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Mount Pleasant News (Newspaper) - January 31, 1970, Mount Pleasant, Iowa
Section one 2 sections the it pleasant news warmer vol. 92, no. 26 it. Pleasant Iowa saturday evening january 31, 1970 on presenting facts and cutting into drug problem smog editors note so Many persons rightfully Are concerned about drug abuses. Reams of material Are being published about the abuses and the dangers but not enough of it is being digested. One of the Best summaries that we have read is the digest of a talk by Alton l. Blake. Alee who has specialized in science writing for the associated press and is one of the nations Best informed on the subject of mind influencing drugs. The talk was Given at the Inland daily press association meeting in Chicago and the condensed digest was published in Inland a service bulletin to members. Price to cent after opening with reference to his coverage of the flight of three american astronauts to the Moon a and Back he continued the epidemic spread of dangerous drugs that affect the human mind is also attracting much attention. But it is a kind of negative attention. By that i mean very few people Are learning very much about the problem and its facets. The subject is too beset by a smog of emotion and even hysteria that prevents learning which closes minds. And too Many defenders and attackers of drugs a of All kinds a Are convinced that they and Only they have the Correct facts and information. Both extremes tend to moralize with the attitude a a done to give me the facts Mabel a my mind is made thus we have too Many parents insisting that marijuana is a narcotic which it Isnit and so having their youngsters wonder if the rest of parental knowledge about drugs is not also erroneous. We have too Many adults convinced that one puff of pot inevitably must Lead to shooting heroin which is not True. We have Young people insisting that pot is perfectly Safe for everyone that it has never harmed anyone and that is not True. Adults head list of abusers very Likely a majority of people believe it is the Young generation which is the worst abuser of drugs. But they Arentt a adults head the Parade with alcohol sleeping pills tranquillisers Pep pills and other drugs. This emotional polarization around a Good Deal of misinformation vastly complicates the task of developing intelligent and effective solutions to the problem of drug use and abuse. A further complication is that All the facts Are not yet known. For example it is not known just what the effects May be from Long term use of marijuana daily or regularly Over a period of years. There Are other gaps in knowledge of various drugs especially the More esoteric ones. And entirely new chemicals that can influence the mind and mood Are bound to become available. Drugs Are a developing Story the drug problem thus is a developing Story. And newspapers can do with it what they always do bests keep abreast of a developing Story and cover it fully and factually. Newspapers can help substitute facts for fallacies and Dampen some of the emotional Fervour that is creating controversy instead of discussion and Resolution of the real problem. The real problem indeed May not be drugs themselves but the reasons Why people a adults As Well As youngsters a Are so attracted to them need or want them. Drug abuse is a serious health and social problem in the nation perhaps in your communities. But As John Finlator associate director of the Bureau of narcotics and dangerous drugs remarks a the drug abuse problem is National in scope. But it is not a National problem so much As it is a local problem in the Community in the school in the Home. Here is the place where education has to be much of this educational Effort can and should be performed by newspapers through their function of providing information and helping to shape Public opinion and to resolve local problems. I have interviewed a spectrum of authorities on the drug abuse problem and this is their consensus of How Best to approach the subject get the facts make certain you have the facts and understand what various drugs do and done to do. In writing and talking about mind influencing drugs we should be careful to specify which one or ones we mean. There is a great difference Between marijuana and heroin Between Speed and a mild tranquil Lizer. Lumping them All in one Basket As a a drugs confuses the Public and causes unnecessary a Larm. We should they add put More Confidence in the intelligence and desire of Young people for facts. This desire begins at an Early age. Children need to be taught respect not just for dangerous drugs but All kinds of drugs including aspirin and alcohol. We should make education about drugs a part of Gen eral education concerning health. And lets say More and More specialists in Medicine and in Law take a careful new look at Laws governing drugs and make them More fair and realistic. Change in Legal attitude a change in our Legal attitude towards drugs is probably the most significant development coming in the next months or few years. Your state Laws May be debated and changed. Certainly there is an atmosphere for a change in Federal Law. A most fascinating aspect is that perhaps a change in the Legal attitude toward marijuana might Supply a key toward resolving some of the most difficult questions concerning abuse of drugs that affect the mind. It is a felony now just to possess marijuana. That Means loss of voting rights if you Are convicted. It Means a person can be sentenced mandatorily to a minimum of two years in prison and a maximum of to years just for having pot on his person. Subsequent convictions Call for mandatory sentences of a minimum of five years and a maximum of 20. This is for Possession a not for trying to induce some innocent to smoke pot. For simple Possession of Ltd a which a High school kid could be found guilty of a there is no mandatory minimum. But Ltd is a mind distorting drug a Hundred times More potent than marijuana. Ltd has sent hundreds of people to hospitals. But Possession of Ltd is Only a Misdemeanour not a felony. So Here is the Law saying in effect it is a felony charge to slap a Man in the face it is Only a mis Iea Meanor if you Cut his Throat with Ltd. In Texas recently a Young Man of 21 was sentenced to 50 years in prison for Selling two marijuana cigarettes. I done to know the circumstances of the Case. But rape and second degree murder rarely bring such repressive penalties. A Chance to reach youngsters now the Opportunity is this if society adults the Law the establishment take a More realistic View of marijuana rather than a moralistic View spawned some 30 years ago with no supporting evidence a then it is far More Likely that youngsters will Lister and learn about the real risks for abuse of a variety of different drugs including marijuana. Kids sniff glue. Why do they believe adults who say it is dangerous youngsters in High school Are smoking pot. Why is it a Defiance of authority a fad a form of rebellion should they go to jail for doing it what do the Young people think and feel As senator Hughes has said we cannot talk with the kids if a because of our Laws smoking pot and shooting heroin Are considered in the same league. Neither we nor our kinds can forget it. In this reconsideration of Laws concerning mind drugs few people Are suggesting that marijuana or pot be legalized. That a not the Point. The real Point is lets level about different drugs lets make the punishment fit the circumstance. Does the Sale of two marijuana cigarettes really Merit half a Century in jail or does that stimulate contempt for a Law a More realistic look at drug Laws is reported to be one of the concerns of the Nixon administration As it has been increasingly among health and Legal specialists for the past decade. Suggested drug Law changes in congressional testimony John Ingersoll director of the Bureau of narcotics and dangerous drugs outlined suggested changes in the administrations drug control Bill. One would reduce the penalties for being caught the first time with a narcotic or marijuana intended for personal use. Drug pushers would be hit harder than drug users. Possession of marijuana would be made a Misdemeanour charge not a felony. Recently the state of new Mexico made that same change in its state Law cutting the penalty from felony. State Laws vary a Good Deal on drug use and abuse. Some state Laws Are More severe than Federal rules. One Federal estimate is that at least 8 million americans have used marijuana or pot at least once and perhaps 12 million have. A can you imagine what would happen to the Law enforcement and corrections systems of this country if each of these 12 million people had been caught by a policeman when smoking his first marijuana cigarette a the question comes from or. Stanley voiles director of the National Institute of mental health a clinician and a longtime student of the problem of drug abuses. Says or. Yolles a the first place in which Legal Reform can be made is in the removal of mandatory minimum penalties in All cases of drug abuse. If this were done it is quite possible that this one major step toward accommodating the Law to the realities of drug use might also initiate a stepping Stone toward a greater respect for the Law generally if those Laws were just and relevant. A such a Legal Reform would eliminate one of the major causes of Defiance brought on by the violent rejection by youth of what they see As our society a hypocrisies. And certainly such a Reform would capture the attention and i am sure a Large amount of cooperation among the Young people who smoke marijuana As Well As their parents their teachers and the courts. A if these millions of Young people were convinced that efforts to Reform the drug Laws were sincere and based on scientific fact and evidence i feel confident that they would be More receptive and less cynical about information about possible harmful effects of a More sense less emotions needed he is among those who hold it is time to a change from a prosecution to a Public health approach in dealing with drug abuse and especially in Cooling the marijuana we need More sense and less emotion. Again now i am referring to Only one drug a marijuana a in again quoting or. Yolles. He says a it is extremely unfortunate that by the continued exaggerated emphasis on the supposedly dire evils of marijuana smoking we make it extremely difficult to Tell people what the real risks of use of specific kinds of drugs Are. And there is no doubt that we have already built up in the new generation some of what people of our age absorbed in the Days of the volstead act. The prohibition syndrome As applied to marijuana has already brought a bout Defiance of these specific Laws. Additionally it has created in the new generation a credibility Gap concerning other Laws and Law or. Yolles adds that in his professional judgment marijuana is a drug having a capacity to alter mood judgment and functional ability. For such reasons he does not advocate making it Legal to have or use it. But also he thinks it a is certainly not the horror it was alleged to be in 1937�?� when the first highly punitive Laws were passed. The use of Ltd a really dangerous drug is declining but some re i ports indicate a Rise in its use j among High school students a they i Are late in getting the word that it i is a mighty potent and dangerous drug. Pot a a Symbol of rejection use of pot is spreading downward into High schools into Grade schools various surveys indicate. But use of pot is More than a fad it has become somewhat a Symbol of rejection of things As they Are seen by the younger people in our society. Also marijuana undoubtedly provides satisfaction and pleasure As does alcohol and a majority of people who use it use it without harm. Some others get Hurt. If we Learned anything from prohibition it is that you cannot deny people the right to drink alcohol. So it should be obvious that we cannot say that the drug problem is just the existence of drugs or that putting people in jail As examples of our punitive Powers is going to Stop the use of drugs. For too Long says or. Dana Farnsworth Harvard University psychiatrist the attitude has been j one that if you can stamp out drug . Railroads to shut Down no discrimination Here As Doorman Joe Heurich Waves a 1,125-Pound Hereford steer into the Shoreham hotel in Washington. The steer big John is grand Champion of the Eastern National livestock show and stopped at the Shoreham for the american cattleman a association convention. Highlights of Nixon news conference Washington up a highlights of president Nixon a news conference inflation a he will Send Congress monday a an honest budget with a real surplus which will be a a major blow in stopping inflationary although the u. S. Economy is slowing Down As brakes Are applied to inflation a i do not expect a recession to occur. Our policies Are planned to avoid a easier Money a because the government is being a a responsible in its fiscal policy by living within a balanced budget a the time is coming when the Federal Reserve Board can relax restraints on the Supply of Money and credit. Vietnam a enemy infiltration increased during january but not enough to sustain a prolonged offensive. He is a watching the situation if North Vietnam takes advantage of u. S. Troop withdrawals to escalate its own i Washington up a the i nation s railroads announced they will completely shut Down train service coast to coast beginning saturday night in response to a Union strike against the Union Pacific. The decision by 137 railroads to halt service at to p. In. Was announced in Washington by the National Railroad conference which represents the Industry As a whole. The shutdown came As the Climax to a prolonged dispute Between the carriers and four shop Craft unions. The Industry a action was triggered when Union members struck the Union Pacific at Midnight. John p. Hiltz jr., chief Bargainer for the railroads said Quot the Railroad Industry deplores the fact that this discontinuance of service is the Only defense left to us against the unions efforts to Divide and conquer the Industry. A the purpose of this Union tactic j the whip saw strike is to coerce inequitable settlements out of one or a few carriers at a time and then to bludgeon other railroads into a Hepting the same or even More onerous Hiltz also told a news conference a the railroads cannot permit j this Union tactic to succeed or it i would Only result in irreparable harm to the Industry and in turn to the Public which must eventually foot the Bill by paying More for everything it the strike against the Union Pacific and the imminent shutdown of rail service followed an Appeal Friday by labor Secretary George p. Shultz asking the presidents of the railroads and the four unions to postpone any strike and lockout action for seven Days. The unions rejected the proposal. Shultz met during the morning with his key aides and there were indie tons the labor Secretary would go to the White House later in the Day to discuss the crisis with president Nixon. The government has exhausted its moves under the railway labor act. The administration May be compelled to ask Congress to intervene or enact emergency legislation or to seek Relief in the courts. The unions have said they will go to court if the railroads lock out their members. O 9 a Congress stepped in three years ago to halt a two Day strike by members of the four shop Craft unions and two other unions and imposed what finally amounted to binding arbitration. A solid front for the Industry was attained when the Penn Central line announced it would go along with the shutdown if the strike against Union Pacific was still on saturday night. Combat Effort a we have the Means and i will be prepared to use those Means to Deal strongly with that a More strongly than in the arms to Israel a the United states is neither pro Israel nor pro Arab but pro peace. It will ship arms to Israel if necessary to enable Israel to defend itself from attack. Blacks a he intends to win their Confidence a by my deeds instead of fancy Ilia Frau Relief a the United i elation. States is doing All it can to persuade the nigerian government to lot it Send in food trucks and medical Aid to starving people of conquered Biafra and a considerable Progress has been made. Abm a he will recommend expansion of the anti ballistic missile system to provide u. S. Cities with Protection against a nuclear attack by a a a minor nuclear Power such As communist China May be to years from now. Laos a u. S. Forces Are there at government request to keep the country from being overrun by 50,-000 North vietnamese invaders. Pc reflects conclude hearing two directors to1t in nursing Home Walter h. Miller it. Pleasant and Vance Anderson Cantril were elected tuesday to three year terms to be Mitchells brother. She identified the passenger in the car loaned by a local Auto firm As Webber Mitchel and described him As court clerk receives Call for jury duty Burlington up a a District court clerk at Burlington has promised to practice what he a been preaching for years. George Knopp has the duty of notifying Des Moines county residents whose names have been drawn for District court duty. One of the headaches with that duty is dealing with prospective jurors who try to avoid serving. Municipal court clerk Martha Conrad has a similar duty and headaches. But she wont have to worry about one of the 60 jurors drawn for february in the lower court. That one is George Knopp. Knopp says he will serve. A a in be been telling All those people its their duty and ifs my duty it will probably be More convenient for Knopp to serve than most jurors. His office is just two flights of stairs above the municipal court room. Use you will get rid of the problem. But a the use of drugs is not the Central problem a it is Only a symptom an Index of the confusions and uncertainties which affect increasing numbers of Young people. Unenforceable Laws and inappropriate penalties make a mockery of the whole principle of Legal control and provide one More example of the adult worlds misunderstanding of the or. Roger Egeberg the health officer for the department of health education and welfare has said that a Laws that threaten the user of marijuana with lengthy prison terms Are unjustified unnecessary and very probably the abuse of an increasing number of drugs and chemicals is not a simple Black and White problem. It will be a continuing source of news and a subject of great Community concern. And it probably will not be resolved until we level with ourselves and our youngsters As to what the issues really Are and we Start again to do what we did when they were born we Learned from each other. Niue killed Iii collision Henderson n. C. Up a nine persons were killed today in a Headon collision that exploded one of the vehicles in flames. One person identified As a 34-year-old negro woman from Washington d c., survived the crash and was reported in Shock at Maria Hospital Here. The Impact of the collision was so great the cars had to be towed to a local garage where two wreckers were then used to pull apart the twisted Metal and free the victims. Ranger Wilkerson chief of the Henderson fire department expressed amazement that one woman lived. A we done to know How she got out of there alive a he said. Wilkerson said his men were fighting a fire in a gymnasium at Henderson Institute a negro school when they were called to the crash scene. He said there were six persons believed to be four negro males and two females in the car which burned. There were three persons a Man woman and a boy in the car which did not catch fire. Wilkerson said the survivor was a passenger in the car which burned. The hearing of the state of Iowa remained in employment at the re on the Board of directors of the it. Is Webber Mitchell owner of Ernest of state health department pleasant. Production credit Asso orator of the Mitchell nursing officials. The election took place Home at 401 South Jefferson St. I mrs. Gaylord testified wednesday during the associations annual was concluded about 7 30 Friday afternoon that she was driving to stockholders meeting held Janu evening. Testimony has been pre Burlington and was harassed by a Ary 27 at the United methodist seated during the past three Days car driven by a person she thought Church in it. Pleasant. Before acting commissioner of the some 200 stockholders and guests state health department or. Nor of the association heard manager Man Eckoff. Ted Leonard give the report on operations during 1969. He reported in closing arguments William being in an a a unusual state. An that 1969 was another record year Garretson counsel for the state j account of mrs Gaylord a testimony for new business and loan volume j attorney general a office said. A it thursdays news which said Richard Woline it. Pleasant gave is Felt the state has proven beyond Mitchell was driving was incorrect the directors report. Woline re a reasonable doubt on each and by reported by the news ported that the pc made 1123 every Point under which the Revo Coo Loans for crop and livestock product cation order is based. We ask the under Cross examination by Peter tion in the amount of 11.8 million commissioner to observe specifically Fox attorney for the dept of during the past twelve months. The testimony Given by the doctors health. Mitchell admitted a drunk Jim Taff senior vice president concerning the mess they observed driving charge arising from an a and treasurer of the Federal inter in the attic apartment. I rest in Missouri on december 2. Mediate credit Bank of Omaha was we have pointed out a Garret he said he was also arrested for in the primary speaker for the meet son said a that employees begged Tox cation in Burlington on de ing. Taff reported on Money mar a a Mitch a t0 quit drinking and that Ket conditions for 1969 and the fun be was observed from time to time lure Outlook. As intoxicated. We ask for the re officers elected for 1970 were vocation of the nce Nae of the Mit. Walter h. Miller it. Pleasant cell nursing Home in it. Pleas president Laverne sedore fair ant., concluded Field vice president ted w. Leon q o Ard it. Pleasant Secretary treas Donald Gartin attorney for Metier and general manager assist Chell opened his concluding state ant Secretary treasurers j. D. Frey j ments saying a we must drink the Enberger it. Pleasant Melvin pure water from the Silver chalice Schneider Washington and de o truth rather than from a i Anderson Fairfield. In addition to chamber pot. Mitchell has been Miller and sedore other members placed under a Cloud of Public of the associations Board of i suspicion and distrust because of rectors Are Richard Woline it. J statements and proceedings Here. Pleasant Gerard Megchelsen Ains the evidence presented does not Worth and Vance Anderson can prove that or Mitchell is the j it source or responsible for the mess the it. Pleasant production in third floor attic apartment a credit association serves Farmers in Martin said Des Moines Henry Jefferson Lee a every person testifying include Louisa Van Buren and washing eng doctors has Given a Good i ton counties. It is entirely owned report on the competent care of the by its member borrowers. Patients a Gartin concluded a and i i do want to Appeal to the commis Cember 15. A my Domestic and personal life had no bearing on my functioning and keeping my nursing Home in order a Mitchell said a and testimony Here has proven that my patients were Well fed and cared testimony attributed to mrs. Susan Dorothy in fridays news was presented instead by mrs. Betty Dorsey in. This error occurred As a result of transcribing shorthand notes. Mrs. Dorsey was employed by the Mitchell Home in new London for about 12 weeks and also worked at the it. Pleasant facility on several occasions. Mrs. Susan Dorothy testified Friday and said a Mitchell helped a round the House when he could a he was Good to the a the patients were always kept clean As was the Home and the food was Good she said. Mrs. Dorothy was employed at the Home on december 1st when the patients were transferred out. A total of 33 witnesses testified during the three Day hearing and Des Moines up a an in Webber Mitchell was the final caused the Quot indefinite postpone Junction has been requested by the witness to testify prior to the Clos Mentz of a scheduled hearing for Iowa attorney general a office to my arguments. Mrs. Selma col the Mitchell nursing Home in new Stop promoters of the Quot Sun Valley Lins Len was blamed by Mitchell London w Here certain building and land development in Arizona from for the threatened employee walk fire regulations will be reviewed. Seek injection to Stop promoters Stoner that i believe the revocation proceedings must be Dos Menke not candidate for reappointment 1 1 land corp. Presently is undergoing Des Moines up a Lester involuntary bankruptcy proceedings Menke Calumet a nine year Meinn Arizona. Ber of the Iowa state Board of pub the defendants Basic approach violating the consumer fraud act out on december i 1969, and the in Iowa. Transfer of patients later that Day the attorney general a office said to other locations. Mitchell said he promoters have made numerous a a fired mrs. Collins and hired mrs. Quot false mis representative and mis Roma Lee sender As head nurse As leading statements to induce Many 0f dec. I. Iowans to Purchase land. Under questioning by his Ettor the petition filed in Polk coun Ney it Don Gartin Mitchell denied to District court said Arizona knowledge of the conditions described by other witnesses As a a filthy on the third floor attic apart under Law. The commission of the department of Public health must Render a decision on the revocation within 30 Days. Ment. Man killed by silage Cave in James up a Joe mete. 58, Lemars was killed Friday after Mitchell said the attic apartment noon when the silage he was piling lie instruction asked gov. Robert to the promotion of their land sales was cleaned by his daughter Dur caved in on him on a Northwest to d. Ray that he not be considered attorney generals office my the weekend of december 1st. A farm. Was by the use of the a off site attorney Gartin contended that the authorities said mete w to was sales method where they would conditions in the apartment were working on the Clarence Voss farm seek to induce iowans to Purchase made by someone other than web 9 Miles East of Here in Plymouth land in a Sun Valley a without Ever Ber Mitchell. County was dead on arrival at a having seen the land they were speaking of the mess which some Lemars Hospital. They said he was buying. Witnesses testified they had seen using a front end loader to pile up attorney general Richard turn a Utchell said a i done to know How the silage when one Wall of it col for reappointment to the Board. Menke 51, said in a letter to Ray that certain members in the state Senate Are opposed to a a first rate education in Iowa. He said he was referring to Sens. Henry Lucken a Lemars and Marvin Smith a Paullina who Ersa a he had no knowledge of Menke says both oppose his con the total number of Iowa Purchas formation As a Board member. Ers Between the years 1962 and the two legislators who Are on 1968, but said he had reason to be a subcommittee named to review Lieve that at least too iowans con Menkes qualifications Are oppose traded to Purchase at least $250,-Ed to consolidation of school Dis j too Worth of lots from the defend tricks. I ants. It got there i do know i did no to lapsed on him. Put it a 8 9 terse verse Mitchell also denied being in a by a. C. Gordon car which allegedly harassed mrs. Avoid the loss of friends Judith Ann Gaylord Len who re from being such a bore signed at the Mitchell Home in by talking so much less new London on december 12th but j and saying so much Mere
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