New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - April 8, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
4A New Braunfels Herald-Ze/funy Friday, April 8,1983OpinionsHvrald-Ztitung
Dave Kraancr, General Manager Hobart JokMoa. EditorGuest viewpointLoeffler—nuclear 'freeze'sends wrong message
By TOM LOEFFLER U.S. Rep.. Diet. 21
As the American people have become more aware of the awesome destructive power of nuclear weapons, they have vigorously pressed their government to find the means of reducing the threat of nuclear war.
In April, the House will rightly and properly continue to focus on this important issue as we once again consider a resolution calling for an immediate freeze on nuclear weapons and a substitute resolution, which calls for mutually negotiated arms
reductions followed by a freeze.
Certainly it is imperative that as a nation we explore all avenues in an effort to avoid nuclear confrontations. It is equally incumbent upon the United States, the Soviet Union, and any other nation which possesses or has access to nuclear weapons that we achieve a reduction — not only in nuclear strategic forces — but hopefully in some conventional forces as well.
The upcoming debate is not whether one is for or against arms control. Rather, the resolutions before us offer a clear choice between two arms control policies. In my judgment, a
policy of mutually negotiated reductions, followed by a freeze offers the best — and most positive — arms control alternative.
An immediate freeze implies that if one side reduces arms, the other will reciprocate. History does not bear this out. In recent years our country chose not to modernize and update strategic weapons, in the hope that by setting a peaceful example, the Soviet Union would follow suit. Instead, the Soviet Union increased armaments at the same time that we were reducing our arms capability.
Furthermore, an immediate freeze would have an extremely detrimental
impact on the now much-needed modernization of our strategic forces. With a freeze, strategic modernization would be prevented, we would be locked into a position of significant inferiority, and our overall position would deteriorate even further with the passage of time. As it is, 77 percent of the Soviet strategic forces are only five years of age.
Because of the current imbalance, under an immediate freeze, the strongest incentives for the Soviet Union to negotiate concessions in strategic weapons will no longer exist and, the history of arms negotiations proves that the Soviet Union accepts
genuine agreements only when enticed by strong incentives.
Recent events in the world demand that the United States be in a position of strength to ensure the military and diplomatic respect that will provide the strongest incentives for the Soviet Union to remain at the negotiating table. Let us not forget the expansionist aims of the Soviet Union characterized most recently in Poland, Afghanistan, and in Central America, where guerillas are being supplied with Soviet-made weapons.
Winston Churchill made this observation about the Soviet Union during a major foreign policy address
following the end of World War II: “From adiat I have seen of our Russian friends and allies during the war, I am convinced that there is nothing they admire so much as strength, and nothing from which they have less respect than weakness, especially military weakness."
In my judgment, Churchill is on the mark. Until the Soviets show that they are willing to curb such aggressive behavior out of respect for the national boundaries of others and the cause of world peace, a vote for an immediate freeze seems to me to send the wrong message at the wrong time to our adversaries.
Democrats'new rules have unplanned effect
By DONALD M ROTHBERG AP Political Writer
WASHINGTON - It looks like the Democrats are going to need another revision of party rules after the 1984 presidential campaign.
Party leaders thought last spring they had come up with a balanced rewrite — the fourth revision since 1970 — that accomplished the goals of shortening the nominating process and encouraging elected and party officials to play a greater role in selecting presidential candidates.
Gov. James Hunt of North Carolina, who headed the commission responsible for the latest rewrite, said, ‘‘I think we’ve got the pendulum back in the middle now.” He added that he hoped it would be the last major rules revision for some time.
“We certainly hope so.” added party chairman Charles T. Manatt.
Well, the rules have been in place for a year, the presidential campaign is well under way, and it now is clear things are happening that never were anticipated by people who applauded the Hunt Commission effort
Ironically, the rules have magnified the importance of money at a time when most candidates are decrying its influence. Also, in attempting to shorten the season, the Democrats succeeded in lengthening it.
It seemed like a wonderful idea to shorten the season and that was done by creating a 13-week period in which states could hold caucuses or primaries and forcing Iowa and New Hampshire to move within 15 days of that “window.”
A background memorandum written by the Hunt Commission staff warned that the plan had potential dangers. It noted that some observers "believe that any attempt to compress the process, or strictly enforce a window, will encourage ‘front loading' which will substantially impair the ability of relatively unrecognized candidates to emerge.”
Those observers were absolutely right.
Having an equally strong impact on lesser known candidates was the decision to move the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary closer to the window.
Sen. Dale Bumpers of Arkansas told how that worked in his announcement this week that he was abandoning his plan for a long-shot run at the nomination.
“We have had a situation develop in the Democratic nominating process that weighs heavily against the less well-known candidates,” said Bumpers. “In 1976 and 1980 we had three to four weeks between the New Hampshire primary and the next one. Previously unknown candidates such as Jimmy Carter, who did well in Iowa and New Hampshire, gained national recognition in plenty of time to raise money before the next primaries.”
The first day states other than Iowa or New Hampshire caan hold caucuses or primaries under the new Democratic rules is March 13, 1984, and at least IO will do so on that Tuesday. Several more will begin selecting convention delegates on the following Saturday.
Government investigators have given the Senate shocking confirmation that for nearly two years the Social Security Administration has been haphazardly purging thousands of mentally impaired persons from the disability rolls.
The General Accounting Office has told the Select Committee on Aging, chaired by Sen. John Heinz, R-Pa., that a big part of the problem is that many of the bureaucrats who decide whether a claimant is mentally disabled are untrained in psychiatric diagnosis. Instead, they rely on lists of symptoms that are frequently unrealistic, the GAO concluded.
My associate Tony Capaccio has examined many of the unpublished cases in GAO files that illustrate the crazy logic behind the bureaucratic denial of benefits. The cases were initially developed by the National Association of Private Residential Facilities for the Mentally Retarded. Though the facts were uncontested, the individuals were notified that they would no longer get disability benefits.
— A 58-year-old woman diagnosed as schizophrenic in 1968 had been committed to psychiatric hospitals 16 times, including three times in 1981 alone. She was institutionalized by court order as a danger to herself and others after she was found dancing in traffic. Yet the benefit cutoff notice said: “Though you may be nervous at times, your records show that you are able to think, communicate and act in your own interest... Based on the medical evidence, you could do unskilled work."
— A 22-year-old woman was diagnosed as schizophrenic at 14 and had spent almost all her life since then confined in state mental institutions. “Very unsocialized," notes her psychiatric evaluation, adding: “One
of goals is to make eye contact during five minutes of each group (therapy session)."
But the government ruled she was able to support herself. "The medical evidence in file does indicate that she has had a significant history of mental illness,” the cutoff notice stated. “However, at the present time, she has no hallucinations or delusions and is oriented to time, place and person. It is felt that she can do unskilled work, although she has no job history in the past."
— A 28-year-old woman, diagnosed as schizophrenic in 1974 and hospitalized six times, was termed “actively psychotic” and "unable to make self-protective decisions, such as whether to eat." She was in a state mental hospital — and pregnant — when her cutoff notice arrived last year.
Although acknowledging that in the past she had been hospitalized "when you have not taken your medication,” and that she could not take the medication while pregnant, the notice said: "You can return to your
medication for psychiatric help when your baby is born.” So the bureaucrats ruled that her disability benefits would be discontinued three months after the baby’s birth.
Battle Stations: Tolstoy ifs not, but there’s War at the Peace Corps. The director wants to get rid of her deputy, and the deputy has been sniping at the director’s executive assistant, using the executive assistant’s questionable behavior as ammunition.
The mini-war appears to have its roots in the long-standing hostility between the conservative and moderate wings of the Republican party. The director, Loret Ruppe, is regarded by conservatives as an archliberal masquerading in a Republican
cloth coat. They note her frequent contact with Democratic Peace Corps founder Sargent Shriver, who once called her "the kind of Republican we tried to recruit into management when we first started out."
Her deputy, Ed Curran, on the other hand, is considered the loyal Reaganite in the agency’s upper echelon.
The target of most of the flak in the internecine struggle is David Scotton, Ruppe’s executive assistant. Here are some of the incidents that have invited attack by his critics:
— I .ast October, when Ruppe went to Michigan for the unsuccessful reelection campaign of her husband, moderate Republican Rep. Philip
Ruppe, Scotton went along at taxpayer expense. A Peace Corps
spokesman said Scotton was acting as “a central reference point (to) maintain liaison" with the boss. Scotton said he was working on Peace Corps speeches for Mrs. Ruppe.
— When the director flew to Africa in November for a two-week tour with Vice President and Mrs. Bush,
Scotton followed behind Air Force Two in a commercial plant, at a cost of almost $5,000.
— Deputy Curran accused Scotton in writing of abusing his office by using an official car for personal errands. As evidence, Curran cited his discovery in the car of a purse belonging to a friend of Scotton's daughter. Scotton felt it was much ado about nothing, and said he had only used the car about five times.
— Scotton’s personnel file reveals that he falsified his academic credentials on his government job application, claiming to have a master’s degree in business administration from George Washington University. Scotton admitted he never got the degree because he failed to write the required thesis. But he said he completed all the course work.
When the lie was discovered, a notation was made on Scotton's application next to the claimed M.B.A.: “Studies — no degree." But Scotton was not penalized in any way. In fact, he has received a hefty raise to $83,000 a year.
R*p Edmund Ku*mp«l Ttai Hmm of Roprssantativos PO So* 2910 Austin. Toms 717*8
San Lloyd Santaan Unit ad 8 ta tao Sonata Room 240 RuaaaU Budding Washington D C 20810
Gov Mark Whit# Governor * Offica Room 200 Stata Capitol Auatin. Taxaa 78701
Rap Tom Loafftar U S. Houaa of Ropraaantativaa 1213 Longs*orth Houaa OfMca Budding Washington. D C 20S18
San John T raagar Taxaa Sonata
Capitol Station Auatin. T axaa 78711
San. John T aurar Unttad S ta tao Sanata Room 142 Buaaad Budding
Washington. O.C. 20*10
AUSTIN (AP) - Here are highlights of floor action rn the legislature on Thursday:HOUSE
SB27, revising state textbook selection process, approved 113-12, sent to governor.
SB10, authorizing county commissioners to establish neighborhood dispute centers, approved 122-1, sent to governor.
HB1174W authorizing central depository for adoption records, approved on voice vote, sent to Senate.
HB1352, establishing emergency surtax on unemployment taxes paid by employers, approved 118-6, sent to Senate.
Adjourned until 2 p.m., Monday.SENATE
SJR22, setting up a procedure for filling a vacancy in the office of lieutenant governor, approved 26-1, sent to House.
SB86, requiring covers when trucks carry certain type loads, approved on voice vote, sent to House.
SB316, repealing a state law that prohibits any fat or oil other than milk fat to be added to milk, approved 304), sent to House.
SB465, requiring notaries public applicants to take a written exam, approved on voice vote, sent to Houae.
SB586, increasing the size of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission from six to nine, tentatively
SB596, authorizing additional banking facilities, approved 25-0, sent to House.
SB634, allowing a magistrate to require that a defendant participate in an alcohol or drug abuse treatment program as a condition of personal bond, approved 30-0, sent to House
SB714, authorizing the state to lease space m new state office buildings to private tenants, approved 30-0, sent to House.
SB762, outlining the extent to which state employees may participate in political activities, approved 30-0, sent to House.
SB766, authorizing political subdivisions to require private propety owners to provide parking spaces for the disabled, approved on voice vote, sent to House.
SB779, allowing sheriffs to put third-degree felons on work release programs, approved 304), sent to House.
SB845, authorizing reports on pharmacists who have alcohol or drug abuse problems, approved 304), sent to House.
SB861, authorizing protective services for disabled persons, approved 304), sent to House.
SB1025, authorizing the Parks and Wildlife Department to dispose of abandoned vessels, motorboats and outboard motors, approved 304), sent to House.
SBI 130, authorizing reports (Hi professional nurses who have alcohol or drug abuse problems, approved 304), sent to House. Adjourned until ll a.m. Monday.
DID VUU READ THIS, WAITER? THE GOVERNMENT WILL BDV OUR HOUSE AT PRE-PIOXIN PRICES,..
Social Security 'experts'purge mentally-impaired recipients