May I, Socialist Workers’ Day. The appeal was followed by the arrest of at least 26 Solidarity activists on Saturday.
Walesa declared that he would meet again with the underground, but stopped short of a formal endorsement of the call for demon
Solidarity grew to include 9.5 million members before it was suspended under the Dec. 13,1961 martial law decree and outlawed last October.
The Communist government has tried to replace it with officially sanctioned unions, using an array of state-sponsored inducements. So far they have attracted 2 million workers.
In the latest bid for members, state newspapers announced Monday that the new trade groups will be allowed to organize industry-wide on a national basis.
Under the original plan the groups were limited to regional or factory-wide representation to avoid the likelihood of the nationwide strikes Solidarity called with such success before the imposition of martial law.
"Good,basic reporting' wins Pulitzer Prize in journalism
NEW YORK (AP) — The Pulitzer Prize judges recognized the value of ‘good, basic, everyday reporting” when they gave the award for public service to a group of articles on school reform, a reporter for this year’s winner says.
The Distinguished Public Service Award on Monday went to the Clarion Ledger of Jackson. Miss., for a 24-day series of news stories, analyses and editorials in support of a successful legislative battle for public school reform in the state.
In other categories in the 67th distribution of journalism’s most coveted awards, the New York Times won two Pulitzer Prizes for the second straight year, the Washington Post also won two, and Alice Walker became the first black woman to win in the fiction category for her novel. The Color Purple.
The Pulitzer Board said the Clarion Ledger helped change the course of education rn Mississippi, where there had been no major education improvements adopted by the legislature in 29 years.
"it wasn't an expose, nothing too flashy," said Clarion Ledger legislative reporter Cliff Treyens ‘ But the Pulitzer committee recognized there is value in good, basic, everyday reporting."
Besides separately winning one prize apiece, the Post and the Times shared the international reporting award for their accounts of the war in lebanon
The Boston Globe won the national affairs award for a 56-page Sunday magazine supplement on the nuclear arms race, a special report that also was a f ma list in the public service category. The story was entered in the public affairs category but was moved by the Pulitzer Board into the national affairs division.
Bill Foley of The Associated Press received the spot news photography award for a series of photos of victims and survivors of the massacre of Palestinians at the Sabra camp in 1/ebanon. James B Dickman of the Dallas Times Herald won the feature photography award for photos from El Salvador.
Ms. Walker, who won an American Book Award last week, said from San Francisco that when a radio reporter first told her of her Pulitzer Prize for fiction, she “thought it was a joke.”
The Color Purple tells the story of Ceile, a teen-age bride with a family in the rural American South, and Nettie, her sister, a missionary in Africa. The sisters’ letters to each other recount their dramatically different lives.
Marsha Norman won the prize for drama for her play night. Mother, now on Broadway, about a woman planning suicide and discussing the decision with her mother.
The winners, most of whom will receive $1,000 cash prizes, were announced by Michael I. Sovern, president of Columbia University, which administers the competition under the will of the late publisher Joseph Pulitzer.
Thomas L. Friedman of the New York Times and Iioren Jenkins of the Washington Post shared the international reporting honors.
Loretta Tofani of the Post won the newspaper its other prize, a special local reporting award for her investigation of rape and sexual assault in the Prince Georges County. Md., Detention Center.
Nan Robertson won the feature writing award for her account in The New York Times Magazine of her struggle with toxic shock syndrome.
Ms. Robertson, who called the Pulitzer "the big
banana," said she received 2,000 letters after her story ran. ‘‘It did save peoples’ lives," she said. "That to me is the greatest honor.”
In addition to the two awards to the New York Times. Times columnist Russell Baker won in a literature category for his autobiography, Growing Up. Baker won a Pulitzer for his column in 1979.
"I think I should probably quit while I'm ahead." he said from his family home in Morrisonville, Va., where he was busy writing a column.
The staff of the News Sentinel of Fort Wayne, Ind., made the 150-year-old newspaper a first-time winner, taking the local news award for its "courageous and resourceful coverage" of last y ear’s Indiana floods The Miami Herald won for editorials in a campaign against the federal detention of illegal Haitian immigrants.
Manuela Hoelterhoff, arts editor of the Wall Street Journal, won for criticism.
Ellen T. Zwilich, a freelance composer from New York, became the first woman to win the musical competition prize for her Three Movements for Orchestra, which premiered last May 5 in New York.
Susan Sheehan won the nonfiction award for her book, Is There No Place on Earth for Me , story of a paranoid schizophrenic.
Ms. Sheehan s book, which protrays "Sylvia Frumkin," a woman who spent 17 years in institutions. originally appeared in serial form in New Yorker magazine.
Richard lecher of the Chicago Tribune won for editorial cartooning, Claude Sitton of the Raleigh News * Observer won for commentary, Rhys L. Isaac won for history, and Galway Kinnell won for verse.
Penguin colony makes debut
SAN DIEGO (AP) — Truckloads of penguins, resembling tuxedo-clad waiters on holiday, trooped rn noisy confusion down ramps and hallways into a frozen wonderland — a bit of Antarctica in Southern California
Uke true tourists, the penguins of Sea World craned their necks for a better view of the mim-South Pole, scrambled cautiously up an imitation mountain, jumped over genuine whale bones and sampled the crushed ice that masquerades as snow.
Many gave in to temptation and flopped on their oversized bellies to skid across the ice as they moved into their elaborate new home Monday night.
The marine zoo’s $7 million “Penguin Encounter,” which opens for the paying public May 28, was conceived as “a window on Antarctica — the most pristine, spectacular place on this planet," said Frank S. Todd, Sea World’s curator of birds.
With a wall of mirrors that gives the illusion of endless expanse and almost countless penguins, the exhibit is "the only place anywhere in the world where you can see penguins doing what penguins do," without going almost to the South Pole, Todd said.
Todd said more than 300 penguins, the largest collection anywhere and the world’s only self-sustaining captive colony, will settle in the exhibit, offering a tiny version of the Antarctic rookeries that can hold 80,000 birds packed shoulder to shoulder.
The birds were rounded up Monday from the nondescript refrigerated room where many have lived since 1976. They arrived, with shivering handlers, in the back of a freezer trick. In groups of about 40, they were hustled down a carpeted ramp, through a freezer that will soon be full of penguin food — mostly fish — along a hallway lined with photographers and television cameras and up yet another ramp to the 5,000-square-foot exhibit.
The 3-foot-tall Emperor penguins strutted regally like members of a formal wedding party. Their stately bearing was tarnished a bit by a habit of sledding over the ice, propelled by their toes and guided by their wings.
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The little 15-inch Addles were much less sedate. Cackling and squawking, they were herded up the last ramp. A few decided against the trip and snapped at their wranglers' gloved hands.
One ruffled bird, the stereotype of an absentminded professor with an unruly mop of yellow feathers on top of his head, was so overwhelmed that it required step-by-step guidance with firm hands on
back and stomach.
An ersatz iceberg reaching over the 148,000-gallon swimming pool, which stretches under the land, was a popular hangout for Adelies. Several curled up and went to sleep.
After nine expeditions to the frozen continent, Todd is an expert on penguins. The exhibit is his creation.
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China,Vietnam trade accusations, artillery
PEKING (AP) — China said today that its gunners bombarded Vietnam’s frontier forces in a large-scale artillery attack after the Vietnamese blew up a primary school, hospital and other buildings near the embattled border.
"The Vietnamese troops suffered heavy losses," the official news agency said, reporting on the shelling Sunday and Monday along the border between Vietnam and the Guangxi autonomous region.
Monday marked the third straight day of fighting since China began shelling Vietnamese defense positions Saturday. It is the first time China has used artillery to retaliate against the Vietnamese since the two nations fought a one-month border war in February 1979
Xinhua said the latest Chinese shelling was meant to punish Vietnamese troops who blew up a primary school, hospital, bank, grain office and houses. The shelling began Sunday afternoon and lasted through Monday, it said.
The attack took place in the
Pingmeng area of Napo County, where more than 3,000 commune residents were forced to flee their homes and factories, the Chinese report said. It did not mention any casualties.
In a dispatch Monday night Xinhua reported Chinese militia killed four Vietnamese "agents” Sunday in Yunnan province. On Saturday and Sunday China shelled Vietnamese defense works.
Vietnam charged Monday that 17 Vietnamese civilians were killed or wounded and many houses were destroyed Sunday by Chinese shells.
The state-run Vietnam News Agency also charged that groups of Chinese soldiers and militiamen crossed into Vietnamese border territory, firing on civilians.
"The local armed forces and people have duly punished the Chinese peace breakers," t said, but gave no further details.
The Chinese repeatedly have warned Vietnam to stop harassing Chinese frontier communities and quit its offensive against the Chinese-backed guerrillas in Cambodia.
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HENRY GARRET. ASSISTED BY A LOAN from a friendly Dallas banker, became Texas' first automobile dealer in 1902. He sold such then famous makes as the National Electric. Locomobile and the Oldsmobile.
One customer, R.L. Cameron, bought an Olds and became so interested in autos that he opened his own agency. He put salesmen to work across Texas and thus became the state's first owner of a chain of automobile agencies.
Uncle Sam. facing a debt of $1.14 trillion and groining, is looking for charitable donations.
Internal Revenue forms now have instructions on how taxpayers can make deductible gifts to help the nation's purse. Just make a separate check, payable to the Bureau of Public Debt.
The Shooting of Dan McGraw, one of the most popular ballads of the century, was written by a bank clerk who was almost killed in the act.
Robert W. Service went to Alaska during the gold rush in 1904 and was working as a teller in a Whitehorse bank. Active in his church, he decided to write a poem in the style of Casey at tha Bat and Guuga Din to entertain the congregalion at a party.
The night before the party, he went for a walk hoping to find a theme. "It was late,” he said later, "and from the various bars, I heard sounds of revelry. The line popped into my mind: ‘A bunch of the boys were whooping it up.’ It was a start.”
Inspired, Service hurried to the bank to begin writing. He had forgotten that a watchman was on duty, however. The guard, awaking from a nap, saw what he thought was a burglar and fired.
Fortunately his shot missed, and Service went on to write the poem that was to be the forerunner of 27 books.
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