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New Albany Weekly Ledger (Newspaper) - December 10, 1862, New Albany, Indiana Volume Xiv. New Albany Indiana wednesday december 10, 1862. Number 16.\ekly Ledger. Orrick of Pearl Street Cwm Aid a pm we pm m�1m Ami Murkot atm a thu ii a Nam Otic skeet of ruining Snarr two Long Aad comp not of Lium of Reading matter. T b r m 8. Of of iier i is tan Capiz a 915, Para menu to he Aiad in Armice and the or Diaco Tinea at tic had of be tim Pam for. A tim in or i<e4cer to up misled at the a Une Osoca at to Par Aagaat. Fail its my Tib we silly limit. Ci.4u Coortz. Aba Abbot Bethlehem. J. R. C. Honn Kunii Bode Tuvilla. Joa iam Owin Memphis. David Robertson Muddy Fark. Of Vavrou of Chat. J. X. Lem0kd3laarenworth. W. W. Cummin English p. O. J. H. . C. K. Millerman Raags. Flotd Loci tit. Cha lbs . Cards . J. C. . Baa Aisom oui tit. Walter l. . A a. Amp. Hon Bradford. Josefa dbwkb3.naw Safirt it or it. Musi Ness banana. Vil am a. Dale. Ramus 8tronoroaewoed. Johh s miss. A a ome w. . Col Lawn . A . Nyhas Pattinson Laveala. A Wipfli of offer. A. C. . S. C. . No lab a. Mallory badly. We. A. A . W a. . Catmur k son. J. P. Foster. My Macedon. J. B. By Skink. A. a Mut but Brit. P. L 9 . Hausa Aoa rrt. A. s Bluff. Kassi Crinitt. Newton Stewart. Tale eoe. Orange vice. Or Laann. Stampar s Creek. Owron of nor Basil Meek. M. H. Cooper. Vaa Aufata of Orrt. Jour c. . Jambs . J. 0. . James Adams Organ Springs. 4. T. . W. C. Winttamdlkt.8a Ein. Naan Oover. A cml c. Shon Cakir. Raae. A of he abot gentleman vol. Spacer. Wittau fall our Dia colties. It is known to us �11 that there is a wide spread difficulty in our land a difficulty in touring the whole population of our country. In what manner shall it be settled so As to be most enduring in its principle and satisfactory to our people is a question deeply Felt by those who would like the smiles of peace to beam upon our country once again shall it be by arms alone shall the country still be drenched in blood and our Hearth Stone be made Dmonate by the slain of dear and devoted ones shall there be no other arbiter but the sword shall the North and South Rush on in madness until our glorious old country is ruined in the conflict of arms or shall reason judgment and sound practical sense govern us in the future. It is not necessary in the present writing to discuss the wrong of the South in leaving a Union the Best Ever yet devised by statesmen. Vie All know it was a great wrong on her part and May we not Hope that Many very Many of her deluded population have Felt it to their sorrow. No our object is to enquire if there is not yet some Chance of Healing the divisions that afflict us by peaceable arbitration of the matters at variance. A we cannot War always. There will be a time when it will end. All conflicts have an my. And Why not bring this to a termination while yet we have enough of Energy and healthful vitality left to throw off the heavy Load that seems to be pressing us Down. When two or More men partners in the great business of life have become entangled in difficulties can they Best Settle those disputes fighting and continuing to fight or they More easily and satisfactorily terminated by a Friendly meeting of the parties to talk and reason Over the matters in controversy does not the history of Man prove that in ninety nine cases in one Hundred All misunderstandings can be better adjusted in that Tuiner than by a resort to violent and passionate moans now government is an aggregate of individuals and the queston comes up whether the difficulties that now Environ us cannot be More easily adjusted by a Friendly talk on the part of those representing the government and a brutal a note from col. Green mail agent on the Grey Eagle the Evansville journal learns that a foul murder was cup netted on saturday last in Daviess county Kentucky about five Miles from Owensboro. Or. Willis Fields who has always been regarded As one of the most upright men in the county was found dead two Miles from his House with several stabs in his body indicating that they had been inflicted wit i a Large knife. Various suspicions have been aroused As to the perpetrator or perpetrators of this murder but As yet nothing has occurred to satisfactorily fix their identity. Or. Fields is said to have been a Sterling Union Man respected and beloved by All his neighbors. This however Only makes the murder More mysterious col. Green thinks l it we do not think 80. Nothing can More naturally account for the cowardly taking off of any citizen in Kentucky than the fact that to was a sound Union Man. We Are in Hopes the authors of the murder will be ferreted out and brought to speedy and consign punishment. We learn from gentlemen from Owensboro who left there tuesday that Strong suspicion exists that or. Fields was murdered by his negroes. From Tennessee and Mississippi. Another or Stanton s among the officers lately mustered out of service by capt Secretary Stanton for being absent from their commands without leave was capt. Thompson of Quot Thompson s Indiana capt. Thompson called the Secretary s attention to the last that instead of being absent be had been in the Field with his command constantly and had lately been promoted to the position of Lieut. Colonel of artillery by Geu. Grant. Capt. Stau twin revokes his order. Similar representation on the part of the j a of Jap pie of Memphis South. I think some headway might to made in seems the end of our troubles in this Way. But i am met by some passionate person who says Quot it will do no Good to propose a the country is too much exasperated to talk to such i would say it could do no harm to try. It would be doing god service and besides no one eat hardly Tell what they can a Complido until an Effort has been a. From the Indianapolis journal. The new Albany Ledger Case. We noticed the other Day a telegraphic report that general Rosecrans had requested general Wright to arrest the editor of the farther it would be a proposition from the new Albany Ledger for violating that Rule stronger to a weaker Power which always of the articles of War which forbids the tim Odemms or a mar Esse the Abolt tim Tets ?t0 Agmi ast us Biry into their do optic my. Tronu Apical acts. Thu i to Thote Sterling democrats and glorious patriots Cox and Richardson of Luinys says the Cincinnati amp Uit re a the abolitionists in the House of have been compelled to Sizow to fair hands on the arbitrary arrest Patam Ltd the test Day of the session. Or. Yallas Jiam s Resolution requesting the Jedi Cihiy committee to inform the House opon what authority the postmaster general he amazed to declare that Vertun Public papers shall not be carried in the United states la ail and to exclude Triem therefrom was adopted. We shall look with some Orion to for the answer. A More tyrannical and Lawless act was never perpetrated than Audi exclusion by the postmaster general. The Law expressly provides that All mailable matter shall be carried in the mails and it is a High offence in a postmaster to re Fose to Forward a letters or papers deposited in his Ace. The idea that a postmaster can discriminate and refine to allow persons whom he dislikes to use the mails is too monstrous to be entertain and for a Maent. There is no of the administration that has Bem More High handed and Ono Nous than tins. The Reaola Pihis of Mears. Richardson and Cox Auliac set Lafonn re on As to the charges a met the political prisoners Why they i country that the <path8 of peace Are Sweet Ware arrs stad and by what authority was and All her ways Are x. Voted Down the abolitionists do not wish by Light shed upon that dirty bunness in the Mccule Suaad edition which the have been engaged. The people find the following among the Tele win take note of these things and will be or Apoc dispatches received last night a till More determined on investigation. Quot gen. Fremont s staff Cere of whom seven colonels Are now in new i Ork Are of the opinion that the general will command the miss Sippi opening expedition instead of we have no doubt that the late order to gen. Fremont at st. Louis to report irame canvass in is a canvass going on in the Memphis District Tennessee for a member of Congress. 11. B. Nabors who once represented a part of Mississippi in the House is a Cussi dilate and so is major w. B. Sharp. Sharp Sharp says the st. Louis Republican we to link to have some recollection of him. Piuggi Sharp yes decidedly he used to vegetate in st. Louis and Missouri. That s have no better material out of which to make a congressman they had better do like the Millerine at Cairo Call upon Gabriel to blow his trumpet and go up. Looks 4nanly us magnanimous before the world and even if it should be rejected or a pumped by the leaders of the Suth we would have a proud satisfaction in our own bosoms the Christian world would applaud the act and it would embolden the Union men of the South to talk aloud against the tyrant who would refuse to entertain in their behalf and in behalf of the whole people of the South so magnanimous a proposition coming from the constituted authorities of the government. I do not propose the particular manner in which to shall met the representatives of the South. I leave that to statesmen to devise but feeling seriously impressed with the idea that this country will never to United by War alone i have thrown together the few thoughts above thinking it might have its influence though Small in impressing upon the people of our the preside by a message. We Lay before our readers to Day the an Noal message of president Lincoln. The president devotes but Short space in this common eation to tiie finances foreign rela ,. W u. U a. In pm. -1,1 11 Diatel at Washngton has something to do tons and the War. The temble ordeal. A j or with his again assuming a command. Diro ngh which the Republic is now passing is it briefly referred to. The Burden of tiie arms def s set we is the negro and the message May be justly styled Quot a Romance of the free and Suye americans of african decent Quot by a. Lincoln. We Are informed on the most reliable authority that gen. Mcclernand will not command the min Sippi River expedition. Gen. Mcclernand was originally assigned to this command by the president. But men. Halleck it Spears dislikes Mccoler at Boch a tim m the pret such a do Gogh. Onitt emanating from the executive of the nation is unworthy an american president it Sigma non am Noan . It indict be however that abolitionism is the Opiyo Idaa or. Lin k in has and that the freeing of the slaves of the South is his Only pan area for oar present National afflictions. God save the coi try from such a hideous policy. Log Man his gallantry at Belmont forts Henry and Donelson and Shiloh to the contrary notwithstanding. In other words Hal i Leek does not like Mcclernand and fears he i May be in his Way for the presidency pos i Sibly and so has determined to Shelve him with Mcclellan and others. So on his Way to Columbus to organize the min Sippi expedition. Gen. Mcclernand was a Kur invite the at-1 met at Cairo by a Telegram from gen. Hal Teuton of our readers to the article on our i Leek ordering him to Springfield ills., Fiat Page under the above head signed i where he now is engaged in organizing the writer is one a Mong oar most respected i Illinois regiments and doing other Small and it al citizens. His Sugges-1 chores. All the men for his expedition who to Oil Are worthy the consideration of the i had arrived at Columbus were sent to gen. People of to in North. We do not doubt that i Sherman at Memphis Andary now under if the people could assemble together and i his command in the Field while the balance qom Nel As to the difficulties which now i of the troops going Forward for the Expedy Environ the land the leaders of treason and tion will be organized and commanded by the schemers for place who Are nursing and some other general possibly Fremont. Fostering the rebellion Virold be speedily put a a and that peace would Agun bless the Kad. Guerrillas brought to we notice by the feedings i Owensboro Monitor of wednesday says that in Congress that Many of our eminent states i la a week capt Little of tiie 17th Kentucky men entertain Simi Hir opinions. I Mclean Cou with a part of ii a i his company had a skirmish with some Ger another libel on general Bnell. 1 Nollas. It seems that five of his men were All in a late Issue of the Gazette says the i one House with their wives when the Cincinnati enquirer a statement appeared i was surrounded by the guerrilla capt. That gen. Buell had proposed to abandon i a a fifteen men. The soldiers had but Nash vice and was prevented from doing so pjs. A a a jog it still determined by the intervention of governor Andrew i give Battie. They had broken the Glass Johnson. We have authority for saying Itiat i of of g and were in the act of fir this statement is positively false. The Deli a them that he would Len nation to hold Nashvle belonged Tol a up a of Ley offered resistance. Gen. Bnell alone who never consulted gov this alarmed tiie women who prevented the Johnson on that or any Osiier matter Andl from shooting and they were taken and Only infer red the governor what he intended called by Bay. Shortly afterwards Captain to do. If gen. Buell had proposed at any a a a Hng of this affair collected about time to abandon Nai Bville such abandon-1 to to Home guards and a few of his men ment would certainly have taken place. Gov. I a started in Pursuit. He overtook them Johnson s wishes to the contrary no with a do one captured five and took six Stan no. No one knew this fact better than horses dispersing the rest. Gov. Jaansoo who in an interview with gen. Buell understood his jurisdiction civic i the slaves in Louis Only while that of gen. Buell was miliary i due journal says that it is a Well known and Pat amount to the civil authority. I it it that an impression prevails to a consid the male of the Case about foreign Erable extent among the slave population of later Tereace. 1 Kentucky that they will be free on the first the London times in alluding to the pro-1 of january under the proclamation of the postal of France to offer Friendly mediation president of the United states. If this de in conjunction with England and Rosni in Lanon is not speedily corrected it will to american ,thu8 ves the present status i Likely to Lead to Dif Lustrous results to the be of the three Powers on the subject Groes and it knows no better Means for Cor we believe that the True state of the Case i renting the delusion than through the pulpits is the France is ardent in the matter Russia he african churches. It therefore Sug Quot Lut i p of the Ste Offort Unity. Of Velmor Morton has addressed a or Enlar to each of the rep Mats from this Stata req eating a diem to Send their recent al a Lois Homie for the Parps be of having the Eaga Gem a in which they have Partis rated Ioan bed of them. Alliey ate Alao requested to of card tbs Reom Wom oot in to in ser Viea told plead a org tha Aid Ivea of tha to earnestly zealously and energetically set themselves to work to Correct the evil at once by telling them that Kentucky is not include in the emancipation proclamation. Indiana 97th Indiana were under in arching orders at Memphis on the 24th inst As the 99th left Here in company with the 97th, it is probable Fiat they accompany the 97 Lay go Inland from giving of information to an enemy and presuming the offence to be the publication of an account of general Mcclernand s expedition we protested against the injustice of arresting the editor alone when the officers from whom he obtained his information were equally guilty and against tho useless cruelty of arresting anybody for an act that could not to recalled and that a much Milder hint would prevent its being repeated. We learn now however that the offending article was not tho a Couff of Mcclernand s expedition but a list of Indiana regiments in Rosecrans s army and the brigades and divisions to which they Are attached. If this be True we suggest that gen. Rosecrans would do Well to find the real offender and ascertain very clearly that there is a real offence before ordering anybody to be arrested. That state meet first appeared in the journal for which it was prepared by an esteemed member of a brigade staff fur the purpose of informing the friends of our soldiers where to write and How to address their letters to make communication As certain a Tessible. With this View solely to published it. We had been then and Are Etili oppressed with entreaties to give our readers the places and stations of our soldiers that their friends might know How to reach them and this statement which has so alarmed general Rosecrans seemed to us to give this information in such a shape As to reveal nothing that could Avail the enemy. Its Pum cation was without any of fencing intent and we Are very sure without any injurious effect. Thousands of relatives have Learned from it How to Send words of Comfort and help to Long lost sons and Brothers in the army and the enemy have not Learned anything. The Good has been great direct and evident the evil is at the worst conjectural and improbable. Will any Man of Ordinary sense state How it can Avail us to know that the 10th Georgia regiment is in the 4th brigade of the 2d division of Price s army corps unless we happen to know where the division is and to avoid the Remote possibility of the enemy benefiting by such indefinite knowledge As this general Rosecrans seems to think that the thousands of wives mothers Dao ters and fathers of Indiana should be deprived of All the information the papers can give Thom As to the whereabouts of their relatives. We Don t see any Good in such a restriction More especially when we remember that the enemy generally knows quite As much of our army As our officers could Tell them. Till our commanders learn How to keep spies out of their Camps they had better say As title As possible of the mischief of letting information get to the enemy by other Means. Gen. Rosecrans is a Good officer and a Loyal one and Means to do right but he can do More to keep the enemy in ignorance of our army by a Little vigilance in his own Camp than by fifty arrests this Side of the Ohio River. The following is a continued list of discharged soldiers from Louisville a Nee our last report Andrew a. Jackson cod 53d ind Oregon ind. Orlander r. Richey co a 87th ind ren Selear. Ind. Dallas Downing 4uth ind Eugene ind. Michael flagger to co i 38th ind West Baden ind. John Saunders cod 15th ind Dover Hill ind. James Kearney co ii 28th by Lagrange by. Sam l headly Serg t co a 88th ind new Ville ind. Jno scrod i co a 32d ind Aurora ind. Cornelius Schwab cog 6th by Cannel ton ind. Robert f. Adam co a 22d ind new Marion ind. We. G. Steni Cymbor co 1,34th by Cory Don ind. John b. Pool cob 31st ind. Charles Schill teamster cob 6th by Louisville by. Conrad Buchanan cob ctr by Louisville by. We. N. Collins co a 16th by Murphy Ville by. James h. Duzan Corporal co i 36th ind Indian Olis ind. J�8. 11. Davis cog 87th ind. Laporte ind. Pat. Carroll co of 34th by. Jas. W. Ellis co a 49th ind. Ludlow ind. Jos. T. Taliver 4th ind. Cav. Orleans ind. Sol. Moore cog 49th ind. Paoli ind. De. J. Fry co of 22d ind. Bennington ind. D. J. Cal cart co 1,22d ind. Bloomington ind. Walt. R. Baker co i 89th ind. Middle Burg. Ind. H. Willman co 1,32d ind. North Union ind. Dan l full corp. Co a 3d by. Cav. Cloverport by. Jes. Power co of Slot ind. Corydon ind. Edmond j. Perry cob 73d ind. Hudson ind. Samuel c. Moore co a 6th ind. Kent ind. Lawrence s. Boyce cob 73d ind. Laporte City ind. Jacob Yocher co a 15th ind. Louisville by. James Payne co a 30th ind Nobles a Ille and. The Advance of the army a Battle to be fought in Middle Tennessee a positions and strength of the rebels a gen. Rosecrans ready lor a fight a news from gen. Grants army it in again in motion from Arkansas amp a. From All the in formation to can gather we judge there will soon be some severe lighting in tho Southwest. At Nashville and in that department things May look quiet Chou but important Movo Monts Are being made. The rebels arc making what they deem the Best distribution of their forces with a View it can not be doubted to a great Battle in Middle Tennessee. The correspondents All unite in saying that the moment gen. Rosecrans moves he will have warm work with skirmishers and we shall not to much surprised if we have a grand Battle at Murfreesboro. It is Aid the position there is very Fine and it has been ascertained that though it is a position easily flanked and near our base of operations the rebels have erected some Fine works there., Bragg Polk and Breckinridge it is said Are at Murfreesboro Frank Cheatham is at Woodbury Buckner at Shelbyville and Kirby Smith at Mcminn Ville. Cheatham was said to have about ten thou Cand men with him at Woodbury and Buckner about fifteen thousand at Shelbyville. Kirby Smith s entire Force whatever it is was supposed to be with him at Mcminnville. Bragg Polk and Breckinridge Are said to have from 35,000 to 45,000 men with them at Murfreesboro and in that immediate Vicinity. There is no longer reason to doubt that the rebels Are determined to dispute every Stop of the March of gen. Rosecran s army from Nashville. A correspondent who seems Well posted says that the question arises in View of a movement on gen. Rosecrans a part As to the comparative forces of Bragg and himself. It is hardly to to expected that any useful advantage or Success is to be had Over a Superior enemy in a chosen position. Yet we Are satisfied that if no provision is made to relieve gen. Gliomas s column from the care of the Louisville and Washvillo Railroad that gen. Rosecrans will have to contend with greatly Superior numbers. The rebel corps three in number Are each composed of at least three Devi Sioris. These divisions arc fully As Large As our own and will number Between six and seven thousand. Bragg has ten such divisions including Samuel Anderson s Tennessee conscripts or g,500 men. With tho present Force under his control gen. Rosecrans can not move on them with More than five divisions. It positively requires four of the Best divisions of his army to guard the Louisville and Nashville Railroad from John Morgan s raids. This is a con Dititto of affairs which requires tho attention of the proper authorities and is no pcs sary to an explanation of any delay on gen. Rosecrans s part. There May be an intention on tho part of gen. Rosecrans to relieve the divisions of the Center column guarding the Railroad of that demoralizing duty. To hear that four Kentucky regiments Aro to be sent to different Points on tho Road to recruit and guard tho Road. The 27th, col. Pennebaker 24th, col. Grigsby tho 13th, col. Hobson Aad the 2�tb, col. Bruce s regiment Are named As the four to go to Kentucky. Gen. Rosecrans s army is working South gradually. The Advance is some Twenty Miles below Nashville. Tho order for the whole Advance is expected daily. From the West Tennessee department the news most cheering. Gon. Grant s array is on the move progressing in two co Lunins a trom la Grange and Memphis. We arc doubtful however whether there will be any general engagement with the enemy immediately. The fact is tho rebels have been occupying Abbeville Grenada Jackson and other Points on the Mississippi Central merely l y Sufferance for months. We judge they will fall Back As fast As our army advances. They May make a Stout stand behind tho Talla Hatchie at Abbeville some fifteen Miles to the South of Holly Springs but we Are disposed to think they will not offer any formidable resistance above the Yal Labusga fifty Miles below tho Talla Hatchios. We will probably not therefore hear of much fighting beyond skirmishes &c., in this Quarter for some Little time yet. There is a Lively anticipation of a Quot fight or a foot race Quot in gen. Cyrus a department. Another Large expedition has left Helena for a Point below and we May expect to hear at any time of important results. The destination of gen. Hovey May be Arkansas Post on the Arkansas River where there Are said to to nine thousand rebels or it May be st. Charles on the White River. We anticipate the dispersion of the Arkansas legislature now in session and the capture of Little Rock within a Brief period. Affairs in Northwestern Arkansas Are in a very satisfactory condition since the defeat at Cane Hill of the rebel gen. Marmaduke by gen. Blunt. We hardly think another Effort will be made to enter Missouri. President s message. Fel Loic Dpi Zens of the Senate and House of representatives since your last annual assembling another year of health and Bountiful Harvic Luis Passeri. And while it has not plots the almighty to bless us with a return of peace we can but press on guided by the Best Light he gives us trusting that in his own Good time and Wise Way All will yet be Avell. About our foreign affairs. The correspondence touching foreign affairs which has taken place during tho last year is herewith submitted in virtual compliance with the request to that effect made by tho House of representatives near the close of the last session of Congress. If the condition of our relations with other nations is less Gratifying than it has usually been at former periods it is certainly More satisfactory than a nation so unhappily distracted As we Are might reasonably have apprehended. In the month of june last there were some grounds to expect that maritime Powers which at the beginning of our Domestic difficulties so unwisely and a nieces Isa Rily As we think recognized the insurgents is a belligerent would soon recede from that position which has proved Little loss injurious to themselves than to our own country. But the temporary reverses which afterwards befell the National arms and which were exaggerated by our own disloyal citizens abroad have hitherto delayed that act of Hiu Mlo Justice. Ilie civil War which has so radically changed for the moment the occupations and habits of the american p2ople, has necessarily disturbed the social condition and affected very deeply tho Prosperity of the nations with which we have carried on acini Sierco that has been steadily increasing throughout a period of half a Century. It has at the same time excited political ambitions and apprehensions which have produced a profound agitation throughout the civilized world. In this unusual agitation we have forlorn a from taking part in any controversy Between foreign states. Be tive attempted no propagandist and acknowledged no revolution. But we have loft to every nation tho exclusive conduct and of its own affairs. Our struggle Lias been of course comitor plated by foreign nations with reference les j to its own merits than to its supposed and it often exaggerated effects and consequences resulting id those nations themselves. Nevertheless complaint on tho part of this government even if it were just would certainly to unwise. Slave. Trade treaty with . Tho treaty with great Britain for the suppression of the slave Trade has been put into operation with a Good Prospect of com Lileto Success. It is an occasion of special pleasure to acknowledge that the execution of it on the part of Llor majesty s govern Mont has been with a jealous respect for the Auto Jority of the United states and the rights of their moral and Loyal Citi-26118. Stadt Duks Abo sued. The convention with Ilion Over for the abolition of the Siadto dues has been carried into Costa Rica has completed its labors and submitted its report. Telegraph around the i have favored the project for Coqui eating the United Quot states with Europe by an Atlantic Telegraph and a similar project to extend the Telegraph from Han Francisco to connect by a Pacific Telegraph with the line which is being extended acro8.�i tho russian Empire. The ten Torles their so oui let be developed us Quot the territories of tho United states with unimportant exceptions have remained undisturbed by the civil War and they Are exhibiting such evidence of Prosperity As justifies an expectation that some of them will soon be in a condition to be organized As , and be constitutionally admitted into the Federal Union. The immense Mineral resources of some of these territories ought to be developed is rapidly As possible. Every step in that direction would have a tendency to improve tho revenues of tho government and diminish tho burdens of the people. It is worthy of your consideration whether some extraordinary measures to promote that end cannot to adopted. The Means which suggests it Elf As most Likely to be effective is a scientific exploration of the Mineral regions in those territories with a View to the publication of its results at Home and in foreign counties results which cannot fail to be auspicious. Financial affairs. The condition of the finances will claim your most diligent consideration. The vast expenditures incident to tho military and naval operations required for the suppression of tho rebellion have hitherto been met with a promptitude and certainty unusual in similar circumstances and tho Public credit has been fully maintained. Tho continuance sif the War however and the increased disbursements made by the augmented forces no a in the Field Eman your Best reflections As to the Best modes of providing the necessary Revenue without injury to business and with the least pos it Ible burdens upon labor. The suspension of specie payments v y the Banks soon after the commencement of your last session made Large issues of United notes unavoidable. In no other Way could tho payment of troops and the satisfaction of other just demands be so Economu Cally or so Well provided for. The Jud Lehoui of Congress securing the re Civ ability of these notes for Loans and internal duties and making them a Legal tender for Osiier debts has made them an Universal currency and has satisfied partially at least and for tho time the Long Felt want of an uniform circulating medium saving thereby to the peopled immense sums in discounts and exchanges. A Federal banking system and National paper currency . A return to specie payments however at tho earliest period compatible with due regard to All interests concerned should Ever to kept in View. Fluctuations in the value of currency Are always injurious and to reduce the fluctuations to the lowest possible full effect under the act of Congress for that a ill always to a leading purpose in Wirt legislation. Conver Tibithy prompt and certain convertibility into Coin generally acknowledged to be the Best and surest Siil a guard against them and it is extremely purpose. Uni blockade and the Hions. Trouble it Occa a blockade of 3,500 Miles of sea coast i i Quot i us i a r Quot i Iulo Tavui Aico mat uni a doubtful whether a circulation of Hundred persons were killed states notes payable in com and Suraci Entov a it it a it a Ould not to established and vigorously on. Forced in a season of great comment us a year was $4,551,968 66. For the last fiscal year it was reduced to $2,112,814 57. These favourable results Aro in part owing to the cessation of mail service in the insurrectionary states and part to a careful review of All expenditures in that department in the interest of Economy. The efficiency of tho postal service it is believed has also been much improved. The postmaster general has also opened a correspondence through tho department of state with foreign Goveri Mients proposing a convention of postal representatives for the purpose of simplifying the rates of foreign Postie and to expedite the foreign mails. This proposition equally important to our adopted citizens and to the commercial interests of this country has been i durably entertained and agreed to by All Etc governments from whom replies have been received. I ask the attention of Congress to the suggestions of tho postmaster general in his report respecting the further legislation required in his opinion for the Benefit of the postal service. The Public lands. Tho Secretary of the Interior reports As follows in regard to the Public lands Quot the Public lands have ceased to be a source of Revenue. From the 1st of july 1801, to the Quot both of september 1862,. The entire Cash receipts from the Sale of lands were $137,470 20�?a sum much less than tho expenses of our land system during the same period. Tho Homestead Law which will take effect on the 1st of january next offers such inducements to settlers that sales for Cash can not be expected to an extent sufficient to meet the expenses of the general land office and the Cost of surveying and bringing the land into tho discrepancy Between the sum Here stated As arising from the sales of the Public lands and the sum derived from the same source As reported from the Treasury department arises As i understand from the i act that the periods of time though apparently were not really coincident at the beginning Point tho Treasury report including a considerable sum now which had previously been reported from tho Interior sufficiently Large to greatly overreach the sum derived from the three Mouths now reported upon b the Interior and not by the i Leasuy. The i ref. Americans of Copper color descent. The Indian tribes upon the frontiers have during the past year manifested a spirit of insubordination and at several Points have engaged in open hostilities against the White settlements in their Vicinity. The tribes occupying the Indian country South of Kansas renounced their allegiance to the United states and entered into treaties with the insurgents. Those who remained Loyal to the United states were driven from the country. The chief of the cherokees has visited Liis City for the purpose of restoring the former relations of the tribe with the United states. He alleges that Uliey were constrained by Superior Force to enter into treaties with the insurgents and that the United states neglected to furnish the Protection which their treaty stipulations required. In the month of August last the Sioux indians in Minnesota attacked the settlements in their Vicinity with extreme ferocity killing men women and children. This attack was wholly unexpected and therefore no Means of defense had been provided. It is estimated that not a civil War occurring in a country where i advantages of a foreigners reside and carry on Trade under treaty stipulations is necessarily fruitful of of none which promises so certain a a. Results and is at the same time so in Bojec complaints of tho violation of Neutral rights All such collisions tend to excite Nii sapper hons ions and Poss Ildy produce Mutual reclamations Between nations which have a common interest in preserving peace and Friendship. In Clear cases of these kinds i have so car As possible Beard and redressed complaints which have been presented by Friendly Powers. There Are still however. Tio Nable As the organization of banking associations under a general act of Congress Well guarded in its provisions. To such associations tho government might furnish circulating notes on tho Security of United Stetes Bonds deposited in tho Treasury these notes Perparos under the supervision of Procter officers being uniform in appearance and Liy the indians and a Largo amount of prop 1. 1 Ltd i this outbreak was and sushi need not to be of the Constitution and the Law for the suppression of the foreign slave Trade Are each As Well enforced perhaps As any Law can Over be in a Community there the moral sense of tho people imperfectly supports the Law itself the great body of the people abide by the dry Legal obligation in both cases and a few break Over in each. This i think cannot be perfectly cured and it would be worse in both cases after the separation of the sections than before. The foreign slave Trade now imperfectly suppressed would be ultimately revived without restriction in one Section while furtive slaves now Only partially surrendered would not be surrendered at All by the other. The negro again dividing lines discussed. Quot physically speaking we can not separate. We can not remove our respective sections from each other nor build an impassable Wall Between them. A husband and wife May be divorced and go out of the presence and beyond tho reach of each other but the different parts of our country can not do this. They can not but remain face to face and Intercourse either amicable or hostile must continue Between them. Is it possible then to make that Intercourse More advantageous or More satisfactory after separation than before can aliens make treat if s easier than friends can make Laws can treaties be More faithfully enforced Between aliens than Laws can among friends suppose you go to War you can not fight always and when after much loss on both sides and no gain on either you cease fighting the identical old questions As to terms of Intercourse Are again upon there is no line straight or crooked suitable for a National Boundary upon which to Divide. Trace through from East to West. Upon the line Between the free and slave country and we shall find a Little More than one third of its length Are Rivers easy to be crossed and populated or soon to be populated thickly upon both w Des while nearly All its remain my length Are merely surveyors lines Over which people May walk Back and Forth without any. Consciousness of their presence. No part of this line can be Mado any More difficult to pass by writing it Down on paper or Parchment As a National Boundary. The fact of separation if it comes gives up on the part of the seceding Section the fugitive slave clause along with All other constitutional obligations upon the Section seceded from while i should expect no treaty stipulation would Ever be made to. Take its place. But there is another difficulty. The great Interior Region bounded East by the Alle a shanies North by the British dominions West by the Rocky mountains and South by the line along which the culture of Corn and Cotton meets and which includes part of Quot Virginia part of Tennessee All of Kentucky Ohio Indiana Michigan Wisconsin Illinois Missouri Kansas Iowa Minnesota and the territories of Dakotah Nebraska and part of Colorado already has above ten millions of people and will have fifty millions within fifty years if not prevented by any political Folly or mistake. It contains More than one third of the country owned by the United states certainly More than one million of Square Miles. If half As populous As Massachusetts already is it would have More than seventy five millions of people. A glance at the map shows that territorially speaking it is the great body of the Republic. Tho other parts Are but marginal Borders to it the magnificent Region sloping West from the Rocky mountains to the Pacific being the deepest and also the richest in undeveloped la the production of provisions grasses Anco All which proceed from a a f. Them this great Interior Region is naturally Dian Bureau from different sources about the the important in the world. A Largo and augmenting number of doubtful convertible always into Coin cases upon which the government is unable labor again tho evils tag dec with the governments whose pro currency and Lac Ihnate com Toction is demanded by the claimants there i exchanges Are moreover in which the United states or their citizens suffer wrongs from die naval or military authority of foreign nations which tho governments of those slates Are not at once prepared to redress. 1 have proposed to some of the foreign states thus interested Mutual conventions to examine and adjust such complaints. This proposition has been made especially to Jerreat Britain to France to Spain and to Prussia. In each Case it has been kindly received but Baa not yet been formally adopted. I deem it my duty to recommend an appropriation in behalf of the norwegian bark Admiral p. Torden Saibold which vessel was. A moderate reservation from the interest on Bonds would compensate the United states for the preparation and distribution of tho notes and a general supervision of the so Stem and would lighten tie Burden of that part of the Public debt employed As securities. The Public credit moreover would he j time hostilities were commenced that a simultaneous attack was to to made upon the White settlements by All the tribes Between the Mississippi and the Rocky mountains. The state of Minnesota has suffered great injury from the Indian War. A Large por tit n of her territory has icon depopulated and a severe loss has been sustained by the destruction of property. The people of that state Manifest much anxiety for the removal of the tribes beyond tho limits of the state As a guarantee against future hostilities. The of Indian affairs will furnish full details. I submit for your Especial consideration whether our Indian system shall not be remodeler. Many Wise and Good men have impressed my Avith tho belief that this can c profitably done. Railroads and canals. I submit a slate Lieut of the proceedings of the commissioners which shows the Progress greatly improved and the negotiation of new i been made in the Enterprise of con Loans greatly facilitated by the steady Market demand for government Bonds which the adoption of the proposed system would create. It is an additional recommendation of the measure of considerable weight in Niy judgment that it would reconcile As far As strutting the Pacific Railroad. And this suggests the earliest completion of this Road and also for the favourable action of Congress upon tho projects Novar pending before them for enlarging the capacities of tho great canals in new York and Illinois As being of in May 1861, prevented by the commander of the blockading Force off Charleston from leaving that port with cargo notwithstanding a similar privilege had shortly before been granted to an English vessel. I have directed the Secretary of state to cause the Case to be communicated to the proper authorities. Colonization of Quot free americans of of 1802, were $583,885, rican descent. 247 06, of which sum $49,056,397 02 were possible All existing interests by the Popov i f f idly increasing importance to 5.,the whole nation and especially to the vast Interior Region hereinafter to to noticed at of Anize under the act substitution i Only tiie r i a i i a secured uniform National circulation t r greater length. 1 purpose having pre local and various circulation scoured and in p a j Early Day secured now by them. Enter Stag and Vallab e statistical in formation upon this sub acct. The military and receipts and disbursements. Commercial importance of enlarging the ii the receipts into the Treasury from All Michigian canal and i Novin. Sources including Loans and balance from the preceding year for the fiscal year end a consistent abolitionist. Col. Forney of the Philadelphia press Calls for the suppression of tho new Albany ind Ledger for revealing the facts connected with the proposed Mississippi expedition. To be consistent col. Forney ought also to insist upon the suppression of the journal that first announced the destination of the Banks expedition and that has recently been furnishing tho country and the enemy with the proposed movements of gen. Burn Side s army. If the government declines to interfere col. Forney might suppress tho offending newspaper himself and thus How his . Y. World. This same col. Forney recently published All the details of the Banks expedition As Well As All the details of tho proposed movements of gen. Burnside s army. Tho reference of tho world to his disinterestedness is certainly most appropriate. Will contest is said that some of the quakers in Wayne county will contest the Validity of the pecuniary penalty imposed on them for exemption from draft and that the Case will be heard before the War department. These quakers Are not Only opposed to fighting but also to paying and inasmuch As they All vote tho abolition ticket we presume capt. Stanton will remit the amounts assessed against them Quot for conscience applications have been made to me by Many free americans of african descent to favor their emigration with a View to such colonization As was contemplated in recent acts of Congress. Other parties at Home and abroad some from interested motive others upon patriotic considerations and still others by philanthropic sentiments have suggested similar measures while on the other hand several of the South american republics have protested against the sending of such colonics to their respective territories. Under these circumstances 1 have declined to move any such Colony to any state without first obtaining the consent of its government with an agreement on its part to receive and protect such emigrants in All the rights of Vroomen and i have at the same time offered to the a Octal states situated within tho tropics or having colonies there to nog Ottato with them Quot subject to the advice and consent of tho Senate to Lavor tho voluntary emigration of persons of that class to their respective territories upon conditions which shall be Oij Ual just and humane. Liberia and Ilyati Are As j it the Only countries to which colonies of african descent from hero could go with certainty of being received and adopted As citizens and 1 regret to say such persons contemplating colonization do not seem so willing to Migrate to those countries As to some others nor so willing As i think their interests demand. I believe however opinion among them in this respect is improving and that Ore Long there will be an augmented and considerable migration to Bot ii these countries from the United states. Commercial treaties. The now commercial treaty Between the United states and the Sultan of Turkey has been carried into execution. A commercial and consular treaty has been negotiated subject to the Senate s consent with Liberia and a similar recognition is now pending with the Republic of Hayti. A considerable improvement of the National Commerce is expected to result from these measures. Productions of May not be generally known that tobacco is fast becoming one of the Staple products of our state. The counties of Warrick Spencer and Dubois have each sold $200,000 Worth of tobacco this year or $600,000 for the three counties. Large amounts have been produced and sold in other counties. Growls Coriaty noses the largest crop of any other county in the state and the tobacco in this county ranks among the Best in the Louisville Market. Drake s Plantation i bitters More about Foreith relations. Our relations with great Britain France Spain Portugal Russia Prussia Denmark Sweden Austria tho Netherlands Italy Corfe and the other european states be main undisturbed. Very favourable relations also continue to be maintained with Turkey Morocco China and Japan. During the last year there has not Only been no change of our previous relations with the Independent states of our own continent but More Friendly sentiments than have heretofore existed Are believed to be entertained by these neighbors whose safety and Progress Are so intimately connected with our own. This statement especially applies to Mexico Nicaragua Costa Rica Honduras Peru and Chili. The commission under the convention with the Republic of new Granada closed its session without having audited and passed upon All the claims which were submitted to it. A proposition is pending to revive the convention that it May be Able to do More Complete Justice. The joint con Mission be derived from customs $1,795,231 73 from from tho direct tax from Public lands $152,-203 77 from miscellaneous sources $931,-787 04 from Loans in All forms $529,692,-460 50. The remainder $2,257,065 80, avas the balance from last year. The disbursements during the same period wore for congressional executive and judicial purposes $5,939,009 29 for foreign Intercourse $1,339,710 35 for miscellaneous expenses including the mints Loans Post office deficiencies collection of Revenue and other like charges $14,129,771 5ii for expenses under the Interior department $3,102,985 52 under tho War department $394,368,407 36 under the Navy it part ment $42,674,569 09 for interest on Public debt $13,190,324 45 and for payment of Quot Public debt including reimburse Eniet of temporary Loans and redemption $90,090,922 09, making an aggregate of-$57n,841,7 in 25, and leaving a balance in the Treasury on the first Day of july 1802, of $13,043,540 81. It should be observed Itiat the sum of $90,-090,922 09, expended for reimbursements and redemption of Public debt being included also in the Loans made May be properly deducted both from receipts and expenditures leaving tho actual receipts for the year $487,788,324 97 and the expenditures $474,-744,788 10. Other information on tho subject of the finances will to found in tho report of the Secretary of the Treasury to whose statements and views i invite your Mot candid and considerate attention. War and Navy reports. The reports of tho secretaries of War and of Navy Are herewith transmitted. These reports though lengthy Are scarcely More Titan Brief abstracts of the very numerous and extensive transactions and operations conducted through these departments. Nor could i give a summary of them Here upon any principle which would admit of its being much Shorter than the reports themselves. I therefore Content myself with laying tho reports before you and asking your attention to them. Postal affairs. It gives me pleasure to report a do Cidad improvement in the financial condition of the Post department As compared with sever Alip dec Edig years. The receipts for the fiscal year 1861 amounted to $8,349,-296 40, which embraced the Revenue from All the states of the Union for three quarters of that year. Notwithstanding the cessation of Revenue from the so called seceded states during the last fiscal year the increase of the correspondence of tho Loyal states has been sufficient to produce a Revenue during the same year of $8,299,820 90, being Only $50,000 less than was Deriv ii from All the states of tho Union during the previous year. The expenditures show a still More favourable result. The amount expended in 1801 was $13,606,759 ii. For the last year the amount has been reduced to $11,125,304 13, showing a decrease of about $2,481,000 in the expenditures As compared with the pre ceding year and about $3,750,000 As compared with the fiscal year 1860. The def i of tide a Ai enl Brood Appan to in in every one i my Well u Oatery him a the. Be amp a plea did aide sad Oak Impraim Aposto Streak beaded in a is we j iii we aug Jet ask Var in Hawk to a a a Vul a wow. J Wmk a w w it a a my to w few . A. A a a �ibf8dirta i conker agent tween the United states and the Repalie of i nay in the department for the previous Stantial dispute. The fugitive slave clause Linoi Sand Michigan canal and improving the Illinois River is presented in the report of colonel we vaster to tho of War and now transmitted to Congress. I respectfully ask attention to it. Agricultural department. To carry out tho provisions of tiie act of Congress of the 15th of May last i have caused the department of agriculture of the United states to be organized. The commissioner informs to that within the period of a few months this department has established an extensive system of correspondence and exchanges both at Home and Abi Oad which promises to effect highly beneficial results in the development of a Correct knowledge of recent improvements in agriculture in the introduction of new products and in the collection of the agricultural statistics of the different states. Also that it will soon be prepared to distribute largely seeds cereals plants and , and has already published and liberally diffused much valuable information in anticipation of a More elaborate report which will in due time be furnished embracing some valuable tests in chemical science now in Progress in the Laboratory. The creation of this department was for the More immediate Benefit of a Large class of our most valuable citizens and i Trust that the Liberal basis upon which it has been organi died will not Only moot your approbation but tiit it will realize at to Distant Tajall the fondest anticipations of its most sanguine friends and become tho fruitful source of advantage to All our people. Quot compensated emancipation on the Twenty second Day of september last a proclamation Wixs issued by the executive a copy of Wlinich is herewith submitted. In accordance with the purpose expressed in the second paragraph of that paper 1 now Call your attention to what May be called Quot compensated the United states not adapted for a National negro . A nation May be said to consist of its territory its j eople Aud its Laws. The territory is the Only part which is of certain durability. Quot one generation pass cab away and another generation cometh but tho Earth a Bidet it is of the utmost importance to duly consider and estimate this Over enduring part. That portion of tho Earth s surface which is owned and inhabited by the peo do of the United states is Well adapted to to tho Home of one National family Aud it is not Well adapted for two or More. Its vast extent and its variety of climate and productions Are of advantage in this age for one Peovic whatever they might have been in former Ages. Storm telegraphs and intelligence have brought these to be an advantageous combination for one United people. The negro the Only substantial dispute in tiie inaugural address i briefly pointed out tho total Inadequacy of disunion As a Sci Node fur Ilif Ferencis Between the people of the two sections. I did so in language which t cannot improve and which there fore i beg leave to repeat Quot one Section of our country believes slavery is right and ought to to extended while the other believes it a Rong and ought not to be extended. This is the Only sub to certain from the statistics the Small proportion of the Region which has As yet been brought into cultivation and also the Large and rapidly increasing amount of its products Aud we shall be overwhelmed with tho magnitude of the Prospect presented. And yet this Region has no sea coast touches no Ocean anywhere. As part of the nation its people now find and May forever find their Way to Europe by now York to South America and Africa by new Orleans and to Asia by san Francisco. But separate our common country into two nations As designed by the present rebellion and every Man of this great Interior Region is thereby Cut off from Somo one of these outlets not perhaps by a physical Barrier but by embarrassing and onerous regulations. And this is True a wherever a dividing or Boundary line May be fixed. Place it Between the now free and slave country or place it South of Kentucky or North of Ohio and still the truth remains that none so Fth of it can Trade to any port or place North of it and none North of it can Trade to any port or place South of it except through a government foreign to them. These outlets East West North and South Are indispensable to the Well being of the people inhabiting and to inhabit this vast Interior Region. Which of the three May be Best is no proper question. All Are better than either and All of right belong to that people and to their successors forever. True to themselves they will not ask where a line of separation shall be but will vow rather that there shall be no such line. Nor Are the marginal regions loss interested in these communications to and through them to the great outside world. They too and each of them must have a. Cess to this Egypt of the West without paying toll at the crossing of any National Boundary. Our National strife Springs not from our permanent part not from the land we in labit not from our National Homestead. There is no possible severing of this but would multiply and not mitigate evils among us. In All its adaptations and aptitudes it demands Union and abhors separation. In fact it would ere Long Force reunion however much of blood and treasure the separation might have Cost. Our strife pertains to ourselves to the passing generations of men and it can without a convulsion be hushed forever with the passing of one generation. In this View 1 recommend the adoption of the following Resolution and articles amendatory to the Constitution of the United states constitutional in behalf of the Neosho. Resolved by the Senate and House of a epics natives of the United states of America in Congress assembled. Awo third of both houses concurring that the showing Ai titles be proposed to the Legislatures or Convent ions of the several states As amendments to the Constitution of the United states All or any of which articles when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures or conventions to be valid As part or parts of the said Constitution Viz a arts let. Every state wherein slavery now exists which shall abolish the same therein at any time or times before the first of january in the year of our lord one thousand Aud nine Hund Reil shall receive compensation from the United states As follows to wit a a the president of the United states shall deliver to every such state Bonds of the United states bearing interest at uie rate of a per cent per annul to an amount Etidal to the a regate sum of for each slave shown to been therein by the eighth census of the United states Siul Bonds to be delivered to such state a instal it ,.or in one parcel at the completion of the abolishment accordingly As the same shall have been gradual or at one time within such state and interest shall begin to run upon any such Bond Only from the proper time i it fits delivery As aforesaid. Any state having received Bonds , and afterwards re introducing or tolerating slavery therein shall refund to the United states the Bonds so rec it ived or the value thereof and All intercut paid thereon. Quot article a. All slaves who shall have enjoyed actual Freedom by the chances of the War at any time before the end of the rebellion shall be forever free but All owners of such who shall not have been disloyal shall be compensated for them at the game rates As is provided for states adopting abolishment of slavery but in such a Way that no slave shall be twice accounted for. A article a. Congress May appropriate Money and otherwise provide for colonizing free coloured persons with their own consent at any place or places without the United the Nero Issue elucidated Onck More. I beg indulgence to discuss those proposed articles at some length. Without slave the rebellion could never have existed without slavery it could not continue. Among the friends of the Union there is great diversity of sentiment and of policy in regard to slavery and the african race among us. Somo would perpetuate slavery some would abolish it suddenly and without compensation Somo would a Lish it gradually and with compensation some would remove the freed people from us and some Woodd retain them with us and there Are yet other minor diversities. Because of these a diversities we waste much strength in struggles among ourselves. By Mutual Concession we should harmonize and act together. This would be Compromise but it would be Compromise among the friends and not with the enemies of the Union. These articles Are intended to embody a plan of such Mutual con lbs ions. If the plan shall be adopted it colluded on fourth Page

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