Page 1 of 22 Apr 1852 Issue of Montrose Democrat in Montrose, Pennsylvania

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Montrose Democrat (Newspaper) - April 22, 1852, Montrose, PennsylvaniaA a a a in Chase. Proprietors Ostrose. Pay a thursday april 22, 1852. Volume in somber is a of Mew tasty. A flown 0 death. A Btty. . A a Man come Forth and Rio a Vrtar he waving fold. 1 �.0 a a fat ova or be a a go in rvs of the untrodden wimerae., a sri it by a Chi he thou Hastu Arnedee Ifoma Aud Hgt a of a in Owdea Chhath Wlton a Reet Nen of Thino ear vat foist Lvell thee with a Monad Tongoy in uncounted form Stet in die a the Tough the hidden Mots Jenry lunch that swings in the Green Waves Anjo tog Grain and the Gay in timer Bower Thal Thaddeu the beholder instep now ju1�. A All teach thee that the dead have Ileal a a i Bat to a Ken m More glorious forms i of tho seeds decay i ii Tot the Hromiw of the coming life. I each Imri Nosk that lifts its living Fread i the Road fanlight eternal strength i glorify to we a that he Acorn died. A the flow that Spring above their lest years of five i Are eloquent with the voice of life and Hope i and the Green tree clap their rejoicing hands i wiring a Triumph o or the Earth a decay vet not to tax shall Flower Sod Forest raise. A Tahiti face of Uio Mph arid the hymn of life. A the Aseet Brood Are there 1�?each painted Wing flit fluff Teri a the Sunshine broke but now i the close elements or h worm s. Own shroud. Listening As it Flie. How life May Spring a in Ita glad Baa if from the gloom of death. Vat the pm bed Mould beneath the sunken feat. amp Albi hot Tbs sepulchre of old decay a. I Furo boat Keener Glauce and thou Hajt find a us gathered myriads of a mimic world. I tie breath of evening and the sultry morn v in Tafaoa Iti Wing a Cloud of witnesses it Earth from her unnumbered caves of death a Sena Forth a mightier tide of teeming life. A Bise then the hymn of immortality a iks Broad Green Piet and the wilderness Laid the old cities where tee dead have slept lip Upas Ege a thousand Graves in one lamp us yet a crowded with the living forms Postada waging from the silent Dost. ? tat Lay Down Instate and Earth a poor a res Etc Iii her Mone feed Ems race Ftp Rio a haired Patrych and ibo tender babe n Ferm �1 together in the eight of years by if a mortal Fame and they whose Praise of fairer Toua ded in the ears of men a a Archa and priest and the poor common crowd ja2 the vast encase in the Halls of death. I amp to liken from the dreams of silent years p Hail the Dawn of the immortal Day hitlers the Lenon though the worm shall he a by brother in the mystery of death. Lad All shall pus Humble and proud and Gay Foget Ber the Earth mighty Charnel House pet the immortal is thy heritage 1 to pare shall gather thee yet thou shall a me a a or , thou we Teit Forth a Giar purple hot array Edas Whoso a nonet puts on. Immortality i n bran not when thou Markest the decay it nature and her solemn Hyma of death x pm a Ink i tote of a nines to thy heart. That of iat a to Ca try a i its rejoin e Uig tone pub from Ike Moon a a a every Bunting Flower Ophir to and thou 0, Man aed with a raw at the woe that crowd Ijuan heritage kit no thy head it of the undying Ife it >�301 the hymn to immortality. A in Rie parted that have Patwa away r"�?T�lb0d�?o of Balki Eavion thine own a a Fly Berred we that died in Biea Aing thee a wot ree hipped babe or he who gave Jame the ight and Bloom of paradises. Sian be Shine again when thou halt Para , endow a Vale w a it the glories tit lie Down with Kinga now bowl in a a Thoirs f re the loftier Glo a a i11111 to ukr % put a a a a the and Prophet and the Blest ,8h��� a the to it a a it a 0��, i1"�?T0 Oil octet iffy let a Only my worch a a a a to. A a a Orth renewed i the no War flight atohcit�?~veve5 of if you can Joy Unta you Are Able to support a w one. A a i a self 0f116 8em/ou8. W f Uwon a a to if you would be a it ssh ill Mui. A Jab a bight a it the son. I speech of son. 6. A. Grow. 1il.or.jwm-Ah�s. In the mouse of representatives March 30th, 1852, on the Homestead Bill i a / a. 1 a a a r a the House being in the Cost Nitto of the whole state of the cult non the Bill to encourage agriculture Commerce manufactures and Oil other branches of Industry by granting to every Man who. Is the head Beni by and citizen of the. United states a Homestead of one Hundred a he sixty acres of land but of the in hic Domain upon condition of occupancy and cultivation of the same for the period therein specified a f or. Grow saidv.,1 _ 31r. Chaimas the Bill Coder a consideration though it Only provides for. Granting to every head of n family one Hundred inn sixty acres of land on on actual settlement and cultivation for five years still it involves the entire a question of the proper disposition to be made of the Public lands. With n Domain of fourteen Hundred and two thirds millions acres of unsold and unappropriated Jand it becomes a grave question what is the Best disposition to be made of it whether to ode it to tie states in which it lies a to be disposed of As they think proper or for internal improvements and school purposes or to Grant it in limited quantities to the actual settler at n Price barely sufficient to cover Tjie Cost of stir by and Transfer with such limits and re Stric Pons As will prevent its foiling Junto. The hands of speculators,1 passing Over for the present the first two propositions i propose briefly to consider the latter. In. Y the Power Given in the Constitution a to dispose of. And make All needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property of the . Leaves the Mode Ana manner of disposal entirely to the discretion a if Congress so that it becomes a ques Tion merely of sound policy and Cottec to legit Latort it is therefore the duty of Congress to exes so it Insch a Way As Best to promote the real and permanent interests of the country a a a i a. The chief objection to granting these lands to actual settlers and the one of seemingly greatest plan ability. Is third they have been purchased by the common treasure of the country and As each citizen fans contributed his sly Are to the Purchase Money it is doing injustice to okie class. Who from thei Circum stances in life. Could riot Avail themselves of the Benefit of the Grant for. But a Smalt portion of those who own farms in the old states would abandon them for a Home in tire West and therefore the Grant is unequal and unjust. If there Benny natural impediment or the circumstances Viany Man a such in life a that he is unable to Avail himself of tho advantages of any particular Quot act of legislation it is Bis Mist Fortune and no fault of the Law. If these lands then have reimbursed their Cetire Cost then you do no injustice to any citizen he this Grant unless proper for the Given Zinent still to hold them As a source of Revenue. By the report of tie Secretary of the Interior made to the Jast Congress we find the aggregate receipts from the Sale of the Public lands of january 1st, i�i50, amounts to i $135,339,093 and the entire Cost a 74,957,879 leavin Over which France for the a net balance of receipts in expenditures of$60,381,213 amount is made Tipoff $15,000100 paid for Louisiana $5,000,000paid Spain Florida $1,489,768 paid Georgia for Alabama and Wissi Swipp $4,282,151 19 for Yazoo Quot. A a a i Egom �d0a? 6�?T11 Wili tie for the a born with Yby a a <4 the Loafer got quite t City. New Fth sausage shops May �v1,? Ritums under Georgia $358066.for ext Ingi Ishing Indian titles $6,389,838 07, for Survey my 87,466,324 19 a for Selling and managing making the above Sain of $74,957,879. / in Quot a. And if there be deducted from this balance the �15,000,000 we pay Mexico for new Mexico and California and the $10,000,000 paid Texas in settling her Boundary and every other Umont thatis properly chargeable to the lands if will still leave an excess of receipts Over expenditures if the statement of the Secretary by Correct in this calculation it is not a proper 1 o include the cd set of the War i of the revolution for that was a War waged for the rights o a Man and not for land Ana even if it was its Cost Wajn Carredo and paid by a generation hat has passed away. C. Nor Aho Ald the Cost of the War of 1812 a be included for that a i n War waged in a defense of the dear est High s of the american citizen and to teach the word that he is sect re against violence and wrong while under the a Protection a of the stripes Nastars. Vahie theh the amount appropriated to the pm rehash of of Domain has Bee reimbursed from its sales Neit Izenman complain that Yogi do him injustice by this Grant for you take from him not a eng but what you stye repaid unless it Isa proper so Bjo it of taxation and ought to be retained by the gov Rabent As n source of Revenue. A with equal Justice and propriety you might make the air and the source of Revenue a Well giant to certain men if it were possible to be copy the right to Pottle the atmosphere and prevent dying men from inhaling the consents unless their right is. First secured by. Parchment or Divide the Sun i Ito quantum of Tyd. And opt to Gid Pir g Nien according to their ability to. Pay what right has govern Hent to Mon Opp size any it of the gifts of god Toman and make them the subject of merchandise and traffic to but even if it be proper t to look to the lands is a a Sonra a of Revenue what prob ability is there of deriving a my quart Eiff a Jie Secretary of the to the Lasfccdngressi-8�?8 r la a by the various acts of a Cong Retts a Propri. Noting the a Public lands to Obj pcs. Which withdrew them wrote Ordinary Revenue purp0? amp is a hit certain that fore Yard Yea to Coine tho trea8urymastbe.maijily> , dependent Lor its receipts Ipoh Dap is 1 levied upon foreign if of. A the Ware its yet to he presented under these acts will require 78,922,513 a ads valued at 898,653,140 at fee above average of 4,909,247,46 Sci Pera Nham Dver -8�xteen years will by required to absorb and a Yate say ibo in Mats yes to to issued As new 1%ai�?~ mama i f Saal. A a and by the land warrant assignment Bill passed a few Days since another Large Quantity. Of land is thrown into the Market in the form of bounties to Soldi Cra a so that judging from these estimates Jere is no probability of the govt moment deriving any Revenue from the lands for years to come for the purchaser can buy the warrant at less Titan the government Price. And while the receipts from the lands Are thus diminishing the expenses. Of legislation relative to them Are there Are already before this Congress some this to five or forty Bills asking Grants of land to hid in the construction of railroads the whole length of which is something Over Nino thousand Miles being almost three thousand Miles greater than the entire length of All the railroads now constructed in great Britain and a Little More than those of the United states altogether some thirty five millions acres of land. Of an average it will require at least four Days to consider each of these Bills and determine the propriety of its passage. And Esch Days legislation costs the government about three thousand dollars. So that near half a million of dollars will be spent this session of Congress in discussing and settling the propriety of making Grants of the Public lands to Railroad companies and local improvements with still increasing demands at each subsequent session of Congress and. While the Clariso of the Constitution giving the Power to dispose of these lands is general in its terms is it Correct legislation to exercise this Power in such a Way As to bring it in conflict with the other Powers of tho con Stit ution 7 the Power of Congress Over Commerce is to regulate and not create it. It May therefore improve and make Safe the channels of Trade that already exist Bat by Whit right under tho Constitution can Congress open entirely new avenues or channels 7 is it sound policy then for the government to undertake indirectly to do under this clause what they would not have the Power to do directly a such being the prospective condition of the Revenue to by derived from the Public lands the opinion of Andrew Jackson in his message of 1812, As to the government embarking m a scheme of internal improvements May Well apply to the present in opposing the policy and Wisdom of Sneh legislation he says a besides the danger to which it exposes Congress of making Hasty appropriations to works of the Ciarac terhof which they May be frequently ignorant it promotes a mischievous and corrupting influence upon elections by holding out to the people the fallacious Hope that the Success of a certain candidate will make navigable their neighbouring Creek or River bring Commerce to their doors and increase the value of . It Tims favors combinations to squander the treasure of the country upon a multitude of local Obj ets of fatal to just legislation As to the purity of Public men.�?�,. A a the danger and expense of this kind of legislation would be. Avoided by granting the lands to the settler Weihe same time it would to on advantage to tho new states and add Revenue to amp tho government by their settlement. For from every person that you induce by this Grant upon the lands you derive More Revenue than you would by a Sale without settlement to a a you sell Ono Hundred and sixty acre for $200, a the interest of which at six per cent would a be twelve dollars and that is your yearly Rev a Nae unless it be settled. Frery Man however that you induce to Settle upon the Public a lands by the passage of this net Yon mate a consumer of the articles imported. Into the the country. And it is by your duties on imports alone with the exception of a few millions of dollars that the Revenue for the government is collected. The average amount of imported articles consumed by each person for a series of years is estimated at about seven a dollars Worth i. I calling the average then consumed by each person seven dollars and seven in. A family it would make forty nine imported articles consumed in anally by each family. And As the average of duties under the present i Riff is about thirty per cent each family of a even would pay to the. Government yearly fifteen Roll Aram Turco dollars More than you derive from tho same Quantity of land sold to the Speculator without a settlement. The True interest of the government and the state is not the pole but the actual settlement of. These lands. It is important to , for thereby they increase the Means of taxation As Well a the Means of developing their resort a Ces. By these Gra Teyon would also induce the settlement of lands that have remained a Long time in Market. For though they might be of poorer Quality and not in so desirable a under the several Bounty Laid act no i in a. A al location As some othere More Remote still there Are Many who would take them in preference. To oing farther into the wilderness though they might not be Williria or if they were they might Able a to pay the gov Ern ment Price. Alan is by Nii Tare attached to the scenes of his childhood Bod the Hoine of his Kindred and while there is a Opportunity fora pref Ortabe location for life be prefers to remain amid thes Cenea of his school by Days rather Titan seek a Home amid strangers in a strange land. By the. Settlement of hands Yon would removes in. A great degree tha objection made by the land states that the government is a proprietor within their limits but not Subj not to their jurisdiction it or Taxa Timi. A a but would tiie passage of this Bill induce any person to Settle non the pub lie lands that Weald Rritt under the present system 7 we often Bear it said Tunit $1.25 is a Small Price for land and any one of any Enterprise can buy a farm out of the Public Domain. That May be Trae in theory but not in filet for though the Goyer Ament Sells at $ 25, that is hot Tiiu Price the settler in most cases has to a pay. A the Speculator has selected the Best land and most desirable locations so that the settler must pay him an Advance a of two or three , or take an inferior Loa cat Iofi or press still further on into the wilderness. In most cases he prefers to a pay his Money and rent his within the confines of civil-1 nation. A but a Abbot your cities and a in the densely populated portions of the county. Wherever there. Is a sir plus population you Tsvili find Greata Umbers of men who Are but in stable of Sach 8qxplua. The tendency of which by its constant Rompe Titipa is gradually to reduce wages to the starvation Point and therefore they to a us a tor Sawl rom Heirera iring a _ on Toth Oboye estimate a. Added a port Ion iof a �0455a13-88 acres heretofore a Grant a for purposes do Ted 10,the following statement of re sold Andi to. 1 a the statement is omitted for want pro Ems give but that Mode of by the ring their condition for they a Brick from the Truda of boat Der life and they Hare not and see1 no Prospo it of Ever having theme Ane Eption an Thiis the Grope on i their misery and perils pm a so the amp Dayan in Psi risk or crime. Open your Public Domain and you induce a Large number of that class and that too the better portion of it to become producers of the necessaries of life a instead of Mere consumer and you then place them in a condition to help support to government instead of As now being the Means in a greater or less degree of abstracting from the earnings of the citizens to support your almshouses and criminal jurisprudence. And tin addition to the amount of imports each family May consume the Market for Domestic manufactures is enlarged an extended. The Secretary Quot of the lkca8ury estimates that each. Individual consumes annually s1 up Worth of All kinds of products including furniture and clothing seven of which being for imparts some thirty or forty of. The remaining $93 ought probably to to set1 apart for the. Purchase of articles not manufactured or produced by himself. Thus in a very family of seven you furnish an annual Home Market to the Domestic manufacturer to the amount of two or three Lindred dollars while they Are Peedu cing tho necessaries of life to make the Exchange with and thus add so much to the real wealth of the nation. A abut even if the government could derive any Revenue by the actual Sale of tie Public lands a it is neither just nor sound policy to hold Tjiema for that purpose. As Long ago As 1832, general Jackson whose sympathies were Ever with the sons of toil and whose heart Ivas is warm of his will was Stern or his intellect penetrating said in his annual message to Congress on this subject a a it cannot he doubted that the speedy settlement of these lands constitutes the True interest of the Republic. Tho wealth and str path of a country Are its population and that Best part of the. Population Are the cultivator Simf the soil. Independent Farmers Are everywhere the basis of society and True friends of a to put an end forever to All partial and interested legislation on this sub Jeet and to afford to every american citizen of Enterprise the Opportunity of securing in Independent Freehold it seems Tome therefore besito1 abandon the idea of raising a future Revenue out of the Public though the old hero of the Hermitage is wrapped in ills shroud he is not dead. Such men Neiser die. From the Tomb they speak to the living. Though Many a life is Short and soon passes away yet tho principles that he May develop Aro eternal. Boj Iside from the question of sound policy the government has no right founded in reason and the nature of things to make the Public lands a source of Revenue. Aware How Ever sir that it is a poor place under a one hour Rule to attempt to discuss any of the no turn a rights of men for surrounded by the authority a Fly Ges it becomes a necessary without the time to do it first to Brush away tho dust that has gathered upon their error Yot it is Well sometimes to go Back of the authority of books and Man reared and educated under Mouar Obial institutions whee Opimo its and habits of thought consequently a were More or. Less shaped and moulded by their influence and examine by the Light of reason and of nature the True foundation of government and the inherent rights of men. A for Power everywhere has a tendency to nug meat and strengthen itself and in this government its dangers Are twofold one that the Federal government in its centralizing tendencies May encroach upon the. Reserved rights of the states the other which is common alike to both is that the gov eminent and states by to Iier local and special legislation Are constantly encroaching Tipon the rights of tho citizen. The fundamental rights of Man May to summed up in two words life and the first is the gift of the creator and May to bestowed at jigs pleasure but it is not consist ent wit i his character for Benevolence that it should be bestowed for any other purpose than to be enjoyed and that we Call happiness. Therefore whatever nature has provided for preserving the one or promoting the other belongs a like to the whole race and each May of right appropriate to his own use so much Allis necessary to Supply his rational wants. And As the Means of sustaining life Are derived almost entirely from the soil every person has a right to so much of the Earth a surface Asia necessary for his support. To whatever unoccupied portion of it therefore he shall apply his labor for that purpose from that tim a Forth it becomes appropriated to his own exclusive Uso and whatever improvements he May make by ibis Industry property and subject to his disposal for the Only True Oiin diction of any right to property is Many a labor that is property and that alone which the labor of made such. Oyhat rights then can the. Go ferment Hare in the soil of a wild and uncultivated Wil Dorny is. Or what fight has a one Man a moff Tolian another to an Aero of uncultivated land to which hot a Day nor hours labor has been applied to make it More productive and answer the end for which it was created the support and happiness of the race7. It is said by the great expounded of the common Law in Bis commentaries that a a there is Iio foundation in nature or natural Law Why a set of words upon Parchment should convey tho a Dominion of land a. The use and occupancy atone gives to Man in the language of Iho commentaries a a Art exclusive right to retain inn permanent manner that specific land which before belonged generally to a everybody but particularly a. As. It is Many a labor then applied to the soil that him a right to his improvements a of by Haure he is entitled to his pro nets of his Industry so to is entitled to a reasonable Quantity of Wop lond it being docs scary to the full enjoyment of his improvements tor Wood building purposes Fenc Tad fire Wood. Therefore he becomes Betit of a of this common fund to n reasonable Atn not of Wood-1 and which a by an implied conventional agreement among men each would be permitted to retain in. His exclusive Possession. As a necessary appendage to his no movements. and to Prev wit. Conflicts As to what portions a be appropriated to each Indira Dnald a use a it is Nec Essaiy that fris claim shop a be defined a and this is Best done by a Survey for the s Urvey As conducted by the land office is the beat and most convenient Diode of Lay a Goff land. Besides he wants his title. Recorded in Sneh Way As not to be compelled to rely upon the Mem of be exposed othe dangers of pm a i Jef,1k, a Fife Respre prefer that he should pay tho necessary expense of the paper title but for nothing else. As. Property is the Only proper a object of taxation. Nor Ehold the government look to sight al amp a for its Seppor it has Nori it to hold the Publio landsat Aso Oree of Reye nhe. I maybe a a id Trae each would be dubs rights. To the Sor in a state of nature but when he entered Ioto society he gave up a Pari of his natural rights in order to enjoy the advantages sofian organized Community i. This a a a doctrine i am aware of the books and treatises on society and government a but it1 is a doctrine of despotism and belongs not to enlightened statesmen in a Liberal age. It is the excuse of the despot in encroaching up. On the rights of the subject. He admits the encroachment but churns that the citizen gave up part of his Quot natural rights when he entered into society and who is to judge what ones he relinquished but the ruling Power i was not necessary that any of Many a natural rights yielded to the state in formation of society. He yielded no right but the right to do wrong Ana that he never had a All to yielded in entering into society was a portion of his , Liberty and that was that he would submit fits conduct that before was subject to the control of to living being to the tribunals to be established by the Liege lord and having once found a place in the books it Lias been retained by the reverence which Man is wont to pay to the past and to time honoured precedents a the human mind is so constituted that it is prone to regard As right what has come Down to is approved by Long usage and hallowed by Grey age. It is a claim that had its origin with the Kindred idea that Royal blood flows Only in the veins of an excl Sivo few Whoso souls Are More etherial because born mid the glitter of court Andera Decd amid tho pomp of lords and courtiers and therefore they Are to be installed As rulers and Law givers of therace. Most of the evils that afflict society Hirlye had their origin in violence and wrong enacted into Law by the experience of the Post and retained by the prejudices of tho present. A. Ais it not time you swept fro your statute books its still lingering relics of feudalism wiped out the a principles engrafted upon it by the narrow minded policy of other tunes and adapted the legislation of the country to the spirit of the age and to tho the ideas of Many a rights and. Relations to his government for if a mail his a right on Earth be has a right to land enough to rear a habitation on. If to has a right to live lie has a right to the free use of a whatever nature has provided for Jasus Mcnamie i air to breathe water to drink Imd land end Gli to cultivate for his subsistence. For these Are the necessary and Indis gorgeous structures in Damp cellars deep its the Earth dwell the most squalid poverty misery and woe a while in its streets Are to new seen the Haggard and care worn labourer 4b� Over taxed seamstress and the child trained to Beggary and to you would raise fallen rim amp of is radiation elevate the Servile from his Grove Ling pursuits to the rights and dignity of men. Santo and with the tacit consent that society or the government might regulate the Mode and manner of the exorcise of i Rig its but Why should to consent to be deprived of them it is upon this ground that we justify resist Unco to tyrants. And whenever the ruling Power so far encroaches upon the natural right of men that an Appeal to arms becomes preferable to submission they Appeal from human to divine Laws and plead tie natural fights of Man in their justification. The government and that alone is just which enforces and defends allot Man s natural rights and protects him against the wrongs of jigs fellow Man but it May be said although such might be the rights of inc i. Yet the cd government Lum a ,. right to these Hinds and May use Thum As a violate those Fiji a big plus and its source of Revenue under the doctrine of eminent Domain. This claim by government invite origin in the Maxim that whatever was capable of ownership must have a Legal and determinate owner. Therefore whatever was not appropriated by individuals As it belonged in common to the whole state was vested Quot in the King As its head., not Only were forests waste grounds and wrecks but the sole proprietorship of the a Oil of his Empire and he might Grant it to his lords,1 and Deal it out in Manors to the favourites of his court. But it is not necessary for me to spend time in noticing the origin of or. Tie wrongs inflicted on Man under the doctrine of eminent Domain for the claim of Liis government so for As this Point is concerned is embraced in the Vight of discovery. This is a claim also upon which the books Vest a right to the rail in the King or ruling Power under whose patronage land is discovered not before known to civilized mini. Pen Sable i Saiq for Iho enjoyment of his inalienable , of1 Lite Liberty and the Pursuit of and is it for a government that claims to dispense equal a did exact Justice to ail classes of uie ii and that has Laid Down Correct principles in Feii great Chart of human rights to violate those a Naples and its rations in its lems native enactments 7 the struggle ibo tween capital and labor is an unequal one a it Best. It is a struggle Between Bones find set Ewe so of men and dollars and cents and in that straggle it needs no prophets Ken to foretell the Issue. And in that struggle is it for this government to stretch Forth its army to Aid the Strong against the weak 7 shall it continue by its. Legislation to elevate and ii Rich idleness on the we in and tho woe of in enstry a v for if tho Rule be Correct As applied to governments 03 we l As individuals that whatever a person permits another to do having tho right and Means to. Prevent it he does himself then indeed is tie government responsible for nil the evils that May result from speculation and land monopoly in your Public for it is not denied that Congress Lias the Power to make airy regulations for the disposal of a these lands not injurious to the general it Wal it might be proper that it nation that has set a Lre now when a now tract is surveyed find Forth a Fleet and discovered Laud should Havey a Ropon your land office and expose it to the direction of the legislation for the govern ment bit ii men who should Settle it have jurisdiction of tho Laus of a the territory but How can it acquire fights which Man himself cannot acquire by tie same process 7 it is a reasonable supposition that a Man is attached to the government and institutions of his fatherland Ami if the men who first discover a country were to Settle in it and enact a system of lays the presumption in that they would 1 a similar to those of. The Jand of their Kin id therefore there is a propriety in giving to nations jurisdiction Over tie men and property of the country they May discover but foot a proprietorship to its soil. A a it is Only necessary briefly to the facts and history of discoveries on this Conti Salo the Man with the most Money is the largest purchaser. A the most desirable and available locations Are seized upon by the capitalists of the country who seek that kind of investment you r settler who chances not to have a preempt Jim right or to be there at the time of Sale when he comps to seek a Home for himself and Bis. Family must pay tho. Speculator three or four Hundred Lief cent on his investment or Coo enter the trials and hardships of a still Moro Rem to Border and thus under the operation of Laws that you Call equal and fist you take Frem the settler three or four dollars per acre and Pat it in the pocket of the spa cd Lator. Thus by the operation of your Lauofo abstracting so much of his hard earnings for Trio Benefit of capital for not of discovery. Spain being the Firat to encourage voyages of Western discovery was the first european Power to claim any rights to land on Liis Side of tho Ocean. is first Ian Ding on an Island of the Gulf Stream and saw not foe main land of the continent till after it a was visited by other voyagers the right of eminent Domain became divided with other nations. John Cabot sailing under the auspices of England first discovered Quot the continent of North America tho shores of which from Albemarle sound to North of no to Scotia were afterwards explored by the latter. From that to in Forth Lenry Vii claims the proprietorship of the soil Basing his right to the land from Ocean to Ocean,.on the fact that foe first civilized Man who gazed upon q few Miles of Rocky coast of new England was a subject of the British Crown. Arid thus he becomes the sold disposer of a vast continent which his foot never his eyes never saw. -.a. In James Cartier a native of St. Malo lands at the lib let of , on tiie shores of Canada and erects Liere a shield Vith foe Lillios of Quot France and henceforth a wide tenant less territory is to. To esteemed a part of the dominions of France and subject to the Royal Grants of her Juan Ponce de la on plans the Cross on the Borer a right to complain of legislation that compels him to endure greater toils and hardships of contribute a portion of his earnings for the Benefit of foe capitalist but no upon the capitalist or the Speculator is it proper that the blame should fall.1 Man must seek a livelihood and Sci business under the Laws of tho country and Vvhs Hever rights he May acquire under tho Law though Hernay to wrong yet the society requires that Bev be respected and faithfully observed. If a person eng ago in a business legalized and regulated by the Laws and. Rises no fraud or deception in its Pursuit and evils result to the Community let them apply the remedy to that is to the Law making Power the Laws and the Law makers no responsible or what Cor evils necessarily grow out of their enact mints. A a a. While the Public a ads. Are. Exposed to in discriminate Sale As they Havo been sin a the of Fop government it opens the door to the wildest systems of land monopoly a Ono of the direst decdlic3t cursor that Ever Par Alicd the energies of a nation or palsied tho. Arm of Industry. It needs no lengthy dissertation to portray its evils. Its history in tho old world in sighs and tears. Under its influence you Boho a in England foe proudest and Roost splendid aristocracy Sido by Side with tho most abject and debased peo on the soul and soothe the weary Pilgrim in his pathway to the Tomb. For it is in Vatu Vou talk of the goodness of an omniscient Biller to him whose he from tho Cradle the foe grave is but one continued scene of a Quot it misery and want talk not of free Agency to him whose Only Freedom is to choose is own method to die. In Van you entreat him to cultivate the intellect and purify foe heart whose Days Are dragged oat in. Procuring so morsel to sustain ufos and who so fast prayer. Asho Falls broken hearted into his Konns of Straw is that he May. Never behold the Light of another Day. In such cases there mime a perhaps be some feeble Conception of religion and its duties of the infinite everlasting add pure but unless there be a More than Coco Mon mind they would be like tho dim shadows Foat float in the it is True Are not necessary enjoyment but the Means to prevent starve Tion Are. Nor is a splendid Palace necessary to his real happiness but a shelter against a the storm and Winters blast in. A i you would Lead the erring Back from. Foe. Paths of vice and Critne to virtue and to Honor. Give him a Homo give Hito a Hearthstone and. Fit a will surround it with household Goda j if you would make men Wiser and better Felieja your almshouses close the doors of your pen itch tip Ries and break in pieces your Gallows mrily tho the Domestic fireside for that is the school in which human charac ? tor is formed ibid there its destiny is shaped z there tho Sony receives its font impress Ami Man his first la ssh and they go. With him Fop weal or for woe through life. For purifying tho sentiments Quot elevating foe thoughts m3 developing the noblest impulses of Many a nature the influences of a Rural fireside and agricultural life Are tho noblest and the bests in the obscurity of the cottage for removed from the seductive influences of rank and affluence a nourished foe Virtues that counteract the decay of human institutions foe Cour age that a defends tho National Independence and the Industry that All classes of the state. It was said by lord Chat oath in his Appeal to for House of commons a 1775, to with a draw foe British troops. From Boston that a Trade indeed increases the glory and wealth. Of a country Bat its True strength and stamina Are to be in tho cultivators of the land. In tho simplicity of their dives is found tiie simplicity of Virtud the. Integrity and courage of Freedora. These True Genuino sons of in tiie lii Story of american prowess corded these words As prophetic Mon in de fens of his Hearth Stone and fireside is inti Cible against a world of mercenaries. In battling for his Home and All that a dear to him on Earth he never was conquered Savo with his life. In such a struggle every pass Fos comes a thermopylae every Plain a afar thou. With an Independent yeomanry scattered Over your vast Domain Yonng a Agios May bid1 Defiance to the world in arms. And even tho the foe your sea Board Lay in As amp of its cities they have made not Ono single Advance towards conquering the Conn try. For from the. Interior comes no your Hardy Yoo Mamy and with their hearts of Oak and nerves of steel they expel foe their arms Are the Citadel of a nations Power their hearts the bulwarks of Liberty. While but a few Days since you passed in a deficiency Bill almost two millions and a Quarter of dollars for tho army and Are annually Eal cd upon to appropriate still increased coast of Florida and throwing to tho Breeze the pee a a a St Ivanore a a a my a in of hedged As a castles and liens of Spain takes Possession of sporting ground for her. Nobility while men the country in the name of Cjarles the fifth. Nineteen years later Ferdinand de Soto Gay to tho world the first knowledge of tiie miss. Are dying beside tho incl Suro for. The want of land of till to liar y Field tho title deeds to thou soil of Groat Britny. Sums it by your tent of the part hold out settlement and a Rehmani this government Inis taken to the territory Novoj composing the United a states that of England by the involution and Grants to colonial Sib a Quot to and pro priv to i of France by. The cession of april 30, 1802an�?Td of Spain by the treaty of february 22,1819. rested it is True with All their rights Butfoy had nothing to convey save that a subject of Freir was foe first to discover Jap. Never before a in their own quaint language a a looked Spott by Christian what kind of a foundation is Quot that up in which to base a right affecting the num. Imd the destiny of Foo race a what is there in Foo Constitution of things giving to one Foo sole and sex Clu div a right to my of foebountic4 provided by nature for the Benefit and support of race because a Poi Ebonee he was Foo first to look non a More fragment of Foo creation a by tie Samo process of reasoning he. Who should first discover tho Aon co or month of a River Woald be7 entitled ton monopoly of tho Waters that flow Inita who a bold first look non Ono of tho rills or of ii to Insi of tip Earth met pro Vuht foist Rte a Man from fits right wait first secured by a Parchment a it Why has. This claim of Roan to monopolize spy of the gifts of god to Man been confined by Lega codes to foe soil alone is there any other reason Rosin that Ftp is n right which having ite origin in Feudal times Tonder a system that regarded Midi but As an appendage of. Foo Sooj Foat he tilled and were fint Meaos Fop a Pas res tampering foe passions and a Jipp tites of his Sente landlords privilege of dying on their soil. Under if blighting influence you behold Industry in fogs and patience in despair. Such Are some of the fruits of land monopoly in foe cold world arid shall to Plant jts seeds in tho Virgin soil of the now our system is subject to Biko evils not so Moat in magnitude a perhaps but1 Dmitar in kind. Let foe Public. Domain then be set part is tho Pat rim Ohy of Dabor Byi preventing its being absorbed by capital and this a in Stead of Blessing Tiiu race become its and while asked to a Grant those Londa to con portions and states in order to develop foe resources of the country and thereby and to its Gre at fess lot forget in what its True greatness consiste.1 two Oro pointed to the Pijie amp my Vilk Esi Foat will Spring up along the Jino of Focsko improvements As a reason land should a Liuio every Amelean Hyill a Jolce at whatever adds to the True greatness and glory of his country but it is doubtful whether tho appearances of greatness no under it by Stem of local and special be Slit Oij afo to to con Eldered As adding to foe read glory of a country. A m Hiby it is foot o sure in Dialion that tha people of that country Are Roost prosperous and Nappy in a hic Youh Beld Foo most splendid edifices the greatest profusion of wealth and can Cehr ratio food Caje Fali he who base Shisz Pinla a of foe real he Pines of is people Upo Stieh Eye Fifon a a of lpns in who in a Tasloff yet my. Judges foe can dlr a often i foam amp town ring d Ijar reason As is alleged �?o1, of the increased of a of Frontier it eco Mosi. Foo government to a a inducement for Foo ,. A ands for thereby Yogi place upon form a set sons noted and self sep porting army to repel Frontier attack sad for sign invasion. Every consideration of policy then both As to Reveno to Foo a general government and increased taxation to Foo now states As. Well As a Means of removing tho causes of pauperism and crime in the old Des Manda that a Lio i Iblis lands be granted Iii Lim itch quantities to Foo actual Stelier. Every consideration of Justice and humanity Calis up.0 on Yon to Man to his Nat Rai rights athe soil. But there is Eno consideration above dollars my cents it is a consideration that appeals to. The gratitude and generosity of Foo american people and to such an Appeal they never yet turned a deaf car. Yon Grant bounties to the Soldier of foe tented Field. It is Well. For Foo men who go Forth at the Call of , to uphold her Standard and vindicate her Honor Are do serving of a More substantial reword than tears to the dead my thanks to tho living. But there Aro soldiers of peace As Well As of War j arid though no waving fib Ting a in sign beckons them on to glory or to death their dying scene is Oft a Crimson one. They fall leading tho Van of civilization along Tow trodden paths my arc buried in the dust of its. Advancing columns. No Clarion a Noto Watts foe expiring spirit from Earth to heaven no Monument Marks the scene of deadly strife1 and no Stone their resting place. The winds. Sighing through foe branches of foe Forest 1 Alono sing their requiem. Yet they Are Foo meritorious men of tho Lio Public Foo men who give it strength in warmed glory in peace Quot f Backwoods Foo workshop amt Foo pm orig Canto Foo men who gave. Vale toy to. Your Arras in the struggles Foat upheld your Standard amid thee a brakes of Marion arid on the Bayon of now. Or lems and that have borne it id Triumph Over tho Battle Fields of your frontiers Acme cents of your Pioneer army from fonday they first drove Hack foe Indian tribes.1. From your Athna tto sea Board to foe present = hour have been the achievements of Soi Enca and civil Azatian Over Foo elements the wider Ness arid the Savage. The settler in search of a new Home Ping Alnico of Erica a Foo air Legh Anies arid having crossed foe great ens�., his Way to foe shores of to Pei fit foor est Stoops to Elj a a for a for White settler of Ohio pitched hafi0k of to to of Tommus us prove a Rieb amp a to two by cans a std

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