Melbourne Argus in Melbourne, Victoria
28 May 1935

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Melbourne Argus in Melbourne, Victoria
28 May 1935

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Melbourne Argus (Newspaper) - May 28, 1935, Melbourne, VictoriaNational Library of Australia the diary mails outward supplied by the general Post office telephoning. Central its Extension Sid closing times for Ellz St a p o 20 minutes later United kingdom and continent Ormonde die London june 29 via Adel May 29 papers id end via prance 10 comm papers 6mall pets prints and samples 1 15 p m letters 2 is p m Ino late fees via from maj 30 Reg articles comm papers Small pets and Sam pies Iii pm letters 2 15pm late fees in Commerce House Collins St f o and Rialto 2 30pm go and elis St p o 315pmspencer is san 4 45pm by Adel Perth airmail exe parcels May 31 Reg articles dec 2 30 p letters 3 30 p m late Lees at 0 p o and Ellz St p o. 4 30 p m Spencer St san 5 10 p m co Morin due London july 6 june i parcels and papers us All sea route 10 30 via Adel june 5 papers u k end via Franco 10 comm papers Small pets prints and samples 115 p m letters is pm no late Lees Canada Makura Juno 4 parcels end via san Francisco 3pm Usa Makura maj 31 parcels 4pm America North Ond South Monterey due san Pedro june 15 to Daj Reg articles and comm papers 130 p m letters 2 30 p m late fees at o p o and Ellz St p o 3 30 pm no late fees at Spencer St san 1 Aden and Malta Ormonde May 30 2 15 p m China Kamo Maru june 1 12 30 p m Nellore june 7 parcels 4pm Fiji Otranto june 6 3 30 p m Fiji and Apia sheaf Holme june 3 3am Germany Dortmund to dal porch is 4pm Gilbert is Noumea june 7 3 30 p m India and Egypt Ormonde May 30 116 pm co Morin june 1 parcels 10 30 am Japan Kamo Maru june 1 13 30 pm Java Ormonde May 30. 2 15 p m Merkur May 30 parcels 4pm june 5 letters 3 30 p m Ord Howe and Nori Olk is morinda june 8 3am Manila Kamo Maru june 1 13 30 p m Mauritius reunion and Africa Sec end per Dalla june 3 10 no Nauru and Ocean is Nauru chid May 30 3 30 p m Noumea Ville de Stras Bourg june 10 3 Carat Ono an Tahiti Makura june 5 3 30 p m Singa pore and Penang Ormondo May 30 2 15 p m Merkur Moy 30 parcels 4pm june 5 letters 3 30 p m South Africa Ascanius june 7 parcels 4pm june 10 and 13 letters. 2 15pm Solomon is Bougainville and Vani Koro Salaita May 30 and 31 3 30 p m Central Australia Alice Springs june 4 3 45 p m fortnightly thereafter Federal territory Mon to Fri 4 10 patches 15 min earlier sat 12 30 p m Sun Ellz Stop 3pm go Spencer St 4pm new zealand Monterey to Day 3 30 pm supp mall letters and comm Papel s Only no late fees at san Sanganella maj 29 parcels noon May 31 letters 3 30 pm Makura and Monwai june 1 parcels North is only10 30 n Northern Australia Darwin a by airmail 3 pm every tuesday Merkur june 5 3 30 p m Papua and new Guinea Salaita Rabaul Only May 30 and 31 3 30pm Noumea Papua Only june 7 3 30 p Nellora Rabaul Only june 11 3 30 p m Machul june 13 3 30 p m Queensland Mon to Fri 4 10 p m sat 12 30pm Sun Ellz St 3pm go Spencer St 4pm South Australia Mon to Fri 3 45 pm sat for sunday s train 13 30 p i in Ellz it of 3pm go Spencer St 4pm Tasmania Naira a to Day 12 40 p m Saroona May 29 3 p m King is Tambar june 4 10 40 thursday Island Wanda a May 31 j 30 p m Western Australia Mon and thurs 3 45 p m Katoomba exe Kalgoorlie Boulder and Wyndham May 31 3 45 p m interstate and hip malls close Ellz St at 3am o p o b.30 unless otherwise stated packets papers Reg articles and per eels for interstate accepted one hour earlier late fees t Opo and Ellz St a a Mon and thurs and on other Days on which a a mall is advertised 4 45 p m a Mon to Fri 4 45 p m Federal capital Terri tory new and old Mon to Tri 445pm sat 3 pm late fees at Spencer St san at late fee office main concourse a Mon and thurs and on other Days on which a a mail is advertised 5 30 p m at guard s Van 5 30 p m to 5 45 p m a Dally exe sats 6 30 p m at guards Van 5 30 p m to 5 45 p m Federal capital territory new and old Dally 5 15 p m at guard s Van 5 15 p m to 5 30 p m a platform ticket is required to enable postage in guard s Van australian airmail services Aerial malls for articles exe parcels to Bear departmental Blue air mall Label and pro a said 3d a Loz in add Ord postage close is Ollow Melbourne Flinders is King is Launceston Hobart Ellz St p o 6 30 no late fees Dally Etc Sun Calls Flinders is Mon wed Fri and King is tues the 1rs Sot due Laun 13 45 p m and Hobt 2pm Adelaide Eyre Peninsula Ellz St p o wed 3 46 p m plane leaves Adel Fri 8 due co Eil noon Adelaide Perth Ellz St p o Fri 3 30 p m plane leaves Ade sat due Perth 3 pm 8un Perth vector to River Ellz St p o 3 30 p m every Mon leaves Perth Sun due Victoria River wed Daly Waters Carnarvon Ellz St p o 3 p m tue leaves Daly Waters wed eight Days later due Carnarvon Fri Sydney Brisbane via Lismore Ellz St p o Mon to Fri 3am Apo Spencer St 5 30 sat 13 30 p m Brisbane Roma Ellz St p o 3 o m every Mon leaves Brisbane wed Arr Roma same Day Brisbane to Cracow Ellz St p o 13 30 pm every sat plane leaves Brisbane Ever Yues 0 30 duo Cracow 9am Cootamundra Darwin and Cloncurry nor Manton Ellz St p o 3pm tues leaves Cootamundra wed Arr Darwin thurs Rockhampton to mount Coolon Ellz St p o 3am Verv Mon plane leaves Rock Hampton every thurs 6 am duo mount Coolon 10 am port moresby to Wau and Salamata air services exc parcels for these places and the Goldfields airmail fee lid each of in add Ord postage plus 3d a of if Aust air service used closes with every papuan mall by Montoro and Machul american airmail letters endorsed via Usa airmail fees postcards 4d letters and other articles. 7d Ca Ion Aust Stamps Only in add Ord american postage for de livery within Usa and Canada closes with every american mall Australia England airmail service All classes of mail matter exe parcels to � k Europe dutch East indies Malaya India. Egypt South Africa China Japan an America closes at Ellz St p o at 3 p m and o p o Spencer St 3 20 p m every tues late fees at Ellz Stop 3 30 pm do 3 50 p m no late fees at Spencer St san mail due London n Davs later correspondence to boar departmental Blue airmail Label air mall fee to u k which includes Ord postage postcards 9d each letters and All other articles 1/6 a Loz or fraction thereof re Tim airmail leaves London every sat and is due at o p o Melbourne at 12 15 p m every Pri 13 Days later for further particulars see airmail schedule obtainable free at All official Post offices letters to mail steamers the following table gives the dates on which letters must reach the o p o Spencer St at 1 30 p m for great Britain and 1 30 p m for America to connect with the incoming mall steamers Corfu Orsovai Bendigo Mariposa port said Colombo Aden Pago Pago postage rates the Argus to Day s Issue Australasia and new zealand id. United kingdom Overland 2d., All sea route id. Other British pos Ich i o in 2d. . And other foreign countries 3d. To Day s entertainments hib majesty a Viktoria and her s p m Kino s Dante 8pm princes Craigjr nights revue 3pm Tivoli women of the world 3 30 p m and 8 p m Athene us the Triumph of Sherlock Holmes 10 30 am 3 p m. And 8pm Capitol behold my wife 10 45 am 3 15 p Mand 7 60 p m Crystal Palace Caulfield jew suss "8pm hosts de luxe Here is my heart Ham 3 10 p m and 8pm Melba hell in the heavens " continuous from 10 45 am Majestic heritage 10 a m2 p m. And 7 55 pm metro forsaking All others to 45 am 2 p m and 7 so p m lyceum red morning 11 till 7pm, then b p m Plaza one Nasht of love 10 45 am 3 15 p m. And 8pm recent the last sent Mcroan 10 45 am 2 p m and 7 45 p m stat Charlie Chan in Paris continuous from 10 till 11 pm times the Trette continuous from to till 11 p m Ola Carium every Day. 3 pm and 8 pm town Hall Yehudi Menuhin second perform Ance 8pm Law this Day Banco court bet re or Justice Mann at 10 30-Woolf snip pay Ltd part heard rest civil court before or Justice omm Duffy at 10 30-in the lil of Cecilia Wylie deceased part heard practice court before or Justice Martin at 10 30-unopposed chamber business original i in g summonses arbitration court before chief judge i Dethridge in no i court at 10 30 print no Industry Empio Ces Union v printing and Allied trades employ cars federation and others application to vary criminal court before or Justice Mac Harlan at 10-Alfred Charles Wright and Alex Ander John Mccarthy part heard county court Bro or judge Wasley at 30 30 special juries Ora v Watson and another part heard not a foie 2-Gordon and another v Keating general sessions before judge Winneke at 10 30 Manten acc Apper is Mcparlane \ Kcf Sranne before judge Mac Ndoc at 10 30 maintenance appear ulcer v lever three cases Matthews \ Hurley third county court before judge Foster in the third Chu court at to workers compensation act Roosev v Mackenzie part heard i second county court before judge eng Ennis at 10 30-�50 and �250-Jones v Hulme Manuan \ Oher and sons pay Poucel v Ebbels bankruptcy court before the registrar at 10 30-in no 2 High court Public Examina t on re William Henry Eduard Jordan Robert Reid mails inward from May 2duo june 1 Nar Kunda May 0. Due june s. From san Francisco May 8due june 3. Special advertisements Money for nothing �50 is offered in the Star football forecast Competition. There is n0 entry fee just fill in the form in the Star and forecast accurately the highest and lowest scores in the league round this Weet there is no limit to the number of entries which May be sent in. Your football judgment May win you a big prize. Fill in the form in the Star to night Quality tells ask for these lines. Vat 69 old scotch whisky 09. Is soft and Mellow. . Medicated wine ten la relieves exhaustion. Is wonderful. 4/6 and 2/6 Bot. Arnold s . Registered scion apr Favourite drink. From Bogee medical Reserve Brandy genuine Cognac. . Rum finest selected Queensland the Best Winter drink. Tasmanian Cascade ale is delightful. Obtainable licensed grocers and hotel bars. Arnold Bros., 527 Little Collins Street Milb. Wholesale Only. The Victoria insurance co. Ltd. Transacts fire Marine and Accident insurance including motor car plate Glass burglary & workers compensation. Agents in All suburbs. Head office 83 Market Street Melbourne. Telephone Central 667 and 668. Jas. J. Haverty general manager. An urgent clearance of super Quality chinese and Indian carpets and rugs. Including silk super washed chinese and finer Quality Malabar in sizes run inc from21ft. X ibo. To Oft. X 3ft. Every carpet must re sold 1�y to Morrow Nir it and account cleared. Prices Are reduced by half thus presenting an Opportunity of during genuinely hand Woven Oriental rugs at less than machine Rande carpets. Every Rug is tried. View the bargains to Day. Decoration co. Pay. Ltd., 350 Little Collins Street of. Mcewan s Tel. F3.13d. A reversion to old Days. Mac Kiltie s superlative scotch whisky. Same prices. Old strength. Ask for it at Shnir s hotel Collin St. Unequalled the expert and secure service which we Oller As executor trustee attorney or agent cannot be equalled by an individual and is less costly. Write or phone for our new free Booklet National trustees ?0 address 113 Queen St., Melbourne. M. Chamberlin manager. Special factory Sites Only two available Moore s. 115-145 City Road Indian rugs Beautiful designs and colours 13 x 10. �14, 12 x 0, �13. 10 x 8, �10 Forster Carpel co it Ltd. 362 l Collins St bottled in Bond under the Commonwealth customs supervision Richardson s wines and spirits 15s Russell St Melbourne next Bourke St a action sales of furniture conducted Ujj at private residences by Beauchamp Bros. Many years experience. Prompt settlement overseas news by special arrangement Reuter g world service in addition to other special source of in formation is used in the compilation of Tho overseas intelligence published in this Issue and All rights therein in Australia and nor zealand Are reserved. Wie Imp. Melbourne i am in the Placo where i am demanded of conscience to speak the truth and therefore the truth i speak impugn it Whoso list " business communications should be addressed to the general manager. Difficulty in obtaining copies of the Argus should be reported to the circulation Man Ager. Advertisements will be received by City and suburban news agents up to 5 45 p m. Classification of other than necessarily late death and funeral notices cannot be guaranteed i received at the Argus office later than 8pm advertisements must be addressed to the advertising department. Wilson and Mackinnon proprietors. Head office 3 15 Elizabeth St., Melbourne . Branches Melbourne 341 Collins St Syd Ney Sydney morning Herald building 60 Pitt St. London 80 Fleet St., e.c.4. Tuesday May 28, 1935 no Money to Burn there should be no spirit of com petition Between the loan Council and the Commonwealth Bank in the deliberations at Canberra this week. Naturally the treasurers of the states feel that their immediate difficulties will be relieved if they Are free to spend ample loan funds during the coming financial year. As against that the Commonwealth Bank has to preserve its Security not Only As the Central banking institution but As the guardian of interests of the Public and to a great extent of private credit. If there be a gauge which reflects the conditions of Public and private finance it should be the common wealth Bank. No other authority can possibly serve that purpose certainly the treasurers cannot do so. Political responsibilities have to be discharged and the Dunstan ministry As an example is under obligation to provide work for men now unemployed. No political pro gramme however can run ahead of the resources available. If homely terms Are employed in the discussion there will be no need to discuss the abstract question of inflation As against deflation. The Revenue available plus the amount of Money which safely May be Bor rowed is All that should be spent in any one financial year. The Case for the Commonwealth Bank is that it is already carrying the deficits accumulated by the states during Che last five years. In respect of those obligations the states have no creditor other than the Bank which in this respect is acting with the trading Banks. If unlimited credit be Given to the states there must be a shortage for trading and Industrial purposes. It is not of advantage even from a political Point of View that Industry should be starved in order that govern ments May be overfed. The prob lems now being faced will recur with renewed strength and with additional menace if the general eco nomic condition has not been improved by the end of the next Finan Cial year. When these Broad considerations Are borne in mind Little weight will be attached to the cheap gibe that the Commonwealth Bank is the overlord of governments. Sound finance and sound economics Are not separable from sound govern ment. There is a limit to the Money available therefore there is a strict limit to the credit which can be Given. During the last five years governments have been piling obligations upon posterity. The common wealth government itself which for some years has been in a favourable financial position has a carry Over of �17,000,000, representing the deficits of the earlier years of the depression. That substantial sum is not mentioned in current discus Sion. It has been merged in the Public debt or has become part of the floating debt. The state govern ments continue to add to the accumulation each year. It requires no acquaintance with High finance to justify the demand that this pro Cess cannot go on indefinitely. In pre War years an overwhelming pro portion of the Public debt was in vested in Revenue producing under takings. The proportion has become less and less and that portion represented by recurring deficits produces nothing whatever. It is a dead weight upon the Community. There will be discussion whether any portion of the loan to be floated shortly should be devoted to the conversion of Treasury Bills into Long dated securities. The decision should not be the result of a political scramble. Some principle should be observed. A sound principle would be to convert a proportion of the com ing loan which would equal at least the anticipated deficits of the cur rent year. That would obviate any addition to the Public debt arising out of the Revenue accounts in the year 1935-36. Anything less would be unsafe because no matter How careful governments May be in the selection of projects for the expenditure of loan Money there can be Little expectation that in present conditions the expenditure will be reproductive. Governments come and ago and parties succeed one another in office if not in Power. The Commonwealth Bank is however a per manent institution which is expected to survive All political Vicissitudes. If the directors maintain a firm stand for the policy which they propound they will be serving the interests of the Public and in the Long run the interests of the governments. Or. Dunstan represents Only one among governments most of which Are expected to make a political flourish in their own parliaments and in their own states. He will suffer nothing now Politi Cally if he accepts the situation As it is presented to him by the Finan Cial experts upon whom grave responsibility rests. It would cause embarrassment of another kind to the Dunstan ministry if it found itself in Possession of substantial sums of loan Money. The Grant would be much in Advance of any feasible plan of expenditure. There Are already indications of the debilitating effect which promises Are having upon unemployed men in Victoria and upon the situation generally. Nothing should be done to encourage the delusion that a change of ministry has changed the financial situation. The hours of labour economie experiments since 1930 have shown that it is easier to fall into a depression than to climb out of it. Palliative have been resorted to but no cure has yet been Dis covered for an economic condition which it would be dispiriting to re Gard As permanent. Although unemployment cannot be isolated from the larger question of the shrunken value of production the debate in the legislative Assembly last week upon the possible benefits of a Shorter working week was a healthy sign that members of All parties in the House Are anxious to do that which lies within their Power to stimulate employment. The com Mittee which has been appointed to report upon the question will direct the attention of the Public to a very Complex problem and its researches if wisely conducted should be instructive. But the application of the principle of a Shorter working week to Industry generally is a proper question for the consideration of the Commonwealth which in turn would be guided by inter National opinion and conditions. It would be necessary to determine to what extent a reduction of the hours of work would affect a primary producing country such As austra Lia. A Shorter working week might not affect the Quantity of production but almost certainly it would increase its Cost and that possibility should be kept in mind when agricultural populations already find it impossible to Purchase Indus trial products at current prices. There is however a feeling abroad that the Experiment might be tried tentatively. The session of the International labour conference at Geneva on june 4 will discuss the question of a 40-hour week in five industries which the governing body of the International labour office has prescribed. They include Public works undertaken or subsidised by governments. Primarily to relieve unemployment the proposal has the Blessing of the governments of the United states Italy and Czecho Slovakia but nobody has yet expressed the conviction with any degree of Confidence that a reduction of working hours would do much toward restoring Trade and Industry to their old time Prosperity. The relationship Between working hours and the mechanisation of Industry the Strain of modern Industrial conditions and the Factor of Leisure arc important in their Way yet do they touch More than the fringe of the major prob Lem during the debate in the legislative Assembly several conflicting reasons were suggested As prime causes of the prevailing Dis Tress. But the Prosperity of the past will not return to the wage earner or to Industry until some Factor As yet unknown makes the Purchase of additional wealth producing labour necessary and profitable. Signo Mussolini s consent to arbitration in the dispute Between the italian and abyssinian govern ments Means that a critical situation has been postponed. It is Early yet to assume that the league of nations has brought the two governments together for the con duct of the italian government throughout the protracted negotiations suggests that Signor Mussolini will not accept the solution of the arbitrators unless it suits him. For several months the abyssinian government has been in communication with the league of nations but All its efforts to have the Dis Pute settled have been frustrated by the diplomatic manoeuvring of Signor Mussolini. In the meantime he has been sending troops and War materials to Eastern Africa. The immediate cause of discontent is the question of guilt arising out of Skir mishes at Wal Wal but if War came Wal Wal would be Only a pretext. Signor Mussolini has plans for colonial and economic expansion in Africa. If he is dissatisfied with the terms of settlement he will prob ably defy the league of nations. A plot for rank and file control hatched during the week end by the militants among the miners of Wonthaggi failed. In their eager Ness to make life a Little More unpleasant outside the cockpit of Wonthaggi which apparently is re signed to Industrial warfare they forgot that there Are sane unionists left. The plan was to induce government employees to make a com Mon front against the government. Militant unionists Are contemptuous of the trades Hall Council which is condemned because its complexion is not red enough. But there Are still Many Trade unionists who Are Content to see the trades Hall Blush a Pale Pink when it is indignant. In the Battle of tactics with the miners the trades Hall Council scored and for that everybody will be thankful. The methods pursued by the miners at Wonthaggi in recent years have not been conspicuously successful. They have lost a lot of Money in wages and they have gained Little in prestige. It is scarcely surprising that the other unions associated with governmental activities rejected their overtures. Dramatic moments Gertrude Bell and Lawrence two of the Moil famous names of our Day Are Gertrude Bell and Lawrence of Arabia. These two famous explorers Mel m 1911. Lawrence was then superintending dig Ging operations in an arabian Village where the past was buried under the Sand one Day news came that Gertrude Bell one of the most astonish ing women of the Century was about to visit the Camp there was great excite ment the Only three englishmen at the diggings were Campbell Thompson or Hogarth and Lawrence everyone knew that Campbell Thomson was engaged or Hogarth was a married Man therefore according to the reasoning of the diggers there could be one meaning Only in Gertrude Bell s visit she was coming to marry Lawrence Gertrude Bell at lived in state and was Well received she looked round the diggings and talked with the English men till evening then she prepared to depart this was the signal for consternation round the Camp went word that Gertrude Bell was leaving that meant that she had not accepted Law rence that was a slight to him very Well then Gertrude Bell should hear about it forthwith the people gathered heatedly round the tents stones were picked up in readiness there was the beginning of an uproar Lawrence went among the diggers and made a most in Gallant but very effectual speech As a result Geitrude Bell was Able to ride away unmolested not till some years later did she learn the True account of her visit to car Hemish then she laughed wills and estates. Joseph costello of Harriman via Arram Farmer who died on january l8, left by 111 dated March 1, 1028, real estate of a Gross value of � 1.513 and personal property of n Gross value of �1600 to Lils widow and children Cyril Ellis of Ninvi Nook near Charlton. Brazier who died on april 20 left by will doted january 10, 1024 real estate of ii Gross value of �2 104 and personal property of a Gross value of �234 to his widow Albert Milner formerly of Adamson Burcet Middle Brighton but late of Guildford Road Surrey Hills retired Grazier who died on april 6, left by will dated april 7 1023, real estate of a Gross value of �875 and personal property of a Gross value of �1,153 to his widow and children. Australian exports the future of Wool a troubled transition period by professor g. L. Wood Wool says professor Wood is the basis of Australia s financial future. In the markets of the future Japan will play an increasingly important role As buyer. The financial future of Australia will be determined in the main by the future of Wool. The factors which will determine the demand for Wool Over both the Long and the Short period Are therefore a matter of supreme importance but the problem of forecasting is made extremely difficult by circumstances which will have More effect upon Wool than upon almost any other commodity. For the Woollen Industry is undergoing a double transition a transition of markets and a transition of function. How much the world of the future will need australian Wool will be determined by the Speed and the degree of the changes involved and the Best guess can to Little More than a shot in the dark. The strength of the demand for Wool As a textile May be found first in two peculiarities of Structure its tubular form and the jointing or growth rings which through a Microscope make a thread of Wool look like a piece of Bamboo. The tubular form gives Wool its warmth the jointing gives it the property of Felting or tangling easily. No other textile natural or artificial possesses these characteristics and they Aro fundamental to the whole character of Wool As a basis for clothing. In the second place the demand for Wool is influenced by its Superior durability. It has been calculated that from shearing to its final use As shoddy Wool May have an effective life of 35 years. No other textile can pretend to the capacity of Wool to resist hard Wear. The final Factor to the demand for Wool is the concentration of the most energetic and productive people of the world into climatic regions where Cool to cold Winters Are experienced. The changing Market the fact that these Peoples have the greatest purchasing Power is highly significant for Wool. The Northern half of North America All Europe excluding the Mediterranean All Asia North of the Himalayas and the Yang tse Klang these areas constitute the widest Market in the world for any one commodity except perhaps Cotton. Wool production moreover is supported mainly by Semi arid grasslands except where Mutton ranks with equal importance to Wool. That these lands Are cheap compared with agricultural lands also has some significance from the Supply Side since Australia possesses the greatest extent of grasslands of this Type. Until the end of the great War there had been Little change in the markets for Wool for 60 years. After 1920 major changes began to reveal themselves such As the decline in the demand from the United states and from Europe. Changes in clothing habits and in fashion on the one hand and changes due to policies of self sufficiency on the other commenced a swing that is merely beginning. Stimulation of the demand for Wool for War purposes and the preference for Woollen garments As a measure of Economy Dur ing depression have masked these transitions of markets and function. The functional changes Are working fastest in North America and in Europe. Owing to the introduction of Central heat ing air conditioning and other devices for overcoming atmospheric cold in buildings and in vehicles the demand for Wool in the United states has shrunk remarkably in a couple of decades. If Europe emerges from her political and economic troubles her Extension of devices which make warm clothing unnecessary except out of doors is certain. When that change takes place the Competition of Wool with the lighter textiles such As Cotton and Rayon will Toke on a new and sinister complexion for the Wool grower. It is therefore in the colder and simpler living conditions of Russia Siberia Manchuria and Japan that the most urgent demand for Wool i in the future will be found. Unfortunately these countries Are certain for some time to come to contain people with Low Pur chasing Power so that the stimulus to prices will not be great. Japan s need there Are other Long term trends work ing in the opposite direction however. As population spills Over As it inevitably must from the Over populated to the under populated areas All lands that Are fit for cultivation will come under the plough. In Short agriculture will invade the pastoral lands and the world s sheep especially those producing the finest wools will to confined to More limited areas. Better Breeding and care of pastures will offset this to some extent but Australia s advantage As Tho country possessing the greatest natural area suited to the production of Fine Wool and nothing else will remain. If Japan s Imperial Oye Ever rests upon Australia it is because of this fact More than any other for Japan now Jed in the future must have Wool. Consider these figures concerning Japan s dependence upon Australia. They show Japan s Trade in Woollen Good s in millions of yen the yen being normally Worth ii imports. Exports. 1032. 1s34. 1032. 1034. Woollen yorns 5.1 1.7 1.7 12.2 Woollen cloths 10.5 5.2 4.5. 29.0 total 15.6 6.0 6.2 42.1 whereas imports have been Cul Iii half exports have increased sevenfold in two years. What is Likely to happen in the next 10 years we can Only surmise. That does not however show Japan s place As an importer of raw Wool from Australia. Total imports of raw Wool from Australia in 1934 were valued at 159,000,000 yen from All other countries the value was Only 20,000,000 yen. Tho comparison of Japan s demand for Wool with that of other countries is also instructive. Australia s Wool exports in the first nine months of the year 1934-35 were in millions of rentals1b33-1d34 1034-1035 0 months 9 months United kingdom 1.0 2.4 Belgium. 0.0 0.0 France. 0.0 Germany 1.1 0.2 total exported 6.7b 5.00 these figures leave Little doubt of the direction from which tile great demand for raw Wool is Likely to come in the future. It is a matter of vital importance however that Australia should stimulate by every Means in her Power the Purchase of her Wool by As Many buyers As pos sible. The precariousness of a Market which depends upon the demand of two main buyers to the extent of 75 per cent of the Export is too Plain to need elaboration. To Morrow professor Wood will discuss the Outlook for Whent pageant of the nations presentation next week in the Melbourne town Hall on june 4 and 5 700 representatives of the Vail Ous nations of the world will assemble in a pageant to offer their felicitations and to celebrate with Victoria the attainment of 100 years of Prog ices etch group in its National costume and symbolising the history and the customs of its Homeland will much to its own music and will entry the flags which have been sent to Vic Toria with greetings from All parts of the world comprising 30 nations the pageant of 1334 will be reproduced with the Addi Tion of about 30 other nations which were not represented Lait year the arrangements Lor the pageant Aie being conducted by the consular corps in co operation with the International club the Box plan is now open at allans in Collins Street Gilbert and Sullivan plebiscite a wide variety in voting yeomen of the guard leads the diversity of Appeal of individual operas of Gilbert and Sullivan is demonstrated in the remarkable variation in the lists which have been received in the first Progress count in the Argus plebiscite the yeomen of the guard Heads the list followed closely by the Mikado with the gondoliers third Favourite the Only opera which has not been placed in the first six in any list is the grand Duke " or a g Foi tune who writes from Bendigo and who claims to be the Only Man in Australia who was present at the Savoy theatre London at the first performance of the gondoliers on december 7, 1889, places the grand Duke last in his list adding is his comment the expiring of Genius " or Fortune places the gondoliers first for brightness of choruses Melody of songs brilliance of dialogue and wit in Conception with the Mikado second and the yeomen of the guard third most of the selections submitted include Only the better known works at the suggestion of several correspondents it has been decided to limit future lists to the Best six in order of the operas to record a vote correspondents should write their Choice of six of the Savoy operas in order of preference and preferably add Brief reasons for the first Choice and for the exclusion of any Well known opera from the list envelopes should been Dorset Savoy plebiscite and addressed to the editor the Argus Box 244b, Melbourne c 1 the first six in the voting yesterday were the yeomen of the guard is the a Lido. 50 the gondoliers. 43 iolanthe. 21 i m s. Pinafore. 22 Rudd Gore. 21 the pirates of Penzance follows rather closely then patience " one of the surprises of the voting yesterday was a first preference cast for the sorcerer which was played in Melbourne Many years ago and has never been revived Heie another was the number of per sons who put Rudd Gore fairly High in their lists although it has frequently been omitted from the repertoire in australian seasons whether from in family arty or for other reasons Princess Ida which is one of the operas announced for the coming season stands Only 10th in the list at present a Short season of revivals based on the result of tie Argus plebiscite within the limits of the company s repertoire will be presented by j c Williamson Ltd at the end of tie series which will begin in Mel Bourne on june 8 voting in the plebiscite will close on that Date following Are extracts from some of the Many letters which have been received the Rov g c Cox Albert Street Eastorn Hill c2 in my opinion there is Little to choose be tween the first four 1 Mikado 4 Ruddi Gore 2 yeomen of the 6 iolanthe guard 6 Princess Ida 3 gondoliers i notice unit Rudd Gore is not advertise Din the repertoire of the present company i wonder Why i think that it is on a Par Willitha better known gondoliers Mikado and yeomen and i certainly Hito its Muslo bet Ter than that of plan Afore or the pirates i Hope that the company will include it w h Walker 2 Blu Street Hawthorn 1 sorcerer i Mikado 2 yeomen of the 6 Lolan rhe guard 0 patience 3 gondoliers i Placo Tho sorcerer first because Al though it is quite unknown now in Melbourne 1 feel sure that it will if it is Rentro Ducco soon end As a Favourite for its wit and musical Beauty Joan r High Street Glen Iris 1 patience 4 gondoliers 2 Pinafore 5 pirates of pen 3 yeomen of the Zance guard 6 Mikado i like patience simply because i like Bun Thorn w Savoyard Morlok club Melbourne 1 Mikado 4 Ruddi Gore 2 gondoliers 5 iolanthe 3 yeomen of the 6 pirates or pen guard Zance the Mikado has the Best balance of Melody Humour and Colour and it is the most Lett resting in Story and action i Homo excluded patience to cause i consider it Boring As comic opera and not effective As satire a c Blackwood Street Murru Beena be Ion its race music there Aro certain personal associations which Inako h m s Pinafore Appeal to my trial by jury is negligible except As a Short fill up and if it Ero dropped it never would to missed ? my Choice is 4 Mikado 5 iolanthe 0 gondolier a excludes Tho sorcerer the grand Duke and Utopia Ltd has its distinctive Appeal and i have found every one improve on further acquaintance it is this Factor which to a Greal extent governs my Choice 1 iolanthe 4 Princess Ida 2 Yeoman or the s patience guard 11 Mikado 3 gondoliers Prince Henry s Hospital i Appeal for �50,000 Queen Competition arranged keen interest has been shown in a Queen Competition which is being held to assist the Appeal for � 50,000 for Prince Henry s Hospital. Candidates have been nominated by the postal department the de Fence department the state Public ser vice and by it committee representing sporting bodies. A bal organised by the Central committee of the Appeal was held at the Melbourne town Hall last night. When the amount required has been subscribed the work of reconstructing Tho Hospital will begin. It is proposed to erect a building of seven stories. Contributions to the Appeal May be sent to the editor of the Argus 365 Eliza Beth Street Melbourne we have received the following amounts previously acknowledged �2,737 10 11 e. A. Merrylees. 5 0 0 state savings Bank of Vic Toria officers association .500 United insurance co. Ltd. 3 3 0 Warragul and e.b.w., each �1. Total �2,752/13/11 Prince Honry s Hospital will Benefit fro the efforts of the Tolep Hono Exchange girls and the postal staff who have organised ii picture night to be held in Tho Ivanhoe theatre on thursday May 30. To support the Queen of the stale Public service miss m. Tunnock in the Pronco Henry s Hospital Appeal Queen Competition a dance will be held on wednesday May 29, at the Northcote town Hall. Lecture on America under the auspices of the education committee of the Victoria league a lecture on America will be delivered in Tho league rooms 167 Collins Street to Morrow evening by mrs Ernest Scott who recently Etui Ned from a Long tour abroad the lecture which will be illustrated by lantern slides will be open to the Public and the proceeds will be used in the work of the education committee among the country schools in Victoria mrs Herbert Brookes will preside admittance will be 1/, or tickets May be obtained ii am the Secretary of the league swedish chamber of Commerce Nie Consul for Sweden or h Hulln and the vice Consul or g w pct re Weie elected victorian representatives on the Council of the swedish chamber of Commerce for Australia new zealand ind South sea i lands at a general meet ing held recently in Australia House Sydney other office bearers elected were pies Dent Captain a e Lund Gran Council messes b Tilsk t s Gor Don k Kopseng j b Nelson a r pers son h r Persson g e Sanderson j Sonn Erdlac c q Sundstrom l m Triggs d b Wiltshire j Osterman e h pro inn e Osterman a g Andin e g Stenberg e Ross r Jakobsson honorary auditor or Robert w Nelson Sydney Day by Day by a special cow respondent Sydney monday. Sydney is watch ing with interest the triangular Duel at Newcastle Between the Federal labour party the Lang labour party and the Douglas credit party. The original opinion was that the struggle was confined to Tho first two parties and that the third party was not to to considered. It May not achieve anything Worth while but the fact that both parties will give it the second preference instead of bestowing that favour on each other will assist it to make a better showing. Not much is known in Sydney of or. Watkins the son of or. David Watkins the late member for the District who seeks to Wear his father s political Mantle but he appears to be straight spoken. Newcastle is not greatly stirred by the by election. The bitterness of some of the speeches May however make a Chango and bring into line Many of those at cresent indifferent. Or. Watkins says that his father has been misrepresented by or. Lang and his lieu tenants. He voted wit i the Beasley group when the interests of Newcastle or general interests of the labour movement seemed to require it but he was not associated j with the group when the assassination of the Scullin ministry was planned and carried out. Or. Lang s supporters claim that they loved old David Watkins but Young David Points out that they dissembled their love in the elections of 1031 and 1934, when they tried to shut him out of parliament. People who derive Comfort from the fact that Captain Aarons has been successful in placing 3,000 City boys with Farmers should not forget the exodus from the country to the City. The Rural employment scheme of which Captain Aarons is honorary Secretary May Well be congratulated on the Success of its efforts particularly so because Mast of the 3,000 boys will take up Rural life in Earnest. But the companion picture Calls for attention. City lads Are stirred to go to the country but there is no Effort to convince country lads that they arc better off than those of the City and that if they Are Wise they will stay where they Are. The City lights Are calling now As Over. Sons of Farmers and of residents of country towns continue to flock into the City to become policemen Tram Drivers Tram conductors billiard markers Book makers clerks anything in preference to remaining in the country. They tue entitled to plan their own lives and Many country lads have entered the City and assisted to make history. Those who seek to Reform parliament by reducing the number of members wonder whether the Stevens ministry will go far enough. The Only other Reform of the kind was effected about 30 years ago when sir Joseph Carruthers succeeded to Power partly As a result of the efforts of the people s Reform league which insisted upon the recognition of the principle that parliaments were designed for the people s Benefit and were not merely Happy Hunting grounds for politicians. The number of members of the legislative Assembly was reduced from 120 to 90. The Carruthers ministry achieved remarkable results. Taxation was reduced and railway fares and freights also yet railway wages were increased. The late sir Thomas Henley entered politics on that wave and his Early experience prompted him to advocate further far Liam notary Reform. One of the things he sought to bring about was adoption of the same constituencies for state and Federal parliaments the state to elect two Mem Bers for each of the 28 Federal elector ates. The saving in Roll printing and incidental expenses would be considerable. It is understood that the Premier prefers three members for every Federal elector ate milking 84 members As against the 50 desired by the advanced Socolon. Re form May be looked for in 1936. Some of the older citizens who formed part of the 3,000 or More who on Satur Day night acclaimed Tho Remor Kabe Suc Cess of Tho pageantry that had attracted crowds to the town Hall for four nights were delighted by a reminder of exciting scenes of 36 years ago. A set they did not expect was staged. A number of members of the South african contingent australians who participated in the Boer War took part. The War was the first important adventure of Australia the Soudan contingent had but Little scope and the people were moved As never before. The squad of soldiers in the cavalcade of Empire stirred memories of scenes of departing troop ships the arrival of the first wounded and so on. When the squad Sang Ano of the out standing songs of that War soldiers of the Queen the audience expressed enthusiasm. The annual reunion of Tho South african contingent took place simultaneously with Tho pageant but in another part of the City. Tho talk was chiefly of Tho duty of men to defend their coun try. It was there that colonel p. M. Macfarlane suggested that the scorn of women would be an a elective method of driving men into the ranks. Obituary or. F. O. Sharp of Avoca Sheet South Yarra who for 20 years had been a Wool buyer in new South Wales and Victoria died in a private Hospital yesterday aged 52 years. Or. Sharp was born in Yorkshire England and Carno to Australia in 1900, entering the Wool Trade in Sydney. For most of his life in Australia or. Sharp had bought Wool in Melbourne for the firm of w. And j. Whitehead top makers and worsted spinners of England. He leaves a widow. The funeral will leave Christ Church at Tho Corner of Toorak Road and punt Road at 10.30 . To Day for the Melbourne crematorium fawkner. The death occurred suddenly at Ben Digo last night of or. Cyril f. James a Bendigo solicitor. Or. James who was a son of the Rev. Thomas James was bom at Williamstown. Most of his business life was spent in Bendigo where he con ducted the Legal firm of Watson and James for More than 30 years. To was a brother of Holman James who recently visited Australia. Or. James made three attempts to enter parliament first As a free Trade candidate and later is a country party candidate. Or. Charles Robert Morton Hoad master of the Lynnum Central state school who died suddenly recently was a Well known Queensland Bowler who had Many friends in Victoria. He was aged 05 years. Or. Morton had been president of the Queens land teachers Union. He leaves a widow four sons and a daughter. Public service vacancy to the editor of the Arous so Strong rumours Are current in the Public service to Day that the Cabinet has Undi consideration a proposal to oven Ide the decision of the Public ser vice commissioner in order to appoint a political nominee from outside the i i Vicc to the position of professional assist ant Crown Law department this is creating a feeling of i ave i Satlof action and unrest among Public servants alarmed by the tendency in recent years Tov Vaid political influence and patronage in appointments my association Felt compelled Al a recent into Ivlow with the late Premici sir Stanley Argyle to refer to this Mattei and to request the Inser Tion in the Public service act of the pie Amble of 1083 the avowed object of which was to abolish political Pitio nage in the service the present Case is one in which the claims and qualifications of the ser vice applicants Are so Strong As to make it ludicrous Foi the commissioner to Issue a certificate that there is no person in the service qualified to fill he position and my association to support its pro test to the late i Emier now proposes to take Legal action to prevent the Issue of the certificate yours 5c j Mckella Secretary vict Oilan Branch Austi Allan Public servants association v c a building May 27. Nice to regal her excellency lady Isaacs attended by miss s. Purves visited the after care Hospital of the Melbourne District Nur Long society 45 Victoria Parade Colling Wood yesterday morning. Her excellency lady Isaacs attended by miss s. Purves entertained lady Huntingfield and the Hon. Mrs. Helms Pott at luncheon at Menzies hotel yes. Ter Day. Her excellency lady Isaacs attended by miss s. Purves was present at the annual meeting of the International club 177 Collins Street yesterday1 afternoon. His excellency the governor Ocner Al attended by the aide de Camp opened the new animal Hospital at Langford Street North Melbourne yesterday afternoon. Their excellencies the governor general and lady Isaacs attended by members of the personal staff will leave Melbourne this afternoon for Sydney. Personal Tho Rev. Or. W. Borland minister of scots Church Collins Street for the last 22 years submitted his res Timaton in a Lic die Borland lain octto photo � letter read at a meeting of the Melbourne East presbytery last night or. Bor land sold he had already explained the considerations which would Lead him to submit his Lesigna Lon in the event of a rinse ments for the future of the Chai go being harmoniously made As was expected it is with great regret that i Alvo up the charge which was entrusted to me by the presbytery then of North Melbourne in March 1913," proceeded the letter but i Hope i May continue in the presbytery is minister emeritus. I should like the vacancy declared on sunday july 14, should the presbytery accept my resignation and the congregation concur " the Rev. Or. John Mackenzie was appointed to meet the congregation of scots Church regarding or. Borland s resignation it is expected that he will do so on june i and that the Lesigna Lon will be considered by the presbytery on june 10 the presbytery was informed that it was proposed to de Clai e or Boi land minister emeritus with a seat on the presbytery from the Date on which his resignation took effect to study irrigation methods in aus to Alla on behalf of the government of India i . R Montagu Ottlie Jar a ill it Montagu Indian service of engineers arrived from Bombay jes Terny by the liner chiral or Mon Tagu is particularly in methods of irrigation and in the prevention of water logging of irrigated land Hie Indian service of engineers staff the in ligation depart ments controlled by the provinces in India the area of irrigated land in British India or Mon Tagu said was about 25 000 000 acres and there were also Lagic Maicas under irrigation in the native states or j Leon Jona accompanied by his eldest daughter will leave Melbourne on june 11 for an extended visit to Europe in London he will meet his wife and his twin daughters who left Melbourne about six weeks ago or Jona expects to return with his wife and family in about 12 months or j a bold and Lieut colonel f h Wright have been appointed members of the Marine Board of Victoria in succession to i j r baiter and mrw a Herr who have resigned the term of appoint ment of the new members will end in december 1937 or Roger St Clair Steuart has been appointed medical officer of the railways department from june 1 1935 at a salary of � 1 000 a Yeal less deductions under the financial emergency act the state ministry has appointed the master in equity or m m Phillips to succeed or j a Ross As curator of estates of deceased persons or Phillips will to acting curator until Juno 30 of this Jeal when the leave of or Ross will end his appointment As Pei Manint head of the department will begin on july 1 Hie attorney general of South aus Tiralla or Jeffrie who is attending the conference on uniform taxation methods in Cabena was married just before his departure from Adelaide mrs Jeffries Formel by miss Berta Mai Ion Saint was the daughter of mrs r j malay son since her school djs she has been a voluntary helped at the Adelaide childrens Hospital or b t Zwain w As welcomed to a meet ing of the University Council yesterday by the Deputy Chancellor sir James bar Rcpt or Zwar was recently appointed to Tho Council by the standing committee of com Catlon Tho degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of surgery were conferred in absent a on or William Henry Rolfe at a meeting of the University Council jes Torday by the Deputy Chancellor of the University of Melbourne sir James bar Lett miss h Macdonald buyer and or w p Mccormack sectional controller of the Muci Emporium Ltd returned from Eui opt by the cd tial pcs Keiday at a meeting of the University Council yesterday it was stated that or Maurice Cohen a second year Law student had been awarded the Chrisp bursar on Che hang service from the Royal Navy Lieut commander t r Chattou Ai Rived yesterday by the liner chiral to serve As Glrst leu tenant at the Linden naval depot commander Chattock received his commission on Hovi s Canada Ile his served in 17 commissioned War ships since 1914 some Indian Al my officers think of Australia As merely a spot on the map said Captain Gordon Mcleod of the Royal army medical corps stationed at Agi a in the United i of Luces Fri Airl Ved yesterday by the liner chiral on leave Captain Mcleod added Tim if officers of the Indian army were in formed about Australia by tourist a Lycra Tuie Muny would spend their Leive Here Iho Chalu uan of the Iran poit Boord or p d Phillip who was to have conducted an inquiry in Softli Gipp land this week has been advised to rest for several Days because of a slight illness the inquiry which will be held at Wonthaggi Korumburra Leongatha costar and Arram has been postponed the Pualuan Council at its meeting last night appointed or Arthur e s"10t Mccausland City Engineer and building Surveyor in succession to or a l John son who designed last Jeal owing to m health or Mccausland who is aued 3f Jems served with the Aust Allan forces in Egypt Italy and France for the lost 10 Yearb or Mccausland has been Engineer and building Surveyor of Toots Raj the Rev r c l Goble of the Presby Tsiun Church spin Gale was elected last no the Moderator of the Melbourne East presbytery for the next six in onto in succession to the Rev r a Unge Nauer of the calms memorial Church i g j Rodger Foi Marly chief officer of tile new South Wales forestry commis Sion has been appointed conservator of foil its in South Australia i c ii Reid a replied judge of the dish let sessions of Bihar und Bengal India arrived at Melbourne Yett by the p and o liner chiral m Australia he will visit sir Nevill sinew. V cat Balmoral

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