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Nashua Telegraph (Newspaper) - December 12, 1969, Nashua, New Hampshire Today's Chuckle Supermarket conversation: "Forget about the large economy size; get the small expensive package we can afford." Nashua Weather Cloudy, Cold Tonight Little Change Saturday New Hampshire's Largest Evening Newspaper VOL 101 NO 241 Continuing the New Hampshire Telegraph iwi nw. Established October NASHUA, NEW HAMPSHIRE, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 12, 1969 30 PASES Further Charges Expected In Probe Of My Lai Deaths First Step in Library Construction Workmen yesterday began leveling a building at the end of Pearson Avenue to clear the way for the proposed construction of a new library. The first build- Ing to go was pushed over by the bulldozer at right, and was almost completely gone by this afternoon. Two other small buildings to the right of the picture will also be demolished. (Telegraphoto-Harrigan) By FRED HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (AP) Army sources say they ex- p e c t charges to be filed against most of the 24 sol- diers and former soldiers under investigation in the alleged massacre of Viet- namese civilians at My Lai. Seek Evidence They estimated the probe will not be completed for about four months because of the wide- spread hunt for evidence. Inter- rogations resulted in more leads that have to be followed up, they explained. But on the basis of what has been developed so far, the sources said there probably will be charges filed against a ma- jority of nine soldiers and 15 for- mer soldiers, all one-time mem- Senate Passes Veto-Threatened Reforms Conference Committee Gets Tax Bill By JOE HALL WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate has oyerwhelm- ingly passed its veto- threatend tax reform bill, sending it to a conference committee where House members wait with their own quite different ver- sion. Seek Compromise The 'conference committee has a heavy chore in reconciling the bills, but leading members of both delegations say they ex- pect to come up with a compro- mise President Nixon can sign. The Senate, which ended al- most a fortnight of debate by approving the bill 69-22 Thurs- day afternoon, sparked Nixon's ire by providing a 15 per cent increase in Social Security bene- fits and a boost in personal in- come tax exemptions from to The House bill makes no pro- vision for either matter, al- though that chamber is consid- ering a separate Social Security proposal. Opponents railed vainly against the bill Thursday, charging its differences between tax relief and revenue gain amount to more than billion and is fiscally irresponsible. It was this cost that Nixon cited when he said he will veto the bill if it's unchanged. However, it seems certain the 15 per cent Social Security bene- fit boost, and many others of the tax breaks will be retained ei- ther in the tax bill or in sep- arate legislation. The Senate bill raises the present personal deduction to in 1970 and in 1971. The House version provides a cut in income tax rates begin- ning in 1971. Nixon contends a tax cut in 1970 would hurt his fight against inflation and would take too much out of the Treasury. The Senate's 15 per cent increase in Social Security benefits and a provision raising the minimum payment from J55 a month per individual '16 both; exceed the President's suggested total 10 per cent increase in benefits. Another major difference, but one on which the administration has not taken- a do-or-die stand, Is the oil and gas depletion al- lowance. The House bill reduces the percentage of gross income an oil company may write off before taxes from to 20 per cent. The Senate bill drops it to 23 per cent. Predict Rejection Conferees .privately predicted rejection by the conference committee of the following Sen- ate amendments: give parents a tax credit on college expenses, esti- mated to cost billion. give persons over 65 full Cotton Ballots Against Bill Despite His Own Amendment WASHINGTON (AP) AI- though Sen. Norris Cotton, R- N.H., successfully fought for an import limitation amendment to the tax reform measure, he voted against the bill on final passage. The amendment was spon- sored by a non-partisan group headed by Cotton which in- cluded Sen. Thomas Mclntyre, D-N.H. On the vote for the complete bill, Cotton was one of the 22 voting against it Thursday, while Mclntyre was one of the 69 on the winning side. The bill now goes to a confer- ence committee to iron out dif- ferences with the House version. Authorizes President One of those differences is the Cotton amendment which would give the President power to restrict imports made by cheap labor if he finds such im- ports "destroyed American especially in the textile, shoe and electronics industries. Under the Cotton amendment, restrictions by the United States would be imposed only when the foreign nation-involved had restrictions on American ex- ports. The President would be directed to remove restrictions on foreign imports once a coun- SEN. COTTON Page 2 deduction of medical expenses, estimated to cost million. give deductions for trav- el expenses to and from work of up to to disabled persons, estimated to cost million. establish the tlOO mini- mum monthly individual Social Security benefit, estimated to cost billion. -To exempt the first of investments from repeal of the 7 per cent investment tax credit, estimated to cost million. drop retirement age un- der Social Security for men from 62 to 60, estimated to cost million the first year. In final debate, Sen. Gordon Allott, R-CoIo., called the bill a "political Christmas tree" and an "economic monster." Sen. Charles E. Goodell, R- N.Y., said "the wholesale tax cuts will feed inflation and take away revenues desperately needed to meet the social prob- lems facing this nation." Sen. John J. Williams, R-Del., Republican floor manager for the bill, said he was so bitterly opposed to the Senate version he would not serve as a conferee. He said he could not support the Senate version. There's an Ape in Your Family Tree By HAROLD M. SCHMECK JR. New York Timu News Servici WASHINGTON-Man, reputed to be a little lower than the angels, may also be a lot closer to the ape than many experts bad thought. The evidence for this is in the blood. New studies of blood chemistry suggest that the pro- genitors of mankind split off horn those of the African Great ifcpes only about 5 million years Rgo at the earliest. Some an- thropologists have estimated the of divergence as far back KS 30 million years ago. This about the time when man's ancestors became distinct from those of the old world monkeys. The new analysis is based on differences among the species in three important blood constit- uents hemoglobin, transferrin and in deoxyribo- nucleic acid, known universally as DNA. The scientists who-have re- ported this analysis said the same method can be used as an evolutionary clock for many species; showing how closely one is related to another and how long ago they diverged. The method could thus be an important check on the fossil record which is fairly complete for some species but scant for others including man. The new research is published in the latest issue of the pro- ceedings of the National Acad- emy of Sciences by Dr. Allan C. Wilson and Dr. Vincent M. Sarich of the University of Cali- fornia at Berkeley. For each of the four sub- stances tested they found only small structural differences be- tween man and ape, but larger differences between man and monkey. By calculating how long it must have taken for the differences to arise through evo- lution, the scientists estimated how long ago the family trees of man, chimpanzee, gorilla and monkey must have separated from each other. Two years ago, the scientists published a comparative analy- sis on the basis of blood albu- min alone. This showed about the same trend as the new re- port. It was greeted with some skepticism, Wilson said during a telephone interview last night. He said the new report, cover- ing the other substances as well, greatly strengthens the case. Furthermore, Wilson said ha '70 Chevrolets CARS TRUCKS Daily Rentals as low as r day Call Ten 888-1 12? MacMulkin Chevrolet OPEN TONIGHT TIL 12 MIDNIGHT NASHUA MALL FOREST RIDGE Amherst St. Route 101 -A Nashua, N.H. Now renting I, 2 3 Bedroom with air conditioning and carpeting Agent on premises Call 883-7752 OPEN DAILY and WEEKDAYS NOON TO SEVEN CLOSED THURSDAYS LOCATED DEEP AMID TREES ON 101-A at Turnpike Exit 7W Another First Hartford Corporation Community NASHUA'S ONLY FAOTOBY AUTHORIZED DEALER SKI-DOO Ski-Doo Suits Booti Trailers Sleds Accessories Parts Nashua Auto Co. Outdoor Recreation Center 282 Main Street, Nashua, N. B. has received word from other scientists of similar evidence concerning two additional sub- stances common to all the spe- cies involved in the compara- tive studies. Tkis is still unpub- lished. The most complete evidence described, in the new report concerns hemoglobin, the blood constituent that carries oxygen. There has been much published information on the structure of hemoglobin in man and other species. On the basis of the fossil evi- dence, scientists believe the evo- lutionary lines that have pro- duced man, apes, monkeys, horses and donkeys began to diverge from a common ances- tor, about 75 million years ago. At the time the divergence be- gan all must have had about the same type of hemoglobin. The differences that are appar- ent today are thought to be an accurate reflection of the extent of an evolutionary change. Man -and chimpanzee have hemoglobin structures in which the complete sequence of sub- units is the same. There are about 300 of these subunits, called amino acids, in the he- moglobin molecule. There are no differences in sequence be- tween normal human and chim- panzee hemoglobins, the report said. There are only two differ- ences in sequence between man and gorilla; but 12 between monkey and man and 43 be- tween horse and man. The new analysis shows that man, apes and monkeys are about equally distant from the horse and donkey. TONIGHT IN THE TELEGRAPH FUEL OIL SAVE MORE. With LORDEN OIL CO. INC. SERVING NASHUA AND SUBEOCND1NG TOWNS 465-2267 5% DAILY INTEREST COMPOUNDED QUARTERLY: ON 90 DAY NOTICE ACCOUNTS AT NASHUA TRUST COMPANY Abby Anderson Biossat Classifieds Obituaries Sports 27, 28, Comics Crossword Editorial financial Horoscope Lawrence Nashua Scene 4 Suburban 22.23 Taylor 14, 15, Television Theaters Dr: ThusieSfm Weather Wicker 25 25 2 17 20% OFF ALL PICTURES AND PLAQUES FLETCHER'S PAINT WORKS Rte 101 Mllford Use BinkAmericard bers of -Company C, 1st Battal- ion, llth Infantry Brigade. First Lt. William L. Calley Jr., a platoon commander in Company C, is awaiting court- martial at Ft. Benning, Ga., on charges of premeditated mur- der of at least 109 Vietnamese men, women and children. A decision is imminent on whether to court-martial one of Calley's squad leaders in Viet- nam, S. Sgt. David Mitchell, who has been accused of assault with intent to kill 30 Vietnamese noncombatants.. Mitchell says he is innocent. The Army has refused to 'iden- tify the 24 other men whose ac- tions the day of the My Lai inci- dent nearly 21 months ago are under scrutiny. There is a strong prospect that, if the prediction of the Army sources stands up, trials may be held simultaneously or in sequence in different parts of the country. Army and Justice Department authorities have not yet finally made up their minds on how to proceed with any charges against former soldiers. Pentagon sources said Justine Department authorities are leaning toward the commission, or tribunal, approach. Decision Cited A Supreme Court decision 14 years ago invalidated a section of the Military Justice Code un- der which the Air Force at that time attempted to prosecute a former airman. However, Army lawyers feel that two as yet untested sections of the Military Justice Code can be brought into play in the present situation in an effort to try ex-soldiers in the My Lai cases. In addition to the Army probe of the incident itself, two other separate but related investiga- tions are being conducted in so-called Peers commission checking on wheth- er lower-level officers tried to cover up the My Lai story, and a congressional inquiry being conducted by a House subcom- mittee. The congressional pane 1's chairman, Rep. L. Mendel Riv. ers, D-S.C., has said his investi- gation- so far has not found evi- dence substantiating that a massacre took place, although he said he was not saying it had not. Rivers Thursday denied pub- lished reports that his commit- tee had heard testimony by a U.S. helicopter pilot that he had trained his guns on U.S. soldiers while rescuing a half dozen or more wounded civilians from a ditch piled with bodies at My Lai the day the massacre re- portedly occurred. Santa Fund Needs Daily to Meet Requests of Needy By MICHELE BUJOLD The Telegraph Santa Fund ap- peal passed the halfway point in time today, but had received less than one-third of the estimated to provide Christmas happiness for more than 250 needy families in the Nashua area. Readers added to the fund today to raise the total to date to It is estimated that more than a day will be required from now until Christmas Eve if every appeal for a visit from Santa with his bag of toys is to be answered not to mention clothing and food orders which must be filled. Requests Rise Meanwhile, the requests for help keep pouring into the Salva- tion Army headquarters at 15 Temple St., reports Captain Charles Sargent, officer in charge. The majority of the cases in- volves women with families who have been deserted and are on welfare incomes that cover the bills period. There is nothing left over for Christmas. Salvation Army files indicate that a lot of these women get SANTA FUND Page 2 Kiwanis Club Aids Santa Fund George Simmons, president of the Nashua Kiwanis Club, hands a check for to Mrs. Marion Treat, bookkeeper on the Telegraph staff. The check go into the Telegraph's Santa Fund as an annual donation from the Kiwanis Club. (Telegraphoto-Harrigan) CUSTOM PICTURE FRAMING FRAME IT FOR CHRISTMAS Nashua Wallpaper Co. 129 W, Pearl St. 882-Mtl Hon. thru Sat. Open Thura. 'til I FOOD SALE SAT., DEC. 13 9 A.M.-2 P.M. DAY CARE CENTER 168 MAIN ST. (Through tht Arctic) Sponsored by the Dty Cm Staff. Benefit of Tgy ment Fund. ;