Mediterranean Rome Stars And Stripes in Rome, Lazio
18 Mar 1945

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Mediterranean Rome Stars And Stripes in Rome, Lazio
18 Mar 1945

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Mediterranean Rome Stars and Stripes (Newspaper) - March 18, 1945, Rome, Lazio Page 4the stars and stripes sunday March 18, 1945 am sets up shop East of the Rhine by the United press sheaf March 17�?the Allied military government organization is losing no time in getting to work and has one unit already Down to work in an unspecified town East of the Rhine it was revealed today. Capt. James Denison member of the 1st army a g-5 division told correspondents that am is learning rapidly from previous mistakes and that it was expected the administration of further German territories would work out More smoothly than hitherto. In Cologne he said the military administration was making Good Progress toward re establishment of Public services and creating order. Denison admitted freely there had been mistakes made and said the military government in Aachen sometimes Felt their setup there was a curse because correspondents had subjected it to such microscopic scrutiny and had regarded the project there As the beginning and end of All military government systems. Am has a team of 64 officers and men working in Cologne and work there has been entirely satisfactory to Date. Violations few it was estimated there Are about 100,000 germans in Cologne and a a up till now they have Given us surprisingly Little trouble Denison said. In nine Days of occupation there have been Only 34 minor violations of american regulations. The violations comprised such things As failure to observe the curfew travel on military roads and entry into forbidden areas without passes. Seven cases have already been heard before the special u. S tribunal which is empowered to Levy fines up to 1,000 dollars and pronounce prison sentences up to one year. A great Boon for the am was finding 23 policemen who could be cleared on the score of nazism and the reinstatement of the chief of police whom the nazis deposed in 1933 when they came to Power. Most utilities Are expected to be restored very soon at least enough to fulfil army requirements. Electricity will be made available for newspaper plants which escaped destruction and the water Supply greatly improved. Some plants including shoe soap and Blanket factories in areas occupied earlier Are already functioning. Food adequate Denison said the food situation in Cologne was not go d judged by Normal standards but there were sufficient supplies to carry on with although there were 15,000 liberated Allied nationals whom the nazis forced into slave labor who get first priority on supplies. The German Rati Ming system will continue in Force but rations will be far less than before the occupation. The maximum daily Calory Content will be Al amt 1.500 calories per person or a Little less. Denton said everything was being done to facilitate Spring plantings by German Farmers in areas behind the fighting zone but that the situation was rendered difficult by the Lack of sufficient seed Tokle continued from Page la american citizen at the end of the mime month. Salvaro Battle advanced of ii March 17 the Battle for Salvaro besieged German St rung Point in the Reno River Valley one mile cast of Highway 64. Mounted in fury yesterday As troops of the american 1st armoured division fought their Way into the town in a series of Sharp fire fights Only to be driven out again. At one time during the fight. The Veteran 5th army division held several buildings within the town including a portion of a heavily defended Church. The germans however Laid Down a Heay barrage of Small arms mortar and machine gun fire from emplacements on the Edge of the town and from within hah Arn itself. The americans were trails end for iwo defenders 3 b-29s raze Kobe japs largest port continued from Page i and wiping up remaining japanese pockets on i to Jima. On Luzon a scattered fronts yanks have destroyed one end of the heavily fortified japanese Chimbu line East of Manila the enemy communication line to Southern Luzon and yesterday advanced to within seven Miles of Baguio summer capital of the Philippines. South of Manila at Batangas Bay a combat team seized Sugatan and pushed inward the associated press reported. Gen. Douglas Macarthur an noun d these successes today in a communique which also recorded further gains by the invaders in the Zamboanga sector of Mindanao. In the Chimbu sector where the fiercest battling of the Luzon Campaign has taken place a a the entire Southern flank of the elaborate Wawa Antipolo line has now been destroyed with great losses to enemy personnel and supplies a tile communique said. On iwo Jima u. S. Marines were continuing to mop up enemy remnants according to a communique issued by Admiral Chester w. Nimitz the Insp up operation May if the japs choose continue for several months it was reported. The Central Airfield on the Island. However was put into use yesterday in time to receive a number of super forts making forced landings there on their return from bombing Kobe. Already 30 super forts have made emergency landings on iwo Jima. Before travelling the 1,500 mile route Back to Guam or Saipan. iwo a airports it was also announced u. S. Fighter planes can now operate Over Tokyo ii Selt. In a message to his men on the iwo Jima operation. Admiral Nimitz congratulated them on an achievement which a a brings the War much closer to its inevitable end a u. S. Asks continued from Page i Groza government already is functioning in Bucharest thus presenting the United states and Britain with a situation hard to Swallow. Coming As it did immediately after signature of the Crimea charter tile rumanian move is regarded Here As a critical test of the big three agreement. The United states and Britain it was Aid. Had no Advance knowledge that the russian vice foreign commissar Andrei Vishinsky was going to Bucharest tor consultations with King Milf to which resulted in a Descum a dismissal. Some sources term the newly established government definitely communist with Only a minority support. There Are signs of a similar Man Euver developing in Bulgaria and it is Felt the United states and Britain a stand on Rumania May sidetrack any rash one sided action there the associated press said. Vienna Oil refineries damaged by heavies in one sense this is one of the most unusual pictures of the War japanese soldiers captured by the marines on iwo Jima. So fierce was the fighting that Only a handful of the Island s defenders were Able or even tried to surrender. The rest either were killed or committed Hara Kiri. Coast guard photo through Acme received by for continued from Page i offer from Adolf Hitler before the allies was doubtless sent by nazi foreign minister Joachim von rib Bontrop although he had no formal accreditation thus giving the nazis room to disown the move in the event of failure. Although great discretion was maintained. Hesse was said to have seen several British and american politicians. He brought no definite proposals with him but was authorized to Tell the British and americans and also tile russians a according to unconfirmed reports that Germany wanted to discuss an armistice or peace. His argument was a mixture of the threadbare threats and pleadings a brandishing of the bolshevik bogey and pleas in the name of humanity. While Hesse was in Stockholm. Ribbentrop tried the same line at a dinner Given to swedish journalists in Berlin. Ribbentrop said the nazis would allow the russians to occupy the whole of Germany if the Western Powers did not offer Germany a a reasonable peace terms. Hesse stayed several weeks in Stockholm during which he saw several More or less influential swedes including journalist Ari id Fredborg of the Sven ska Dag bladet who has Good connections with conservative swedish politicians. No peace feelers count Sforza unruffled despite attempt on life by Cpl Klaus Mann staff correspondent Rome. March 17�?the news that an attempt on count Carlo Sforza a life had been made and had failed was significantly first disclosed by a fascist radio station allegedly operating underground in the liberated area but in reality probably located in German occupied Northern Italy. As soon As the Story was released newspapermen of various nationalities tried to get an interview with Sforza. But he did not want to discuss Quot such a trifling he received me As a Friend not As a reporter but when i told him that i might want to write something about our conversation he agreed with smiling resignation Quot Well if it ii us to be. Sforza a remarkably Well preened. Aristocratic looking Man of a under another name disguised but not essentially changed could make or prepare its a a you can see now a Sforza said to me a a How right i was to reject the ambassador ship to Paris offered to me a Short time ago by the Bon Omi government. How could i possibly leave a country where attempts on my life Are being made its much too interesting Here a previously Sforza had refused to go As italian ambassador to Washington. Sforza would have liked to go to the United states where he lived for a number of years and had been very Happy. Yet he declined. The Otter. Tells motives his motives it can now be let appeared not very excited about sealed had to do with the friction what had happened to him. A a there that developed seme months ago have been so Many attempts in my Between the italian statesman on he observed with one of his the one hand. And the British for characteristic grins a a that one More Oln office on the other. Or i is does t really make much Sforza. Who believes that j plate Anglo american Unity is of the and. Indeed there is nothing sur utmost importance for the future prising abut the fact that the nazi of cur civilization did not feel like fascists should be interested in Liq becoming the hero of anti British i dating the italian statesman and Clements in the United states thinker who is known All Over the he explained his position in a re world As me of the most consistent. I cent letter i wish not Only to re til. Iii forced to withdraw nit some casualties. Elsewhere on the 5th and i ii army fronts our panels continued to probe enemy positions. To several sectors they met enemy i aiding parties in Brief clashes. Greetings Salina Kau. March it it ans Hgt. Joseph be turd of tile Smoky Hill army air bae knows exactly How he got into the army. As chairman of a Philadelphia draft Board Schard drafted himself. Maak he. March 17 the Strung forces of lath aah liberators Ami i a tresses which yesterday attacked turrets in the Vienna Ais a rarely lanyard three of four Oil ref men a Winch have come through several recent attacks with Only minor damage Mitchell bombers of the 12th aah knocked out one Span of the Brilec j rail Bridge in yesterdays raid on that vital communication target 45 i Miles Southeast of Munich. The Bridge is along the most important of the three lines funnelling into the i Brenner rail system at Innsbruck k. Flow of news continued from Page ii to be standing fit Iii on tile selection of eight delegates headed by Stet Mius and including four members of Congress. Labor has been pressing for some representation at the meeting. Which will consider not Only future peace keeping plans but also proposals for setting up machinery for International economic Coop tation. As interest in the Parley mounted it appeared today that Quick action by Bueno. Aires would enable Ai Gentina to gain diplomatic recognition in time to be invited. One Diplomat Here said that if Argentina should declare War. Sign the United nations and Mexico cite declarations and Issue a decree to Complete these Steps recognition by the other american governments would to virtually automatic a reminder readers again Are reminded that because a or theater wide distribution of the sunday stars and stripes from one main office the paper must go to press earlier than Normal. No news developing after 1600 hours ran be expected in this edition. Late news will in carried As usual Iii mondays paper. Most uncompromising and Mast distinguished anti fascists. But Why i wanted to know should tin1 new attempt on hts life Nave taken place just now at a time when Sforza holds no office in the government several months after he resigned As High commissioner for the purge of fascists Sforza thinks this particular timing of the murderous plot May have to do with an article he wrote in the roman newspaper la to Rale Del Mattino March 6, about the notorious Case of general Roatta. The fascist War criminal who re cent in Esca Jed from a prison Hospital reveals details Iii this piece Sforza revealed certain sinister details hitherto unknown. Of the fugitive s in it Lotical and military career and pointed out the crave implications and possible consequences of Roatta a escape. In Sforza s opinion the attempt on his i life May have been instigated As a j direct act of revenge by Roatta i himself or by the general a political i friends and sponsors. The people former High rank i ing fascist officers and of tit gals of j the former fascist regime still at Large in Rome arc becoming alarm finely Active and impudent in lib rated Italy Sforza said. Their me hods remain now what they i have always been threats and physical brutality Sforza remarked. His shoulders contempt it be gentlemen knew quite they can t terrorize me they try to do is to create a general atmosphere of terror the atmosphere of the Jungle the Only atmosphere in which fascism tin naked a a of a a in git Oihi. The Well that yet what main but also to appear to everybody what i have been even at a time when it was costly and unpopular a Champion of constructive understanding Between Italy and the two great English speaking democracies a an understanding thai we ill prove of vital importance also to those two great Powers if what one wishes to create tomorrow is not to be just another truce but i trite lasting red army continued from Page i release a substantial percentage of his forces for the forthcoming assault on the lower Oder Progress of the Battle on the Central Oder sect or opposite Klist Rill to Silesia was again blacked out today Btu there was reason to believe Thoro will be highly significant developments there in the near future. German counter blows in Hungary Are beginning to weaken As a result of heavy German tank losses estimated by the russians to be at least live divisions pravda printed an interview with an unnamed German general in the Stettin area today and quoted him As saving the Gentian generals Are highly resentful that Adolf Hitler had appointed Gestapo chief Heinrich. Himmler to take Over command of Tho front. According to the general Himm Lerus command brought an intensification of terror in the German Arntz As Well As a High rate of desertions. In 1

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