Page 1 of 6 Feb 1858 Issue of Mckean Citizen in Smethport, Pennsylvania

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McKean Citizen (Newspaper) - February 06, 1858, Smethport, PennsylvaniaSoffit port m Kean in Robu Siirid msry Smethport m Kraft co., a. Tllrm9-tl 25 Minim in .11 e.-i-. .11 Advance hates of advertising i column car. M Kean Coal and Iron Region and the Worts required for Oft outlet t a committee of the office of vie m fan Canty Kail Road con 81x 3000 .1200 .2000 .1200 one Square of 12 lines or less 3 insert Ems -.1 Karll subsequent bit Cank with paper us these rules Wilt be adhered to. Counting House almanac feb 10 ii 1 15 it., j lit113 2 3 it the county of m can embraces a Arena of 1130 Square Miles or acres of which taking Tho most Rel Able data yet known about acres Are estimated to be Mineral land containing Coal and Iron. Thes about acres Are by to streams that flow into the ally Ghun River above the state line being the portion most easily accessible from to North and a larger area than can penetrated from any one direction the Balence of Tho Rainer Alj Region drained by the most Western Jand soul branches of the Allegheny conglomerate that forms the floor of the a Coal measure a vein of Iron Ore 5 feet thick and beneath it a Belt of limes no of about the thick sneer of mines on a portion ate of Tho m Kean and Elk improvement company sit Lamlin township. They re proving the existence in that e Region of three veins of Coal 61 Foet and 4 feet thickness by besides Fife smaller ones s o i i i a i Clarion and the Susquehanna evidence of the Mineral weal 1 p 17 of Thi extensive District would _ to for to the numerous reporte of 25 to 27 1 i i in. 7 i a "3 i i. 7 kill 1 i 1 i air. T. 7 i i in 11 1 a i 1 in 17 in us i in a Ion l in i f -11 Tiftic Man who have examined results of Many that in been made in different sections a i Tho abundant i oof Lound in the Luls hat has carried Cou victims the maid of Over jul Quirar who has visited Xiv Mph standing the extent of grou Ito be cup Orul and the to a cent d of the first enough of its to it Miffy All i Vitorts needed to Licach it. I Ness. A other vein of Limestone also fount among the upper coals. 1 during the summer and fall of 1850, very extejt Sivo examinations and sur Veysi ref made by Augustus p. Dalserf p in to to Mirtil of the is land am a cd in suited in part of to of 4j fee respectful one of Irti Ich in concoction with overlay ii g bed of Iron Ore has a thick feet 2 inches. The 4j feet Dalson is Tho lowest of the and consequently underlain a Rea than any other. It is an o Oft Jejo Many Thich we look for a Market i and Iron of this Region. To it can be made tributary. Of them it will comm am i poly v this is the nearest Point at which lie great bituminous coals Field Jap. Roaches Tho state of new it s the most easily accessible in portent to the splint vein and was not Cross cml my i 1 j i s 7 Ani a 1 to a of about j6000 a in Lafayette township my 1 r a Ted in ascertaining ttys existence of tin to earns of Coal if 20 inc feet and feet risp actively containing f20 Inton Bei Bennett House Marjri. Conn Omli i Anil Haw Way House of Ness of vein of a crops larger a t noticed Fin any prior reported Tho it can Coal Field altho previously opened in Lafayette town nip 1 he 5 feel vein of Iron Ore was also her found identical with that re ported n by or Sheafer 20 Miles Distant 1 o Tho South East. In lib fall and Winter of 1856, or. D. Owen and b. Needham esq., mining Engineer and geologist sri from it by proper come in icat Jons both Coal and Iron can be delivered act to lending Points in the qui arturs upon Tio cd As cheaply As from in my to Many of the most ones at so much lower rate Competition la All these sections the icons jump Tion of Coal As is Well pm we is within very Small Bounds by ent Inadequacy of the Supply and excessive Cost of . In Tetany parts of them these result in. A a total prohibition notwithstanding of All with pm Point Yore Smethport to Rochester Csc 2d a to Wood i that Only gent need there is procure a substitute for the is i Abt disappearing Undt to obtained at extravagant Tho general Price of caul at Clave land is 84.00 to 84.50 per t an to 54-00 per ton. It Buffalo costs per of i the quotation i or Western confirm nations fact of of Uio r Owen the that time Given to Tho subject. It known that Cou in in. But no efforts made to its or k if a y Durci tins is Llic to i or where to inc s ii All Smith Ifo Broth s x v v h.u-. La Tecl i Pef. All flip Tulip f1 a a kinds of to v. Wilcox co . C. V b ba.r5b, Job Btij to Ordor. Mean n new owl. Ika Tii i Wanna Acturo All Lind of 1 a. Itei Sunui it the the hip Tistl i Lily required for neighbouring of cock souths Pius had Rocen no openings existed by we Rich the thick Ness of the scams fould Bic ascertained. Public attention once Toj the Region As the probable Jho Urce rom which Western sew York Cool be of m Kean j were 8 ight put Ings and no act joint Ciaroni action of the lands of d. Kingsbury i and others comprising about acres in the North part of the county which i the result of the prior Crami and More fully established the abundant Mineral deposits the Cross Section of or Hows the 5 feet vein of Iron Ore tit a Deal with that discovered 01 the to Iroe company s lands 30 Miles Distant to the Southeast. There is also Here find the Black band pro h in Ehos thick. Or. Owen reports workable veins of Coal three of then each 5pct, and one 4 feet thick be sides fight others not of sufficient Siz to to Voik Ablo. On 1 he Wernwag lands in ser pan towns or. Pc Cham report eight veins of Coal ranging from three v t thirty n feet in thickness. Kui Crous other examinations hav a been i narc of lands in different Par s of the country both by scientific me i and i Artieal miners of which no r ports Lave been published but the Allt com Cid in establishing the foe that More Thoi cheap 1 for investment and examinations and Mem Clarous Ope f Forath started the supt that i 1 edition to seams of Coal both mor uie Rous and extensive ban Hac 1. .1 to the successor r s us wind office at m Kean co Branch at Fox township k1v. Co. I a Timber Mineral Laius Large or Small quantities containing b hims St inc Iron Ore Mineral of Quali Titi to been Knort a valuable of in i Ore in close proximity with them wer How c. D. Webster Surveyor craftsman Vith it vol in it is considered that this is y to but a Virgin Region j that except it a few Smiths fires or not More nume on Domestic grates no Coal h Yeti i eco mined r that the of Chin from which even this Small yield i is been obtain cd Are but the Outcrop slut he country so yet almost Catir by Cocci de with Forest that no indu Merit has heretofore existed for exp n nil of Evor Mineral Region it is fair to in few Fiat Tho exhibit yet made of to is is re y far from what May hereafter be Ruhh and easiest kept clean of a Conro in tic on hand and made to order by up. Mason s. A show n. That there May yet to pc both of Coal and Iron undiscovered t and that Small ones now known m who i acquaintance is had with by of the extensive District they m found in May places of Fize at one place and 12 fee thick at another. There was Alsoofi id be ining ext Oil adapted to profitable working. A Sampel of Cannel Coal from of of tie veins Wah tried by the manhat an Gas company of new York cite one ton of 2000 pounds yielded Ociot of Gas and forty four Bushel cd ski weighing 1523 pounds. T in bituminous Coal wherever used has Jive the utmost satisfaction my tie judgment on its merits of All c Lim it men who have seen it tried is Ivor of its Superior qualities i oth land fuel of some of the analyses of the m Kean Coal and ores Aro in t w appendix. The markets. J Orlum or Annu he of it it. Estimated that the of Coal for All in Rochester in tons there is now used in Turu of Gas alone at the i Arious in All on and near the line Oft about tons por am Tal general consumption i tic consumption of co aside from that used by at the port is about Uoo annul. It is estimated at least tons of b cart Sumcad annually by the running from Buffalo j Quantity at the other pints Erie and Ontario Woi amount to tons the consumption of fue 6tf few i i sumption canal to so it jiul Talo St id or Marine on the lakes mat mpg ipod when it is known that t Between the t United Staten and can Adain amounted to tons of which ton by steam and to Sals More Ihan. 85 be whole movement being i Anderws report p. 42 vessels that Brin in upper lakes to and other Points of Are Jer ton and loss of if compelled to make Ihei return trips in ballast the in chaw 1 a " discharge of which c Ita is not less thai fifty Centi _ instead they could be supplied with Coal the Market by Thi i Inonu jul alone would be extended Tho of tons. About 1750 Miles of Mcyr yer pc rail roads now in opera to a Are within in Field the v obd fuel ads Cost to per mile of i aggregate 81, the prices at which it i y to furnished Roach of the m Kean co during the year 185 consumed by these re pared for Fuce about 8 Road worked making f by using Coj _ at Thoj the 10 Miles of r act i in this Point it the itir4 canal system e f n s Ojjeh n to the Coal to Ade me Irden loaded ii in discharge tit Lac sandals. This route Etc Ebythe Vaters t in to Buffalo 25 Miles and the new York Dan is 26 Miles i Ann action by rail n Ith by 1 1 versed by the t Road Ron Access is bad Eean Coal Fie five new blocks at Geddes built the past season have been run exclusively with Coal and have demonstrated very satisfactorily the Superior Economy of its employment Over Wood. Tho saving is estimated at two or three cents in the Bushel equal to ten or fifteen cents in the barrel. The increasing Scarcity and Price Wood has exercised a prejudicial in upon the Salt manufacture for several years in the annual report of the superintendent for 1849, it is stated that the Cost of Wood was tvo dollars per Cord. It is estimated that cords were consumed in that now the consumption has reach cd cords at 84.50 per Cord. Try 1 if manufacturers were to rely upon Wood alone for the future Bounds Ian would speedily be set to the Tion of Fine or Kettle Salt. But lamp of Coal Miner dispels these gloomy Are 4 _ apprehensions. In a Short time the . Introduction of Coal will dispense with a half the Quantity of Wood now burned at the Salt works. What is better the Quality of the Salt is Likely to be im-1 proved by tie use of Coal. This result seems to be the effect of a slower and steadier application of heat than is re the Ali cd from a Wood is. By reached at Buffalo in 13q the local pm irked important and c i consumer i in Large Quant tics. Distance be 188, 37 Miles. O Albany 897. And Erie from Smethport to it at any Point wiil Bolin Eoj All the coun and its route Lake brio Dunkirk in 91 Miles from. On this Pable of y will f m Kean Coal Ond the Buffalo from the new at a Point 16 i Niles Aflalo will be Istance from Pittsburg Fork and Erie Bah from the foregoing it is evident that a the Salt works near Syracuse May be on for a growing Market. My that part of new York and Canada that is looked Tofor our markets contains a population of a curly two millions. It embraces the City of Buffalo with 80, tic 000 inhabitants Rochester with it Toronto Hamilton syr i Miles. This 1 bearing Ron e opposed to to e and that amount of w graduation furnish a most Between the Alo one that in Al Active of mos t Aclise outgo besides j its to that Oit Many others of wealth and importance j u the transp inc country is noted for its Fertility pro to this route and the people for their Energy. Tho i it u n the Busine consumption of both Coal and Iron in to too lint the per sri arc Tum input Coal 011 1 the Anji Virti. Th4 steam total Trade Ware Jarried is by sail pcs Tho i l n the of in want cases such a District will undoubtedly create markets of the first importance ant the acknowledged Scarcity of fue throughout almost its entire extent assures us that their wants cannot b too soon supplied. The disjointed condition of what Eoa Trade exists is such As to Render it difficult to obtain accurate information relating to it but it will to perceived by what stated that in spite a of High prices and unreliable supplies a very considerable amount finds its Way to markets. The urgent necessities of a Fertile and pop Ulous country of such extent Render it certain that when steadily supplied at reasonable rates a Market will hers open for the coals of m Kean equal i i extent to that found on the Ohio River r those of Pittsburg. The distances from the several cos Fields to the City of Rochester a cedi this District arc As follows ill scr Antim Sha Moton Bloss Weste Ohio v via canal railway them vant Aghous position occupy Bym Kew is evident As with t of Blossburg who y is limited and Tho Quali it is wearer than All others 9 Hundred Miles. Avenues to Market. Isby which Access will be single e the sup inferior about on of i from i Kevin county flee Samp amount of Wor Knuty be perform nod at Jat saving Enort Nurt Nyrl n. Maket to opened of and a a for tons of Coa Canada about 600 m opened thei a Are in Les of j Railroad similarly situated As n Gards fuel that inv tons. Would furnish a on the subject of fun 1 at Tobej Onondaga Salt works of now York we quote from the Bible reporte for 1856, of v. A. State superintendent who the substitution for 50jooo tons. The 1 had to 1st. Work from the Olean Iowa the St Tho autuori line a action pc is prep i j.i1o f As fuel in the Fine blocks has been the subject of a number of experimental trials during the past Sasoji and is undoubtedly Destro Edo in por cant i j Tansor re n a. Via Erie a Cleveland 226 Miles 137 230 275 133 121 i Railroad from Withiem k of to Chester will signed with a i having no i to tie exceeding 4 the i Miles next to Ted and in operation is More Are graded passes thro to Railroad image Cost per i Stock Inestin this route let port to r Intel Boc Tang Turk and Erie Antral Railroad to advantages t and Surron at i acct railway t id Coal Region line. Over summer to tit 14 to at that All seasons. Y Aro he Gen see Valley is completed and in operation Erie canal at Rochester to 07 Miles. Contracted and is owned oof now York. Legislature at its lasted its Extension to the s i the plan of plates a Contini i lies to Tho Tab i1 r which not of Jurg and All the ate will to Etc tend to the Tab a most r the Trade the lakes. L m Fie an county on Ite the 6enesee a tension to Tho Entrance upper liver being-na1 f Stanco of 61 Miles of work and made acc Pessary a Propri r that purpose. The new w ired for Cov tract and has b advert Iod for letting by Tho canal at the if Vigay the feeder Pool of this in the Allegheny River will sex Penns Vania that on completion co the wort now under Way the Gen Stolfo Brewry 19, _. Of Vallej canal will in fact Beament outlet the general tend 8 Miles within the state limit s of thaw of Tho stats entitled its capital i Smethport. On i a nine i new York boats at through i the works required for an Vaney canal by i Tex of the Coal w Pool in Alleg Hopy Gawe within 10 ords the a Ltd it requires to Fot 840. Storks consists of

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